Friday, March 13, 2015


The Cortland Democrat, Friday, August 2, 1889.

Blest Ties That Bind [sic].

   President Harrison recently remarked "The only way to get satisfaction out of a public office is to please yourself while you are in it." The appointments thus far made on that basis are:

   1. The President's brother.
   2. The President's brother-in-law
   3. The President's father-in-law.
   4. The President's son's father-in-law.
   5. The President's wife's cousin.
   6. The President's son's wife's cousin.
   7. The President's nephew.
   8. The President's daughter's brother-in-law.
   9. The President's brother's son-in-law.
   10. The Presidents wife's niece's husband.
   11. The President's son's father-in-law's niece's husband.
   12. The President's brother-in-law.
   13. The Private Secretary's brother-in-law.
   14. The Secretary of State's son.
   15. The Secretary of State's nephew.
   16. The Pension Commissioner's two daughters.
   17. The Indian Commissioner's wife.
   18. The Indian School Superintendent's wife.
   The President still has a long lead over all the rest of the administration[s]. The late Thomas Jefferson said "The public will never be made to believe that the appointment of a relative is made on the ground of merit alone, uninfluenced by family views; nor can they ever see with approbation offices, the disposal of which they entrust to their Presidents for public purposes, divided out as family property."—Albany Argus.

   If there is a laboring man anywhere in this country who has had his wages raised in consequence of the success of the Republican protection policy [tariff], the DEMOCRAT thinks it's about time the fact became known to the public. If such an one there be, let him arise and come forth.
   The Jamestown Journal insists that the next Republican State Convention be held in the Chautauqua Assembly grounds. The suggestion is a grand one. If there ever was a party that needed the prayers of the saints it is the Republican party in this State. By all means, let the Republicans of the State assemble in one grand camp meeting. There is a bare possibility that they may be saved even yet.
   The Sunday school member of the cabinet, Postmaster General John Wanamaker, seems to be rather unfortunate in his appointment of postmasters in Wyoming. Postmaster James Averill was hanged last week for stealing cattle and Postmaster A. J. Bothwell is under arrest for assisting in the work of removal. There is a right smart chance for two vacancies in the service in Wyoming.

Getting Fat on Protection.
   Ten thousand five hundred coal miners in northern Illinois have been unemployed since May 1st last, when they refused to accept a reduction in wages averaging 15 cents per ton. The owners of the mine then shut down their works with the idea of starving the miners out. They have nearly succeeded and would have completely accomplished the work, had it not been for the people of Milwaukee and Chicago who have done what they could to prevent the poor workmen and families from actual starvation.
   The mines are principally owned by the Chicago, Wilmington and
Vermillion coal companies and are located sixty or seventy miles south of Chicago. The average price for mining a ton of coal was 71 2/5 cents, the average earnings of the strikers was 71 cents a day; the average wages per month $18.25, and none over $30 per month. Men with families had to pay $5 a month and sometimes more for house rent and were obliged to trade at the companie's stores [sic] where they were charged exorbitant prices for the necessaries of life.
   On these starvation wages they were obliged to live and support their families before the companies concluded to cut their wages 15 cents per ton. The average time these men were employed last year was six months and twenty days. Every time the miners in these works have struck for some years past, their places have been filled by importing Italians, Slavs, Negroes and the pauper labor of Europe. Is it any wonder the miners refused to accept the sweeping reduction?
   There is a big profit on coal even at a much lower price than it is sold for and yet the cormorants who own the mines are not satisfied. They rob the consumer as well as the miner and still demand more. How does the tariff on coal protect the miner even if the owner of the mines is protected? Protection prevents foreign competition in the coal markets but the miner is not protected in the least. His wages are reduced to a level with the pauper labor of Europe and the owner pockets the difference.
   How long will it take the coal miners of Illinois and their families to get fat on protection? They certainly have had experience enough to be able to answer the question.

   Bolt and nut makers have a trust.
   The whiskey trust includes 120 distilleries.
   Potatoes are rotting in many parts of the State, and only a two thirds crop is expected.
   Clark's wheel factory at Waterloo employs thirty-five hands and turns out 254 wheels a day.
   The Geneva canning factory put up 30,000 cans of strawberries sad cherries the first week In July.
   George Walker of West Winfield captured a young white robin, the other day, which is a rare curiosity.
   Queen Victoria is the richest woman in the British Kingdom. She has accumulated a fortune of $20,000,000.
   The Norwich, Chenango county, Silk Manufacturing company has decided to add a weaving mill to its large spinning works.
   Lord Tennyson is to receive $1,000 for the poem he is now writing. His first accepted poem brought him the munificent sum of ten shillings.
   Good for Barnum. What an example he sets before the played-out, middle-aged men of the country. At a time of life when a majority of men go into retirement or the grave he starts for fresh circus fields and new menagerie pastures with the enthusiasm of youth and the fire of enterprising maturity.
   Dr. Harris H. Beecher of Norwich died Sunday July 21, after a long illness, in his 70th year. He was born in Coventry, educated at Oxford and settled at North Norwich. In 1862 he went to the front as assistant surgeon of the 114th N. Y. V., and was a popular and capable officer. In 1873 he was elected Member of Assembly. He published a reliable history of his regiment.
   The giant diamond, lately discovered in Cape Colony and now at the Paris exposition, weighs 180 carats, and is valued at $3,000,000. It is kept in a glass case by itself and guardians stand around it all day. At night it is placed in a big safe, which is similarly guarded all night. It is said to be of the first water [sic], and as pure as the famous Regent in the French crown diamonds.

   Haying is a thing of the past with many of the farmers. Harvesting oats will be next in order. The yield promises to be larger than many years past.
   The schools of Mrs. Laura Smith and Miss Mary West will enjoy a picnic in Peter McLane's woods, Friday, weather permitting.
   The June cheese at DeLong's factory has been disposed of to P. H. & D. McGraw. The price paid was 5 1/2 cents per pound.
   George Allen, who has been suffering from lead poisoning, is gaining slowly.
   Miss Lena Risley, of Cuyler, closes a successful term of school on Potter Hill, Friday.
   Allen Pudney, the village blacksmith, met with a bad accident Saturday afternoon while shoeing one of Clinton Brook's horses. The heel of his boot went through a hole in the floor; the horse being uneasy crowded him over far enough, his foot being fast, so that this leg was broken twice just above the ankle. Mr. Pudney is a hard working man with a family depending on him for support, so that he can ill afford the several weeks of enforced illness to which he will be subjected. Would it not be a good plan for the people hereabouts to help him in this, his hour of affliction? He is in need of something more substantial than sympathy.
   CALUMET. [pen name]

   Last Tuesday the youngest son of H. Doxtader had one foot nearly cut off with a mowing machine. The elder son, Albert, a lad of about fourteen years of age was driving the team and the youngest one lending his assistance by frequently spurring up a lagging horse and jumping over the knife bar. This feat he had successfully accomplished several times until his foot caught underneath. The promptness of the elder son in stopping the team saved the foot from being entirely severed. Surgeons Hendricks and Smith of McGrawville were called and left the little patient as comfortable as possible.
   Mr. Isaah Simpson died last Wednesday night after a most painful and protracted illness. The funeral took place last Saturday at the W. M. church, Rev. D. P. Rathbun officiating. He was a member of the G. A. R. of Cortland and also of Harmony Grange of this place. Both organizations were present, two members of each society acting as bearers.
   Leon Stafford while playing with a pet colt received a severe kick in his jaw.
   Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Dart of Freetown, visited J. Kendall's apiary last Saturday, and went home well loaded with sweets. Mr. Dart also purchased a large quantity of honey for shipment for his brother who resides in Massachusetts.
   TOMPKINS.—The tannery at Newfield is expected to start up soon.
   The Good Templar Lodge, at West Groton, has one hundred members.
   A Dryden lady has a cactus upon which are one hundred and eighty five blossoms.
   Last week a gang of men commenced working all night at the Groton Bridge shops.
   Daniel Brown, of Ithaca, has a flint lock musket which was carried in the battle of Bunker Hill.
   Last Monday, E. E. Robinson took the office of postmaster of Ithaca. He has sworn in all of the old employees.
   Several wrecked bridges from the flooded regions of Pennsylvania are being repaired at the shops of the Groton Bridge and Manufacturing Co.
   Dogs killed four sheep belonging to B. F. Stickles, of Dryden, on the night of July 4th, and again six more were killed on the night of the 19th, and on Monday night Lorenzo Lewis lost four sheep by being bitten by dogs.

L. D. Garrison advertisement in Cortland Democrat, page two, Friday, August 2, 1889. Best reproduction we could make--CC editor.


Transcript of L. D. Garrison advertisement.


   Different species of fish require various kinds of bait in order to catch them on a hook. Some people, like fish, require to be baited before they will even nibble at the hook; hence we read of soap as good bait for the angler in groceries, and is used extensively to lure customers into their net, that they may be induced to purchase some article on which a good profit can easily be realized. Baiting trade is not confined to grocers, for merchants in all branches of trade practice it, and is generally called "leaders" in advertisements. Beware of these leaders lest you regret that you took a nibble at the hook baited for the purpose of catching and holding you captive long enough for the angler to obtain good pay for his bait.

   Attention to the sanitary condition of any community is essential to the health and prosperity of the inhabitants. Great injury is done to health at this season of the year by eating fruits and vegetables that have been exposed for sale so long that they are unwholesome. Beware of fruit and vegetables offered for sale below the market price, as you will generally obtain damaged goods. Difference in price means difference in quality and sometimes quantity by a majority of several ounces to the pound.

   My aim is and always has been to supply my customers with




To sell goods of the same quality as low as my competitors. My arrangements are now complete for receiving daily all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables fresh from the growers.


expressly for families who appreciate a choice article. Salad Oil, Pickles, Sauces, Capons, Olives, Canned Meats and Fish, all guaranteed pure and wholesome. Tea, Coffee and Spices of the best quality. Oatmeal, Cracked Wheat, Hominy, Oat Flakes, Flour of the entire wheat and a select stock of Groceries, Fruits, Provisions and Confectionery of all kinds and description.



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