Thursday, March 5, 2015


The Cortland Democrat, Friday, July 5, 1889.

   The Cortland Standard quotes as often as possible from the New York Times, some article reflecting on Gov. Hill, and then takes special pains to state that the Times is a Democratic paper. Of course every reader of the DEMOCRAT knows that the Times is not now and never has been a Democratic paper, but the Standard banking upon the ignorance of its readers, does not hesitate to tell them an untruth, knowing full well that unless they happen to see the DEMOCRAT they will never know the difference. The N. Y. Times was always a Republican paper of the strictest sort until 1884, when it became the organ of the conservative republicans and mug-wumps.  Its support of Cleveland in 1884 did not make a Democratic paper of it, any more than the support of [Lawrence] Fitzgerald, in 1887, made a Democratic paper of the Standard. It is just as sensible and truthful to call one a Democratic paper as it is the other.
   The stove foundries in Albany, employing 1,000 men have reduced the wages of their employees 30 cents per day as a result of the election of Harrison. Protection rules and prosperity is a thing of the past. Does protection protect?
   Hon. William Walter Phelps, of New Jersey, has been appointed minister to Germany. William Walter parts his hair in the middle and wears horrid looking bangs, and it is believed that he will fitly represent Harrison's administration. Aw, they're.

More Trusts.
   The latest is a trust of $25,000,000, which takes in all the plug tobacco manufacturers of the United States. Leggett & Meyers, and Drummond &Co., of St. Louis, and P. Loillard, of New York, are at the head of the affair.
   Last month an English syndicate purchased 320,000 acres of yellow pine land, four saw mills, three planing mills and thirty-six miles of railroad and equipments in Escambia, Florida, and Baldwin county, Ala., adjoining. The price paid was $1,500,000.
   William A Newman, the secretary of the St. Louis Ammonia company, has just effected a combination of all the ammonia manufacturing companies of the country using the Clapp process, the works being established at New York, Cincinnati, St. Louis, Washington City and Pawtucket, R. I. A new factory will now be built at Kansas City. The capitalization of the new concern will be $500,000.
   It is current talk in Minneapolis that there is a movement on foot among English capitalists to secure control of some of the largest flouring interests of America, among them being the Pillsbury property in that city. Negotiations have been under way for some time, but as yet no conclusions have been reached. The leading millers there admit having been approached by representatives of the English syndicate, but deny that there is any probability of a sale.
   The United Glass company, with a capital of $1,000,000 and its main office at Syracuse, was incorporated last Friday. The object of the corporation is to form one company, which shall control all the glass companies in the country. The incorporators already control all the companies in this State and a number in Pennsylvania and Ohio. They have several factories run by natural gas in Pennsylvania, and intend to build others in the natural gas region. A new and cheaper process than the one now in use will be used as extensively as possible in the new plants.
   Of late there appears to be a perfect rage on the part of British capitalists to invest in American enterprises. Already they own over 30,000,000 acres of land; they also own iron plants, thread mills, and have $1,000,000 stock in American railways; they have just put $30,000,000 into breweries, and are figuring to control the American salt fields, the milling interests of the Northwest, and even talk of taking hold of the dry goods field. It looks as if John Bull has gone into a campaign to secure control of the business of the world.

The Strike Declaration On.
Carnegie & Co.'s Men Will Not Sign the Scale—2,400 Men Out of Work.
   PITTSBURGH, June 30.—The strike at the great steel plant of Carnegie & Co., against the scale proposed by the firm, was declared on at a meeting of the amalgamated workmen to-day. Tomorrow the works will be idle in all the departments. The company intends to devote the next two weeks to repairs, and after that if the men persist in refusing to sign the scale, an attempt will be made to operate the plant with new workmen. The strike will affect about 2,400 men. The fight promises to be bitter and long drawn out, as both sides are determined. It is stated that the Amalgamated Association will aid the strikers for two years if necessary. The scale proposed by the firm reduces the wages about 15 per cent., but falls heaviest upon workmen receiving the highest wages.

Morality and Temperance.
   According to notice given in our issue of the 21st, Mrs. Helen T. Bullock of Elmira met and addressed the ladies of the W. C. T. C. of this place on Wednesday the 26th of June. In the afternoon at 3 o'clock Mrs. Bullock met the ladies at their own rooms and gave them an informal, conversational, but very interesting and instructive address upon the purpose and works of the temperance movement as she represents it.
   She impressively told the mothers and sisters present how insidiously the temptations to immorality and impurity in its worst forms, as well as to intemperance, were being set before the young and especially before the boys of our land. She pointed out to them some things of the most evil tendency that were being very extensively and systematically done to corrupt the morals of our youths, but which, perhaps, many of those present had never heard or thought of before.
   In the evening at the Baptist church, Mrs. Bullock gave a moral formal lecture to a mixed audience of men and women. It was certainly a very fine literary production, full of interesting and instructive facts, beautifully and forcibly set forth and delivered with a very pleasing elocution. Mrs. Bullock is a pleasant and forcible speaker.
   The special feature of her manner of presenting the cause of temperance is that she makes it include more than mere abstinence from alcoholic drinks and warns her hearers against the use of all those stimulants and narcotics, some of which lead to the alcoholic appetite and others are resorted to as a substitute for its indulgence, but are vastly worse in their effects than the liquors which are given.
   It is well that the workers in the cause of intemperance are turning their attention more earnestly to these things.

Standing of Scholars in Virgil School District No. 9.
   The following is the standing of each individual scholar, attending school in District No. 9, Virgil, N. Y., the past term:
   A Grade Geography—Ethel Munson 90; Nora Bell, 80.
   A Grade Spelling—Nora Bell 98; Nellie Gray, 96; Ethel Munson, 88; Anna Eaton, 78.
   B Grade Geography—Watson Oaks, 85; David Munson, 85; Nora Bell, 80.
   B Grade Grammar—Nora Bell, 90; Anna Eaton, 82 1/2.
   B Grade Physiology—Ethel Munson, 90; Nora Bell, 92 1/2; Anna Eaton, 82 1/2.
   B Grade Spelling—Nellie Gray, 80; Ethel Munson, 82; Nora Bell, 100; Anna Eaton, 78.
   1st Part, B Grade Arithmetic—Watson Oaks, 76; David Munson. 76.
   2nd Part, B Grade Arithmetic—Anna Eaton, 90; Nora Bell, 85; Ethel Munson, 80.
   C Grade Spelling—Nellie Gray, 88; Anna Eaton, 100; Ethel Munson, 94; Nora Bell, 100.
   C Grade Arithmetic—Watson Oaks, 86; David Munson, 85; Nellie Gray, 75.
   C Grade Grammar—Watson Oakes, 100; David Munson, 100.
   Current Topics, A and B Grade—Anna Eaton, 95; Nora Bell, 100; Nellie Gray, 85; Ethel Munson, 95.
   LENA A. PATRICK, Teacher.

Democratic Principles.
   Samuel S Tilden, on March 11, 1868, in an address to the people of Columbia county, his native county, said:
   "These taxes, when laid on imports in the manner in which they were laid in the congressional carnival of manufacturers, which framed our present tariff, cause a misapplication of industry that charges on the consumer what neither the government is able to collect as taxes nor the manufacturers to appropriate as profits. They lessen the productive power of human labor as if God had cursed it with ungenial climate or sterile soil."
   Samuel J. Tilden, on September 17, 1874, in an address at Syracuse, said: "It (the federal government) undertakes to direct the business of individuals by tariffs, not intended for legitimate taxation, by granting special privileges and by fostering monopolies at the expense of the people."
   The Democratic national platform of 1876, approved by Samuel J. Tilden, upon which he was elected president of the United States, denounced the present tariff and affirmed:
   It has impoverished many industries to subsidize a few.
   It prohibits imports that might purchase the products of American labor.
   It has degraded American commerce from the first to an inferior rank on the high seas.
   It has cut down the sales of American manufacture at home and abroad, and depleted the returns of American agriculture, an industry followed by half our people.
   It costs the people five times more than it produces to the treasury, obstructs the processes of production and wastes the fruits of labor,
   We demand that all custom house taxation shall be only for revenue.
   The most pitiful sight in the American newspaper world is to witness bright young men working their finger nails off to fill three, five or seven pages of the New York Sun with bright words and thoughts in the effort to roll off a mortgage, due to the treachery of the remaining page, the editorial page, to the past of the Democratic party and its malevolence toward the present and the future of the Democratic party. These young men have not deserved the fate of Sisyphus.—Albany Argus.

   Vesuvius is very active just now.
   A Rubber Trust has been organized in Boston.
   Hay is becoming a great staple crop in New York State.
   The Turks are massacring Christians on the Montenegrin frontier.
   The loss from the flood in Williamsport, Penn., is estimated at $10,000,000.
   Telephones are more generally used in Sweden than anywhere else in the world.
   David Dudley Field at 90 years of age is a good sleeper, strong walker, hearty eater, vivacious talker and persistent smoker.
   A new process of hardening plaster of Paris has been discovered whereby it can be adapted to the construction of flooring in place of wood.
   Corn, potatoes, tobacco, and most kinds of crops are under water in this vicinity. The farmers are having a serious time, and look with anxious forebodings to the future.— Weedsport Cayuga Chief.
   Among the passengers on the steamer Newport which arrived at New York from Aspinwall Monday night, were thirteen men of the United States steamer Nipsic, four seamen from the same vessel and three seamen from the United States steamer Vandalia, survivors of the Samoan disaster.
   Lightning struck the telephone wire at Otselic Center, June 31, split four poles into kindling wood, splintered several others, tore down the wire for about 300 rods, burned out the instrument at Otselic and finished its performance with a can-can on the floor for the amusement of a commercial traveler from Oneida.
   Washington Mills, N. J., has the "boss" old man. Abram Ephraim Elmer of that city, claims to be one hundred and twenty-five years old, having been born in Warren, Herkimer county, January 26, 1764. He was a shoemaker by trade. He joined Gen. Herkimer's army as a waiter or choir boy when he was thirteen years old, and was with it at the battle of Oriskany; was in the breastworks at Sackett's Harbor in the war of 1812. He has lived at Morrisville, Maple Orchard, West Edmeston, Pete Hook, Franklin Iron Works, Ilion, Sauquoit, Truxton, Leonardsville, Miller's Mills, Bridgewater, North Brookfield and Washington Mills. The old gentlemen never used glasses, and his eyes did not give out until last fall. He is somewhat hard of hearing; uses tobacco; is a Methodist and a Democrat.

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