Tuesday, June 30, 2015


The Cortland Democrat, Friday, May 23, 1890.

Superintendent Voorhees Improving the Train Service on the New York Central.
   Theodore Voorhees, General Superintendent of the New York Central, in an interview with the Rochester Democrat reporter said: 
   "By the new time card we shall change the running time of trains. We shall also put on the new "North Shore Limited," express, which will be a vestibule train running over the Michigan Central to Chicago. This train will be the same as the "South Shore Limited" that leaves Rochester at 6:50 o'clock in the evening, and will make the same running time between the two cities.
   "The new 'North Shore Limited,'" said Mr. Voorhees, "will leave New York every afternoon at 4:50 o'clock, Albany 8:15 P. M., Syracuse 11:55 P. M., Rochester 1:50 A.M., Buffalo 3:35 A. M., and will arrive in Chicago at 4:50 o'clock the next afternoon. The train will make stops at Detroit and other Michigan points. The train will leave Chicago for the East at 12 o'clock noon, arriving in Buffalo at 4 o'clock the next morning, Rochester a 6 o'clock, Syracuse 8:10, Albany 12:10 noon, arriving in New York at 4 o'clock the following afternoon. This will be the exact running schedule of the new 'flyer.'"

   CHENANGO.—The Oxford chair factory resumed operations Monday.
   An exchange give the salaries paid to Principals of schools in this part of the State, as follows: Norwich $3,000; Greene $1,400; Sherburne and Morris $1,200 each; Sidney, Bainbridge and Afton $1,000 each; New Berlin $800.
   The Norwich Illuminating Company, of Norwich, N. Y., was incorporated at Albany, Thursday, with a capital stock of $50,000, for the purpose of manufacturing and supplying gas for lighting the village of Norwich. The directors of the company are: Dudley Farlin, J. White Sprong, James E. Noble, George W. Ray and Edward F. Murray.
   Dr. Lee of Oxford, and Dr. Williams of Greene, removed the sight or crystalline lens from the eye of Andy Bailey, of Smithville, Sunday. Dr. Lee operated on the eye some time ago, removing a cataract. Since that time Mr. Bailey has endured much pain, and in order to relieve him, and hasten the healing of the eye, it was found necessary to perform the last operation.
   MADISON. —A Camden canning factory is putting up dandelion greens.
   The Chittenango gas well is down 2,515 feet and will be drilled 200 feet deeper.
   Five cars, said to contain $52,000 worth of blooded cattle, went through Oneida en route for Delhi, last week.
    O. C. Burrows, an old resident of Oneida Castle, while digging in his garden on the bank of Oneida Creek, a few days ago, found embedded in the earth what appears at this late day to be a rare coin. It is a "Waterloo Halfpenny," dated 1816, with a harp surmounted by the English crown on one side, and the head and name of Wellington on the side opposite. This is the second or third rare specimen that Mr. Burrows has dug up on his premises within the past few years.
   TOMPKINS.—There are 183 candidates for graduation this year.
   It is currently reported that several chronic student loafers in Cornell University are to be placed on the retired list at the close of this term without pension.
   Alexander Minturn, a well known contractor and builder, fell from a scaffold at the new gun works in Ithaca, about 5 o'clock last Friday afternoon, and sustained what is feared will prove fatal injuries. His shoulder blade is broken in two places, one arm is fractured and his side is crushed. Minturn fell twenty feet and struck on a ledge of rock.
   One day last week two boys belonging to West Hill school, Ithaca, caught a striped snake and taking it by the tail started in pursuit of little Lucy Miller, daughter of E. H. Miller, who resides on Elm street. The terrified girl ran away, but the boys pursued and began to strike her with the snake, when the snake stung her on the hand, making quite a wound. The hand was quickly attended to, and outside of a festering sore no harm resulted. The two boys were suspended from school.

   In one week 481 letters intended for Owego were missent to Oswego.
   Liberty of the press and of public meetings has been proclaimed in Brazil.
   All cattle must be removed from the Indian Territory by October 1st at the latest.
   It is said that there are nearly 200,000 ex-Union soldiers in circumstances approaching destitution.
   Twelve thousand letters are received daily at the pension office. There are now pending 450,000 pension claims.
   It is estimated that 2.000,000 men are now out of work in the United States.
   It is a rather startling fact that the most densely populated square mile in the world is not in China or Belgium, but in the city of New York, and that it is inhabited by 276,000 people, a large part of whom are Italians, who speak their native language only and retain their native customs.
   It is announced in Syracuse that the marriage of Miss Davis, daughter of ex-President Jeff Davis of the Confederacy, and Alfred Wilkinson of Syracuse, will take place early in June at the home of the Davis family in Mississippi. Mr. Wilkinson and a party of Syracuse friends will go to Mississippi in a private car. He will meet Miss Davis at New York on her return from Europe whence she sails May10th. Miss Davis has purchased her trousseau in Paris.
   John B. Stanchfield has been retained to contest the will of Gen. Lester B. Faulkner of Danville. The contest is brought by his widow on the grounds that the document offered is not the will of Gen. Faulkner, and that it was obtained by threat and intimidation. The will was made in 1873, and leaves most of the property to "Mrs. Jack Brown and her children." Gen. Faulkner was generally known to have been intimate with Mrs. Brown, and was reported to be the father of her three sons. In the will he declares his affection for Mrs. Brown, and asserts that he is the father of her two eldest sons, Lester and Ross. There will be a hearing in the case before the Surrogate of Livingston county, July 14.

   Postmaster Ballard has been making much needed alterations in the post-office.
   The old Calvary church in Homer is to be thoroughly overhauled and repaired.
   The Port Watson street merry-go-round is to make a tour of the inland cities and large villages for a period.
   Don't fail to hear George Kennan upon "The Mines of Kara," at the Opera House, next Monday evening, May 26th.
   Forepaugh's [circus] show will be in Syracuse, June 9th. A representative of the show informed us last week that the tents would not be pitched in Cortland until late in the season.
   A good audience witnessed the production of the excellent comedy "Mugg's Landing" in the Opera House, Tuesday evening. The performance was highly satisfactory.
   Reports from all nearby localities agree that early planted potatoes and some field seeds are rotting during this moist spring time. Some farmers will try later planting with early varieties.
   Professor James H. Shults, of Pasadena, Cal., formerly of Virgil, delivered a lecture in the Normal chapel Wednesday evening, May 21st. Prof. Shults was formerly a teacher in the Cortland Normal school.
   The Normals went to Ithaca and played a game with the University nine, last Saturday afternoon. Twelve innings were played and the game stood 5 and 5, when the game was called on account of darkness. The Cortland boys played a very strong game.
   A new time table was adopted on the S. B. & N. Y. railroad [Syracuse, Binghamton and New York], last Monday, by which the first-class trains passing Cortland are slightly changed, viz.: Southward at 8:31 and 9:48 A. M., and 6:28 and 10:09 P. M., northward at 6 and 9:58 A. M., and 4:50 and 7:30 P. M. The freight and accommodation northward now leaves at 3:15 P. M., as appears in the DEMOCRAT'S directory on second page.
   Health officer Dr. W. J. Moore has recorded only three births and a like number of deaths during May.
   Beaudry's ice cream parlors are now open. Call and get a dish of his celebrated Ice Cream.
   Messrs. B. and W. Johnson will conduct the Excelsior meat market, Clinton avenue, hereafter, Mr. G. W. Lansing having retired.
   The funeral of Mr. Barney W. Payne will be held from the family residence, Clinton street, in Homer village, at 10 A. M., to-day. Deceased has been a resident of Homer since 1851.
   By way of recreation from the daily routine, last Saturday afternoon, the Cortland Wagon Co. and Hitchcock Mfg. Co. nines crossed bats at the fair ground, resulting in favor of the former by 29 to 25. There will be another game soon.
   Comrade H. M. Kellogg will exhibit his army views and relics at the Academy hall, McGrawville, for the benefit of W. H. Tarble Post, of that place, on Saturday evening of the present week. General admission 15 cents.
   In 1886 an action was brought by Samuel P. Hunt vs. Leroy Crittenden, over a transaction involving a tract of 407 acres of land. W. J. Mantanye appeared as counsel for plaintiff, and A. P. Smith for the defense. This case has just been decided by Judge Dexter, of Elmira, as referee, in favor of the defendant.
   Governor Hill has signed an important measure regarding libels. The new law makes it a misdemeanor for any person willfully to state, deliver or transmit by any means whatever to the manager, editor, publisher or reporter of any newspaper, magazine or serial for publication therein any libelous statement concerning any person or corporation and thereby secure the actual publication of the same. This will serve as a greatly needed protection to publishers against persons who willfully seek to use a newspaper as the medium of a libelous attack upon an enemy.

Mahan's Sixteenth Music Festival.
   Another great attraction has been added to the uncommonly large corps of artists who will assist at the coming festival. Mr. J. F. Gilder, the renowned piano virtuoso, whose piano playing will be remembered by those who heard him on former occasions at Cortland as something near the marvelous.
   Mr. Gilder will first appear on Thursday afternoon, June 5th, with the
Chas. F. Higgins concert company. Each member of this fine organization is an artist, and the concert on Thursday afternoon, in which they all participate, will be one of the most delightful of the series this year, and no one should fail to hear them, together with the orchestra, great chorus, and other attractions. The sale of tickets will begin on Saturday morning, May 31st, at Mahan's music store, at a very moderate scale of prices.
   Singers' tickets, $1.00
   Subscribers' tickets, $1.50 to 2.00
   Single admission, evening, 50 to 75 cents
     "              "           afternoon, 35 to 50 cents
   Subscribers will receive reserved seat tickets for the evening concerts, as usual, and single admission tickets entitle the holder to reserved seats without extra charge for the evening concerts.

   The following resolutions have been adopted by the M. E. Sunday-school of Truxton:
   WHEREAS, In the wisdom of an allwise providence of God, it has seemed fitting to remove from our midst our beloved brother, Hon. Stephen Patrick, and,
   WHEREAS, We feel that the public as well as the community, the M. E. church and Sunday-school have sustained an irreparable loss, therefore,
   Resolved, That the officers and members of the M. E. Sabbath-school, of Truxton, N. Y., offer our heartfelt sympathy with and participation in the grief of the bereaved family, looking for comfort to him whose death purchased our salvation.
   Resolved, That these resolutions be presented to the bereaved family and also offered to the public through the columns of the county papers.
   Truxton, May 11, 1890.

   We would respectfully announce to our patrons that on and after June 10, 1890 we will sell coal strictly for cash only. In taking this step we are actuated by two motives: First, our own protection. Second, the benefit to our customers. The credit system has been so largely the custom as to very materially increase the expense of doing business. The losses from bad debts, which are inseparable from the system, the expense of keeping accounts and collecting them, and the interest items entailed upon every dealer who gives credit, amount to a large sum every year and they must always be provided for an extra price to be charged for coal. In other words those who pay their bills have to make up for those who do not. Under the cash system the consumer will have the benefit of low prices, and the dealer of prompt pay for his coal, thus creating condition favorable to both. Reduced prices will be made about the 10th of June of which you will be advised. Respectfully,
   Cortland and Homer.
   A. M. VAN HOESEN, Agents.

Monday, June 29, 2015


The Cortland Democrat, Friday, May 23, 1890.

Stephen Sholes Beats His Son-in-Law About the Head with an Iron Casting.
(From the Marathon Independent, May 21.)
   It is occasionally the duty of a village newspaper to be obliged to chronicle events which it would rather ignore, and which it would much rather no occasion for such a narration had arisen [sic]. Such is the case this week.
   On the west side of Cortland street in this village, has resided for a number of years, Stephen Sholes and his family. The house in which they resided was the property of Mrs. Sholes, and upon her death, a few years since, without a will, the place became the property of her children, Jesse and Flora, their father having a life interest therein.
   After a time the daughter, Flora, who had grown to be a most estimable young lady, was married to James L. Puff, a successful and industrious business man of this place, the resident agent of the Singer Sewing Machine Co. Since their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Puff have lived in the house and a portion of the time Mr. Sholes has lived with them, and he has roomed there all of the time.
   As is well known to most of our readers Mr. Sholes is a man of convivial habits, and when under the influence of liquor he is apt to be quarrelsome, if crossed. Some of his conduct led to remonstrance by his son-in-law and the rest of the family, and as a result the relations of Mr. Puff and Mr. Sholes have not been the pleasantest imaginable, and as a result of their disagreement Mr. Sholes has frequently threatened Mr. Puff with serious personal injury, but until last Monday morning has never carried his threats into execution.
   As a result of these strained relations Mr. and Mrs. Puff had made arrangements to leave Mr. Sholes in full possession of the house, and had hired rooms in the Meacham block, and expected, this week, to remove there. Mr. Puff had anticipated moving his sewing machine business there on Monday, and his household effects as soon as possible thereafter.
   From all that we can learn Mr. Sholes was about town on Sunday, and was not under the influence of liquor. Sunday night he went home early and renewed his threats, making the remark that there would be a funeral there before long.
   At about five o'clock, on Monday morning he arose, and going to the cook stove, which was his personal property, he removed the griddles, and put them in the oven, and took the middle piece and went out of doors. The noise of the griddles being put into the oven, aroused Mr. Puff, and he arose and dressed and passed into the room where the stove was. He saw Mr. Sholes standing on the front porch, and going to the door asked him what he was about. "D—n you, I'll show you," was the reply.
   Mr. Puff turned to go into the house, and as he did so, Mr. Sholes struck him a hard blow on the back of the head with the end of the iron, cutting a serious gash in the scalp. The force was sufficient to knock Mr. Puff down, over a chair, which he broke. All this time Mr. Sholes was raining blows upon his head, cutting the flesh open at every blow, so that Mr. Puff now has six gashes in the top and side of his head varying in length from 2 to 6 inches.
   After the first blow Mr. Puff was for a short time bewildered, but he soon recovered his senses and grappled with his assailant, and forcing him into a corner he gave Mr. Sholes a punishment which he will not soon forget. Had it not been for the intervention of Mrs. Puff and neighbors who had been attracted by the cries, it is possible that Mr. Puff would have continued to pound him until life was extinct, so angered was he by the cuts upon his head, and the fury of the assault.
   Mr. Sholes went out upon the street and made an ineffectual attempt to secure a warrant for the arrest of Mr. Puff. Drs. Reed and Clark were summoned and dressed Mr. Puff's wounds and made him as comfortable as possible. All day Monday he was flighty and it was feared serious and even fatal results might ensue. Monday night, under the influence of medicine, he slept well, and when we saw him yesterday morning, he appeared to be rational in every particular.
   In our interview with Mr. and Mrs. Puff yesterday morning, the circumstances of the affair were narrated substantially as given above. Mr. Puff expresses the opinion, that from the statements Mr. Sholes had previously made, and from the manner in which the assault was made, that it was the intention of Mr. Sholes to kill him, and that the act had been meditated for several days.
   Mrs. Puff was yet in bed when the assault was made, and as she reached the room her husband had her father down in a corner, and was pounding him. In his frenzy he implored her to bring him something to hit him with, but she prevailed upon him finally to desist from punishing him, and when Mr. and Mrs. Davis arrived soon after Mr. Puff was holding Mr. Sholes but was not striking him.
   Such is substantially the history of this unfortunate affair, in which Mr. and Mrs. Puff have the sympathy of all. For no matter what real or fancied provocation Mr. Sholes may have thought he had, there can be nothing to warrant such a cruel and desperate onslaught as he made.

Civil War Monument fronting Church Street.
Memorial Day Programme.
   Friday, May 30, 1890, Grover Post and Corps with the Camp of Sons of Veterans will meet at the Post rooms at 1 o'clock P. M. sharp, column to move promptly at 1:30 o'clock. The line will form on Main street right resting at County Clerk's building and move in the following order:
   45th Separate Company, N. G. S. N. Y.
   Grover  Corps No. 96 W. R. C.
   Grover Post No. 98. G. A. R.
   Veteran Soldiers.
   James H. Kellogg, Camp No. 44 Sons of Veterans.
   U. S. A. Disabled Veterans in carriages.
   Village President and Trustees.
   The line of march will be north on Main to Clinton avenue; east on Clinton avenue and Elm to Church; south on Church to monument where a hollow square will be formed around the monument, and the following exercises will take place:
   Prayer, Rev Geo. P. Avery.
   Speech, Comrade C. W. Wiles.
   Music, Grover Post.
   The line will then reform and march south to Port Watson, west to Main and Tompkins, to Rural Cemetery. The decoration of graves of fallen comrades by Grover Post will take place, and people may assemble at the old elm, where the following programme will be observed:
   Speech, Comrade B. T. Wright.
   Benediction, Rev. Ure Mitchell.
   Comrade Geo. W Edgcomb has been elected President of the day and Comrade J. F. Wheeler, Marshal. A most cordial invitation is extended to all our citizens to join with the veterans in their efforts to properly and fittingly observe this sacred day.
   Merchants and business men generally are requested to close their places of business from 1 o'clock to 4 P. M., during the hours of services.
   The trustees of the First Methodist Episcopal church have kindly offered the use of the Sunday school room at their church for use in case of inclement weather.
   The decoration of graves at the Catholic cemetery takes place at 10 o'clock A.M.
   Dr. Taylor delivers address at McGrawville; Comrade A. Sager, at Virgil; Comrade C. W. Wiles, at East Homer; Comrade A. P. Smith, at Spencer.
   Contributions of flowers are solicited and may be left early in the day at the Post rooms, third floor of the County Clerk's building, where a committee will be in waiting to arrange them into bouquets.
   Commander N. G. Harmon of Grover Post is improving slowly in health, but his comrades fear he will not be able to participate with them in memorial services in which case Comrade C. W. Wiles, Senior Vice-commander, will be in charge of the Post.

Continuing the Improvements.
   The rainy weather does not dampen the ardor of those having the work of improving the track and conveniences of the fair grounds. A greater part of the track has received a six inch coating of loam, the stables are being put in order, a fence will be built on the inner as well as the outer edge of the course and at present there is nothing of moment to cause anxiety, either to the officers or public, in relation to the coming meetings being successful and satisfactory to all. Disinterested lovers of the turf state that a good work is being well done.

Attend the 45th Entertainment.
   At 7 P. M., May 30, there will be a grand military street parade to be followed by an entertainment in the Opera House under the management of Major George L. Barber. The proceeds are for the benefit of the 45th Separate Company, whose members are sparing no effort to present an interesting programme of military scenes, war songs and special features in conformity with past events of which the day is justly held commemorative. With tickets at the nominal rate of 25, 35 and 50 cents the boys should be greeted with a liberal patronage.

   The committee of Ways and Means of the U. S. House of Representatives is having anything but a pleasant time. The committee is being pestered with petitions from manufacturers from every state in the union protesting against the passage of the McKinley tariff bill. In endeavoring to please Republican manufacturers particularly, the committee will undoubtedly succeed in pleasing nobody. The rank and file of the party are in hopes the tariff will be reduced all round, while the manufacturers want their especial line of goods protected and the tariff taken off all other lines.

   The decision of the U. S. Supreme Court in the case of Willard Fisk against Cornell University seems to meet with general satisfaction in all quarters where the true inwardness of the case is known. Mr. Fisk's wife, formerly Miss Jennie McGraw, left a will, by the terms of which her husband was to receive $300,000; the balance, nearly $1,500,000, was to go to Cornell University for the purpose of founding a library. Mr. Fisk seemed to think that her personal effects, amounting to something like $10,000, were not intended to go to the University, but as a matter of right belonged to him and he desired to retain them as keepsakes. The trustees, however, headed by Henry W. Sage, the millionaire lumber dealer, were not satisfied to release any part of her effects, so long as they thought they could hold them by the terms of the will. It is also said that Mr. Sage made it very uncomfortable for Mr. Fisk, who was librarian of the University, in the hope that he would leave the institution. Mr. Fisk is reported to have informed Mr. Sage that "he could not manage the library as he could a lumber yard" and at the same time is said to have offered to settle all differences for a small sum. The trustees, however, under the advice of Mr. Sage, were hoggish enough to take the chances of losing a million and a half of dollars, rather than release a trifle. They have lost the $1,500,000 and in consequence are receiving very little sympathy. They are not entitled to a particle.

The Forms and Requirements Adopted for the Commitment of Insane People.
   ALBANY, May 19—The State Commission in Lunacy has recently taken important action regarding the qualifications of physicians who act as examiners in lunacy and the commitment of the insane to asylums. Under the statute, the Commissioner has the power to determine the requirements and to prescribe the forms under which an insane person may be deprived of his liberty. Acting in pursuance to this power the Commissioner recently adopted forms and requirements for the commitment of the insane and prescribed a form of certificate of qualifications for examiners in lunacy which will go into effect July 1. These forms and requirements have been so framed, it is believed, as to afford the greatest security again the commitment of any persons to asylums save those who are unquestionably insane.
   In order to secure absolute uniformity and accuracy, the commissioner has decided to furnish all blank certificates which may be required both for originals and copies. The blank medical certificates will be distributed about June 1, to County Clerks, Superintendents of the Poor and the Superintendents of Hospitals or Asylums for the Insane, and the blank certificates of qualifications will on the same date be distributed to all the above officers except Superintendents of the Poor.

Sunday, June 28, 2015

The Only Gilmore

The Cortland Democrat, Friday, May 16, 1890.

A Band Leader of World-Wide Reputation and His Famous Musicians.
   The seat sale is now open for the musical treat to be given at the Opera House Friday afternoon at 2 o'clock by Gilmore's world-famous band and additional features. It will be conducted in person by Patrick Sarsfield Gilmore, the most renowned and best known band leader in the United States. He was born near Dublin, Ireland, Dec. 25th, 1829. At the age of 15 he connected himself with military bands, and at once showed a remarkable talent and aptitude. So well was the youngster thought of that he was taken to Canada along with a crack military band. After that engagement was at an end he went to Salem, Mass., and became a leader there. He soon found, however, that his talents demanded a wider field, and he went to Boston, where he organized "Gilmore's Band" and made such a success therewith that he was enabled to make an extensive and successful tour of the various cities of the country.
   In 1861 he accompanied the Twenty-fourth Massachusetts Regiment to the field, and in 1863 was placed in charge of all the bands in the department of the Gulf by Gen. Banks.
   He originated monster Concerts in this country, and was the projector of the great ''Boston Jubilees'' held in 1869-72. These were the most gigantic musical affairs ever held on earth. Seven years after he made a European tour with his band, and created quite a furore in all the large cities there. He is now bandmaster of the Twenty-second Regiment, National Guards of New York State, and furnishes his world-famous band every summer season for the Manhattan Beach and Coney Island, and every fall season for the St. Louis expositions.
   Bandmaster Gilmore has composed and revised many marches and songs, the most renowned being his "American National Hymn," and "Ireland to England."
   At the concert here his great band will be assisted by three eminent vocal artists—Ida Klein, soprano; Henri Koeke, tenor; and Edward O'Mahoney, basso.
   Seats now on sale at Wallace's, 50, 75 and $1.00.

   At a meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Cortland Savings Bank held May 13th, 1890, the following resolutions, proposed by a committee, were adopted:
   Resolved, That the members of this Board have received with deep regret, information of the death of Hon. Stephen Patrick, one of the trustees of this institution. In the Assembly of 1846, Mr. Patrick, then a member of that body, introduced the act granting a charter to the Cortland Savings Bank, and through his exertions it became a law on the 13th day of April 1866. He has been a member of this Board for over twenty-four years, and has been a constant attendant at its meetings with few exceptions.
   Resolved, That we regard the death of our friend and associate as a public calamity, and to this bank a severe loss. An able and upright citizen, a man of great integrity of character, "full of life and full of honors," has left us and we sincerely mourn his departure.
   Resolved, That we extend to the family of our deceased associate, our heartfelt sympathy in the loss that they have sustained, and that a copy of these resolutions be signed by the officers of this bank, and presented to the family of the deceased, and published in the papers of this village.
   BENJ. L. WEBB, Sec.

Death of Judge Hiram Gray.
   Judge Hiram Gray died in Elmira on Tuesday afternoon, May 6th. He was nearly 89 years of age. Judge Gray was born July 20, 1801, at Salem, Washington Co., N. Y. He graduated from Union College, studied law, and commenced practice at Dryden, Tompkins county. In 1824 he removed to Homer and formed a law partnership with Townsend Ross. Soon afterward he removed to Elmira, where he resided until his death.
   In 1836, he was elected to Congress. After his election he was appointed by Gov. Silas Wright to the office of Circuit Judge and Vice Chancellor of the Sixth Judicial District. When this office was afterward abolished, he was elected a Justice of the Supreme Court for the four year's term, and at the expiration of that time was reelected for eight 8 years. He afterwards served as a member of the Court of Appeals Commission.
   Judge Gray was a most genial companion, but on the bench he was dignified and occasionally somewhat severe.

Death of Mrs. E. H. Stockwell.
   Saturday morning the sad intelligence of the death of Mrs. E. H. Stockwell at her home on James street, fell as a pall over this community, though for several weeks the lady had been a great sufferer.
   The funeral was largely attended on Tuesday afternoon and the profusion and elegance of the floral offerings, bore silent evidence to the respect of the living for the departed, and friendship and sympathy tendered the afflicted husband and daughter.

   Be sure and attend Gilmore's Band concert, Friday afternoon.
   See the advertisement of Mahan's Music Festival in another column.
   Beaudry's ice cream parlors are now open. Call and get a dish of his celebrated Ice Cream.
   A new bridge is being built across the creek on Madison street, just west of Homer avenue.
   The average attendance at the several schools in Union district No. 1 is 750 scholars.
   Holden & Seager, coal and lumber dealers, are sole agents for the celebrated Cayuga plaster and Lester's phosphates.
   Three plain drunks and two wanderers were before Police Justice Bull, Monday morning. After a reprimand the latter were ordered out of town.
   Mr. M. L. Alexander has set a row of shade trees on the east side of Homer avenue and is otherwise improving the property under his control near the fair grounds.
   The sale of reserved seat tickets for Mr. G. Kennan's great Siberian lecture, "The Mines of Kara," at the Opera House, May 26th, will begin at Wallace's book store, next Monday, May 19th, at 8 o'clock.
   Saturday evening officer Goldsmith arrested a woman for creating a disturbance on Court street corner. She was crazed from over indulgence in liquor, and the officer was obliged to convey her to the cell in a cart.
   Owing to the large number of our citizens wishing to attend the funeral services of Hon. Stephen Patrick at Truxton, Monday afternoon, the E. C. & N. railroad officials kindly gave reduced rates on the 10 A. M. train.
   Census enumerators, who receive an appointment and then resign, are liable to a fine and imprisonment for so doing. In 1886, 5,000 enumerators resigned, causing such delay and trouble, and this action was taken to prevent a recurrence of the trouble.
   An order has been placed with Rumsey & Co., of Seneca Falls, for two service hose carts, with 5 1/2 foot wheel, 3 1/2 foot track, and 1 1/2 inch axle and tire. They are pronounced to be "leaders," and easily handled. Orris' cart will be painted white and the Emeralds' a tasty green color, with neat gold stripe and respective company name upon each cart.
   Crushed Violet Soda and all the latest flavors with ice cream, only 5 cents, at Beaudry's.
   Mr. J. I. Beach has sold his restaurant at the D. L. & W. station to Mr. Thomas Leach, of Arthur avenue.
   See charming Little Muggs in that beautiful comedy, "Muggs' Landing," at the Opera House, Tuesday evening. Prices, 25, 35 and 50 cents.
   Mr. C. H. Overton has sold the apparatus and fixtures in his photograph gallery to Messrs. J. W. Mason and G. E. York, of this place. Possession given last Tuesday.
   At a meeting of Engine and Hose Company No. 1, Wednesday evening, Oscar Raymond was elected foreman in place of John Lyddle, who has removed from town. "Sena" Arnold was chosen as alternate delegate to Watertown in August.
   A remonstrance against the passage of the McKinley tariff bill, signed by representatives of every manufacturing interest in Cortland affected by it, has been forwarded to representative Belden in Washington, with the request that the same be presented to the Ways and Means committee having the bill in charge.
   Mr. John O'Connor, proprietor of the Truxton House, in Truxton, will give an opening party on Friday evening, May 30. Music by Butterfield's full orchestra. Bill, $1.50. The hotel has been thoroughly repaired and renovated, and is now a very handsome and commodious house. Mr. O'Connor's many friends will give him a rousing house-warming.
   A large audience filled the Opera House on Wednesday evening to witness the examination of T. Mason Loring's "Deestrict Skewl.'' While some of the scholars were a little awkward in their movements, considerable improvement in studies and general deportment was manifest, and the examining committee so reported. The entertainment gave general satisfaction.
   Under the law as it formerly stood, it was the duty of physicians to report births and deaths. Now it is the duty of parents, or custodians of the child to report births. In the case of deaths, undertakers are required to procure a record of death and its probable cause, duly certified by the physician in attendance upon the deceased during his last illness. This report must be made within thirty days, and any one failing to comply with this requirement may be prosecuted as for a misdemeanor in any court of competent jurisdiction.—Exchange.

Pensions by the Wholesale.
   The surplus-spenders of the House have added to the pension list at one swoop 500,000 men—more than a grand army of the great Napoleon.
   It was the boast of one of the Republicans who supported this Service Pension bill that "the total expenditure for pensions would reach $150,000,000 per annum, or nearly 43 per cent of the gross income of the Government." This, he added, was "not all he wished to do, but it resulted in a munificent generosity, such as the world had never before witnessed, and exceeding that of all the other civilized nations combined."
   Is not this a proud boast for a peaceful Republic, whose revenues come from taxes upon the people and whose armies were composed of citizens enlisted to defend their own government? The pension list of the United States will cost, if this bill shall pass the Senate, more than the largest standing army in the world. And instead of diminishing it will increase yearly, as more and more soldiers reach the age of sixty years.
   The bill is as bad in principle as it is reckless in its provisions. It pensions all equally, without regard to their length of service, their physical condition or their need of assistance. It makes a discarded virtue of patriotism. It is a bid for votes and not a just or reasonable provision for pensions. And it wipes out the surplus and makes revenue reduction impracticable.—N. Y. World