Tuesday, June 9, 2015


The Cortland Democrat, Friday, April 18, 1890.

Fifteen Years at Hard Labor in Auburn Prison.
   The Court room was filled to its utmost at 10 A. M., Tuesday, by representatives of all classes drawn together in anticipation of the sentencing of Robert W. Griswold, by his Honor Walter Lloyd Smith, Justice presiding. Several ex parte motions were heard before the Court opened the adjourned business under the Court of Oyer and Terminer, and the case of R. W. Griswold taken up. District Attorney Bronson offered several suggestions bearing upon the limitation of the sentence to be pronounced by the Court. Hon. O. U. Kellogg moved for a new trial on the following grounds:
   1st. That the verdict was against the evidence.
   2nd. That the Court erred in admission of evidence and also in his charge to the jury upon law and on facts.
   3d. That Adelbert Ingersoll, a member of the jury, was related by marriage to one of the principal witnesses of the people, and that the fact was unknown to defendant's attorneys.
   The Court denied the motion.
   In response to the question if he had any legal cause to show why sentence should not be pronounced the prisoner said:
   "I am at a loss what to think of the amount of false evidence adduced by the people and think there would be more if another trial were granted. Besides O'Shea and myself I am positive none but the eye of the Almighty witnessed the affray; (a slight tremor in voice was noticeable). To the repeated question, why I did not go to O'Shea's door that morning? I will say I dare not enter O'Shea's house. I have been wrongfully detained at great expense to this county, as I am not guilty of premeditation in this case, if I were it would have been impossible while the jury were wrangling over the evidence for me to have slept as innocently as a child. I shall be better off where I am forced to go. I do not know as I can say anything else—there may be those who will reap benefit from my departure."
   In a few well chosen and kindly words stating that the punishment of crime was intended as a warning to others, and describing the difference in the taking of the life of O'Shea and that of Justice in excluding from social surroundings the future life of the prisoner, the Court said: "the sentence of this Court is that you be confined in Auburn prison for a term of 15 years.''
   There was no perceptible alteration in defendant's manner, save a flushing of the face and brightening up of the eyes as he received the above sentence.
   Griswold was taken to Auburn prison on Wednesday by Sheriff Borthwick.

1894 map of Cortland Fairgrounds and Racetrack.
Cortland Driving Park.
   The officers of the Cortland Driving Park have decided to have a Fourth of July entertainment on the grounds of the society in this village. The races will be held July 4th and 5th, and the programme is as follows:
   Two-year-old Class—Stake race for foals of 1888. $50 added by the association. Open to colts owned in Cortland, Onondaga, Broome and Tompkins counties. Entrance $15, payable one-third May 1st, one-third June 1st, and the balance July 1st. Horses to be named May 1st, 1890.
   Three-year-old Class—Stake race for foals of 1887. $50 added by association. Open to colts owned in Cortland, Onondaga, Broome and Tompkins counties. Entrance $15, payable one-third May 1st, one-third June 1st, and the balance July 1st. Horses to be named May 1st, 1890.
   Named Race-Purse $100— Divided. Six to enter and four to start. Entrance ten per cent.
   Four-year old Race—Stake race for foals of 1886. $50 added by association. Open to colts owned in Cortland. Onondaga, Broome and Tompkins counties. Entrance $15, payable one-third May 1st, one-third June 1st, and the balance July 1st. Horses to be named May 1st, 1890.
   Free-for-All-Purse $200— Divided. For pacers and trotters. Four to enter and three to start. Entrance ten per cent.
   CONDITIONS.—Rules of the National Association to govern with the following exceptions:
   Any horse distancing the field or any part thereof will receive but one premium.
   Races that cannot be called at or before 3 o'clock of the last day of the week allotted to such member shall be considered and declared off, and the entrance money therein refunded.
   Right to change order of programme any day of the meeting is reserved.
   Purses divided 50, 25, 16 and 10 per cent. Four to enter, three to start, except as otherwise stated. Hay and straw free.
   Entries in Named Race and Free-for-All close Friday, July 4th.

   There will be a mid-summer meeting on the grounds of the Cortland Driving Park, July 29, 30 and 31, immediately following the Syracuse mid-summer meeting [sic]. Three days' races. Each purse $400. Full programme will be announced later.

Governor Hill Signs the Bill Giving the State the Care of the Insane.
   ALBANY, April 18.—The Governor today signed the so-called State Care of the Insane bill. This action finally completes the most important work of the new State Commission in Lunacy thus far attempted in the first year of its existence, the Legislature having followed the recommendations contained in the first annual report of the Commission on this subject to the last detail. By the terms of the act all of the pauper and indigent insane in all the counties in the State except New York, Kings and Monroe, will be cared for and maintained by the State without any charge or expense whatever to the counties. The number of insane affected by this bill is a little less than 2,300, less than one-half of the whole number now cared for by the State.
    No new asylums are to be built as the state had before the passage of the bill adopted plans for and entered upon the construction of buildings in which 1,600 of the number to be cared for could be accommodated, leaving only 7,000 to be provided for by the erection of small, detached buildings on the grounds of the present State asylums at a cost of $430 per patient, or $385,000 for the whole number.
   Hereafter no pauper or indigent insane person can be returned from a State asylum to a county asylum.

Death of Ransom Brooks.
   Ransom J. Brooks, one of Cortland's most esteemed and respectable citizens, died quite suddenly of heart disease at his home just south of the village on Thursday morning, aged 80 years. He was around as usual and was engaged in conversation with his son-in-law, Mr. W. A. Holton, when he suddenly leaned back in his chair and expired.

For Mutual Benefit.
   The following circular has been signed by several of the manufacturing companies in this place:
   The undersigned hereby signify our approval of the project for the formation of an organization of the manufacturers of Cortland (to be incorporated or not, as shall hereafter be deemed best), the object of which shall be to foster trade and commerce; to reform abuses; to secure freedom from unjust and unlawful exactions; to diffuse accurate and reliable information among its members; to produce uniformity and certainty in the customs and usages of trade; to facilitate the procuring and supplying of materials to be used in the arts and manufactures; to promote the adoption of improved methods and appliances, and secure safety, economy and convenience in their use; to secure an enlarged and more friendly intercourse between producers and consumers, and employers and employes; to improve and increase our facilities and diminish the cost of transportation; to develop our resources, multiply, improve and extend our industries; to secure advantageous markets for our products and promote the public welfare, and to unite our efforts to accomplish these objects.
   We favor a meeting of manufacturers to be held at Firemen's Hall, on the 15th day of April next, at 7:30 o'clock P. M, to consider and take action upon the matters herein set forth.
   Dated April 4th, 1890.
   A meeting was held on the 15th inst., and after transacting some business the meeting was adjourned to Monday evening next, when it is expected a larger attendance will be present.

Daniel S. Lamont
"Dan" to be a Millionaire.
   The New York Times says of a former Cortland boy: "Col. Daniel S. Lamont is getting rich at a rapid rate. He is interested in several large financial enterprises. Ten years ago he was the legislative reporter for the Albany Argus. He owes everything to Cleveland and reform."

   The population of Auburn is estimated at 27,000.
   The State canals will be open for navigation May 1.
   W. L. Stone has been appointed postmaster at Tully.
   Willard asylum has 2,066 patients—984 males and 1,082 females.
   Andrew Carnegie has made $56,000,000 in twenty-six years from his rolling mills.
   The total amount received by the Johnstown flood relief commission is $2,890,727.88.
   It is said the office of sheriff of New York is worth $70,000 per year— $200 per day.
   Professor John Fiske believes that the American Indians originally came from Asia.
   C. R. Lawrence, of Arena, Delaware county, caught a large wild cat in a trap It was three feet from nose to tail.
   The Senate has passed Mr. Hendricks' bill allowing savings banks to invest 65 per cent of their deposits in mortgages.
   The girls of the Cincinnati Art School signed a petition requesting the Czar to put an end to the prosecution of female exiles in Siberia.
   The pension expenditure of the last fiscal year was greater than the total cost of the Mexican war and was in excess of the total expenditures for pensions from 1789 to 1861—72 years.
      John B. Parshall, a compositor in the Delhi, N. Y., Gazette office, recently set up the notices of three golden weddings. He set up the marriage notices of the same couples 50 years ago—a remarkable coincidence.
   The Lansing Journal has the following story of a Cayuga county porker: R. B. Ferris, of Five Corners, has a monstrosity in the shape of a pig. His sow gave birth, a few days ago, to sixteen pigs; the thirteenth pig had an elephant's head and trunk; under this head there was a natural pig's head. In the elephant's mouth a dark skin like substance, and in this was a pair of eyes, the only eyes about the pig. When born it made motions as though trying to breathe, but there were no signs of any nostrils. Mr. Ferris has had it put in alcohol to preserve it.
   An American gray eagle was captured the other day at Rock Lake, in Pennsylvania, twenty miles from Honesdale, by Charles Fitzpatrick, a farmer living in that neighborhood. Before securing the eagle, Mr. Fitzpatrick attacked it twice, and finally brought it down by a musket shot. The bird measured eight feet six inches from tip to tip of wing, and weighed twenty-one pounds. C. P. Eldred, the Honesdale jeweler, bought the eagle and had it mounted at Scranton. He then presented it to Company E of the Thirteenth Regiment, N. G. P.

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