Saturday, October 31, 2015


The Pumpkin Effigy, Harper's Weekly, Nov. 23, 1867.

Happy Halloween
  The staff of the Cortland Contrarian is out tonight, trick or treat. We could not miss an opportunity to get free candy and hide behind scary costumes. We will post again tomorrow.

Friday, October 30, 2015


(Use bottom of page slider to move map.) February 1891 area of flooding. Upper right corner of map depicts Wickwire factory. Number 14 is drawn on the roof of the Chair & Cabinet Co. on the south side of R. R. Avenue (South Street) behind train station. Lower left area of map depicts semi-circular E. C. & N. car shop.

The Cortland Democrat, Friday, February 27, 1891.

Plenty of Water All Around.
   The rising temperature of the fore part of the week, aided by a fall of rain, melted the heavy body of snow and ice much faster than the ice bound channels could dispose of it, resulting in flooded cellars, submerged streets and more or less annoyance generally.
    At the works of the Cortland Chair  and Cabinet company there was 4 feet of water in the pump room and 18 inches in the boiler room necessitating the suspension of work Wednesday. Across the street [South Main] water stood nearly 2 feet deep in the basement of Wickwire's wire mills, but work continued on the other floors. A heavy loss was averted in this establishment by the removal of a vast quantity of material to other localities prior to Wednesday. A fair sized creek flowed to the north of the E. C. & N. depot [old Lehigh R. R. Station—CC editor] and the tracks were generally submerged as far west as the car shops [Owego Street].
   Groton avenue, Homer avenue and North Main street were under water all the afternoon and cellars flooded through the overflowing of Otter and Dry creeks. Cellars on Railroad street [Central Avenue] were in it. Water rising in the basement of Edgcomb & Ballard's furniture store putting out the fire in the furnace—leaving both store and residence without heat for a time. In fact all along the Grand Central [block] cellars were badly flooded. Old Tioughnioga river was a raging torrent of muddy water and fears were entertained of damage to bridges; but a rapid decline in temperature early in the evening checked the supply and trains arriving and departing on time yesterday morning gave ease to the public mind. It will be several days before some of the flooded cellars will drain out, and caution should be taken regarding health.

To the Public.
   The growth of our school population has been remarkable. In 1880 the enumeration of all persons in the village between the ages of 5 and 21 years showed a school population of about 1,100; in 1890 a like enumeration showed it to be 2,163; or to state it in another form it has about doubled in the last ten years.
   In 1880 we were supporting three schools in the village—two on Church-st. and one at Port Watson, affording a total seating capacity of about 175, and, as the reports for that year show, with a total registration of 345 pupils. Since 1880 we have added 648 to the seating capacity of our schools by the erection of new buildings, and as the reports for 1890 show our schools presented a total registration of 940 pupils.
   To supply the demand of our growing population for greater school facilities, we submitted, two years ago, to popular vote a proposition to appropriate $30,000 to purchase a central site, build and equip a school in which to congregate all our higher grades, containing also a primary department for children of tender years residing centrally, and thus afford the necessary room for children seeking admission to our ward schools. That proposition failed to receive popular approval. In the meantime we have tried various devices to accommodate all. We have divided grades, giving each division a half-day school. We have been compelled to hire a school building utterly unfit, at an annual rental of $120, and are now maintaining a school therein. It is estimated that there are now at least 200 children in our village deprived of school privileges solely because of lack of room.
   What shall be done? A town of the apparent prosperity of Cortland that cannot furnish school room for its own pupils offers poor inducements to investors seeking better educational advantages for their children.
   The Board of Education, having had for the last ten years the administration of the schools of the village, fully impressed with the importance of the work in hand and the utter unfitness of the three school buildings above referred to, already in use for over half a century, and the inadequacy of all the present school buildings, feel it a duty they owe to you to again submit the proposition made two years ago. We believe it to be the course which will add to the efficiency of our schools; it will afford room to accommodate all the children of the village. By this means we shall with a plain but convenient and commodious structure supplant the decrepit, antiquated and outgrown rookeries of former generations, and invite to us those now deprived of good schools, both to enjoy with us its advantages and share with us in the work of its maintenance.
   At a meeting of this Board held on the 16th day of February, the following resolution was unanimously adopted:
   Resolved, That this Board recommend to and request the Board of Trustees of this village to submit to the voters of the corporation at the next charter election the question of raising a sum not exceeding $30,000 by issuing bonds or otherwise, as said Trustees shall deem best, for the purchase of a site and erecting a new central school in this village.
   Upon an intelligent verdict of the people expressed at the polls upon the foregoing question the Board of Education rely as their guide for future action.
   Cortland, Feb. 16, 1891.
   C. P. Walrad, F. W. Kingsbury, D. F. Wallace, Wm. D. Tuttle, L. D. C. Hopkins, Chas. F. Brown, S. M. Ballard, R. A. Smith, F. E. Whitmore.

Y. M. C. A. Notes.
   The delegates in attendance at the State convention at Lockport, February 19-22d, will speak upon what they heard and saw, while this grand convention was in session, next Sunday afternoon, at 4 o'clock. All men are cordially invited to come and hear something of the work being done for our young men.

   The undersigned Photographers are now making Cabinet Photographs at $3 and $2 per dozen. Call and examine samples before deciding.
   G. I. PRUDEN,

C. L. S. C. Notes.
   At the meeting of Chautauqua Circle Monday evening, Feb. 23rd, the following officers were chosen for the ensuing half year:
   President—Miss M. Louise Hawley.
   1st. Vice President—Mrs. M. A. Sell.
   2nd. Vice-President—Mrs. J. O. Reed.
   Secretary—Mrs. G. H. Squires.
   Treasurer—Mrs. Augusta Graves.
"Knights of St. Patrick."
   A meeting of the Irish Americans was held at the Cortland House parlors last Monday evening for the purpose of discussing the propriety of arranging for a suitable gathering in honor of St. Patrick. Organization was effected by selecting M. F. Cleary as chairman, and Charles Corcoran, secretary. After some discussion it was decided to hold a grand banquet at the Cortland House on the evening of March 16th. Committees were appointed to perfect arrangements and report at an adjourned meeting to be held in the parlors of the C. M. B. A. on the succeeding Wednesday, 25th inst.
   The adjourned meeting was largely attended and after electing Ed Mourin to the office of treasurer, a motion prevailed that the organization be made a permanent one, to be styled "Knights of St. Patrick" and that the present officers retain their respective positions for one year. Several committees reported and an adjournment was taken until March 4, at 7:30 P. M. in the C. M. B. A. [Catholic Mutual Benefit Association] parlors.

What Reciprocity Is.
   The human nature of nations is the aggregated human nature of individuals. Your neighbor across the way begins to discriminate against goods made in your shop. You get back at him by making a corresponding discrimination against goods made in his shop. He, in retaliation, levies a heavier fine upon your products. Then you "go him one better" and he again retaliates. Finally it has come to a pass where the policy of mutual injury has well nigh reached the prohibitory point. Seeing that this policy has worked the injury of both, these rivals begin to think. Finally one of them says to the other: "Neighbor, you call off one of your dogs, and I will call off one of mine; if you'll take off the fine on my wagons, I'll take off the fine on your bedsteads. Furthermore, if you'll scale down the tax on my wheelbarrow twenty five per cent, I will remove the tax on certain other articles of furniture of your make." They then go home and figure up which would escape the most injury by the transaction and proceed to make a trade on the basis of mutual benefits to be derived.
   That is reciprocity, which being interpreted, means a mutual cessation of injury, or perhaps better defined, a mutual abatement of hostilities.—Boston Globe.

Forming a Belt-line Railroad Co.
   Some time since the DEMOCRAT called attention to the opening up of a tract of land in the first ward south of the water works by Messrs. Beardsley & Allport, who, in laying out the main street from Tompkins street through to Groton avenue had allowed an extra ten feet to the width of said street prospective of a belt line street car track. Action on the above was taken during the present week for the foundation of a stock company. It is proposed to start at the junction of Main street and Clinton avenue, follow the latter to Elm street and eastward through Elm to River street, south on River to Port Watson, thence westward to Main and through Tompkins to Broadway (the new street opened through the above mentioned tract), thence north to Groton avenue and follow the avenue east to the point of beginning on Main street, thereby encircling the majority of Cortland's manufacturing and business interests and passing through the principal thoroughfares daily frequented by pedestrians. The length of the line, as above described, is four miles and will be operated as a surface horse car line. The shares will be of $100 each, with capital stock of at least $40,000.

Turf Meetings for 1891.
   The second annual meeting of the Central New York Trotting Association was held in Syracuse Tuesday. Herkimer, Ilion and Dansville were admitted to the circuit. The dates for spring meetings are: Auburn, last week in May; Dansville, first week in June; Elmira second, Binghamton third week, and Syracuse fourth week in June; Cortland, first week in July, Oswego, second week and Phoenix third week in July; Ilion first week in August.
   Mid-summer meets will be held at Syracuse, fourth week in July; Rome, fifth week in July; Ilion first week in August; Binghamton second week, Cortland third week, and Syracuse fourth week in August. A committee of one member from each association was appointed to arrange a programme of classes. A motion was adopted that no association be privileged to offer less than $300 for any class. The officers for the next year are:
   President—Alex C. Eustace, Elmira.
   Vice-Pres.—J. W. Pendergast, Phoenix.
   Sec. and Treas.—E. F. Allen, Syracuse.
   Executive Com.—Alexander C. Eustace, Elmira; E. F. Allen, Syracuse; F. N. Harrington, Cortland; Lee M. Cafferty, Binghamton; P. F. Gregory, Auburn.

Thursday, October 29, 2015


The Cortland Democrat, Friday, February 27, 1891.

Formed February 23, 1801—Constitution And By-Laws— Officers And Other Matters in Detail.
   A meeting was held in the Court House February 13, 1891, to discuss the propriety of establishing a hospital in Cortland, Hon. Stratton S. Knox presiding, Major A. Sager secretary. Mrs. J. H. Hoose, after stating the object of the meeting, announced that the sum of $1,000 had been contributed by citizens to the hospital fund. A general discussion of the project was participated in by a number of public spirited gentlemen, and Mrs. F. O. Hyatt stated that provision had been made for accommodating four or five patients with a competent attendant and resident physicians had volunteered their services. So much encouragement had been received that a resolution was adopted to take action for organization and Mrs. J. H. Hoose, Mrs. F. O. Hyatt, Mrs. Alice Ettling, Rev. J. A. Robinson and Hon. S. S. Knox, were chosen a committee to prepare constitution and by-laws and report at a subsequent meeting to be called by the chairman. The meeting then adjourned.
   On Monday evening the adjourned meeting convened at the parlors of the Y. M. C. A., organized by selecting Dr. F. O. Hyatt chairman. Secretary Sager announced his inability to be present, after reading the minutes of the last meeting, and Rev. J. A. Robinson was chosen to act in his stead. The committee through their chairman, Mrs. J. H. Hoose, reported the following constitution and by-laws for the government of the Association, which with few slight modifications were unanimously adopted:
   Article 1. Sec. 1. Name and Object.—The name of this society shall be "Cortland Hospital Association."
   Sec. 2. The object of this Association shall be to establish, equip, maintain, and conduct in the village of Cortland, a hospital for sick and injured persons under such regulations as may hereafter be prescribed by the laws of the Association.
   Sec. 3. The object of the Association shall be carried out by a Board of Managers as hereinafter provided for.
   Article 2. Sec. l. Membership.—All persons who may desire to join in the work of the Association shall become and continue to be annual members of the Association by paying to the Association annually two dollars in advance.
   Sec. 2. Any person may become a life member, or may, instead, have the privilege of naming a life member, upon contributing the sum of twenty-five dollars at any one time.
   Sec. 3. Honorary life membership may be conferred by vote of the. Association, upon the recommendation of the Board of Managers.
   Articles. Sec. 1. Board of Managers.— Members of the Board of Managers shall be elected by the Association at its annual meeting, from the membership thereof, and shall consist of women elected as follows:
   (1) Not more than two from the membership of each church in the village; (2) Not to exceed six who are not members of any church of the village.
   Sec. 2. The members of this Board chosen at the first election shall classify themselves by lot into three parts or classes. The first class shall hold office until the annual election in 1892. The second class shall hold office until the annual election in 1893. The third class shall hold office until the annual election in 1894. And annually the vacancies so occurring shall be filled by the election of one-third of the Board, to hold office for three years or until their successors have been chosen and have accepted the office.
   Sec. 3. Vacancies in the Board of Managers, occurring otherwise than by expiration of term, shall be filled by the remaining members of the Board of Managers for the unexpired terms.
   Sec. 4. The officers of the Board of Managers shall be a President, a Vice-President, a Secretary and a Treasurer, all of whom shall be members of the Board of Managers. On the Wednesday following the annual meeting of the Association, the Board of Managers shall meet and elect said officers by ballot by a majority vote of the members of the Board present at this meeting. Said officers shall hold office for one year, or until their successors have been chosen and have accepted their election. All vacancies in these offices may be filled in the same manner as an original election, at any regular or special meeting of the Board. The Board shall also have power to elect from its members such other officers as it may deem necessary.
   Sec. 5. The officers of the Board of Managers shall be also the like officers of the Association.
   Sec. 6. No member of the Board of Managers shall receive or be allowed any salary or compensation whatever for her work in behalf of the Association.
   Sec. 1. Advisory Board.—The Association at its annual meeting shall elect nine men as an Advisory Board, with whom, or any of whom, the Board of Managers may consult from time to time as to matters pertaining to the hospital.
   Sec. 2. The chairman of the Advisory Board shall appoint three of its members as Examiners whose duty shall be to examine the books of the Secretary and Treasurer quarterly, and oftener if required by the Board of Managers; and these Examiners shall report to the Board of Managers the result of their investigations. They shall also present a written report to the Association at its annual meeting.
   Sec. 3. The Advisory Board may be present at the meetings of the Board of Managers, but shall have no vote in the proceedings.
   Sec. 4. The Advisory Board shall meet with the Board of Managers semi-annually, and at such other times as the Board of Managers may deem necessary.
   Sec. 1. Medical and Surgical Staff.—The medical and surgical staff shall consist of the duly licensed physicians of Cortland.
   Sec. 2. No compensation shall be paid by the Association for medical and surgical services.
   Article 4. Sec. 1. Meetings of the Association.—The annual meeting of the Association shall be held on the first Monday in February, at such time of day and in such place as may be designated by the Board of Managers. Previous notice shall be given by publication thereof for two weeks in all of the village newspapers. At this meeting there shall be elected one-third of the Board of Managers and the Advisory Board; and the annual reports of the Secretary, Treasurer and Examiners shall be read. Such other reports of officers shall be made, as shall be called for by such meeting.
   Sec. 2. Special meetings of the Association may be called by the Board of Managers in like manner as the annual meeting.
   Article 5. Amendments.—This constitution may be amended at any meeting of the Association, provided such amendment shall have been proposed in writing to the Board of Managers at a regular meeting, and shall have been offered for publication to all of the village newspapers for two weeks previous to the meeting of the Association.
   Article I. Powers of the Board of Managers.—The Board of Managers shall have entire charge of the funds and other property of the Association; it shall have power to make contracts, and to rent real estate for the benefit of the Association; and it shall devise and adopt measures for carrying out the object of the Association.
   Article II. Meetings of the Board of Managers.
   Sec. 1. The Board of Managers shall hold regular meetings on the first Monday of each month.
   Sec. 2. Special meetings may be called (1) by the President, or (2) in her absence by the Vice President, or (3) in the absence of both of these officers, by the Secretary on the written request of these Managers. Notices for all special meetings shall state for what purpose the meeting is called, and each member of the Board shall be notified at least two days previous thereto.
   Sec. 3. Ten Managers shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of all business at any meeting of the Board. But a smaller number can adjourn the meeting from time to time until a quorum is obtained.
   Sec. 4. The following shall be the order of business at all meetings:
   1. Calling of the roll.
   2. Reading the minutes of previous meeting.
   3. Reports of committees.
   4. Reports of officers.
   5. Unfinished business.
   6. Miscellaneous business.
   7. Filling vacancies in the Board and in other offices.
   8. Adjournment.
   Sec. 5. At each regular meeting, each tardy member of the Board shall be fined five cents, and each absent member ten cents, unless she present to the President satisfactory excuse for her tardiness or absence.
   Sec. 6. If a Manager fail to attend three consecutive regular meetings of the Board, unless she is excused by a vote of the Board, the Board may by vote declare her office vacant.
   Article III. Duties of officers.
   Sec. 1. It shall be the duty of the President to preside at all meetings of the Board of Managers and of the Association; she shall be a member ex-officio of all committees, excepting the Finance Committee, and shall have a general supervision of the affairs of the Association.
   Sec. 2. When the office of President shall be vacant, or when the President shall be absent, the Vice-President shall succeed to all rights and duties.
   Sec. 3. The Secretary shall keep a faithful record of the proceedings at the meetings of the Board of Managers and of the Association. She shall also prepare a written report stating the general work of the Association, to be read at the general meeting of the Association. She shall offer for publication to the village newspapers the notices of the annual and special meetings of the Association and of the regular meetings of the Board of managers, and shall notify the members of the Board of Managers and of the Advisory Board, and the officers of their election. She shall keep a register of honorary, life, and annual memberships; receive the money for memberships and give receipts for the same; collect all moneys due the Association, and pay over to the Treasurer at each regular meeting of the Board the moneys in her possession, taking a receipt for the same. She shall prepare and submit monthly the Medical Record to the Board of Managers. She shall also attend to the correspondence of the Association unless it be otherwise provided for.
   Sec. 4. The Treasurer shall open an account, in the name of the Association, in one or more of the banks in Cortland, to be selected by the Executive Committee, and shall deposit all moneys therein immediately upon receiving. She shall keep proper check and account books, showing the condition of the funds of the Association. At each regular meeting of the Board of Managers, she shall present a written statement of the condition of the treasury, and at the annual meeting of the Association she shall make a detailed report of the receipts and expenditures of the previous year. She shall give a receipt for all moneys received from the Secretary. The Treasurer shall not pay out any of the funds of the Association except for bills audited by the Finance Committee, and upon her own signature and that of the President.
   Sec. 5. The Secretary and Treasurer shall submit their books quarterly to the Examiners, and said books shall always be open to inspection upon demand.
   Article IV. Duties of Medical and Surgical Staff .
   Sec. 1. The medical and surgical staff shall make and amend rules for its guidance and for the welfare of the patients. Copies of these rules shall be filed with the Secretary of the Board of Managers.
   Sec. 2. This staff shall keep, or cause to be kept, medical minutes of all cases coming under its care. Said minutes shall be reported monthly to the Secretary of the Board of Managers, and from these reports the Secretary shall make up a Medical Record, which shall be submitted monthly to the Board of Managers.
   Article V. Standing Committees.
   Sec. 1. At its first meeting, after the annual meeting of the Association, the Board of Managers shall appoint from its members the following standing committees:
   On Finance; on Supplies; on Service; on Inspection; and on Executive Committee.
   Sec. 2. The Committee on Finance shall consist of four members to whom all bills against the Association shall be submitted monthly by the several committees. This committee shall audit said bills upon presentation, and report the same to the Treasurer.
   Sec. 3. The Committee on Supplies shall consist of five members, including the President, ex-officio, whose duty it shall be to provide for the purchasing of all necessary supplies required by the matron, and to see that the orders for extra food, medicines and supplies on the part of the medical staff be promptly obtained and distributed.
   Sec. 4. The Committee on Service shall consist of five members, including the President ex-officio, whose duty it shall be to hire a matron, nurses and help as required, provided this action receives the approval of the Board of Managers. This committee shall also prepare regulations to govern the matron, nurses and help in the discharge of their duties. Said regulations shall be submitted to the Board of Managers for its approval. This committee shall see that the rules relating to the management of the Hospital are carried into effect and that the matron, nurses and help discharge their duties so that everything may be done to promote the comfort of the patients. This committee shall also advise with and assist the matron in any case of difficulty. It shall be also the duty of this committee to keep a book of minutes and to enter therein the day and time of each visit, and such observations as may be deemed necessary, which book shall be submitted to the Board of Managers on demand.
   Sec. 5. The Committee on Inspection shall consist of five members, including the President ex-officio, whose duty it shall be to see that cleanliness is observed in the bedding, and to inspect the sanitary condition of the house generally. The Hospital shall be visited for this purpose twice in each week. This committee shall keep an inventory of the linen, furniture, and other personal property, adding each new purchase as made. At the expiration of its term, the committee with the matron, shall examine the property under its care, to note the losses, wear and tear, etc. This committee shall keep a book of minutes relating to all the objects of its appointment, which book shall be laid before the Board of Managers on demand.
   Sec. 6. The Executive Committee shall consist of five members, including the President and Vice-President. This committee shall exercise general control of all the affairs of the Hospital between the meetings of the Board of Managers.
   Sec. 7. Each of said committees may be charged with such other powers and duties as the Board of Managers shall deem proper. Said Board may provide for other committees as necessity requires.
   Article VI. Endowment of a Bed.—Any person or association my endow a free bed by the annual payment of one hundred and fifty dollars, and have the right of nominating to the Executive Committee the patient who may occupy said free bed, and select the attending physician, provided the regulations of the Association and of its proper officers are complied with, and provided that said patient shall not occupy said bed for a longer period than three months without permission of the Executive Committee.
   Article VII. Admission of Patients.
   Sec. 1. The Hospital shall be open to all sick and injured persons, excepting such persons as are hereinafter provided for.
   Sec. 2. No person with contagious disease will be admitted.
   Sec. 3. Patients will be admitted by the matron on a certificate of admission signed by one of the medical staff and endorsed by a member of the Executive Committee.
   Sec. 4. Persons who are seriously injured shall be admitted unconditionally at any time by the matron; but they shall be subject to the other provisions of these By-Laws for treatment.
   Sec. 5. Patients shall not remain in the Hospital longer than six weeks, unless upon recommendations of the attending physician and with the approval of the Executive Committee.
   Sec. 6. Patients will be required to leave as soon as discharged by the attending physician.
   Sec. 7. A charge for board, medical and surgical treatment, pharmacy costs and nursing shall be made to all such patients as are able to pay; prices to be fixed by the Board of Managers. These charges must be paid weekly in advance unless otherwise directed.
   Article VIII. Amendments.—These By-Laws may be amended or added to by a majority of all the Board of Managers at any regular meeting, provided notice in writing , stating the alteration proposed, has been given at the regular meeting next preceding, and that a copy of the same has been mailed one week thereafter to each member of the Board who was not present at the meeting when such notice was given.
   The following ladies were chosen in conformity to Article 3, Section 1, of the constitution as a Board of Managers:
   Mrs. Mary E. Doud, Mrs. Dorr C. Smith, Mrs. Frank Place, Mrs. Addison E. Buck, Mrs. James S.Squires, Mrs. C. Fred Thompson, Mrs. Lawrence J.
Fitzgerald, Mrs. Hugh Duffey, Mrs. William H. Clark, Mrs. Alice Ettling, Mrs. James H. Hoose, Mrs. Jerome Squires, Mrs. Newton Cone, Mrs. P. Kratzer, Mrs. Albert H. Watkins, Mrs. Caleb B. Hitchcock, Mrs. F. O. Hyatt, Mrs. George I. Pruden, Mrs. I. Whiteson, and Miss Louise Hunter.
   The gentlemen of the advisory board are Rev. J. A. Robinson, Messrs. C. P. Walrad, H. L. Gleason, C. F. Wickwire, G. W. Bradford, A. Sager. G. L. Warren, Samuel L. Holden and James R. Schermerhorn.
   By a unanimous vote Hon. J. J. Belden and vice-president G. F. Edgell of the E. C. & N. railroad were placed on the list as honorary life members. After which the meeting adjourned.