Saturday, January 2, 2016


Immigrants arriving at Castle Garden (the Battery) in New York City. Ellis Island opened in January, 1892.
The Cortland Democrat, Friday, June 19, 1891.

Still They Come.
(Binghamton Democrat.)
   Within the past six weeks twenty thousand Italians have passed Gibraltar on their way to this country. Thirty thousand will be along shortly. They are among the most ignorant and undesirable of the lowest and most wretched of the population of Italy. Every week they are adding a lawless element; hard to assimilate, alien in race; savage in temper, ignorant almost of the forms of freedom, to say nothing of its use and meaning.
   Their exodus is depopulating whole districts in Italy and they are likely to depopulate whole districts in the United States of a better class of citizens.
   The same number of Chinese could not be more undesirable, more demoralizing and debauching to the population and the franchise. For the Chinese are at least restrained from governing the country, while many of these immigrants will be voting in less than six years and then whining for the protection of their government when caught and punished for indulging in their ugly habits of assassination and violence.
   The people of this country look hopelessly on, as this foul and contaminating stream of beggars, thieves, organ grinders, and illiterate stream pours in upon them: praying like a fatalistic Turk that Providence will somehow avert the evil, but doing nothing to quarantine the pestilence or control it after it has spread over the land.

   The Buffalo Courier publishes the statement of the Secretary of one of Buffalo's largest and most successful savings institutions, concerning the effect the McKinley bill has had on the wage workers of that city:
   "Money is very scarce in the pockets of the poor. The increase in shareholding is not up to the standard. Our increase in shares from January to July is generally very large. The poor are drawing out the little that they have been enabled to save up, to meet present wants. You may believe that they do this reluctantly, and that they are pinched pretty hard. The explanation is the greatly increased cost of the necessaries of life, imposed by the McKinley tariff, and the fact that laborers' and mechanics' wages have not advanced at all. The community is suffering very perceptibly now, and matters must grow worse as time passes. Next winter will certainly be the toughest one for the laboring classes in many years. The savings and the loan associations can feel the changes in the pulse of the poor man's finances earlier than any other money institution. The banks cannot begin to tell as soon when anything is going wrong. The law imposing prohibitory duties on articles that the poor must have is one of the most iniquitous things American Congressmen have been guilty of. I had a talk with the managing clerk of a big dry goods house a short time ago, and asked him if table linens wouldn't go out of sight when the new duties were added. He said: "The kind of linen you buy won't cost much more, but all the poorer grades will cost a great deal more." So it is all around. The poor are being punished most, and dollars are being wrung from their sweat and toil every week."

Francis Hendricks.
Rufus T. Peck.
   Senator Francis Hendricks has gone to Europe on a combined pleasure and business trip and will be absent about three months, returning sometime in August. Though he stated some time ago that he would not be a candidate for re-election to the Senate, he has been, so it is rumored, persuaded to change his mind, and will, on his return from Europe enter the political arena with renewed energy. If this is the case, Cortland county might just as well hang her harp on a willow tree. Assemblyman Peck, of Cortland, is working hard for the nomination, but the bosses at Syracuse will shut him up like a jack-knife when the proper time comes.—Tully Times.

   A Democratic governor in New York, two years ago, saved the State $1,800,000 by his votes. A Democratic legislature in New York this year has reduced direct taxation $3,500,000. A Republican congress has voted away $1,000,000,000 and a Republican city treasurer has robbed Pennsylvania and Philadelphia of $2,476,000. The Prince of Wales may lead a "fast set," but "he is not in it" with the Republican party in making the money fly.—Albany Argus.

   Father Mollinger of Pittsburg is creating great excitement by healing the sick with the bones of St. Anthony. Hundreds of people from far and near visit him and many are said to be cured of longstanding ailments. Father Mollinger read medicine in his younger days and is said to be learned in the healing art. He thinks, however, that a blessing helps the cures.

Fairgrounds, racetrack and grandstand shown on 1894 map section..
   Longest period of daylight for 1891 has arrived.
   D. E. Kinney's [trotter] "Nickle Plate" won second money at the races in Elmira, last Thursday.
   Set your house in order and get ready to attend the races to be held on the fair grounds, July 1st, 2d, 3d and 4th.
   During the storm of Tuesday afternoon, lightning struck and killed a fine cow on the farm of Wm R. Randall, south of this village.
   The Cortland track is admitted by all to be the fastest half-mile track in the country. Fast time will be made and no one can afford to miss the event.
   The races to be held on the fair grounds, July 1-4 inclusive, promise to be better even than those held on the grounds last season, and they were very satisfactory.
   The new grand stand on the fair grounds is a fine structure, and will seat 1200 persons, every one of whom can see the entire course. It will prove to be a great comfort to all patrons of the races.
   J. G. Limberger, proprietor of the hotel in Scott, will give a Fourth of July party at his house on Friday evening, July 3d. Good music will be furnished.
   Next regular meeting of the King's Daughters will be held at the residence of Mrs. Jerome Squires, 44 Groton avenue, at 3 P. M., Saturday of the present week.
   The Ithaca Democrat is authority for the statement that "Cortland talks of paving to the tune of about $100,000." It is a little strange that no one here has heard anything about it.
   Bridenbecker, proprietor of the city bakery, has an advertisement in another column. His reputation for palatable bakestuffs has become well established. Readers of the DEMOCRAT will do well to give him a call.
   The Cortland Sportsman's club was represented at the State shoot held in Rome, last Tuesday, by Messrs. A. M. Schermerhorn, E. C. Rindge and A. D. Wallace, of this place, and E. A. Williams, W. L. Clarke and B. E. Miller, of Homer.
   The Women's Christian Temperance Union has accepted the invitation of Rev. Dr. Taylor to attend his church Sunday evening, June 21st, to listen to an address upon "Women's Work." Members will meet in the Sunday school room at 7 o'clock.
   Friday evening, July 3d, a social party will be given in Wells' hall, Cortland, by the "U-Go-I-Go Club," which promises to be largely attended. The music will be furnished by Prof. F. Osborne's mammoth orchestra. Tickets will be 75 cents for the dance.
   Reports from all parts of the United States confirm the statement that June 15, 1891, was the hottest day recorded in the past twenty-five years. While the variation was from 90 to 98 degrees in the shade, Cortland enjoyed universal popularity as the mercury registered 96 at 3 P. M.
   Last Sunday night, as the 11:20 train made the crossing of the Horse car tracks [under the Route 11 bridge between Homer and Cortland—CC editor], north of this place, one of the rails on the latter curled up and the end was forced through the floor of one of the sleepers. The rail went with the car to the second bridge, when it fell into the river. No one was injured.
   Mrs. Mary Grant Cramer, sister of Gen. Grant, and Associate National Superintendent of the department of the Army and Navy, will speak under the auspices of the Women's Christian Temperance Union in the First Methodist church of Cortland, Monday evening, June 22d. Subject, "Things you ought to know.''
   Prof. C. Victor Coon, formerly of Homer, but for the past six years principal of the Academy at Rhinecliff, on the Hudson, has been elected principal of Marathon Union School and Academy. He is a brother of School Commissioner W. A. Coon, and possesses all the elements for a competent school official. He is a first-class man for the place.
   The examination of George Brown for picking up and taking coal from the track of the S. B. & N. Y. railroad was held before Justice Hulbert and a jury on Wednesday last, and the jury decided that he was guilty and he was sentenced to pay a fine of $10, or 30 days in jail. He refused to pay his fine and was accordingly sent up.—Marathon Independent.
   Prof. L. L. Jackson, principal of the school at New Woodstock, has been engaged as teacher of the preparatory Academic department in Homer Academy for the coming school year. Miss Fannie Thompson, of this place, will teach the first intermediate department, and Miss Mary Flagg, of Homer, and Miss Mary Adams, of Marathon, will have charge of the primary department.
   A social hop is to be given at the Half-Way House hall, on Wednesday evening next. Music by Happy Bill Daniels' orchestra. Tickets, 50 cents.
   During the week mechanical vibrating fans have been placed in the office and bar of the Globe hotel, Railroad street. Proprietor Goddard also has a handsome fern window in the office. Hotel Burns is also to the front with vibrating fans. A miniature water motor furnishes the power.
   The funeral of Mr. Edward F. Rood, who died Wednesday morning at the residence of his mother, Mrs. Walter Rood, 38 Lincoln avenue, will be held from the family residence at 2 o'clock, Saturday afternoon. Deceased was by trade a carriage trimmer, but for many months has been confined to the house with consumption.
   Officer John Miller went to Rondout, Ulster county, last Monday, and arrested Lincoln B. Haskins, a teacher. The prisoner was lodged in Cortland jail, Tuesday evening. The charge is betrayal under promise of marriage. Miss Emma Southworth, of Homer, being the complainant. He was to have had an examination before Justice Pratt, of Little York, yesterday afternoon.

Hospital Donations for May.
   The following is a list of donations to the Hospital for May, 1891:
   Watkins Brothers, 3 counterpanes; Mrs. L. P. Bennett, 1 pair sheets; Maxson & Starin, 1 ton coal; Mrs. H. O. Yates, 1 cord kindling wood; Mrs. S. M. Ballard, 1 pair sheets, 1 bedquilt; Mrs. A. B. Springer, 1 towel, 1 napkin; Mrs. H. C. Beebe, 1 bottle indelible ink; Mrs. E. Mudge, 1 pillow, painted panel; Mrs. Uri Clark, illustrated papers; Mrs. F. D. Smith, Youth's Companion; Mrs. L. J. Fitzgerald, 1 lamp; Mrs. Thomas Street, 2 tablecloths, 12 napkins; Miss Grace Spaulding, 1 glass pitcher, 12 tumblers; Mrs. Dr. Spaulding, 3 napkins, 6 dinner plates, 6 tea plates, 6 sauce dishes, 6 butter plates; Miss Amelia Smith, 3 soup plates, 2 vegetable dishes, 5 cups and saucers; Mrs. B. F. Tillinghast, 1 dining table, 2 chairs, 1 couch, table crockery, 6 knives and forks; Mrs. Clark Tillinghast, 1 bedstead, 1 washstand; Mrs. James Maxson, 1 chair, 1 bedstead, 1 comfortable; Mrs. F. O. Hyatt, hall carpet, 1 cup of June flowers; Mrs. J. A. Robinson, 1 carpet, 6 window shades; Mrs. L. B. Earle, bed-springs, 3 counterpanes; Miss Louise Hunter, oil stove; Mrs. Ernest M. Hulbert, bedroom crockery; Mrs. L. C. Homer, 1 pair pillows; Mrs. A. Mahan, bedstead springs, bureau washstand; Mrs. Charles Butler, spring mattress, 1 stand, 2 foot stools; Mrs. Charles Willett, 1 cup of jelly, 1 can of blackberries; Miss Mary Hubbard, 1 cup marmalade: Mrs. Dorr C. Smith, 1 cup jam; Mrs. H. C. Johnson, 3 lbs. butter; Mr. George Severance, milk tickets, $1; Mr. H. C. Beebe, meat, 40 cts.; Mr. R. G. Lewis. 1 sack flour; Ladies' Auxiliary of Y. M. C. A., sugar, bread, 2 loaves of cake; Mrs. J. F. Miller, 1 loaf of bread; Mr. R. J. Shirley, bakery tickets, $1; Mr. Frank Corwin, milk tickets, $1.
   Flowers have been received from Mr. John McGraw, Mrs. S. D. Roberts, of Glen Haven, Mrs. L. D. C. Hopkins, Miss Anna Lawrence, Miss Bessie Wales, Miss Iva Culp, Miss Anna Thompson, [and] Mr. Mason Ingall.

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