Tuesday, September 6, 2016


The Cortland Democrat, Friday, January 27, 1893.

Stop Thief!

(From the Tully Times, Jan. 21, 1893.)
   There are newspaper publishers and newspaper publishers. Some are good; others more or less good, while others are downright mean. The meanest and smallest specimens of humanity, among this class of mortals, is the editor who clips articles from his local exchanges and uses them without due credit, thus stealing not only the article but the brains of his "brother chips."
   A smaller specimen of humanity than the kind referred to above is the editor who copies an article from one of his near by exchanges, using it verbatim, even to the heading and crediting it to "Exchange." An editor of this stamp is so small that he could, and generally does, pass unnoticed among gentlemen.
   A short time ago the Cortland Standard copied an article from the Times relative to fish pirates in this and Cortland county, crediting it to "Exchange." In our issue of last week appeared an editorial headed "Stop my Paper, Stop Thief." The Standard of Monday contained the article, just as it appeared in the Times, heading and all, credited "Exchange." Now this is contemptible. Of course the Tully Times is not such a wonderful paper as the Cortland Daily Standard. We make no pretence to greatness; but we do to honesty and common decency. If the editor of the Standard thinks the Times of too little importance to notice, he should rehash our articles so that there will be a semblance of originality about them. If we edit both papers we want due credit.
   "Exchange" may mean the weekly Standard, the defunct Truxton Tidings or any other paper. It is just as mean for an editor to steal from another man's brains as it is for one of his subscribers to refuse to take the paper when he is in arrears.  They are both thieves, only of a different kind.

The Forty-Fifth's Annual.
   Last Tuesday was one of the greatest days of the year for the 45th Separate Company [New York National Guard.] By invitation the 41st 
Separate Company of Syracuse and the 26th of Elmira were their guests for the evening.
   A parade was made from the Armory to the Cortland House and return at about 7 o'clock. Supper was served to the visitors in the dining room at the Armory. Mrs. G. J. Mager had entire charge of the refreshments, which were pronounced by all to be very fine.
   It was near 9 o'clock when the marksmen and sharp shooters badges were presented by Captain Dickinson to those of the 45th who had earned them. This was followed by a battalion drill with the three companies present. The badge for the best drilled man of the 45th this year was won by Mr. Chas. York.
   The first pull in the tug-of-war was between Syracuse and Cortland, and resulted in a victory of three inches for the former. Elmira was entered in the one mile relay foot race, but made a "kick" here, as they did throughout the evening whenever they appeared, and the race was run between Cortland and Syracuse. Cortland won in 4:57.
   In the second tug-of-war pull, Elmira won by an inch and a half over Syracuse. Robert Mills was given the badge for fastest running mile of the 45th, there being no contestants.
   The dressing contest was made in 3:34 by Fred Lampman.
   The third tug-of-war pull was between Elmira and Cortland. One of Cortland's team took the relay in the foot race and could not sit up after it, and another could not be found. Elmira refused to pull if a fresh man was substituted for any but the sick one, so they pulled four men against three, and drew the rope clear through in short order. So proud were they at winning that three of their men were carried to the dressing rooms on the shoulders of their companions.
   The fourth pull between Syracuse and Elmira resulted in a tie, and on the fifth was won by Syracuse, giving them the cup.
   After the events dancing was the order till nearly time for the Syracuse boys to take the 6 o'clock train for home. Elmira left soon after her defeat.
   Financially their fifth annual was a success beyond all the hopes the soldiers had dared to entertain.
   The armory was packed with people before 8 o'clock, but owing to some unexplained reason, the drill was not called on until 9:15, and many people went home. Dancing did not commence until after 1 o'clock.

Cortland Wagon Co. buildings (#2). 1894 map.
A New Engine.
   The large increase of business at the works of the Cortland Wagon Co. during the past year has made it necessary to put in a much larger and more powerful engine, one that would furnish power to drive all of the machinery in the various buildings, and at the same time operate a complete electric light plant, which it was also found necessary to put in to furnish light during the short days for the 500 or more employes engaged in the manufacture of wagons, sleighs, etc. The works were partially shut down about four weeks ago, for the purpose of placing the new machinery, and since that time Supt. Duffey, with a large corps of men, has been busy night and day.
   The new engine is one of the celebrated Coreless patent girder frame and was made by the Fishkill Landing Manufacturing Co. of Fishkill, N. Y. The engine is 26 feet long; the cylinder has a bore 18 inches in diameter, and a 42 inch stroke. It has an indicated speed of 200 horse power, and is capable of rendering even more.  The fly-wheel is 14 feet in diameter, has a 28 inch face, and rests on a steel shaft 10 feet long and 9 inches in diameter, making 80 revolutions per minute. The fly-wheel carries a 26 inch endless belt 98 feet long. The engine has the maker's own patent air cushion cut-off which gives an almost noiseless valve motion. The valve gear is controlled by a centrifugal governor driven from the main shaft of the engine. The foundation upon which the engine rests is 26 feet long, 6 feet at the bottom a tapering to 3 feet at top, with an "L" 8x6x3, the whole containing 30,000 brick. Ten anchor rods hold the engine in place on the foundation. Two Babcock sectional boilers generate the steam that moves the engine, one of 85 and one of 105 horse power. The exhaust steam from the engine passes into pipes that are distributed throughout the different buildings, and it is estimated that 80 per cent of the life of steam is retained for heating.
   In the engine room is also located a Thompson—Houston electric motor and the switch-board for conducting the electric currants [sic] throughout the different buildings for lighting purposes. It is of 500 sixteen candle power capacity. The dynamo makes 1200 revolutions per minute, 493 lamps of 16 candle power, and 7 of 32 candle power will be used to light the various shops and offices, and 14 arc lights will be stationed at different points in the yards.
   The Cortland Wagon Co. now have the most complete factory in the country for the manufacture of vehicles of all descriptions, and as their field is 'the world,' they now feel better prepared than ever to meet the wants of their continued growth in trade.

Telephone Talk Cheaper.

Fundamental Patents Expired and Expiring—Blake Transmitter Now the Property of the Public.
   CHICAGO, Jan. 21.—One by one the patents covering telephone rights are expiring. At midnight last night the Blake transmitter, which receives the speech and transmits it over the wire, became the property of the public, after many years exclusive control by the American Bell Telephone company. March 7th of this year will see the end of the main patent on the telephone issued to Alexander Graham Bell, and which covered the fundamental patent on the telephone, the transmission of speech electrically over a wire. At the same time the patent first issued on the receiver will expire, though a second patent was granted on this device January 30th, 1877, and that has until January 30th of next year to run.
   With the expiration of the Bell patent, the Bell Telephone business is promised many rivals. The Strowger Automatic Telephone company is one of the companies which promises competition with its automatic switchboard, which is designed to do away with the central office of the present system.

Robert Louis Stevenson Dying.
   SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 21.—Leigs Lynch, World's Fair Commissioner for Samoa, who arrived yesterday, says that Robert Louis Stevenson is dying of consumption. "He has made one or two trips to Auckland and Sydney," Mr. Lynch says, "but each time has had violent hemorrhages, so he has abandoned the idea of more excursions. He is not at all lonely, and he has a large household, consisting of his wife and mother, his collaborator of 'Wrecker' fame, with his sister and several friends. Stevenson is not writing a new novel, as has been stated, although he works for a few hours every morning on literary matter, presumably for magazines."

Installation of Officers.
   The following officers of the Royal Arcanum of this place were installed Wednesday evening by Dist. Dep. Regent M. W. Kunkley for the ensuing year:
   Regent—Jas. P. Maher.
   Vice Regent— Wm. L. Fox.
   Past Regent—M. W. Kunkely.
   Orator—D. L. Bardwell.
   Chaplin—Henry Relyea.
   Treasurer— E. E. Ellis.
   Secretary—J. S. Wells.
   Collector—Jerome Wheeler.
   Guide—Fred McGann.
   Warden—Wm. Slaelter.
   Sentry—Fred Seeber.
   Trustee, Long Term—G. I. Pruden.
   Representative to Grand Council—Jas. P. Maher.
   The Royal Arcanum is an insurance society and was first organized here in April last. Insurance costs at the age of twenty-four, five dollars a thousand, at the age of thirty, six dollars a thousand, at the age of forty, ten dollars a thousand, and at the age of fifty-five, twenty dollars a thousand. There are twenty-five members in the association here.

Crandall typewriter.
   TOMPKINS.—Regents examinations at the Groton Union School this week.
   Miss Ada Snyder, aged 45, committed suicide last week in the town of Dryden, by hanging herself. Deceased was well-to-do, and formerly resided in Ithaca. No cause is assigned.
   A large yellow dog deliberately tried to commit suicide by lying down on the rails in front of a State street electric car in Ithaca, last week. The car was stopped and the dog had to be dragged from the track.
   Dr. C. M. Bliven, of Ithaca, was badly shaken up and bruised by being run over by a horse handled by a drunken driver. The driver was arrested and fined $45 or 45 days. It was a narrow escape for the doctor from fatal injuries.
   At the annual meeting of the Groton Bridge & Manufacturing Co., held on Saturday last, W. H. Fitch was made president for the ensuing year; Frank Conger, vice-president; B. R. Williams, secretary; C. W. Conger, treasurer; E. A. Landon, engineer. The company have done a fine business the past year, and make a good showing.
   The annual meeting of the Crandall Type Writer Co. for the election of directors was held at the office of the company, Jan. 19th, 1893. The following named persons were elected directors: Everett Smiley, Nelson Harris, D. H. Marsh, W. L. Coggshall and Frank Conger. The new board organized by the election of D. H. Marsh, president; E. Smiley, vice-president. Frank Conger, secretary, and Frank Tanner, treasurer.

   The "Limited Mail" company will play a return date in the opera house soon.
   Mr. L. F. Valentine been appointed to weigh the malls on the E., C. & N. road for the next thirty days.
   Mr. G. F. Beaudry poured some hot candy on one of his hands last Saturday afternoon, burning it quite severely.
   The Anti-license party will hold a caucus for the purpose of nominating a no-license excise commissioner in the W. C. T. U. rooms, at 7:30 P. M. Saturday.
   Mr. A. D. Wallace, of this place, has a pointer dog valued at $50. Last week Thursday the dog tackled a big cat and lost an eye as a result of the meeting.
   The Board of Education of Homer will take steps at an early day to call a meeting of taxpayers for the purpose of raising $15,000 to build a new academy building.
   W. S. Freer will give a Washington's birthday party in his hall in Higginsville, N. Y., on Friday evening, February 24th, 1893. Music by Daniels' full orchestra. Full bill, $l.25.
   Kellogg & Curtis' great sale of dry goods, now being advertised in this paper, closes Feb. 1st. Parties who desire to take advantage of the great bargains offered should visit the store without delay.
   Mr. C. J. Coleman has received the insurance money on the stock burned at the Cortland steam laundry, some weeks since. It will cover about 22 ½ per cent of the value of his customers goods. All claims must be presented to him at 54 Grant-st. on Saturday, Jan. 28th.
   Dr. Emens, the celebrated specialist in treating piles and other rectal diseases, will be at the Cortland House, Friday, January 27th. He is the General Agent for Dr. Sanche's Eleotropoise Victory, an instrument for curing all curable diseases without medicine. Call and see the instrument.

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