Wednesday, November 30, 2016


The Cortland Democrat, Friday, July 21, 1893.

A Young Married Woman Leaves Home in Company With "A Handsomer Man."
   The Singer Sewing Machine company are just now anxious to learn the present address of one Norman W. Mynard, who has been acting [as] the agent and collector of their branch office in this place for the past two years. Since April 1st last, he has been boarding at Mrs. Green's on South Main-st., but previous to that he kept house with his sister Rose at 126 Groton-ave.
   It is said that he misused his sister until she refused to live with him. If there is any one thing about a man that seems to be more attractive than another in the eyes of the average pretty woman, it is his reputation for brutality toward other members of her own sex. When any woman, who hasn't had the opportunity to try, arrives at the conclusion that she can't tame almost any brute of a man, we may look for a speedy advent of the millennium.
   Possibly the idea of reforming him was what caused the pretty wife of Jay Morgan, one of our village blacksmiths, to leave town last Wednesday morning in company with Mynard. As Maynard’s account with his employers is considerably overdrawn, it is pretty safe to say that Cortland is rid of him for good. It won't take Mrs. Morgan many moons to become convinced that she can't reform the rascal who enticed her from her home, and after he has misused and become tired of her, he will cast her off and she will probably return to her home, a wiser if not a better woman. She is about 24 years of age and leaves two children, aged 3 and 7 years.
   Mynard is about the same age, dark complexioned, black hair and eyes, of medium height and weighs about 140 pounds. His parents live at Colegrove, Pa., and his father is a Methodist minister. For some reason, not easily explained, minister’s sons are not always just what they should be.

Photo from Grip's Historical Souvenir of Cortland.
The Proper Thing to Do.
   At a meeting of the Cortland Democratic Club held in their rooms in the DEMOCRAT building Wednesday evening, the following preamble and resolutions were presented by Hon. O. U. Kellogg and were unanimously adopted:
   WHEREAS, It has been brought to our attention that the name of Hugh Duffey, an honored and active member of this club, has received favorable mention by the press of the state for the nomination for State Treasurer at the coming election and,
   WHEREAS, This club recognizes in Mr. Duffey one of its most prominent and active members, a gentleman of strict integrity, a successful business man, who has at all times commanded the respect and admiration of every citizen regardless of party, a Democrat of unswerving devotion to his party, who has been its worthy and respected representative at many conventions and political gatherings and unanimously selected as its local leader, declining all official positions, and,
   WHEREAS, We believe that should his party honor him with the nomination to this office, it would add strength to the party ticket.
   Therefore in the absence of Mr. Duffey, and without knowing whether he will consent to the use of his name for the candidate for the office or not, this club at this meeting, desires to avail itself of the first opportunity to express its gratification at the favorable consideration of the name of Mr. Duffey in connection with the nomination and we earnestly approve of the suggestion of his nomination. It is therefore
   Resolved, That this Club enthusiastically endorse the suggestion for the nomination of Mr. Duffey, and pledges itself to make every effort to secure his nomination by the Democratic State Convention for the office of State Treasurer.
   The rooms were filled to their utmost capacity and the meeting was a most enthusiastic one. Speeches seconding the resolutions were made by Messrs. J. Dougherty, Dr. H. T. Dana, Judge C. S. Bull, G. L. Warren, Hon. L. J. Fitzgerald, J. H. Wallace, A. J. McSweeney and others.

There are Many Irate Citizens in Buffalo.
   BUFFALO, July 19.-The office of "Sunday Truth" is decidedly the hottest place in Buffalo these days. Sidney G. Sherwood and Russell Osgoodsby, until recently proprietors of the paper, are being hunted by irate citizens but cannot be found.
   Sherwood and Osgoodby acquired control of "Truth" some six months ago. To make money and incidentally boom the circulation of the paper they started a rebus scheme. It was so simple that any one [sic] could solve it almost at a glance. The usual conditions were attached, that the person sending the first correct answer with fifty cents and three months' subscription to the paper would receive a choice of pianos, watches, diamonds, etc.
   Other puzzles in rebus form followed one another and the money came in lively. It is said that in this fashion 25,000 names were added to the subscription list and some $20,000 in cash received. Four succeeded in getting prizes, but they were a great disappointment. No one got a piano or a gold watch and the diamond rings were worth eighty cents each.
   The deluded contestants made descents upon the office and it became so hot that Sherwood and Osgoodby transferred the paper to Messrs. Kirkpatrick and Miller, who are now so besieged by the angry contestants that it is a matter of discussion whether they will continue the publication "Truth."
   Messrs. Hausauer and Smith, the original proprietors, who hold heavy mortgages on the plant, say they will not publish the paper while it rests under its present stigma. The girls and printers employed by Sherwood and Osgoodby have not been paid, and creditors are looking for the rebus pair.

   The report of the First National Bank of Cortland will be found in another column.
   Messrs. Kellogg & Curtis have an announcement of a fifteen day special sale on this page.
   The Tioughnioga club expect to make an excursion to Taughanic Falls some time [sic omni] next month.
   An account of the burning of the hotel in Willett will be found in our correspondence from that place.
   Jerry Callahan and Mike Foley are [for safety] flagging the D. L. & W. at the Clinton-ave. and Railroad-st. crossings.
   Eight car-loads of colored people went over the E. C. &. N. yesterday morning on an excursion from Elmira to Sylvan Beach.
   Three train loads of picnickers from Scranton, Pa., went to Pleasant Beach Saturday. Each train had eleven well filled passenger coaches.
   The Mothers' meeting (north) will meet at the home of Mrs. W. D. Waters, 54 Madison-ave., Wednesday, July 26, at 3 P. M. Subject, "Character Building." All ladies are cordially invited.
   A grand excursion to Sylvan Beach over the E., C. & N. will take place next Sunday. Train will leave Cortland at 9:54 A. M. reaching the Beach at 11:30 A. M. Returning the train leaves the Beach at 5:30, Fare for round trip from Cortland $1.00.
   The Water Works Co. has purchased three acres of land adjoining their reservoir of the Fairchild estate for $8,500 and have commenced enlarging the capacity of the reservoir so that it will hold 1,000,000 gallons additional. The work will be finished about August 20, and when finished it is expected that it will furnish sufficient water for all purposes.
   The Homer Republican says Miss Mudge of Cortland met with an accident just north of that village Wednesday morning. She was riding her wheel to Little York and collided with a team. The young lady and her wheel were both run over by the horse. Fortunately she escaped serious injury. The man refused to carry her and the wheel back to Homer.
   The regular meeting of the W. C. T. U. will be held on Saturday, July 22, in the rooms over Collins' china store, at 2:30 P. M. Consecration service from 2:30 to 3 led by---. Regular meeting at 3 P. M. Subject, "Anti-Christ; how shall we wage our war against him?" The exercises will consist of reading, discussion, recitation and music. Everybody will be welcome.
   The survivors of the "Old Twelfth Reg't." held their annual reunion at Maple Bay last Tuesday. One of the companies was raised in Homer, and the regiment was the first one raised in either Onondaga or Cortland counties. Its ranks were sadly thinned before it returned from the front, and death has since been busy with the survivors, so that now the muster roll can be quickly called.
   St. Leo's church in Tully will be dedicated on Tuesday, July 26th. The services, to be held in the church, will commence at 10 A. M., conducted by Bishop P. A. Ludden, assisted by the pastor, Rev. Father Doody, and priests from different parishes in the diocese. The dedicatory sermon will be delivered by Rev. John J. McLoghlin of Cortland, who formerly had charge of the work in Tully.
   The Cortland Forging Co., have broken ground for the erection of three new buildings adjoining those now occupied by the company. One to be 48x100 feet, one 30x36 and one 40x18 feet. The buildings will be two stories high and constructed of wood. The intention is to double the capacity of their works. Considerable new machinery will be added and several new lines of goods will be turned out.

   Walton Forshee and family visited at Texas Valley last Sunday.
   Mr. and Mrs. Warren Greene of Cortland are guests of Mr. and Mrs. Silas Leroy.
   Elvin Babcock is taking solid comfort on his new wheel, purchased last Saturday.
   Mrs. Jack McBirney was out of town for a few days visiting friends in Chenango county.
   Austin Mooney preached in the Congregational Church at Texas Valley last Sunday evening.
   Miss Oresta Beardsley returned to-day after an extended trip to the far west, taking in the World's Fair on her way home.
   During the storm of last Saturday, the barn of John P. Beckwith was struck by lightning, but fortunately did net set it on fire.
   At 1 o'clock this Wednesday morning our peaceful village was alarmed by the ringing of bells and the cry of fire. It proved to be the hotel which was entirely consumed. Only a small share of the furniture on the first floor was saved, everything on the second floor was burned. Two gold watches and about $40 in money was burned. Our citizens done some noble and hot work in saving the meat market, which was not more than twenty-five feet from the hotel. Had that burned the loss would have been heavy, as other buildings were so close to the market they could not have been saved, with the facilities we have for fighting fire. The building was insured for a small amount, but nothing compared with the loss.

She Had the Nerve.

   Last Saturday afternoon Messrs. W. H. Olmstead and M. Wetherell of Syracuse were sailing on Skaneateles lake near Glen Haven in a sail boat. At about 5 o'clock a gale of wind struck the boat, and capsized it just opposite the Redfield cottage. The men caught hold of the boat and held on while the storm that came with the wind raged and the white caps rolled over them. Miss Allie Randall, who is employed at the cottage, saw the accident and realizing the danger of the men, ran down to the boat house, and jumping into a boat pushed off to the rescue.
   Miss Randall is perfectly at home in a boat and she soon reached the overturned craft and telling the men to hang on to the stern of her boat, she soon towed them on shore. Few men would have cared to risk their lives in a row boat on the lake in such a storm. After the blow was over the sail boat was brought to shore.

Cortland and Homer Horse R. R.
   Beginning Monday, July 17, cars on the Cortland and Homer Horse Railroad run on the following schedule time:
   Leave Homer: 6:15 A. M., 8 A. M., 9 A. M., 9:45 A. M., 10:30 A. M., 11 A. M, 12 M., 1 P.M., 1:40 P. M., 2:20 P. M., 3:20 P. M., 4 P. M., 4:30 P. M., 5 P. M., 6:10 P. M., 7:10 P. M., 7:50 P. M.
   Leave Cortland: 7 A. M., 8 A. M., 9 A. M., 9:45 A. M., 10:30 A. M., 11 A. M., 12 M., 1 P. M., 1:40 P. M., 2:20 P. M., 3:20 P. M., 4 P. M., 4:30 P. M., 5 P. M., 6:10 P. M., 7:10 P. M.

Tuesday, November 29, 2016


Samuel J. Sornberger, M. D. Photo from Grip's Historical Souvenir of Cortland.

The Cortland Democrat, Friday, July 21, 1893.

Much Misinformation.
   The following appeared in the personal items of the Standard last Thursday:
   "Dr. S. J. Sornberger, who has been for the past year a student in a medical college in Chicago, is home for his vacation, having completed his two years' work in one year."
   Where the writer of the above item obtained his information is a mystery. The very skillful use of the personal pronoun his, plainly conveys the idea that the doctor has been taking a two years' course only, and it is stated that he has completed this course in one year. The doctor informs us that the above is untrue, and that to do two years of medical work in an accredited medical college in one year is [an] impossibility. Inasmuch as the above item [is] misleading and tends to throw discredit upon the thoroughness of medical course in Chicago, it to proper to state the following facts.
   The course of study at Chicago is four years instead of three as in most eastern colleges, especially New York colleges. Also we are informed that there is not a medical college in the east whose pathological and bacteriological laboratories can compare with Chicago in equipment and thoroughness of work. Clinical advantages at Chicago are unsurpassed. Cook County Hospital with its army of sick and maimed furnishes unlimited material for daily surgical clinics, while in the college free dispensary more than twenty thousand persons are treated yearly. College life at Chicago means practice not mere theory. Dr. Sornberger will return to Chicago in September.

Reproductive Powers of Many of the Species Surpasses Belief.
   The reproductive powers of many species of bacteria is so marvelous as to be entirely beyond belief. Prof. Lau says that he has experimented with several different forms of these minute organisms that were capable of doubling their number every hour.
   When in good condition an average specimen of bacterium will produce 16,777,900 individuals of his kind in the short space of twenty-four hours. In forty-eight hours the offspring from a "germ" measuring not more than one-fifteen thousandth of an inch, will have increased until the bulk cannot be put into a half-pint measure, the total number of individuals then exceeding 281,500,000,000. If these deductions are correct (and scientists of ability have proven that they are as near as such figures can possibly be approximated from the very nature of the experiment), is it any wonder that "germ" or bacterial diseases are so difficult to control?
   Dr. Adametz, the Swiss savant, says that there may be more living, breathing creatures in a piece of cheese weighing a pound than there are inhabitants on the entire globe.

The very mention of Judge Maynard's name causes a cold chill to start on a voyage of discovery up and down the spinal column of the editor of every Republican paper in the land. Undoubtedly it calls to mind the rape of the Louisiana Returning Board of 1876-7 and causes unpleasant dreams wherein John Sherman, "Bub" Foraker and other illustrious Republicans appear as ghosts. The only difference between the drama enacted in 1876 and the one attempted in 1891, was that the Republicans succeeded in stealing the Presidency in 1876, but thanks to Judge Maynard and other prominent Democrats, they were prevented from stealing the State Senate in 1891. The man who prevents the rascal from committing larceny is the object of the especial hatred of the thief, while the man who arrests him after the crime has been perpetrated, is soon forgiven.
The managers of the World's Fair have decided not to open the gates on Sunday hereafter. This conclusion was arrived at, not because of the threat made by certain over-religious people to boycott the fair, but because the attendance for the last few Sundays would not warrant them in doing so.

Washington Letter.
(From our Regular Correspondent.)
   WASHINGTON, July 18, 1893.— War talk is again heard in Washington and as usual, the naval officers are hoping that there may be something in it. It is not complimentary to the British government, which is pledged by formal treaty to abide by the decision of the arbitrators in the Behring Sea dispute, that so many people should be willing to believe that the massing of warships and troops in the
Pacific indicates a disposition to dispute by force the decision of the arbitrators, should it be against England, as it is generally believed it will be, but the British government has upon more than one occasion in the past displayed some very queer ideas of the meaning of international honor. It has been suggested here that the talk about the English not accepting the decision to all originated by the English, for the purpose of influencing the arbitrators in their decision. If so, it is a very foolish proceeding, certainly as far the American arbitrators are concerned. One of them—Senator Morgan, of Alabama—has more than once expressed the belief that another war between the United States and England was inevitable, and that the sooner it came the better for this country.
   Notwithstanding all the sentimental talk about the increasing brotherly relations between the great English speaking nations, no well-informed man will deny that there is greater rivalry between the United States and Great Britain to-day than ever before, and it is the rivalry of commercial traffic, which has drawn England into more wars than any other one thing. The commercial supremacy of the world lies between the two nations, and that either of them will surrender the field peacefully to the other is not probable. No man can mingle with the prominent and representative men from all sections of the country who come to Washington without becoming convinced that a war with England would be very popular, particularly if England should be the aggressor. Nothing would please the American people more than for England to refuse to abide by the decision of the Behring Sea arbitration. Such a course would justify war and the Americans would so accept it.
   Secretary Herbert left Washington today on the Dolphin, to make a visit of inspection to all of the Atlantic coast navy yards. He expects to be gone about two weeks.

New Business Directory.
(From the Cortland Standard, July 15.)
   The new business directory of Cortland, Homer, McGrawville, Marathon and Truxton, compiled and published by John F. O'Brien of Binghamton, has just been completed and is now being delivered. It is the intention of the publisher to present with his compliments a copy of this to every household in the places above mentioned. It is a very neat book of seventy-two pages, is well printed upon good paper and comes from the presses of the Cortland DEMOCRAT. It was the intention of the publisher to give a complete directory of all the organizations in the town, of all business firms and manufacturers, of time tables on railroads, of distances to surrounding places, with the railroad fare, in fact everything a person wants to know about the places. Nearly all of the business firms, companies and corporations within the scope of the directory have advertised, and one has only to look the book over to get a very good idea of the towns mentioned.

O'Brien's Business Directory.
(From the Homer Republican.)
   Mr. J. F. O'Brien was in town yesterday delivering his business directory of Cortland, Homer, McGrawville, Marathon and Truxton. The directories are placed in every house in the county free of charge, Mr. O'Brien getting his money from the advertisers in the book. Fifty extra copies have been left with Waters & Merrill so that if any are overlooked in the distribution they can call there and be supplied.
Mr. O'Brien bas lived up to his word strictly in his work and the book which was printed in the job rooms of the Cortland DEMOCRAT is a model of the printers art and a credit to the office. No doubt the advertisers are well pleased with the work and will be repaid for the money invested in advertising in it.

Malachi Collins Fights Officer Goldsmith When Arrested for Public
Intoxication—The Officer Strongly Criticized by a Large Crowd of His
   Last Thursday evening at about 7:30 officer Goldsmith arrested one Malachi Collins, a mason by trade, on Church-st., for public intoxication. The officer says that Collins walked past him two or three times and leered at him as if inviting him to make the arrest. When Collins passed the third time the officer asked him what he meant by staggering about the streets and passing him so often. Collins replied that it was none of the officer's business and that he had molested no one. Goldsmith told him he was an officer and laying his hands on him told him that he arrested him for public intoxication.
   The prisoner replied, "You can't do it, you ain't man enough" and then he sailed into Goldsmith and began to fight him. He fought all the way to the lockup.
   At the corner of Main and Clinton-st., a large crowd had assembled who were plainly in sympathy with the prisoner and he fought as well as he could. Goldsmith called upon undertaker C. F. Blackman to assist him but that gentleman declined on the ground that he was a stranger here. The officer then called upon Dr. C. E. Ingalls who took a hand in and the prisoner was thrown down in front of Miss Mary Keator's residence, where the officer put one handcuff on him. He was put on his feet again and when in front of the Garrison block he kicked the officer in the hip. Goldsmith says that hurt and he threw him down and slapped him three or four times with the flat of his hand and so hard that it made the prisoner cry. Chief Sager and officer Jackson then arrived and he was taken to the lockup under Firemen's hall without much further trouble. About 400 men and boys had gathered in front of Firemen's hall and made all sorts of threats but injured no one. This is the substance of Goldsmith's story.
   Collins says he purchased a cigar in Bates' hotel and then walked up Church-st. Goldsmith followed. When he put his hand on me I told him to take it away. Did not think he meant to arrest me. Did not strike him that I remember. Had been drinking some, but don't think I was very drunk. Think Goldsmith had been drinking, as he seldom goes without. Had a little rumpus on Clinton-ave. Might have struck him by accident while trying to escape. When I was down on Main-st., after I had the shackles on me, Goldsmith struck me four times with his club. Did not tell him it was none of his business nor was I aching for a fight. When he said I was arrested, I told him to let me alone and I would walk with him. He said "No, you have got to come." I would not be dragged like a pig, but would have walked along all right if he had let me alone. Don't think I kicked him in the hip but might have done so in the scuffle unintentionally. This is substantially Collins' version of the transaction.
   A large crowd of men and boys assembled in front of Firemen's hall, and occasionally a revolver was discharged and fire crackers were exploding in every direction. The officers were hissed and hooted at and some members of the crowd were calling for a rope with which to hang the officer. Dr. Nash was called in as soon as Collin's was locked up to examine him. He found a slight gash over the left eyebrow and a slight cut in the scalp where his hair was parted. There was a swelling on the cheek near the left ear and three more on the forehead.
   When this was announced to the crowd they refused to believe it and the story was freely circulated that his skull had been fractured by a blow from the officers club. At about 9 o'clock some of his friends bailed him out and he was released until 9 o'clock in the morning.
   When he appeared before the Justice in the morning, there was little evidence of his having received the severe clubbing that he was reported to have met with the night before.
   Dr. Nash saw most of the fight when it started on Church-st., and his version of the affair is about as follows: Was going down Church-st., and saw the men in a struggle in front of Col. Green's residence. As they came up the street noticed that Goldsmith was trying to pull the other man along. He held back. They were off the walk when we passed them. After they turned the corner on Clinton-ave., saw Collins haul off and strike the officer. They both struck back and forth and finally the officer bent Collins over the fence, after which they went along apparently all right to Main-st. Another reputable citizen, who saw the first part of the transaction, agrees in almost every particular with Dr. Nash.
   Other Officers say that Collins usually shows fight when arrested. To sum the whole matter up the following would seem to cover the ground:
   Collins was arrested for public intoxication and fought the officer, who used sufficient force to place him in the lockup. The result of the physician's examination immediately thereafter failed to corroborate the story that the officer had brutally clubbed the prisoner, and his appearance next morning proves that the physician was correct in his diagnosis. That there was no necessity for the improvised indignation meeting held in the streets of Cortland on that occasion and that the excitement was caused mainly by exaggerated reports of the affair.
   When an officer makes an arrest he should use sufficient force to take his man in and no more. If the man arrested fights the officer and does him bodily injury, the officer will require better judgment and a cooler head than one man in a thousand possesses, if he don't use his club pretty freely and use more force than perhaps is actually necessary. Ninety-nine Christians out of a possible hundred will ignore the scriptural injunction under such circumstances and return kick for kick and blow for blow. There seems to be a disposition on the part of many to criticize officer Goldsmith. An officer who does his duty is not always popular and this may be the cause of Goldsmith's unpopularity with some. Another charge is frequently made, and that is, that he is often under the influence of liquor himself while on duty.