Tuesday, November 1, 2016


Cortland Evening Standard, Monday, April 24, 1893.

The Citizens' Meeting Resolves to Form a Law Enforcement Association Immediately.
   The meeting at the Baptist church yesterday afternoon to form a Citizens' Law Enforcement association was well-attended and a deep interest in the subject manifested. Dr. H. A. Cordo called Village President Walrad to preside, who, on taking the platform, stated that this was his first appearance in a pulpit and asked the further pleasure of the meeting. Mr. F. A. Ingraham was chosen secretary. "America" was then sung by a quartet choir consisting of Messrs. G. B. Farley, J. B. Hunt, Frank Nowlan and E. L. Moran, and prayer offered by Rev. H. W. Carr of the Universalist church.
   Rev. W. H. Pound made the opening address. He said: I believe it is generally agreed that it is desirable to have no saloons. You have so registered your will by your ballots. I believe it is agreed that business, schools, homes and churches would all be better if there were no saloons. This is a school centre. There is a large state Normal school here. In such a place as this especially there should be no saloons. The people of Cortland have declared that they did not want the liquor traffic. Did we mean it? If so we must show it by something besides profession. It is sometimes an easy thing to vote, but a far harder one to stand by the vote. There are some obstacles in the way of having no drink traffic.
   The saloon men themselves are the first obstacle. They are obstacles in that, if we do not mean what we have said, their doors will be open and our last state will be worse than our first. The drinkers are the second obstacle—those who have the habit and say they have a right to drink. The third obstacle and the worst of all is the lukewarm temperance men—the kind of men who vote no-license perhaps, or don't vote at all, and say that liquor will be sold and you can't stop it. The fourth obstacle is the law itself. It seems more in the interest of the liquor dealer than of temperance. But whatever law we have should be enforced. If it is not a good one let us show up its imperfections. The liquor interest is awake, watchful, active, and we must be the same.
   I plead for organization, work, money, help of every kind. I believe if all who voted no-license should combine, and other temperance men and young men should combine with them, we would have such a moral sentiment here that not a saloon could stand up against it. We should all go forward, knowing that God is with us and that his strong right arm will win us the victory.
   After a song by the quartet Mr. F. W. Collins said: I am a citizen of Cortland and interested in what you are interested in. Whatever the people of Cortland have decreed, should be done. If they have decided for no-license, it is to be understood that they have done it intelligently and believe it should be enforced. Some people voted for no-license because they conscientiously believe that licenses should not be granted—others because they did not like the way in which licenses had been granted. But whatever their motive they should stand by their action. And if it is true that the best way to get a bad law repealed is to enforce it, and there are those who believe that no license is bad, they—even the saloon-keepers themselves—should see that it is enforced.
   That licenses here have been granted without reason I believe is true. Some even who believe in licensee understand this. In the manufacturing portions of the village some saloons have sold with and some without license. Saloons should, at least, not have been allowed in the manufacturing and residence portions of the village. At times when it has been necessary for the manufacturing concern with which I am connected to get out the most work possible some of the men have taken advantage of the proximity of saloons and got themselves in a condition totally unfit for work. They lost their time; their wages were lost to their families, and their services lost to their employers. If they had had to go to Main-st. to get drunk they would not have gone. I want to report myself as wholly in favor of this movement. I voted for no license and want to see the law carried out and I sincerely hope that every business man, manufacturer and good citizen will do his best to have it done.
   Mr. Lynn R. Lewis said: The question whether the saloon shall exist for the next two years has been settled so far as votes can settle it. But the saloon men are asking, "What are you going to do about it?" We must come out squarely and back up our ballots. It is not more temperance sentiment that is needed but more temperance backbone. We cannot take neutral ground and shirk responsibility. We must see that the law is enforced, or those who voted no-license for the first time at the last election will never do so again. You all have a responsibility in this direction. I have two boys. Shall I say I have no responsibility? If the saloons get my boys they will have to fight for them. If you have no boys, help me to save mine. May God show us all, the duty we have to do in this matter.
   After a solo by Mr. J. B. Hunt, Mr. E. A. Fish said: I think that the attendance here this afternoon is a matter of great encouragement. I am willing to put myself on record. When the first local option law was passed I had an opportunity to judge of the feeling of the liquor men. They regarded every one who voted for no-license as a personal enemy. This is not so. It is the business of the saloon keeper that we attack, and under no-license it is certainly an unlawful business. If we stand together we shall succeed and if we do not enforce the law we need not hope to carry another election for years.
   There are those deeply interested in young men who appeal to us. They have often to pull them over and through these saloons. It is hard to get young men out of the habit and keep them out with such surroundings. There is also an appeal which comes up from women for their sons, brothers and husbands. They appeal to us that the law be upheld. There is a responsibility upon every man, whether he voted for no-license or not, to see that the law is enforced. Some men stand back and say, "It is not worth while for me to injure my business and make enemies." I believe it is our duty to stand for what is right. There are responsibilities which we cannot escape without offending God.
   Mr. H. L. Gleason said: I want to say that I heartily endorse all that has been said, and thus cut short a long speech. We are here to decide how we shall enforce a law which we have enacted by over 300 majority. Every law placed on the statute books is a hardship to some one. We have said we shall have no more liquor in this community. This is a hardship to the liquor dealer. He has the certificate of fifteen men that he is a good, moral man—yet he is to be deprived of the privilege of liquor selling. But hundreds are to be benefitted.
   I am interested in a factory. It takes between $200 and $300 per week to pay the liquor bills of the men in this factory. I knew this to be so. This money has gone into the liquor sellers' pockets. We propose that hereafter it shall go for the benefit of the families of these men.
   Now how shall we enforce this law? I have no plan or scheme of my own to propose. The liquor men themselves gave us no-license by licensing saloons under the very eaves of the Presbyterian church. Father John McLoghlin saw the work of whiskey and asked his congregation [St. Mary’s Catholic Church] to vote no- license. Many of the men who are demanding that no-license be enforced are those who have, before this year, voted license—and if you don't enforce the law they will do so again. Will you enforce it? I leave it with you to decide.
   After singing by the quartet Prof. D. L. Bardwell said: In the last analysis I believe that the ballot is a bullet. If we vote and the machinery of government is in proper shape our will as declared by the ballot will be enforced. If it is not we must come up and push. We have laws against murder and theft but we do not require law and order associations to enforce them. It is humiliating for us to be compelled not only to see that temperance law is enacted but that it is enforced. We must not only vote it but push it. We are here to-day not for speeches but for business. It is easy for us to get enthusiastic here, but harder to say that violators of the law must be punished, and to carry it out. It is going to be necessary for us very soon to act.
   The law is not as it should be, but our chief difficulty is not in this, or in the fact that the liquor dealers will fight us. How many of us know what the law is? How many of us know when the saloon-keeper violates the law? It becomes necessary, first, that we know what the law is. In the second place it isn't easy to stand up and fight for the law. It means sneers, ridicule and criticism. It will be a comparative minority which will enforce the law, if it is enforced. There is need at once of practical organization.
   We sometimes get too zealous in this direction. I knew of one instance where nearly all of the temperance men of a town became members of a law and order league, and thereby shut themselves off from being jurors in cases where the league prosecuted liquor sellers, and left the offenders to be tried by juries in sympathy with them.
   As a representative of the Normal school I tell you that this traffic has already touched us. There are people all over the state who know the school for its purity as well as its scholarship. They are sending their boys and girls here and it behooves us to see that the character of the school is preserved. That town, that county, is most prosperous which has the largest number of small bank accounts—the largest number of moderate or small homes. We have an opportunity of demonstrating during the next two years that this community is to be benefited by no-license in just this direction.
   Mr. H. M. Kellogg then said: I am glad to see so large and intelligent an audience, evidencing our interest in this important matter. A young man, blind since he was a babe, who was about to canvass the town for a book, came into my store a few days since and asked if I could direct him to a temperance hotel. I could think of no such place, and turned to my clerk and asked him if there was a hotel in Cortland which didn't have a bar and sell whiskey, and he said no. Why is it necessary to organize a law and order league? I answer that there is no business like the liquor business.
   The sale of dynamite and poison can be regulated and controlled—but not so with liquor. I can account for it only on the ground that men's finer sensibilities are blunted by the thirst for the almighty dollar. I heard a liquor dealer say only a few days ago that he should apply to the new board for a license, and if it was refused would go to selling and if he was fined would pay his fine, apply again and again go to selling.
   Fifteen years ago we enacted no-license and tried to stop the sale of whiskey, but we slumped back again. The law is on the book and ought to be enforced. It ought not to be necessary for a law and order league to enforce it. When Alonzo W. Gates was elected excise commissioner and the other two members of the board granted license, the temperance men did not rebel and invade the saloons and throw the liquor out of doors. Liquor men should respect and obey the law now just as temperance men did then. Our officers will enforce the law if our citizens will support them.
   I now have something practical to offer. I hold in my hand a card which reads as follows: I hereby agree to become a member of the Law Enforcement association of Cortlandville. Name. Address. I propose to circulate these cards. I want every one to put his name to these cards. Then the ushers will gather them up and a meeting to organize the association will be announced from this platform.
   The cards were then circulated, signed and collected, and the meeting was announced to be held at the Congregational church,Tuesday evening at 7:30 o'clock, to adopt a constitution and elect officers.
   Two union temperance meetings were also announced for next Sunday evening, a men's meeting at the Presbyterian church and a women's meeting at the First M. E. church. Arrangements are to be made for speakers for both of these meetings. Rev. Mr. Hamilton moved that a committee of three be appointed to report a constitution. The chair appointed Rev. Dr. Cordo, Messrs. H. M. Kellogg and F. W. Collins.
   Rev. Mr. Pound asked that all who had signed cards be present at the Congregational church Tuesday evening and all who are willing to sign as well.
   It was also announced that a meeting was to be held in McGrawville Sunday evening for the same object. The singing was excellent and added not a little to the success of the meeting, which was one of the most important, in view of the work laid out, which has ever been held in Cortland.

Rebellion in North Carolina.
   RALEIGH, N. C., Apr. 24.—The state guard of North Carolina is holding itself in readiness to go to James City, near Newberne, to expel 3,000 negroes from that settlement. The negroes are not the lawful owners of property and it has been decided by court that they must leave. It is a negro town, and they refuse to go and threaten bloodshed, if any attempt is made to dislodge them. The sheriff and posse have been repulsed at every attempt to dislodge the negroes, and the governor has determined to remove them by force. The negroes declare they will die before they give up.

   —The town clock was just four minutes slow by Standard time at noon today.
   —The members of the Stellae Noctis club will meet to-night at the home of Miss Lizzie Phillips, 24 Union-st.
   —Mr. M. L. Legge has moved from 129 Railroad-st. to 50 Tompkins -st.
   —The Young Ladies' Mission band of the Presbyterian church meets to-morrow afternoon at Mrs. S. M. Ballard's.
   —William Way and John Gough were each sentenced to three days in the county jail by Judge Bull this morning for public intoxication.
   —Agents of Buffalo wagon companies were in Cortland last week trying to employ painters and trimmers to go to that city.
   —Punch Robertson's repertoire company who open a week's engagement in the Opera House to night are registered at the Dexter House.
   —Owing to the lengthy report of the Law Enforcement meeting we are obliged to defer all the usual church notices and some other local matter till to-morrow.
   —The Cortland Howe Ventilating Stove Co. ship their exhibit, booth, etc., to Chicago to-day. The booth, a very tasty one, was built by L. R. Hopkins and decorated under the direction of Fred J. Pike, foreman of the Omnibus & Cab Co.'s paint shop.
   —The regular monthly meeting of the Y. M. C. A. will be held at the rooms this evening at 8 o'clock. Business of importance to every committeeman will be considered. All members of the association are requested to be present and aid in planning the work for the current year.
   —The East Side Reading Room association, from April 1, 1892, to April 1, 1893, received a total of $274.61. The entire amount expended during the same period was $270.93, leaving a balance of $3.68. The balance, together with the furniture of the room, has been turned over to the present management.
   —The Presbyterian church was well filled yesterday morning and crowded in the evening. Rev. Dr. Taylor preached a sermon of rare thoughtfulness and power in the morning, and Rev. Mr. Robertson a very appropriate and interesting one in the evening, suggested by the beginning of the use of the Psalter by the congregation. The Lotus Glee club sang delightfully at the first service, and two of the members sang a duet and assisted the choir in the evening.

   All barber shops will be closed at 8 o'clock, P. M., and all that are in at that time will be waited upon.
   Cortland, N. Y., April 24, 1893.

Silver Wedding.
   One of the pleasantest social events which have occurred in Cortland in a long time was the silver wedding of Mr. and Mrs. H. W. Bradley, held at their handsome residence, 93 North Main-st., last Saturday evening. Notwithstanding the cold and stormy weather there were few regrets. About sixty relatives and friends assembled at an early hour and were most cordially received by the bride and groom of a quarter of a century ago, and offered their congratulations and best wishes for the years to come. Everything was in the best of taste, and the refreshments, which had been prepared and were served under the direction of Caterer George D. Griffith, were exceptionally fine. The company broke up shortly before midnight. From out of town there were present: Rev. Dr. Edward Taylor of Binghamton, Mrs. Josiah H. Brown and Miss E. Tripp of Harford, Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Strong of Dryden.
   Those from Cortland were Dr. and Mrs. Frances J. Cheney, Misses S. E. Bradley and S. M. Covil, B. T. Wright, Esq., Mrs. M. H. Yale, Mrs. C. O. Smith, Mrs. I. Whiteson, Mrs. D. F. Dunsmoor, Dr. and Mrs. Geo. H. Smith, Major and Mrs. A. Sager, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel N. Holden and daughter, Prof. and Mrs. J. E. Banta, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Purvis, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Winchell, Col. and Mrs. Frank Place, Mr. and Mrs. A. Mahan, Mr. and Mrs. F. A. Woodworth, Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Stoker, Mr. and Mrs. A. M. Waterbury, Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Tuttle, Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Angel, Mr. and Mrs. Theo. Stevenson, Mr. and Mrs. H. L. Bronson, Dr. and Mrs. A. J. White, Mr. and Mrs. E. O. Rickard, Mr. and Mrs. F. J. Doubleday, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Buck, Mr. and Mrs. H. M. Kellogg, Rev. and Mrs. W. H. Pound, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. H. Clark.

Ministers Meet.
   Fourteen members of the Ministerial association of Cortland, Homer and vicinity held their regular semi-monthly meeting in the Homer-ave. M. E church this morning. Rev. B. F. Weatherwax read a very interesting and suggestive paper on "The Work of the Holy Spirit." This was followed by a discussion on the topic of the paper, which was participated in by all the members present. Outlines of sermons were presented by Rev. Smith Ordway of Marathon and Rev. W. H. Pound of this village. The out-of-town clergymen present were: Rev. S. F. Sanford of Homer, Rev. Smith Ordway of Marathon, Rev. E. C. Olney of Homer, Rev. E. J. Brooker and Rev. N. S. Burd of McGrawville and Rev. Frank Hamilton of DeRuyter.

   Mrs. Cassie Ward Mee of Cortland who has occupied the rostrum for several years in the interests of the working masses, will deliver the next lecture in the series given in the M. E. church under the auspices of the Epworth league, her subject being "The Grandeur of Labor, or the Influence of Motherhood." This lecture will be given Wednesday evening, May 3. The Utica Globe says of this lady: "The public address at Durhamville by Mrs. Cassie Ward Mee of Cortland was a grand success, the M. E. church being filled to overflowing. The discourse gave universal satisfaction. Mrs. Mee displayed a thorough knowledge of the subject. Her discourse was replete with originality, while her candid and logical manner of address held the attention of her large audience for one hour and forty minutes." Our citizens should make an extra effort to hear this lecture, as Mrs. Mee is undoubtedly one of the best speakers who will be heard in Homer.
   The regular semi-monthly 10 ct. supper given by the Epworth league will be held on Wednesday evening, at the M. E. church. Supper will be furnished by the first division, "A's" and "B's."
   W. H. Collins has a novel scheme to work up trade. Every purchaser of goods to the amount of $2.50 he will insure to the amount of $5,000 if killed or $24 per week if injured during the following 24 hours.
   Workmen are cutting down some of Homer's ancient landmarks, near the stone mill, between here and Cortland— those old willow trees.
   About twenty-five school teachers went to Marathon this morning to attend the teachers' institute.
   Quite a number of Homer's leading citizens will go to New York to see the naval parade, etc.
   Mr. James Starin, the genial ticket agent of the D., L. & W. R. R., leaves to-night for New York, where he will remain until after the celebration.
   Mrs. W. N. Brockway and daughter Fannie, and Miss Josie Brockway, left for Clifton Springs this morning.
   The Ancient Order of American United Mechanics initiated two new candidates into the order Saturday evening.
   M. S. Nye has delivered at the Homer milk depot in one year, ending April 1, 1893, an average of 6,983 pounds of milk per cow from his dairy of 20 Holsteins, ten of which were two and three years old, and five months without grain.
   The funeral of Ralph Howe, who died very suddenly early Sunday morning, will be held at the home of his parents on Henry-st. Interment will be made at Borodino. He was only 11 years of age, and had been in delicate health for some time.
   Mr. Henry Watrous of Clinton-ave , one of Homer's leading business men, has been confined to his bed for over a week. Dr. White is attending him.
   The floral decorations in the M. E. church Sunday were very fine. No less than 31 calla lilies, and tea roses, furnished by John J. Arnold, were displayed.
   Mr. John J. Arnold is making some extensive additions to his greenhouse.
   A few days ago, white Miss Hotchkiss of West-st. was frying cakes over a hot stove, the grease took fire and spread to her dress burning her hands and face quite badly. The house caught fire and the paint and paper in the room were badly injured before it could be subdued. The house was insured in the Agricultural Fire Insurance Co. of Watertown, and the agent of the company, Mr. L. P. Norton, has ordered the damages fully repaired.


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