Tuesday, October 17, 2017


Cortland Evening Standard, Friday, December 7, 1894.

Prizefighters Obliged to Pay Blackmail For Conducting Boxing Bouts— Muldoon, the Solid Man, Before the Committee—Counsel Golf Probes the Naughtiness of the French Balls—These Also Yielded Up Police Revenue
   NEW YORK, Dec. 7.—It was a red letter day in the history of the Lexow committee. A new source of revenue to the police was developed. Frank W. Sanger, the theatrical manager, testified that during the sparring exhibitions given by Corbett at the Madison Square garden, Brady, Corbett's manager, drew $250 from the box office to pay for police protection.
   Brady, when placed upon the stand, after much hesitation admitted that Sanger's testimony was correct. Later, however, Mr. Brady denied that he had ever personally paid the money for police protection. He said that Wrestler Muldoon had agreed to see that the police would not interfere with the match for 25 per cent of the gate receipts.
   The subject of the French ball was next taken up. The officers denied having paid money for police protection. Some of the former officers of the ball and some of the attaches and employes told different stories however.
   The Lexow committee dipped into all of the naughtiness of the French ball and some of the country members of the committee seemed very much shocked at the accounts given, but these statements were emphatically denied by the officials of Cercle de L'Harmonie, the society which has the French balls in charge. According to their statements there was no high kicking and the ball would compare favorably with any of the social events given by any of the fraternal, benevolent or charitable organizations of New York city.
   Frederick Gallagher was the first witness after recess. He is the man who introduced Mitchell and Slavin to the American public. His testimony related to the proposed six-round bout, about which Brady testified in the morning.
   Gallagher stated that the reason Charley Mitchell backed out was because he objected to allowing the police one-third of the receipts of the performance.
   "Is it not generally understood," asked Mr. Goff, "among the sporting fraternity, that in order to allow a bout to come off it is necessary to settle with the police?"
   "Yes, it is."
   The witness testified further that he had given boxing exhibitions in London, Paris and Belfast and had never been called upon to square the police except in New York.
   Gustav D. Orvoe, the manager of the St. James hotel, was next called. He is the president of the French society in this city.
   "How much money do you pay the police for protection and privileges at your annual ball?"
   "How much do your balls usually cost?"
   "Three or four thousand dollars."
   "And you have bar privileges at these balls?"
   "Yes, but we had the right to sell liquor after 1 o'clock because we had an all-night license."
   "Where did you get it?"
   "I don't know, but the Madison Square people guaranteed us the right to sell."
   "Did you sell liquor after 1 o'clock without a consideration to the police?"
   "Yes; they did tell us that we could not sell after 1 o'clock without accompanying lunch; we never paid the police anything."
   "Now, as a matter of fact, did you not come here prepared to lie about this?" said Mr. Goff.
   "No," said the witness, angrily. "Outside of our $100 license fee we paid the police nothing."
   The books of the French society were then brought into evidence.
   James Well, the recording secretary of the society, was then called.
   "What were the prices your society had to pay the police for allowing high kicking?"
   "There is no high kicking."
   "And your ball is just as orderly and as decent as the Arion ball, I suppose."
   "It is."
   Reno Dupre, the Frenchman who has had the bar privileges at the French ball several years was then called to the stand.
   "Did you ever pay any money to the police at these balls?" he was asked.
   "I always paid $150 after 1 o'clock."
   "And who did you pay this money to?"
   "A police sergeant."
   "For what purpose?"
   "To allow the sale of wine to go on after 1 o'clock.
   No one had asked him not to testify.
   The next witness was James Weber, a former president of the French Cooks' society. He testified that under his presidency it was a habit to pay the police $50 after midnight to buy their suppers.
   Broqueria, also a former president, testified to the same effect.
   Mrs. Annie Newstolel, a widow, testified that she paid $18 a month to Detectives Brannan and McCormick. They told her that if she paid $260 down and $50 a month she could sell what she pleased to whom she pleased and when she pleased.
   She had given some diamonds to Alderman Clancey for safe-keeping but never got them back and finally accepted $150 for them.
   Alderman Clancey had also asked her to allow voters to register from her place. She had refused to allow it.
   William Muldoon, the wrestler, a former policeman, famous as "Muldoon the Solid Man" of song and story was next called. He was a healthy looking specimen and was introduced as an example of the men who are allowed to retire.
   At the close of his examination Mr. Goff asked for an adjournment until next Tuesday to prepare for his next witness.

Six Socialists Refuse to Cheer For Emperor William.
   BERLIN, Dec. 7.—The first session of the reichstag in the new palace erected for its use was marked by a disorderly scene growing out of the refusal of Socialist members to cheer for the emperor.
   The term of office of Herr von Levetzow, the president of the reichstag, expired yesterday. He made a reminiscent speech, dwelling upon the work that had been performed during his incumbency, and at the end of his remarks called for three cheers for the emperor.
   All the members with the exception of six Socialists, including Herren Singer, Liebknecht and Ulrich, sprang to their feet and cheered heartily.
   Herr von Levetzow called upon the sitting members to rise in honor of the emperor, but they refused to do so. Their refusal led to angry protests from the other members and a great uproar followed.
   President Von Levetzow expressed his regret that he was unable to punish the disloyal Socialists.
   Herr Singer thereupon arose and attempted to justify the attitude of himself and his fellow Socialists. He was repeatedly interrupted but he was understood to say:
   "We will never be compelled to cheer for one who recently told the recruits who were taking the service oath, that should circumstances arise they would be ordered, against the will of the people, to shoot their own brothers, fathers and mothers, for the one who is now introducing an anti-revolutionary bill which is directed against us. To cheer him would be irreconcilable with our honor or dignity.
   The rest of Herr Singer's words were drowned in a storm of vehement protests which only subsided when Herr Von Levetzow called the speaker to order.

For Obstructing the Mails.
   LOS ANGELES, Cal, Dec. 7.—United States Judge Ross has sentenced W. H. Clune, Isaac Ross, Philip Skewood and John Johnson to imprisonment in the county jail for 18 months and to pay a fine of one dollar each. The men compose the mediation board of the local division of the American Railway union and were convicted on the charge of obstructing the mails during the recent strike.

Memorial Chapel on Tompkins Street, Cortland.
Baptist Congregation Notified Last Night—Deep Regrets on all Sides—Ten Years of Growth.
   The members and attendants of the Baptist church, who filled the lectureroom almost to overflowing, were last night quite unprepared for the surprise that awaited them when at the end of the prayer-meeting Dr. H. A. Cordo signified his intention of resigning his pastorate of the church at the expiration of his tenth year in Cortland, which time will be reached at the first of next May. The doctor said that he had thought seriously of taking this action at the end of his seventh year, but for some reasons decided not to do so at that time. But the steady growth of the church and the increasing demand which in consequence is made upon his time and efforts have been seriously telling upon his strength and health and he felt that he must take a rest of some considerable time.
   This announcement was received with dismay and at the close of the service almost the entire congregation flocked around their pastor protesting against this action and expressing their sincere regret at his firm determination to abide by his decision.
   The doctor has been preaching for thirty-three years, and has had six pastorates: at Lambertsville, N. J., at Meriden, Ct., at Jersey City, N. J., at Boston, Mass., at Gloversville, N. Y., and at Cortland, N. Y. Three of these have been for long periods, that at Jersey City being for eight years, that at Gloversville for seven years, and the one at Cortland will have been for ten years.
   When Dr. Cordo came to Cortland the church was quite divided in sentiment over a variety of matters. The pastorate had not long been begun before the whole church became the unit which it is to-day. These ten years have formed a decade of great prosperity in the church in matters both temporal and spiritual. The membership has greatly increased and, in addition, the new Memorial Baptist chapel has been established which shows much vitality and which promises at no distant day to become self-supporting.
   It is frequently true that in long pastorates the size of the congregations diminish toward the end, but the reverse has been the fact in this case, for the congregations during the ten years have never been larger than now. A great increase has been noted in the attendance at prayer-meeting. When Dr. Cordo came to Cortland the average attendance was about thirty-five, and now the lectureroom is always well filled and at sometimes there is hardly room enough. For eight years the pastor has been the regular conductor of the teachers' meetings upon each Friday evening, and these have helped to stimulate interest in the Sunday-school and increase its attendance.
   Dr. Cordo has been actively and personally interested in every branch of the church work, including Sunday-school, young people's meetings and all societies. Of late he has been doing exceedingly heavy work, preaching at the two regular Sunday services, preaching a third time at the chapel and frequently going to Truxton to assist in building up the church there which is struggling hard to keep up its existence.
   The doctor is a powerful and effective preacher. He will be missed not only in his own church, but in the whole community as well, where he is always known to be on the right side in any important question. He is independent in his thinking and his acting, and never reaches a conclusion because some one else has done so, but because he believes it to be right.
   Dr. Cordo ranks among the leading clergymen in his own denomination and is so considered by his contemporaries.  He is a trustee of Colgate university and was last year chairman of the board of examiners to inspect the work of the Theological seminary. He will leave Cortland with the respect and the best wishes of all.
   The church will have ample time to look about for his successor, but it will have to look far and search carefully to find his equal.

The Electric Road.
   Work is being pushed with great speed on the electric road. The switches at the Cortland House corner are nearly completed. All that remains on the direct line is the D., L. & W. crossing between Cortland and Homer. This will be attended to at once. It is not likely that an attempt will be made to cross the D., L & W, tracks at the station in Cortland this winter, as the ground is frozen so hard, but the track will be brought down to the first railroad track east of the station. The streetcar track will be located about twelve feet north of the station platform, where the cars will be easy of access.

E. W. Bates Sells His Grocery to Palmer Brothers.
   Mr. E. W. Bates, who last August bought the grocery store and business of G. M. Hopkins at 22 Main-st., has sold out to Palmer Brothers of McGrawville. There are three brothers in the firm. The senior member is County Clerk-elect E. C. Palmer. The second brother, Mr. Henry Palmer, will be the active manager of the concern. The intention is to run a grocery store that will be second to none in the vicinity. The three young men are hustlers. They have set a high standard of business before them and intend to live up to the ideal. Possession will be given Dec. 17.

Great Races in Cortland Next Summer—Munificent Prizes Offered—A Few Testimonials.
   The Motor Cycle company have decided to build a mile out-door track here in Cortland next summer and have offered the following prizes to the parties who make the fastest mile on a motor cycle: First prize $1,000 in cash, second prize $500, third prize $100. These tests will be made on the first day of November, 1895.
   In addition to these races there will be many other novel races and the day will undoubtedly be a red letter one for Cortland, as people from all parts of the United States and Canada will participate in the great races. As entering these races a means simply a matter of courage and brain capacity to the rider and not a matter of strength it will allow the man with ordinary muscles to be quite capable of making as much speed as anybody.
   Among the testimonials received by the company are the following:
   CLEVELAND, O., Nov. 26, 1894.
   Messrs., The Motor Cycle Co., City:
   GENTLEMEN—In answer to your inquiry I would say, as one of the oldest bicycle riders in the city of Cleveland, having one of the first ball-bearing bicycles, the first safety and the first pneumatic tired safety that came to Cleveland, I was, therefore, very anxious to try the new Motor cycle and found I was the first to ride it after being brought out. After riding it several times, I am compelled to say that the machine is certainly a very wonderful invention and capable of making great speed. I had no difficulty in riding it, as the machine went right off on my first attempt. In starting, I mounted it as I would a regular bicycle, turned on the fluid, touched the electrical button, put my feet on the coasters and was off. It is the first time in my sixteen years' experience I have had the pleasure of coasting a long distance on level road.
   Sincerely yours,
   (Signed) J. H. COLLISTER.
   (Mr. Collister is the manager of the Davis & Hunt company of Cleveland, O., and is a third owner in same. He is one of the oldest bicycle riders in Northern Ohio and has a national reputation.)
   CLEVELAND, O., Nov. 29, 1894.
   Mr. E. J. Pennington, Pres. The Motor Cycle Company.
   DEAR SIR—In answer to your letter asking my opinion on the Motor Cycle: Am pleased to say I was among the first in Cleveland to try this machine. When I attempted to ride this one found there was little to learn; it went off at first as easy as though I had ridden it all my life. It did not take long to learn to adjust the speed. Could go as slow or as fast as I wished by regulating the oil valve on the handles. I have always been interested in bicycles and all kinds of machinery and think the engine used on this wheel is by far the most powerful one I ever saw for its size. As a reference, would be glad to give to any one of your friends my opinion on your great invention.
   Very respectfully yours,
   (Signed) W. J. MORGAN.
   (Mr. Morgan of the well-known firm of W. J. Morgan Lithograph company of Cleveland, O., is not only well-known in this country but in foreign countries.)

   —The First National bank was connected with the telephone exchange today.
   —The Oneonta Normal school has issued handsomely engraved invitations to the dedication of the new building which will occur at 10:30 o'clock Saturday morning, Dec, 15.
   —Cigars are this afternoon being distributed in large numbers at the office of Attorney H. L. Bronson in celebration of the arrival this morning of a nine pound son at the family residence.
   —The amicable settlement has been reached between the owners and managers of the Cortland and Homer Traction Co. and the New York Electrical Engineering Co., which took the contract for building the road and failed to fulfill it.
   —It is a query in the minds of all who have to cross the streets to-day whether there are any crosswalks in town. None seem to be cared for in any way and every one has to wade. The people would like to have the walks found and kept clean.
   —Andrew Coburn of Owego has just died and by his will leaves a certain part of his estate, which part will amount to from fifteen to twenty thousand dollars, to endow a free library for Owego.

Monday, October 16, 2017


Daniel S. Lamont.

The Cortland Democrat, Friday, December 7, 1894.

Secretary Lamont Issues His Annual Report and Recommends that the Standing Army Be Increased by 4,000 Men.
   WASHINGTON. Nov. 30. The reports of the officers in command of the several geographical departments corroborate the opinion, expressed in my last report, that Indian warfare is virtually at an end in the United States, and that beyond occasional calls for police duty in the neighborhood of Indian reservations, the Army will henceforth be relieved to a greater degree each year of the labor of armed surveillance over the tribes of the West. There have been no serious infractions of the neutrality laws on the Mexican frontier during the year, but the presence of a regular force there for some time to come is clearly prescribed by the condition of civilization in that region.
   It was found necessary during the period beginning with March and extending through July of the current year, in various sections of the country, to employ a considerable part of the Army to execute the orders of the United States courts, otherwise successfully defied and resisted, to protect the dispatch of the United States mails [Pullman Strike], to remove restraints to travel and commerce and to guard the property of the Government. The movement of troops thus necessitated was the largest which has taken place since the close of the civil war.
   The difficult and extraordinary tasks imposed upon the officers and men of the Army were discharged promptly, firmly, and judiciously, in a manner which attested to the courage, intelligence, and loyalty of those called into active duty, and thorough efficiency of every branch of the service. The militia of the States wherever employed also proved generally to be composed of qualified and reliable soldiers.
   The number of enlisted men in service on October 31 was 25,516. Deducting the sick, those in confinement, recruits not yet joined, those absent on furlough, and others employed in staff departments or on detached service, the effective field strength on the same date was 20,114 of all arms.
   I earnestly recommend that Congress enact the legislation necessary to establish in the Army the battalion formation, now adopted by the armies of every other civilized nation. As necessary to effect that change I recommend the removal of the limit of 25,000 men fixed by the act of June 18, 1874, and a return to the limit fixed by the act of July 15. 1870. Legislative approval of these propositions will restore to the effective force about 4.000 enlisted men, bringing the actual strength of the Army up to the nominal strength now fixed by law. By these changes the Army will be increased in efficiency 20 per cent, in numbers about 16 1-2 per cent, and in cost of maintenance only 6 per cent. 
   For some years the Secretaries of War, the generals commanding the Army, and the most eminent authorities in military science in this country have urged the adoption of the battalion formation, and our most progressive and best informed officers believe that the organization of our small Army should embody this universally improved result of modern military thought.
   The National Guard of several of the States, more progressive than the General Government, already has the battalion organization, and our own Army is being instructed as thoroughly as our defective system will permit, battalions of from two to five companies being improvised in the different garrisons.
   The formation desired admits of rapid and great expansion to meet the exigencies of actual warfare, and is especially adaptable to the small force constituting the peace establishment of the United States. Twelve years ago before retiring from command, Gen. Sherman pointed out the great advantage of the formation in enabling us to put a large and effective force in the field upon short notice, by merely enlisting a sufficient number of additional private soldiers, the officers and organization being always ready for this expansion. 
   Ordinary business prudence suggests a consolidation of the Quartermaster's Subsistence, and Pay Departments into a bureau of supply, to perform also certain duties connected with the furnishing of sundry articles of equipment now imposed on the chief of Ordinance. The only reason for the continuance is the fact of their existence in the past. Their maintenance as separate departments adds largely to the number of officers on staff duty, and involves an expense not justified by the service required. The simple statement that it cost the government last year the equivalent of a commission of 12 per cent to buy provisions for the Army was $269,739.17,  the amount of money disbursed by Paymasters being $12,054,152.54, or about 2 1-4 per cent, requiring the service of 31 officers, whose lowest rank is that of major. Already a number of posts are paid by check, and with the mail, express, and banking facilities of the present day, and the proximity of troops to towns and cities, this plan could well be extended to cover the entire service, the actual distribution of funds being devolved on the commandants of garrisons and their subordinates. The transfer of the duties of these two establishments to the Quartermaster-General would simplify business and effect a marked saving in expense, while the organization of that department would require little increase. If the expediency of this proposition is doubted by Congress, then I earnestly urge the reduction of these departments by the early enactment of legislation suspending further appointments to the Subsistence and pay corps until the number now fixed by law is considerably reduced.
   The policy of concentrating the troops and abandoning unnecessary posts has been prosecuted throughout the year. Where practicable small garrisons, remote from railroads, whose further retention has become unnecessary by a change of conditions, have been consolidated with garrisons at more important centers, thus reducing the cost of maintenance and transportation and utilizing improved facilities for the prompt dispatch of troops to any point where their services may be required The changes made have in no instance lessened the protection afforded by the Army to any region in which garrison has heretofore been stationed, but have considerably augmented the extent of territory over which that protection can promptly and effectively be afforded. It is respectively urged that the establishment of new military posts by Congress in response to the appeals of local interests is likely to disturb a distribution of the Army which aims to secure with the small force under arms the highest efficiency and the fullest protection for the greatest extent of territory, and that ambitions of localities should not be favored by legislation at the expense of the general welfare.
   Seven regiments have been supplied with new 30 caliber magazine rifles and it is expected that the infantry will be completely equipped with this weapon by the first of May. The Major-General Commanding the Army renews his recommendation that the supply of these modern arms be increased so that not only all the regular troops and organized militia may be fully armed with them, but that there may be an adequate reserve for any additional force that may be called into service. To perfect the new weapon, tests of smokeless powder, cartridge cases, and bullets of various materials and types will be kept up during the year. The cavalry has been equipped with the new 38 caliber revolver, and upon recommendation of the Major-General commanding the Army, the 45 caliber revolver has been retained for the present for light batteries. Aluminum has been employed successfully in the making of spurs, waist-belt plates, and smaller articles, and it is hoped eventually to obtain the desired quality of the metal for other articles of equipment.
   During the year twenty-three 3.2-inch and twenty-two 3.5-inch field guns have been finished; twenty five 3.2-inch field and ten 5-inch siege guns and ten 7-inch howitzers are nearly finished. Carriages for these guns are in process of fabrication. Funds are available for the manufacture of about forty more 3.2-inch guns, but further experiments with smokeless powder will be made before this work is undertaken. Provision has been made in all for one hundred and ninety 3.2-inch field guns, twenty 5-inch siege guns, sixteen 3.6-inch field mortars, twenty 7-inch siege howitzers, and it is proposed in time to manufacture a supply of modern field and siege guns and mortars adequate for the Army and seacoast defense.
   The establishment of type disappearing gun carriages for 8-inch and 10-inch guns, invented by officers of the Ordnance Corps, and believed to be unequalled for rapidity and simplicity of action by any carriage elsewhere in use, is a notable achievement of the year. This problem solved, the armament of our harbors may now be prosecuted as rapidly as means are available. Appropriations of $1,000,000 for emplacements and platforms and mounting guns and mortars, $250,000 for sites for fortifications, and $100,000 for casemates, torpedoes, galleries, and submarine mines, are desired for the prosecution of engineer work on these fortifications. The plan of seacoast defense devised by the Endicott Board, as modified in 1890, embraces fortifications at twenty-eight ports.
   The total expenditure for projected guns, mortars, and mounts will be $50,277,248, including $3,430,130 under the Bethlehem contract. Operated at its full capacity the Army Gun Factory at Watervliet can turn out in eleven and a half years the guns and mortars yet to be built; the Bethlehem contract requires the delivery of the last of its 100 guns by July 7, 1903, and carriages can be produced at Watertown or by contract as rapidly as the guns, so that the ordnance for our coast can be finished within twelve years.
   To accomplish this result annual appropriations aggregating $4,250,000 for guns and carriages will be required. "The time has fully come," in the judgment of the Board of Ordnance and Fortification, "when Congress may make the most liberal appropriations for gun and mortar batteries, and for their armament, with the assurance that they will be expended judiciously." With that opinion I concur.
   DANIEL L. LAMONT, Secretary of War.

   The alleged Americans who conduct the Standard gorged themselves Thanksgiving day with "American sourkrout, made from American cabbage, grown on American soil, by American labor" and they inform the public through the columns of the Standard that "It is the kind of krout for an American to eat on a day that's particularly American." It is fair to presume that the krout contained the usual number of American cabbage worms, hatched from eggs deposited by the American cabbage butterfly which generally gets in its work in spite of the efforts of American labor to prevent it. If one starts out to be American it is well to be all American and swallow the entire porker, worms and all. It is gratifying to know that the krout paid no tariff duty and that no bad effects have resulted from the American gorge. It is to be sincerely regretted, however, that the poor American larva should have come to such an untimely and ignoble end.

   C. Fred Thompson sells Hemingway's choice candies.
   Burgess, the clothier, has a new advertisement on our last page.
   Bingham & Miller, the clothiers, have a new advertisement on this page.
   Work on the sewers has been discontinued and will not be resumed until spring.
   Stetson's Uncle Tom's Cabin company had a good audience in the Opera House last Friday night.
   The Cortland Forging Co. are now running their works both night and day in order to fill their orders.
   Mr. and Mrs. H. P. Hollister entertained a large party of their friends at their home on North Main-st , last Monday evening. It was their tenth anniversary.
   The regular meeting of the Loyal Circle of Kings Daughters will convene at Mrs. A. M. Johnson's, 54 Main-st , Friday afternoon. Let the attendance be complete.
   The electric road between this village and Homer is practically completed with exception of a little work near the car barns and the D. L. & W. crossing. The connections at the Cortland House corner were nearly finished last night.
   Dr. Jerome Angel slipped on the sidewalk in front of the Dexter House last week Wednesday and feel on his side. He went into Sager & Jennings drug store where an examination by Dr. Sornberger disclosed the fact that he had a fractured rib.
   The People's Mission will be open Saturday evening as usual in the W. C. T. U. rooms, W. Court-st. These meetings are increasing both in number and interest. All are welcome. None are expected to wear their best clothes, but come in from the street just as you are.
   The Woman's Christian Temperance Union will hold their quarterly meeting Saturday, Dec. 8th, in their rooms 12 W. Court-st. Reports of work accomplished by superintendents of the various departments of work will be given; these reports are always interesting and all are cordially invited to come and hear for themselves. The meeting will open with devotional exercises at 2:30 o'clock.
   Superintendent of the Poor Miner has appointed Mr. A. D. Kingsbury of this village to be keeper of the County Alms House. The appointment is a good one.

New York World building.
Washington Bridge.
   Austin Brown has rented his farm to a man by the name of Selover.
   A poverty social was held at the M. E. church last Saturday evening. Receipts we hear were about $9.00.
   Thanksgiving was not entirely overlooked in Scott. Services were held in the M. E. church, sermon by Rev. B. F. Rogers of the S. D. B. church. The sermon was an able and interesting one; practical and hopeful and many who were not there now regret they were not.
   A little about what we saw and learned in New York city during one week's stay there.—We took the train at Homer on the morning of Tuesday, Nov. 20th and soon left the snow-clad hills in the distance, until all traces of snow had disappeared and the beautiful, romantic scenery gave joy and pleasure to the beholder. On we sped behind the horse that never tires, going through hills, or winding our way around them as the case might be, while on either side were lofty hills and mountains, rocks and rugged steeps, and not missing from view the reservoir built at a cost of $1,000,000, and also the famous Delaware water gap. For real value for tilling purposes for a considerable distance along the railway line we should judge it to be worth not over one cent per acre.
   We reached the city a little after dark by boat from Hoboken to Barclay St. After replenishing our dinner basket at the Cosmopolitan Hotel with some of the viands of the great metropolis, we found our way to Rev. Judson Burdick's who resides at 86 Barrow St. In company with him we started out to make a little examination of the city. About 10 o'clock there was an alarm of fire, which proved to be a stubborn fire; 30 engines were engaged in the conflict upon the several streets about and it was not until 3 o'clock in the morning that it was abandoned by the engines. The loss was $160,000.
   On Wednesday we rode up to Central Park, and went also to the Museum of natural history just outside the Park. We have not the time to give or talent to relate the wonderful collection of the productions of nature, but go and see how it is yourself. In the evening went to see "The Elephant" and later on attended the Florence mission. In the meantime we had engaged quarters at 99 Barrow St. for a week. Thursday attended court, where prisoners were brought in from the lockup in the Tombs for misdemeanors during the 24 hours past, a hard looking lot.
   Then the World building, where we were sent up the elevator kiting. After traveling a little further into the dome we took a survey of the village and the dwarfs and baby wagons below. It was a pleasant day and the view was grand. Just think 375 1/2 ft. from the ground to the top and the foundation 35 ft. below the ground, the weight of the building 68,000,000,000 pounds. Over 1000 windows and 500 doors; contains brick enough to build 250 ordinary brick houses; has 48 miles of electric wires. Iron enough to build 20 miles of railroad. From there we went to see ships and then Fulton St. fish market. Here we found something like an acre of fish of every sort and kind from crabs to codfish. Visited a German beer garden in the evening and other places of interest.
   Friday among other places of interest we visited the Voice office. A high and beautiful structure occupied by them from top to bottom; thence down Broadway to Wall St. and into the Stock Exchange, where Bedlam seemed to be let loose; a thousand men crazed with the idea of hasting to get rich without work. In evening attended meeting at Mr. Babcocks 34th St., the superintendent of the blind institute. Stopped on the way back at the Men's mission. Saturday or Sabbath day attended Bible school and preaching at the Y. M. C. A. rooms. Preaching by Rev. J. G. Burdick. In evening attended mission at 20th St., 8th Ave. Sunday, attended Catholic service on 32d St. at 10 o'clock A. M. preaching by Rev. Mr. Hepworth of the Baptist church at 11 o'clock; visited the Eden Musee from 12 to 3, then went to Chickering hall and listened to J. H. Hector, the Black Knight, upon the temperance issue, from Habakkuk 2.8 "Because thou hast spoiled many nations, all the remnants of the people shall spoil thee." It was a powerful and interesting effort and it was delivered to a crowded house and an appreciative audience. In the early evening attended preaching service by Rev Dr. Judson later on attended the Salvation Army meeting. In Judson's text was—Whosoever blasphemeth against the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness, but is in danger of eternal damnation, or as he said more properly eternal sin. Dr. Judson said that we forge the chain that binds us to sin, a chain that we cannot break, and that eternal sin is persistent opposition to God.
   Monday attended Stock Exchange a while, crossed the Brooklyn bridge, visited an aunt on Dean St., who has lived there ever since the bridge was built and yet has never seen it. In evening attended mission on 8th Ave. again. Tuesday, beautiful day, took elevator car at 9th St. on 3rd Ave. and rode to the extreme north limit to 177th St., thence went on foot west about two miles across that wonderful structure the Washington bridge, 153 feet high and one-third of a mile long, to the cable car road at 177th St. west, thence the whole length to the Post Office a distance in all of 20 or 25 miles The scenery uptown is grand; rocks, chasms, trees, and grass plots and scattered residences. Attended mission at 8th Ave. again in evening, made the acquaintance of the leader who was a young man by the name of Smith from Seneca Co. and by the way let us say of these missions that we believe they are the means of doing much good, bringing into respectability and christian service many who are so low in sin that they never venture into a church. Such earnest workers among the reformed, and they seem to know just how to reach the hearts of those who are treading the rough and thorny road they once were treading. Oh, to see the countenances of many of those who attend, bloated, blear-eyed, and beastly drunk.
   On Wednesday morning we took the train for home, sweet home, having been in the city one week, but seemingly three weeks. It was clear and pleasant when we started, but when we pulled into Binghamton we were met by a snow squall. Nothing of note occurred on the cars as evening came along except gambling by four youngerly men in which one of them gobbled up about $100 within one-half hour. We don't think there is a farm on the line of railroad south of Binghamton at least equal in production to some of the farms in Scott.  
   One thing surprised us in the city and that was to see so little tobacco using in public. Much less comparatively we think than in country towns. Not over one in twenty of men on the streets had a cigar or one in a thousand had a pipe. In the Stock Exchange building where there were probably a thousand men from 10 A. M. till 3 P. M. not a puff of smoke during the whole time, scarce ever could be seen a quid of tobacco or the rich colored extract thereof on the pavements; and then we heard very little profanity. We were surprised to see how cheap provisions were of almost every kind at the retail stores, and it don't seem as if any one ought to starve there unless they spend their money for that which is not bread. We thought many times while in the city, if we could only have all our friends there to see and hear it would be a double pleasure to us and to any one who has never taken in the city we would urge them to do so at the first good opportunity. Some think they cannot afford it, but let them lay aside the money they would spend for tobacco for one year and go to the city with it and they would or might have money left perhaps.
   You will find as I did quite a number of strange faces and once in a while one you do recognize; but you may be quite sure you will not find any two alike. There is a great variety in this line, every face is different and everybody almost seems bent on going somewhere. It is a busy city; can hear the rumbling of the carts and wagons all night long: "but we ain't in it now."