Friday, January 6, 2017


D. L. & W. railroad train.
Cortland Evening Standard, Tuesday, October 10, 1893.

More Evidence Introduced in this Celebrated Case.
   The Chaffee case was continued at 10:45 o'clock this morning with Joseph Rose on the stand. He said, "I was frequently at the yards and always found Chaffee at his post of duty. I have been there all night with him sometimes. I never went there and found him absent from his duty. The engine has started with me after I have tried to stop it without my starting it.
   "Engine No. 7 started on two different occasions while I was around it without any one [sic] else starting it. It occurred the last Sunday I was there after I had started and stopped it. It might have been ten minutes after I stopped it before it started again. I was getting off the engine when it started after I had stopped it dead still. There was no one to my knowledge about the engine except myself when it started itself. I am able to positively state that the engine started itself without any human agency.
   I do not know what a blind switch is. I knew Eugene Higgins. After engine No. 7 started that day it ran into the doors before I could reverse it and start it the other way. It broke the doors some and shoved them around in the engine house. It went about twenty-five feet before I was able to reverse it. I do not know Mr. W. E. Wood, the ticket agent. I never attempted to take care of the engine after that. It was enough for me. There was a fire and steam kept up on the engine all the time.''
   The defendant's attorney offered to show by this witness that the transaction of this engine running away, substantially as he had stated in his evidence to-day, he [had] stated to the agents and attorneys of the railroad company in the office of the Wire Fabric company at Homer and at the office of Jenney & Marshall in Syracuse.
   The offer was refused. The witness continued, "I talked with the railroad company attorneys about it. I stated to Mr. Jenney in a private room in his office how the engine, after I had stopped it, had run into the engine house doors."
   A half hour was spent in discussing the right of the witness testifying to Mr. Jenney's conversation. He was permitted to continue. "Mr. Jenney said that he wanted me to change my first affidavit about the engine getting away from me. I told him I would not change it and could not and tell the truth. They did not appear to love Mr. Courtney very much. Mr. Jenney said that he did not think the boy was guilty of negligence. That was all that was said that I remember. I was in the private office about half an hour. He would go out and talk with the other parties at different times, but he was talking with me during the times that he was in the private office with me. I told him that Chaffee and I had been friends for a number of years. I told Mr. Jenney that Chaffee was an honest, hard-working boy, and that I believed that he was not guilty of negligence. Mr. Jenney said that he thought so too."
   The case adjourned at noon till 1:30 P. M.
   The Chaffee case was called at 1:45 o'clock this afternoon. John Rose was still kept on the stand. He continued, "I have known the engine for the past five years, and have been around it more or less during that period. I was not in town the night of the accident nor was I around the engine at any time on that evening."
   Re-direct examination —"Both affidavits were read over to me before I signed them. Chaffee was not at the yard at the time the engine went through the doors. It occurred between 4 and 6 o'clock P. M. Chaffee came between fifteen minutes and an hour later and I told him how I smashed into the engine house doors with the engine. It occurred in the first part of last May, I think. I never knew of Chaffee blocking the wheels of the engine. No one was in Mr. Jenney's private room with us that I know of. Besides Chaffee, I told Mr. Squires, Mr. and Mrs. Hoyier, where I boarded. I told no one about it at the station."
   Re-cross examination—"I was not subpoenaed to go to Col. Jenney's office in Syracuse. I went there thinking that I had to go without being served with one. After I told Chaffee what had happened when the engine got away, he told me that she was a queer engine and had strange freaks. Col. Jenney left me three or four times during our interview in the private office, closing the door. They only gave me ten minutes to sign my name and get to the train. No one with a long face asked me to swear to them."
   This concluded this witness' testimony.

Ice-making Machines.
   The ice-making machine was first put into operation in 1860. At the present day every brewery, every passenger steamer and not a few restaurants and hotels make their own ice.

Degrees ExemplifiedVisiting Masons Entertained by a Sumptuous Banquet.
   The Masonic convention of the nineteenth district, embracing the counties of Cortland, Oswego, Cayuga and Onondaga, opened in the rooms of the Cortlandville lodge in the Hopkins building at 8 o'clock last evening. About 200 Masons attended and twenty-six lodges were represented. The convention was called to order by W. M., J. R. Schermerhorn, R. W. district deputy. Grand Instructor Geo. H. Raymond of New York presided. The first degree was exemplified and at its close an elegant spread was served in the banquet hall by the Cortlandville lodge to the visiting brethren. It was a spread which certainly did honor to the Cortland Masons and the representatives from the various lodges are all loud in their praise of the excellent manner in which they were entertained.
   The convention was continued at 10 o'clock this morning, when the second degree was exemplified. The third degree was exemplified this afternoon, after which the convention closed.
   Among the visiting Masons were G. L., George H. Raymond of New York; Charles E. Ide of Syracuse, grand junior warden of the grand lodge; Smith Soule of Brewerton, assistant grand lecturer; A. Eugene Richardson of Chittenango, assistant grand lecturer; William Greenland of Syracuse, past district deputy; C. M. Wickwire of Waterville, past district deputy, G. M.


Dry Goods, Fancy Goods and Notions.
   One of the leading houses engaged in the dry goods and notion line in Cortland is that of Kellogg & Curtis, located at 53 [Main Street] Taylor Opera Home block, who have just reason to feel proud of the success they have achieved in establishing themselves in such a prominent position in the mercantile circle of this town. The storeroom is filled to repletion with a large and varied line of the best grades of dry goods, fancy goods, silks, satins, notions, etc. The stock is kept replenished with frequent importations of the newest patterns and latest styles and novelties. Messrs. J. B. Kellogg and S. E. Curtis have by uniform courtesy and equitable dealings made their house a most desirable one with which to establish pleasant and profitable relations.
  Messrs. Kellogg & Curtis established this business four and one half years ago, and it has ever been conducted upon the broad plane of equitable dealings. Popular prices prevail while at the same time patrons receive the most courteous treatment. Last spring they made many extensive alterations. They have spared no expense to make their store one of the finest in appearance in Cortland. They have put in a new front, new floor and added two large and commodious cloak rooms which are filled to repletion with all the latest styles and designs in ladies' and children's cloaks and suits. As a special feature every Friday they have what they call 90c. day. On these days they allow 10 per cent discount to customers on all purchases.
   Messrs. Kellogg & Curtis are gentlemen of large and practical experience. They are widely known, and highly esteemed as energetic, clearheaded business men, honorable, liberal and fair in all transactions, and well meriting the success they have achieved. Personally they are gentlemen, genial and courteous, with whom it is a pleasure to deal.

   This house, located at 31 1/2 Main-st. upstairs, which was established here about 1 1/2 years ago, has taken prominence in the community as a leader in its line and is entitled to due mention. Its success has been the natural outcome of enterprise and good business judgment. Here can always be found the latest styles and designs in the millinery line, with a sufficient force of most artistic and skilled trimmers and designers. The stock of forms, bonnets and trimmings carried is noted for the good taste evinced in its selection, and while the most perfect work is always done here, still the prices asked compare most favorably with New York.
   This is the millinery establishment "DeLux" of Cortland. The proprietresses, Misses J. and E. Flaherty, see to it that their patrons are befittingly attired in the latest styles of Paris and New York. They are thoroughly experienced in their chosen avocation and personal attractiveness and [their] innate agreeableness makes every patron their friend. They stand deservedly high both in society and commerce and are ladies whom you meet with pleasure and leave with regret.

Cortland Granite and Marble Works.
   No review of the prominent establishments of Cortland would be complete without due mention being made of the [North Main Street] business of Mr. S. M. Benjamin, which has acquired an extended reputation for the unrivaled and artistic character of the monuments and statuary here turned out. Mr. S. M. Benjamin has the advantage of marked talents in his profession and long practical business experience, as he started this business forty-one years ago. He makes all kinds of monuments and headstones, tablets, table tops, washbowl tops, etc., from Scotch and American granite and Italian and American marble. All kinds of beautiful designs are here developed to artistic perfection by his skillful work, and all tastes and pockets can here be suited. Mr. Benjamin is an old resident and a gentleman of well known integrity and enterprise, and the prominent establishment he has reared is creditable alike to himself and the community in which he is located.

Boots, Shoes, Rubbers, etc.
   Being one of the best conducted and largest boot and shoe stores in Cortland, this establishment is deserving of more than ordinary mention. It is located at No. 35 Main St., and is thoroughly and elegantly stocked with every description of footwear for men, boy's, youth's, ladies' and children. This business was established about two years ago by Mr. G. H. Ames, who immediately outlined his policy by keeping in stock only the latest styles and designs which were received by him simultaneously with their appearance in New York, and always marked at satisfactory prices. Mr. G. H. Ames has devoted years to the boot and shoe business and knows how to discriminate to a nicety in the selection of boots and shoes for the trade. He is a genial, good-natured, whole-souled gentleman, ever watchful of his trade interests. He has attained a position of prominence in commercial circles, while his house ranks as a leader. He is highly esteemed for his honorable dealings and sterling personal worth, and his house is justly entitled to the preeminent position which it enjoys among the representative business houses of Cortland.

Hardware, Stoves, Tinware, Etc.
   This establishment was founded by Wickwire Bros. in 1868, who conducted the same until 1876, when Kellogg & Place succeeded them. In 1881 the firm dissolved, leaving H. M. Kellogg the sole proprietor, who has conducted it in so eminently a successful manner since that date. On the 20th of Feb., 1884, the entire building [old Wickwire block--CC editor] which he occupied was destroyed by fire. During the interval of the construction of the new building which he now occupies Mr. Kellogg continued his business in a storeroom in the Welch block. He took possession of his new store Jan. 1st, 1885, and by good management, push and enterprise, coupled with a thorough and practical knowledge of the business, it has been constantly increased until at the present time this house is looked upon as a leader in its line, while the trade has reached very large proportions.
   The premises occupied are large and commodious and well adapted to properly display the fine stock of goods which is carried. In this establishment will be found a full and complete stock of hardware, Dockash and Magee ranges, Garland stoves, and tinware of all kinds at prices which compare most favorably with those in New York.
   Mr. Kellogg also conducts in conjunction a workshop where plumbing, gas fitting, steam fitting, furnace work, etc., is done in the most able manner.
   Mr. H. M. Kellogg is a gentleman of great executive ability and devotes his personal attention to the business. He is an active, energetic and enterprising business man, highly esteemed for his strict integrity and sterling personal worth, and well merits the success he has attained. He is a prominent Grand Army man and past commander of Grover Post, No. 98, G. A. R., of which he has been an active member for over 22 years.

Dealer in Musical Instruments.
   This establishment under the excellent management of its proprietor, Mr. O. W. Walter, has attained a large and constantly increasing patronage. The line of pianos and organs carried embrace all of the best makes which are unrivaled for strength and purity of tone, excellent singing qualities and superior finish and durability. Also is carried small musical instruments and all kinds of musical merchandise, in short everything found in a first-class music store. Mr. Walter is general agent for the celebrated Estey organ in this county also agent for the renowned Shoninger and Schubert pianos.
   Two years ago Mr. O. W. Walter first occupied the premises at 25 Main-st. which were soon found to be too small for his rapidly growing business and 8 months after found him in the beautiful place he now occupies, 25 and 27 N. Main-st. His facilities for transacting business is of a strictly first-class character, enabling him to offer special advantages to customers and to fill all orders in a prompt and most satisfactory manner. Mr. Walter is a genial, courteous gentleman, and generally esteemed for his strict integrity and sterling personal worth, and the success of this house is but the natural reflex of his energetic and able efforts in its promotion.

Livery, Sale and Feed Stable.
   One of Cortland's most enterprising businessmen is Mr. T. H. Young, who six months ago took hold of the livery and feed stable situated at No. 16 Main-st. He conducts a livery, feed and sale stable popularly known as Cortland House barn, where, at all times, can be found the best of riding and driving animals with the most stylish buggies, phaetons, carriages, etc., and, if desired, also good and careful drivers. Mr. Young also does a general feed and sale business which is under the charge of most capable men in their line and the prices asked are always moderate. In the conduct of his business, Mr. Young has always showed a high degree of ability, enterprise and intelligence, which combined' with fair dealing, has gained for him an enviable reputation and a large, extensive patronage. He is among the most popular and reliable men of the town and is highly regarded for his sterling personal worth.

Human Hair Goods.
   The leading exponent in human hair goods in Cortland is the establishment of Mrs. S. Darby, which was founded in 1889. It is centrally located at 17 Main-st., Garrison block, while the interior appointments are all that could be desired, both for the comfort of patrons and the convenience of her employees. In stock can be found all kinds of human hair goods and novelties, perfumes, soap, combs, brushes, cosmetics, crimps, powders, tonics, gold, silver, and real tortoise shell pins, as well as a large assortment of waves, wigs, switches, etc.
   All hair goods are manufactured on the premises and the public may rely that they are just as represented. Ladies' hair made up in any style. By Mrs. Darby's method hair is kept in curl from one to three weeks. Especial care is exercised in hair-cutting, shampooing and hair-dressing In fact this establishment is all that could be expected in a metropolis from point of stock carried and facilities offered to patrons. The proprietress, Mrs. Darby, has worked at this business for over 4 years and having a natural adaptitude for this business, she has made it achieve great prominence in the mercantile world of Cortland. Her long experience in business has made her perfectly familiar with the public taste and her facilities enable her to offer special advantages to customers. Personally Mrs. Darby is a pleasant, affable lady, one whom we meet with pleasure and part from with regret.

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Boots, Shoes and Rubber Goods.
   A first-class house in the boot and shoe trade of Cortland is that of D. C. Dickinson and M. H. McGraw, which was established here 30 years ago and which is located at No. 20 N. Main-st., where is sold both at wholesale and retail all manner of footwear. It is filled to repletion with all the latent styles and best makes in men's, youths', boys', ladies' and children's shoes, also all kinds of tools, leather and findings, and quoted at prices that make even their competitors marvel. Messrs. Dickinson & McGraw are wholesale agents for the Lycoming Rubber Co., who manufacture the best rubber goods made.
   Goods purchased at this house are never misrepresented and all persons are treated courteously whether they make a purchase or not. Messrs. Dickinson & McGraw employ none but the most capable of help, thus all work leaving their store is perfect in fit, finish and material used. They are energetic and progressive business men with a perfectly comprehensive knowledge of their business, combined with a nice discrimination as to the exact requirements of their trade. While personally they are genial gentlemen, highly esteemed in trade as upright, honorable business men.

Harnesses, Trunks, Robes, Etc.
   Prominent among the leading industries of Cortland is the establishment of Isaac Edgcomb, situated at 41 Main-st., where is carried the most complete stock of harnesses, robes, blankets, etc., which include all the latest shades and patterns direct from the leading factories. Also is carried in stock a most comprehensive assortment of trunks, steamer and railroad valises, telescopes, the English Gladstone and other varieties too numerous to mention, and which have to be seen to be appreciated, and besides should you wish a trunk made to order or have it finished inside to suit your taste you can do so here.
  This house was founded about 25 years ago, and has been a decided success from the start. The proprietor, Mr. Edgcomb, is thoroughly conversant with all the details of this business and customers obtain advantages here that cannot be easily duplicated elsewhere. Mr. Isaac Edgcomb is held in the highest estimation in commercial life for his many sterling qualities and strict integrity and justly merits the success attained by his ability, energy and perseverance.

   In this age of progress, in nothing has there been a greater advance than in the art of photography. When fifty years ago, the new baby, Photography, was born, Science and Art stood together over her cradle doubting what to expect from her, wondering what place she would take among their other children. Science soon learned that she had come with henhands full of gifts, and her bounty to astronomy, microscopy, chemistry, made her name blessed among these her elder sisters. Art, always more conservative, hung back. The gifts at first were few, and she seemed an ominous rival to the others. She threatened to leave them nothing to do. But slowly jealous Art, who first frowned and called the rest of her brood around her, away from the parvenue, has let her come near, has taken her hand, and is looking her over with questioning eyes. Soon, without a doubt, she will have her on her lap with the rest.
   We refer with pleasure to E. H. Hyatt and P. J. Tooke's studio, located here in our midst on Main-st. Messrs. Hyatt and Tooke have located themselves at 41 ½ Main for the last three years. The great charm in the production of these artists is the technique and evidence which they display of careful workmanship. These artists never resort to artificiality. They hold that the highest art should always hold a soul of truth within its body of beauty. The acknowledged superiority of this work places it beyond the reach of competition and it naturally meets with the preference that quality merits.
   Messrs. Hyatt and Tooke make a specialty of photographing children. They are artists quick to discern possibilities in posing, and showing judgment in this respect, their pictures are conceded to be harmonious in composition, beautiful in finish, and truthful in their outlines. Personally Messrs. Hyatt and Tooke are gentlemen who make every patron their friend; ever kind and affable, they well merit the success they have achieved.


Millinery, Fancy Goods and Ladies Furnishings.
   We are pleased to remark that in the commercial circles of Cortland, we have ladies engaged in mercantile pursuits who have achieved such prominence in the world of trade and credit as to demonstrate that they have reached that goal of independence which is so highly esteemed in our American women. Apropos of the above remark is the millinery establishment of Mrs. W. W. Gale, located at 10 Main-st., and where is to be found all kinds of millinery, fancy goods, ladies furnishings, etc. Also French stamping done to order. Here can be had all the latest styles from the city in hats, bonnets, pattern hats, plumes, tips, and other things too numerous to mention or you can have your hat trimmed by experienced trimmers in any manner yon desire. In fact this establishment is filled with a large, varied and attractive line of goods which cannot be excelled in a metropolis. Her charges will be found to be reasonable and all goods and work just as recommended. Personally Mrs. Gale is a lady whose innate agreeableness makes every patron her friend. Very enterprising, affable and always genial, she well merits the large measure of success accorded her.

[A cheerful welcome goes out to our latest blog follower, Robert Burke, and continued appreciation to all our blog followers for their interest in our work. Our current project centers on Cortland County's "Gilded Age." We copy articles as they were printed, past rules of grammar includedCC editor.]

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