Saturday, March 18, 2017


Albert S. Willis.

Cortland Evening Standard, Tuesday, January 9, 1894.

Minister Willis Requests the Provisional Government to Retire—Full Amnesty to All Members Agreed to by the Queen.
   TACOMA, Wash., Jan. 9.—The steamer Warimoo has arrived at Victoria from Honolulu with news to Jan. 1. The report that Minister Willis had requested the provisional government to retire is confirmed.
   The dispatches state that press dispatches were sent aboard the Corwin, but only through the courtesy of an officer and against the orders of the United States legation. Doubts are expressed as to the landing of any dispatches as it was understood that the cutter would be carefully watched.
   The Corwin carried the news of Minister Willis' demand upon the provisional government.
   The minister's request to the provisional government is a voluminous document, outlining the whole question up to the present time, and stating the president's reason for the action taken.
   The minister in making his request read to the members of the government an agreement written and signed by the ex-queen to the conditions imposed by the president upon which her restoration was dependent.
   In this document, the ex-queen agrees to grant full amnesty to all subjects engaged in her overthrow and pledges herself to put aside all feelings of personal hatred of revenge and assume the government precisely as it existed on the day when she was deposed.

Queen Liliuokalani.
The Hawaiian Muddle.
The Hawaiian muddle is to the front again, and it is to be hoped that the last act in the "policy of infamy" which the [Cleveland] administration has pursued has been performed. Minister Willis went to the island as the representative of this great republic, duly accredited to the existing [provisional] government headed by President Dole. He presented his credentials to his ''great and good friend" the president, gave expression to the most amicable sentiments and then, in accordance with the instructions received from our paramount president, went out from the presence of the man to whom he had been lying to inform the dissolute, barbarian queen that Grover Cleveland recognized her as the lawful sovereign of the island and to offer her the assistance and moral support of the United States in putting her back on the throne which she had disgraced and in destroying a government composed of able and upright men, friendly to this country above all others.
   The queen would not consent to the conditions prescribed by Mr. Cleveland—to guarantee amnesty and govern constitutionally—without the pledges of support by the United States navy and marines, and Minister Willis could go no further. The queen was then willing to sell out her "claims," but the money was not forthcoming. So the matter hung when congress called the president and secretary of state to give an account of their proceedings, which they did and at the same time dumped the whole matter upon the shoulders of the lawmaking power.
   At this most inopportune time it now appears that her Majesty Queen Lil has exercised her royal and womanly prerogative of changing her mind, has informed Minister Willis to this effect, and he has again followed instructions and asked the provisional government—to which he is accredited as the representative of a professedly friendly nation.
The Lehigh Valley strikers who are still out of work are accused of pursuing a course that will not precisely win for them the sympathy of the public. Some of them have been lately charged with hanging about the company's freight yards, putting out signal lights, uncoupling cars, taking away pins and chains, and in one instance, at least, of hurling stones through the windows of a train. For the ex-strikers' own sake, we hope these charges are not true. Such a line of conduct would certainly not tend to get the men's places back for them.
It is a wise move on the part of the American cities this winter to set apart such sums as are necessary for the relief of the unemployed and then give them small wages—merely enough to feed and shelter them—for work done on the streets and parks. Thus they will not come in competition with regular laborers, and will still have money enough to buy food for themselves and families. A dollar a day is the pay given in some cases.
It is well for Chicago to raise $1,000,000 to feed her destitute. But she ought to make the able-bodied among them do something to earn the money. There is plenty of unfinished public work in Chicago.
It has now been some time since the enterprising journalistic fakir has made either a cow give black milk or a man go over Niagara Falls in a barrel.

Cause of Hard Times.
   Here are a few plain considerations for the minds of plain people. In case of an individual who fails in business, he fails when he becomes so deeply involved in debt that he can no longer stave off payment. He was not obliged to go in debt in the first place. But he wanted to enlarge his business. He put a mortgage on his farm because if he had larger barns he could store more grain and feed more stock and thus get more money. Perhaps the family needed a larger, handsomer house to live in or clothing that there was not money to pay for.
   At any rate, all of the people who fail—manufacturer, farmer, merchant or business man—go in debt trusting to future gains to be able not only to wipe off the indebtedness, but even to make them richer. The farmer owes the merchant, the merchant owes the manufacturer, the manufacturer owes the capitalist who lent him money to enlarge his plant. In times which seem prosperous there is almost a fatal temptation to glide down hill into debt. It seems so easy to pay up.
   By and by somebody wants his money. All have run into debt together, and somehow nobody quite understands how all must pay about the same time. They cannot do it. Then there is a panic. All the world must wait till it can pay its debts. When that is done, off it goes, headlong, pellmell, and repeats the process over again. Now, if nobody went into debt, but used only the actual capital that he has in hand, no matter what the temptation, how often would there be panics?

Gleanings of News From our Twin Village.
   The annual meeting of the Columbia club was held last evening, Mr. A. H. Bennett presiding. The secretary and treasurer's report showed a very healthy condition. Messrs. F. C. Atwater and E. W. Hyatt were then appointed tellers and the meeting proceeded to the election of officers with the following result:
   President—Byron Maxson.
   Vice-President—O. B. Andrews.
   Sec. and Treas.—Dr. F. H. Green.
   Directors—G. A. Brockway and C. S. Pomeroy.
   Saturday evening a young man named Ray Francis of McLean came to Homer to see the "boys." Ray is somewhat unsophisticated and in the evening he visited several saloons with some of his "friends." He brought up late at night at what is known as the "ink stand," an unlicensed saloon located in a lane back of the freight depot. While here he became very "sick" and was put to bed. In the morning he discovered that he was short about $60 in money and a note. He made complaint and the case is being looked into by the officers. The money and note have been recovered. We did not mention this affair yesterday, nor do we give full details to-day at the request of the police, as we do not wish to prematurely embarrass them in any way in the discharge of duties in this case yet to be performed.

   —Remember the prayer service for men only each day this week in the Y. M. C. parlor from 12 to 12:30 o'clock.
   —The Ladies' Aid society of the Universalist church will meet to-morrow afternoon with Mrs. Moore at 26 Greenbush-st. Members are requested to be present at 3 o'clock.
   —One of the most prominent Democrats of Cortland was heard to remark within a few days that "if this state of business kept on for a year, there wouldn't be three Democrats left in the state," and he isn't far from right either.
   —The story of the prominent club man who found a mouse in his clothes, published Christmas week, seems to have spread over the United States to a considerable extent. A letter was received this morning from Indiana inquiring about the new idea in regard to rat catching and what time is the best to set for them. It stated that the "remarks would be kindly received and duly published."

Mr. and Mrs. Conway Surprised.
   About 9:30 o'clock last evening the Cortland City band met in the band rooms and marched to the residence of their popular manager and conductor, Mr. P. Conway, who has lately been married. They stood outside the house and rendered several fine selections. Mr. and Mrs. Conway then invited the boys into the house, where they were entertained in a most hospitable manner. Cigars and refreshments were served and after about half an hour spent in social intercourse the boys, again extending congratulations and thanks to Mr. and Mrs. Conway, left the house.
   Before leaving, however, Mr. E. C. Alger, in behalf of the boys, presented Mr. and Mrs. Conway with an elegant secretary. Mr. Conway responded in a very feeling manner, which showed his appreciation of the esteem in which he is held by the members of the band.

For a Change of Spelling.
   Rev. Huntington Lyman of Cortland is a believer in improved spelling. He disapproves of the use of unnecessary and silent letters. He thinks that a change should be inaugurated and is assured that if the reform is to be made it must come about through the use of the new system of spelling by the papers of the country. He suggests that the editors of papers convene to consider this matter, and he recommends the following changes:
   1. Drop e final where it is not sounded, as giv, hav.
   2. Where a word ends in a double consonant, drop one of them, as shal, mis.
   3. Drop a after e where it is not necessary for the proper pronunciation of the word, as hed for head, prech for preach.
   4. Drop silent letters, as det for debt.
   5. Drop ugh and ough, as bot for bought, thru for through.

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