Friday, April 7, 2017


Henry T. Dana, M. D.

Cortland Hospital on Clayton Avenue.
Cortland Evening Standard, Wednesday, January 31, 1894.

Amputated at the Hospital.
   Last Thanksgiving day Mrs. D. Smith, who lives at Niles, four miles beyond Glen Haven, and who is a sister of Mr. D. K. Cutler of Scott, struck her right leg below the knee against a cutter. It was not a severe blow, but it was very serious in the results. The bone became inflamed and the inflammation spread up and down. The injured member was treated, but it became worse and worse, until it was apparent that Mrs. Smith's life could only be saved by its amputation.
   She was brought to the Cortland hospital and the operation was this morning performed by Dr. F. W. Higgins, assisted by Dr. H. T. Dana and Dr. F. D. Reese. At first it was thought that it would be possible to take off the leg below the knee, but examination revealed the fact that both the ankle joint and the knee joint had become wholly destroyed, and the thigh bone was amputated about four inches above the knee.
   It is hoped that with this result Mrs. Smith will speedily recover her health. [In newspaper reports this was the second major operation performed at the new Cortland Hospital—CC editor.]

Relating to Poisons, Prescriptions, Physicians and Practice.
   BROOKLYN, Jan. 31.—The Brooklyn Public Health society has completed a joint committee representing also the National Constitutional Liberty league, Boston, and the New York Public Health and Constitutional Liberty league, and declared in favor of legislation requiring:
   1. Physicians to write prescriptions legibly and when possible in English (and Latin if they choose).
   2. That medicines dispensed by physicians and others containing poisonous ingredients shall be by them legibly labeled "Caution. Take only as directed,"
   3. Restoring to every citizen the right to freely contract for the services of whomsoever he considers competent to treat or heal him or his family without rendering the person thus employed liable to prosecution, except for malpractice.
   The joint committee call upon all in sympathy with such legislation to address it at Room 18, 331 Madison avenue, New York city.

Former Principal Keeper Testifies Strongly In Favor of Brockway.
   ELMIRA, N. Y., Jan. 31.—The inquiry into the management of the reformatory was resumed by Mr. Lichfield. Owing to the death of Hon. Oscar Craig and the absence of Dr. Smith in France, as a commissioner for the United States, Mr. Lichfield was the only member of the committee present.
   A. P. Winne, the former principal keeper, was the first witness. He had started in as a guard and had been the principal keeper for six years. He remembered an inmate, Andrew Cleneth, who died in the institution, but could not relate circumstances of death.
   Witness had seen him punished in the bathroom. Cleneth had never been spanked so hard that it was necessary to remove him to the hospital after punishment. He died in the reception room.
   Witness was present in the bathroom when an inmate named Cook was punished, but denied he had been kicked by him or anyone else; nor had he been struck in the face with the strap by Mr. Brockway, because he persisted in turning his face.
   The testimony of the witness taken as a whole was strongly in favor of Mr. Brockway.

Armored cruiser USS New York was commissioned in 1893.
Appeal of American Vessel Captains For Protection Promptly Granted—Merchant Vessels Escorted to Their Docks by the American Fleet—Insurgent
Guns Remained Silent—Indications That a Crisis Is Approaching.
(Copyrighted, 1894, by the Associated Press.)
   RIO DE JANEIRO, Jan. 30.—This has been one of the most exciting days that Rio de Janeiro has experienced since the commencement of hostilities between the insurgents and the Brazilian government.
   The United States naval fleet stationed in this harbor has furnished the excitement.
   Provoked beyond the endurance of patience by the continued carelessness of the gunners aboard the rebel warship Aquidaban, and tired by the indifference shown by the present revolutionary admiral to all his protests that all American vessels entering the harbor were not afforded proper protection by the rebel fleet, Admiral Benham made a demonstration with the American war vessels under his command which has taught a much needed lesson to the belligerents on both sides, and which will undoubtedly have the effect hereafter of securing proper recognition of the rights of all vessels carrying the American flag.
   The foreign colony was particularly interested and the action of Admiral Benham will probably furnish a precedent by which the commanders of the other foreign vessels in this port will be guided in the future.
   The cause of all the trouble was the treatment to which three American barks were subjected on last Saturday by the indiscriminate fusillade from the insurgent warship. The American vessels were the bark Amy, Captain Blackford, built in Bath, Me., in 1883, and owned by W. B. Wilson; the bark Good News, Captain Myrick, built in Baltimore in 1889, and owned by C. Morton Stewart & Co., and the bark Julia Rollins, Captain Kiehne, built in Baltimore in 1884 and owned by Thornton Rollins of that city.
   The Amy sailed from Baltimore on Dec. 9 and arrived here last Friday. The Good News arrived in Rio harbor on Jan. 3 from Bahia. The Julia Rollins arrived here on Jan. 23 from Baltimore, which port she left on Dec. 4.
   On Saturday last, while lying at anchor, all three vessels were endangered by the chance shots fired by the insurgents. These whistled through the rigging and passed the men at work upon the decks. Many of the crews of the three vessels narrowly escaped being shot.
   After suffering a great deal of annoyance and running great risks in the hope that the insurgents would realize the folly of their action and put a stop to their reckless firing, the three captains held a hurried conference and determined to appeal for protection to the United States warships and to request that the barks be given an escort to the wharves.
   Captain Kiehene, Myrick and Blackford put off in a small boat with great danger to themselves and pulling up to where the flagship New York was, asked that they be allowed a conference.
   Upon stating the object of their visit their request was readily granted and they went aboard the New York.
   Admiral Benham listened attentively to their story, appeared to take the greatest interest in it, and when the captains had finished with their statements, he promised that he would do everything in his power to afford them the fullest protection.
   He said, however, that before making any display of force by his fleet, or giving the captains the escort which they requested, he thought it only right to first notify the insurgent admiral, Saldanha Da Gama, of the captains' complaints. Perhaps, he said, as a result of his notification, Da Gama would promptly order his gunners to stop endangering the American ships and this would terminate all further cause for complaint.
   Accordingly Admiral Benham sent one of his officers to the Aquidiban with orders to acquaint Admiral Da Gama with the facts in the case and to ask him to have an end put the reckless gunning.
   Da Gama was apparently in very bad humor when the American officer arrived aboard the Aquidiban and with many exclamations of impatience he listened to the recital of the captains' grievances.
   The insurgent admiral was evidently still annoyed over the unsatisfactory conference which he had held with Admiral Benham and indisposed to do anything which would prove pleasing to the commander of the United States fleet.
   When the American officer had finished making his statement, Da Gama, with a shrug of his shoulders, said in a very sharp tone, "It is not my fault. The American ship captains should know enough to keep themselves, their boats and crews out of the range of our guns. I shall not take notice of this matter."
   This curt response to his message aroused the ire of Admiral Benham and he determined to make such a showing that it would produce a lasting effect upon the insurgents. He allowed Sunday to pass quietly and without any appearance that he intended to take any further notice of the affair.
   Early in the morning, however, the greatest activity prevailed on board the fleet. Shortly after daybreak the decks of the flagship New York, of the Newark, San Francisco, Detroit and other United States war vessels here were cleared for action and their anchors were raised.
   Admiral Benham then sent word to the captains of the Good News, Julia Robbins and Amy that he was prepared to keep his promise to them and that as soon as they were ready to proceed he would escort them to the wharves.
   At this moment Captains Kiehne of the Julia Robbins and Myrick of the Good News weakened, and despite their vigorous protestations and urgent demands of Saturday they returned word that they did not care to embitter the insurgent admiral by putting themselves under the escort of the United States naval fleet. Captain Blackford of the Amy, however, showed himself made of sterner stuff and announced that he would get ready at once and accept the protection which had been offered to him.
   Accordingly the Amy took her position in the ranks of the United States war vessels and the formidable procession started on its way up Rio harbor.
   The streets of Rio fronting the bay were crowded with people and every vessel in the harbor presented an animated scene as its crew rushed upon deck and the men settled themselves to witness what followed.
   The Detroit took the leading part in the procession.
   The fleet, as it approached nearer to Rio, came quite close to the shore, causing intense excitement among both the soldiers and civilians on land and the sailors on board the various vessels.
   The Amy proceeded on her way to the wharf and was safely moored there.
   Not until her captain had reported that he was fully satisfied did his powerful escort leave him. Throughout the whole affair not a single shot was fired, but the scene was quite as impressive as if this had been done. After passing along Rio's waterfront the fleet returned out into the bay and anchored in nearly the same position as it had occupied previous to the demonstration.
   The affair is the sole absorbing topic of conversation afloat and ashore.
   The policy of noninterference pursued by Commander Henry F. Picking has been absolutely reversed by this action of Admiral Benham.
   Full protection will be given from this time on to all American vessels, as Minister Thompson has all along requested.
   It is believed here that the minister's repeated messages to Washington in behalf of American shipowners have at last had the desired effect with the present administration, and that Admiral Benham's action is the result of orders which, he has recently received.
   There can be no doubting the good that has been done to American shipping in Brazilian ports by the demonstration.
   It has taught both sides in the present struggle in Brazil, and they needed the lesson badly, that however indiscriminately they may bombard each other's property, the United States intends resolutely to defend the rights of every vessel which sails beneath the protection of the stars and stripes.
   The American ship captains' complaints are only repetitions of what has been going on since hostilities first commenced here.
   Captains of all other foreign ships have had the same experiences in visiting Rio, while the insurgents and Peixoto's army have been peppering each other with shot and shell.
   Complaints in great number have been made to the home governments by foreign merchants and ship captains and the commendable performance of duty by Admiral Benham in affording safety to the owners of American craft will doubtless result in similar orders being issued for like action on the part of the commanders of other foreign fleets at this port,
   Peixoto has refused to buy the Destroyer, which is reported to be leaking and to have broken a propeller.
   The Destroyer had an unusually stormy time on her way down and encountered a series of tremendous seas nearly foundering her.

A Crisis Fast Approaching in Rio Janeiro Bay.
   WASHINGTON, Jan. 30.—There is no doubt that the correspondence which is being carried on between the state and navy departments and the American representative at Rio is of a nature which indicates that the relations in Rio Janeiro bay are becoming more and more strained and that a crisis is fast approaching if not, indeed, already at hand.
   Officials of the state and navy departments, although they are very reticent in regard to the matter, admit enough to make this information certain.
   There is undoubtedly an expectation that something may happen at any moment which will compel the American admiral, although carrying out his original instructions, to protect interests but not to interfere in the progress of affairs in the bay.
   "Admiral Da Gama," said a prominent official, "is a hotheaded man, and if he should interfere with American interests in any way, the American admiral would undoubtedly interfere, acting under general instructions."
   Secretary Gresham was seen and gave out the following statement:
   "The American admiral," he said, "has no instructions to act in the capacity of mediator between the government of Brazil and the insurgents. It is not believed here that he is acting in any such capacity. If a collision has occurred in the bay between our warships and the insurgents' warships we have not been informed of it."
   The secretary added that it was quite likely that a crisis was imminent and that news might be expected at any time.
   Secretary Herbert was seen, but when asked as to the present state of affairs in the bay at Rio he replied: "I cannot talk to you about that now."

The mills are starting up again,
The Democrats declare;
The times improve, and brawn and brain
 Are needed everywhere.
Yes, certain mills are starting, but
                                               A change is evident;
The workingmen's wages have been cut
                                       Some thirty-five per cent.—New York Press.
   —The D. L. & W. R. R. will run a special excursion to New York on Feb. 21.
   —The Cortland Door and Window Screen Co. began on Monday morning twelve hours per day.
   —Frank R. Slayton, formerly editor of the Tully Times, and more recently proprietor of the Tully Park hotel and of Hotel Slayton at Tully, died at his home in Tully on Monday.
   —The Bell telephone patent expired yesterday and henceforth people who have an instrument in their office will look forward to lower rates and the lowliest of homage on the part of the telephone magnates.
   —At 4:15 o'clock yesterday afternoon two strokes were sounded on the fire bell. Mr. Bickford went over the line and discovered a break on the comer of Owego and Union-sts., and in forty-five minutes after the bell struck the break had been repaired. This was very quick work.
   —By reason of the lecture of Dr. Lorimer in the Y. M. C. A. course to-night the union revival services at the Presbyterian church will begin at 7 o'clock. The men's prayer-meeting in the chapel will begin at 6.30 o'clock. The meeting will close promptly at 8:15 and the lecture at the Opera House will not begin until 8:30 o'clock.
   —A rare opportunity will be afforded the people of Cortland and vicinity this evening to listen to a fine lecture by Rev. George C. Lorimer of Boston upon "Tramps, Cranks and Dudes," The doctor is one of the finest orators in the country and he is said to be at his best in this particular lecture. Although contrary to precedent, it has been decided to charge only the usual price of admission. All who fail to hear Dr. Lorimer will have occasion to regret the loss, The lecture will begin at 8:30 o'clock. Note the hour.

Myrtle Ferns' Prizes.
   Unfortunately the report of the committee having charge of the word contest was not handed in until too late for tickets to be sent to the winners had the address been known, but if Miss Mamie Haynes will send her address to, or call on Mr. Murphey, 60 Port Watson-st., she will receive the equivalent for two reserved seats, or an order for two reserved seats for the repetition of "Myrtle Ferns" next Friday evening, as she may select. Miss Haynes' list consisted of 224 English words, only one of which "entree" was cut out by the rules governing the decision, leaving a total of 223. The second best was Mr. E. Hardy's, total of 209 out of a list of 355; Miss Fanny Montanye's was third, with a total of 205 out of 371. Miss May L. Watkins is also deserving of honorable mention, as her list of 170 contained only one mistake.
   In the ticket selling prizes Miss Matie Whiteson wins the doll and Master Harry Gale the pair of skates. These prizes can also be obtained at Mr. Murphey's.

The Gentlemen's Societies Take Their Turn at the Normal.
   Notwithstanding the severe storm and drifted condition of the streets which made walking a difficult operation, the Normal hall was well filled last night to listen to the eighteenth public exercises of Delta chapter of the Gamma Sigma fraternity, and all who ventured out felt well repaid for the efforts put forth.
   The exercises commenced a few minutes after 8 o'clock with the song, "The Winds Are All Hushed," by the Carriage City quartet. This quartet, composed of Messrs. James Walsh, Frank Lanigan, O. W. Lund and T. Harry Dowd, already has an excellent local reputation and the work of last night increased it.
   The president, Henry E. Hubbard, followed with an address, "The Mechanical Agents as an Expedient of Progress." The address was replete with suggestive thought, and while praising the advantage of the mechanical agents, deplored the fact that with the removal of difficulties the quality of manliness has not increased.
   The oration was delivered by William E. Doughty who took for his theme "The political Mission of the Twentieth century." The century is to be richer in its inheritance than any other has been, hence has greater responsibility and a greater mission. That mission is the loosening of form and a larger freedom. Thought is to be the weapon of offense and defense. Intellect is to be the force and parliaments the battle grounds.
   The oration was followed by a double number by the quartet. "Pussy's in the well" and "Thou art my own love."
   M. L. Farrell then delivered a declamation, "Spartacus to the Roman Envoys." The declamation is a difficult one, requiring strength and flexibility of voice combined with vigorous action. Mr. Farrell appreciated the difficulties and rose to the occasion, giving an excellent interpretation of the production.
   The audience was again favored by the quartet with "Love's Old Sweet Song," and in response to an encore a stanza of the same song was repeated.
   The debate on the question: "Should Canada be annexed to the United States?'' was ably supported in the affirmative by Messrs. Ernest P. Carr and Almond L. Clark and in the negative by Albert J. Sears and Rufus E. Corlew. Arguments advanced and well supported by the affirmative were the the natural resources of Canada in climate, and forests, and wheat lands make the annexation desirable; to keep abreast of the leading nations of to-day we need to enlarge our territory as other nations are doing; commercial union will give market to our manufactures; Canada wants union that the different elements of her population may be amalgamated; Canada wants capital and the United States has it.
   To these arguments the negative opposed the following: The size of Canada an objection. The nation would be too large to be held under one government. The character of people such that their present form of government is best suited to them. Twice in our history we have desired union and Canada objected, now not desired by the people of the United States. The debt of Canada an objection, her Indian population would also be a burden.
   The evening entertainment [concluded with "Good Night" by the quartet.
   The decorations, while less elaborate than on the previous evenings, were not less tasty and appropriate. The walls at the rear of the platform, as well as the front of the platform were covered with white, against which the old rose was prettily festooned. In the center of the space back of the platform hung a large triangle and the crescent bearing the society Greek motto. At one corner of the front of the platform was a large palm and at the other a Rogers group of statuary, while the platform was partially covered with fur rugs of various colors, the whole producing a pleasing effect.
The Table Talk.
   It is announced that there will be only one big circus on the road the coming season. Owing to the hard times it has been decided to send out only the Barnum & Bailey show and to leave Forepaugh's at home. The spectacular feature is to be replaced by an exhibition by Prof. Arstingstall of fifty trained animals in one huge stall.
   A boy took five large suckers and a bow fin from the inlet last Sunday. His method of angling was to drop a large stone on the ice directly over the spot where a fish was lying. Being stunned by the concussion it was an easy matter to break the ice and take the fish from the water before it could revive.—Ithaca Journal.
   The American liners New York and Paris burn about 330 tons of coal per day or about 30,800 pounds per hour, and maintain about 18,000 indicated horse power, which is equivalent to a coal consumption of 1.71 pounds per hour per horse power.
   Only six children have ever been born in the White House and they were all girls.
   It is claimed that by eating plenty of horseradish you will never be troubled with the grip.
   President Sloan has since the recent accident on the Morris and Essex division of the D., L. & W. R. R. been carefully investigating the various systems for block signaling, and last week the managers decided that the Morris and Essex branch should be equipped at once with block signals. The selection of the best system was left to the executive committee, and when its choice shall have been made no time will be lost in applying the system which it recommends. It is intended to begin first with the most dangerous points on the Morris and Essex division and to continue the work until the whole line to Easton is covered. The main line to Buffalo will then be taken in hand.—Utica Herald.
   A young man advertised for a wife and his sister answered the advertisement; and the young man thinks there is no balm in advertisements, and the old people think it is pretty hard to have two fools in one family.

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