Thursday, June 29, 2017


"Human Nature," 1893 World's Fair, Puck.

Danse du Ventre.
The Cortland Democrat, Friday, May 11, 1894.

Rural Republican Legislators Almost Drown a Girl in a Delavan Bath Tub During a Debauch.
(From the Albany Argus, May 5, 1894.)
   The adjournment of the recent corrupt Republican legislature was the beginning of an orgie [sic] which is only now coming to a close with disastrous results to the health of several of the prominent Republicans who took part in it.
   The first months of the session were hard for the avaricious members of the legislature who found nobody to bribe them since the lobby had been banished during Democratic administration. But it was not long before the lobby returned and established its headquarters to the great cheer of the rural Republicans, especially the members of the senate. During the last two weeks of the senate there were eleven matters in which there was money ranging from five hundred dollars to a thousand dollars and fifteen hundred dollars a senator, according to his prominence and whether he was high in committee or not. After a long arid season the money reached the assembly during the closing days of the session and brought about a time of great prosperity. It was more money than some of the accidental legislators had ever seen before in their lives. They received it, together with the remainder of their pay and a glorious time for all concerned began.
   The last night of the assembly there were so many members drunk that the speaker had to declare the assembly adjourned through his inability to transact business. In the senate there were two Republican senators so drunk that they constantly interrupted the proceedings and wore out one presiding officer after another.
   The big drunk thus started by several prominent Republicans continued the next day. Little business was done in either house in the morning. The bills which were passed were not checked up and stray bills are still being sent from time to time to the governor as they appear from different quarters. The signature of the speaker of the assembly could not be obtained for several days.
   Amid great disorder the assembly adjourned having done little business since the members started on their big drunk of the night before.
   That night a party of Republican members of the legislature, almost all of them from the rural districts, made a round of the houses of joy of Albany and opened several cases of champagne. They all became, if possible, more drunk than before. From one of these resorts they got a girl who had learned to dance the Danse du Ventre.
   The party took her to the rooms of one of the most prominent Republicans in the legislature in the Delavan house. This Republican had a suite of rooms with a bath room. More champagne was ordered here which the "members of the legislature and the dancing girl drank. It was not long before she became as drunk as they were. Then she took off all her clothes and did her dance on the floor to the admiration of the rural Republicans who had never seen anything of the kind before.
   The mingled effects of dancing and champagne caused the girl to collapse on the floor. It seemed to these rural Republicans that it would be a good joke to put her in the bath tub and turn on the water. They did this. The naked dancing girl was carefully laid in a Delavan house bath tub and the water was then turned on.
   She was almost drowned. The plug was in the bath tub and after the water was turned on the members left her there. If one of the members had not sobered up a little and gone in to turn off the water and open the plug there would have been a great chance of the girl's drowning, because she was in an alcoholic stupor.
   The rural Republicans slept on the floor and around the room that night, and the naked dancing girl slept in the bath tub. In the morning she was smuggled out.
   This debauch and orgie combined have broken the health of several of the men who were engaged in it. It is reported that one of the most prominent of them had an attack of the tremens. In any event he has not appeared since and his friends are a good deal disturbed over the resulting sickness.
   All the politicians around the capitol know about the orgie and notwithstanding the efforts to suppress the knowledge inklings of the facts have become known around the Delavan house.
   The stories include the names of the members and the name of the dancing girl whom they got. It was the biggest orgie that has taken place in Albany.

Opera House Election.
   The annual meeting of the stockholders of the Cortland Opera House Co. was held in the parlors of the First National Bank last Tuesday afternoon. Hector Cowan, Esq., was chosen chairman of the meeting and H. M. Kellogg, secretary. The reports of the secretary and treasurer were read and approved, after which the following directors were chosen for the ensuing year: H. Cowan, A. Mahan, H. M. Kellogg, E. Keator, T. F. Brayton, P. Sugerman, B. B. Jones. At a subsequent meeting of the board of directors the following officers were elected:
   President—E. Keator.
   Vice-President—A. Mahan.
   Secretary—H. M. Kellogg.
   Treasurer—Thos. F. Brayton
   The following were elected inspectors of election for the ensuing year: E. Keator, H. Cowan, H. M. Kellogg.

Franklin Hatch Library.
   [At] the annual meeting of directors of the Franklin Hatch Library association held last Tuesday evening, the following officers were elected:
   President—Rev. J. L. Robertson.
   Vice-president—E. D. Webb.
   Treasurer—C. F. Wickwire.
   Secretary—Alex. Mahan.
   The librarian's and treasurer's reports showed the condition of the association to be prosperous. A lot of new books were ordered [and] purchased immediately by the board of directors.

The Public Sewers.
   The board of sewer commissioners held a meeting in the office of the village clerk, Fred Hatch, last Saturday evening. Messrs. Doe, Nicholson & Deloyea of Port Huron, Mich., the lowest bidders, were represented by Mr. John G. O'Brien, one of the firm's financial backers, who stated that he was ready and willing to have the contract let to them at the amount of their bid. Mr. Landreth, the consulting engineer of the village not being present, the matter was laid over until such time as he can be here.
   Messrs J. S. Bull & Co. of Cortland, T. H. Ryan of Buffalo and Doe, Nicholson & Deloyea of Port Huron submitted bids for the extension. The same will be figured up by the engineer to ascertain who is the lowest bidder, after which the contract will be let.

   CHENANGO—Dr. Crumb, of South Otselic, was recently called to see a child who was suffering from throat trouble. Upon examination a black pin was found imbedded across the throat, one end in each tonsil. He removed the pin, and the child is doing well.
   George H. Day, who resides upon the old homestead farm about 4 mites up the river from Greene, brought into the office of the Greene American, Monday, some real curiosities. They consisted of several teeth, which he dug from a lot on the farm recently, and they were from the jaws of animals now extinct in this region. They are probably 4 inches in length, and about the same in circumference. The teeth are in a good state of preservation; but no doubt have been hid from view, no one can tell how long. In shape they are different from the teeth of any animal now known among us, and we confess we are unable to give anything tangible about them. Mr. Day thinks of sending them to the Cornell University to have if possible, experts determine from what animals they came, and how long ago they roamed the wilds of this country.
   MADISON—Frank Albright of Earlville caught a 20 inch trout that weighed 2 lbs. 9 ounces.
   Fifteen car loads of mules, twenty to the car, are being shipped from Oneida for work on the canal.
   The residence of Mrs. Pulford, near DeRuyter, was entered by burglars, a few evenings since, and between $300 and $400 in cash was taken.
   TOMPKINS— Kings Ferry postoffice has been changed to King Ferry.
   A bridge on the Lehigh valley road west of Groton was burned on Tuesday night.
   A live otter which had been found in a stream near Ithaca, was brought to Prof. Wilder Friday. The animal was captured while fighting with a bull dog, and when brought to the University was in great agony from the wounds which it had received. The creature was soon put out of its misery and was found to weigh 13 ½ pounds, measuring 38 inches from tip to tip.

Equal Rights.
   The committee appointed to canvass the several towns in this county for signers to petitions in favor of Woman Suffrage, have completed their labors and report that the petitions are signed by the following number of persons in each of the towns named:
   Cincinnatus, 177; Solon, 55; Cuyler, 81; Freetown, 295; Homer, 552; Virgil, 172; Scott, 278 ; Marathon, 98; Taylor, 51; Cortlandville, 2,907; Total, 4,727.
   Assessed valuation of property held by women of Cortland county in the following towns: Homer, $274,070; Cincinnatus, $28, 250; Cortlandville,  $300,430; Scott, $31,900; Freetown, $22,417; Solon, $6,675; Taylor, $17,305; Total, $683,747.
   The following towns have not reported: Harford, Lapeer, Preble, Truxton and Willet. Marathon has not sent in her assessed taxation.
   Why is it that half of the adult population, as vitally interested in good government as the other half, who own property, manage estates, and pay taxes, who discharge all the duties of good citizens, and are perfectly intelligent and capable, are absolutely deprived of political power and classed with lunatics and felons?—George W. Curtis.
   GOLDEN RULE, Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do you even so to them.

   Mahan's Music Festival, from May 28 to June 1.
   The races on the Cortland Driving Park open Tuesday, June 26, and last four days.
   The Hitchcock Mfg. Co. have a carload of Georgia pine plank for sidewalks. This material is said to last from 30 to 40 years.
   The Home Steam laundry has a new wagon on the road. It was manufactured by the Hitchcock Mfg. Co., and is a dandy.
   Mr. E. W. Rogers of Homer has sold his photograph gallery to Mr. Geo. I. Pruden, formerly of Cortland, who has taken possession.
   Messrs. Page & Hand of Scranton were in town last Saturday and paid for a large amount of the stock of the Horse Railway company.
   Theo. Shephard who for many years has run a creamery in Freetown has opened a creamery in the stone mill between here and McGrawville.
   An item published in the DEMOCRAT last week and which was clipped from an exchange may prove to be misleading. Supervisors in all counties containing less than ninety thousand population hold office for two years.
   The board of excise commissioners met in Firemen's hall last Monday afternoon and elected John H. Phelps, chairman and J. W. Keese, secretary. Licenses were granted to the drug stores to sell for medicinal purposes only.
   Mr. W. H. Hall, proprietor of the hotel in Virgil will give a decoration day party at his house on Wednesday evening, May 30, 1894. Music by Talbot & Palmer's full orchestra. Bill $1.50. Mr. Halt has the reputation of conducting enjoyable parties and he is making extra preparations for this one.
   Mr. N. A. Bundy started yesterday morning along the line of the proposed railway from here to Cincinnatus, to interview the inhabitants and secure subscriptions for bonds. If he obtains sufficient encouragement the road will go at once. We hope to hear that he met with a cordial and substantial greeting.
   When E. J. Hopkins, mailing clerk at the postoffice, went to his dinner last Friday he discovered a strange animal sneaking along by the side of the house. He chased him under the floor of a piazza and catching him by the tail dropped him into a dry goods box. It proved to be an opossum and he is now caged in one of the south windows of the postoffice.
   There has been during the past three weeks a large number of sheep run and killed by dogs in this town. There are four dogs that are known to have been in this business, and proper authorities, having a description of them will kill them on sight. In the meantime it is the duty of everyone to shoot any dog they may find running sheep, or which they have reasonable evidence have been doing the same. Further, the Supervisor informs us that the demands already made on the dog tax are so large, that if any more claims are put in it will have to be paid by direct tax on the people. A few dog funerals are in order.—Marathon Independent.


   Charles Meigs and Miss Mabel Beebe spent the Sabbath with friends in Fabius.
   H. G. Borthwick and C. T. Peck of Cortland were in town Tuesday.
   Miss Sarah Maybury has resumed her music lesson with Mrs. N. J. Peck of Cortland.
   Mr. and Mrs. G. L. Severance of South Cortland spent the Sabbath with friends in town.
   Louis VanOrder of Cortland was in town Sunday.
   Fred Davis has recently purchased a fine Jersey cow of Warren Hudson.
   Mr. and Mrs. Aden Kenfield of McGrawville were guests at W. J. Corcoran's one day last week.
   Mr. R. Smith of Madison is spending some time with his son E. Z. Smith of this place.
   Miss Gertrude Kelly teaches in district No. 8, known as the Marks district. Mr. Edwin E. Merring is in No. 4. Miss Agnes Howard is in No. 6, and Miss Mary Kerrigan in the village school.
   Miss Anna Manchester, Miss Kelly, Miss Colgan, and Miss Moran of Cortland spent the Sabbath at Wm. Hayes's.
   Notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, a goodly number attended the Arbor Day exercises at the village school, of which we give the program. The teacher and pupils, and citizens in general, greatly appreciate the kindly interest and valuable assistance rendered by Miss Hathaway, in furnishing trees and shrubbery and help to plant and arrange it. Especial thanks are also due D. H. Thornton and Joseph McChesney. Six trees were planted, also lilac and syringia bushes.
   Scripture Reading—Teacher.
   Reading, Origin of Arbor Day—Teacher.
   Singing, America—Bert Adams, Sarah Maybury, Mabel Beebe.
   Address. Welcome—Flossie Thornton, and Mable Beebe.
   Recitation, An Invocation—Mable Beebe.
   Recitation, A Little Boy—Carl Thornton.
   Recitation, A Knock Out Blow—Sarah Maybury.
   Recitation, We Little Boys—Earl Fish.
   Recitation, A November Party—Eva Phelps.
   Dialogue, Trials of a Teacher—Sarah Maybury, Class.
   Recitation, What I Love—Flossie Thornton.
   Recitation, Jane Jones—Harry McChesney.
   Singing, Beautiful May—Sarah Maybury, Mabel Beebe.
   Recitation, Something Good About Pansies—Lillian McChesney.
   Recitation, Dollie's Broken Arm—Mabel Beebe.
   Recitation, A Little Brown Mouse—Eva Phelps.
   Recitation, Little Nut People—Sarah Maybury.
   Dialogue, The Voice of the Flowers—Lillian McChesney, Sarah Maybury.
   Dialogue, To be Happy We Must be Good—Eva Phelps, Harry McChesney, Mabel Beebe.
   Song and March, Arbor Day—School.
   Planting tree and Class Exercise—School.
   Song and March—School.
   Mary Kerrigan, Teacher.
   Mr. John Davis has a splendid Monarch bicycle which adds greatly to his pleasure.
   Mr. Ervin Gridley of Marathon has been doing carpenter work for Mr. John Grant.
   Mr. Fred Carson and wife visited her father's people in Virgil the first of the week.
   Mr. John Davis was in Syracuse last week, purchasing a large supply of spring goods.
   Mr. Milo Page of Lisle, and Miss Nellie Page of Marathon made a pleasant call at S. S. Hammond's Sunday.
   A beautiful flag waves over the school house in the west district. We hope Freetown Corners may do likewise.
   The M. E. Sabbath school chose their officers Sunday. Mr. Norma Underwood is superintendent and Oscar Smith assistant for the coming year.
   Mr. Howard Gibbs, teacher, and his scholars celebrated arbor day with appropriate ceremonies on Friday.
   The petition for equal suffrage has been generally circulated in this town. I would quote from Marion Harland who is not in favor of women suffrage. She thinks women already have all the duties they can attend to and she is not in favor of adding anything to them.
   There was a grand surprise at Mr. Sylvenas Smith's on Saturday as it was his 70th birthday. His children and grand children to the number of twenty assembled. Some from East Homer, some from Homer, others from Cortland and McGrawville and made him a welcome visit. They brought their eatables, also a large rocking chair to rest his tired limbs in, in his old age. They also had an artist who took all their pictures and taken all in all it was an enjoyable time. May he long live is our wish.
   The Homer Band will give a concert and dance in the Opera House to-night.
   Mr. G. I. Pruden of Cortland will take the place of Mr. E. W. Rodgers in the photograph gallery.
   Miss Estelle Gilbert and Mr. Charles Roe have been employed by the new dry goods firm of D. E. Shepard.
   Mr. L. B. Southwick who has been in the shoe business in Homer has sold his stock to Mr. Ingalls of Syracuse.
   Mr. W. L. Jacquett has changed his store to the Murray block. Don't forget that he is the agent for the famous Stearns Special.
   Mr. E. H. Landers died at his home on Elm-ave., Wednesday at 3 P. M. The funeral was held Friday afternoon in the M. E. church.
   Wilbur, Wright & Henry have placed a fan in their meat market for the purpose of keeping out flies. The fan is run by water power.
   Mr. Genyo Moriya, a native of Japan, preached in the M. E. church, Sunday evening, dressed in the native costume. He is completing his college course in the Syracuse university.

Wednesday, June 28, 2017


Main Street and Court Street intersection, camera facing north. Photo copied from Grip's Historical Souvenir of Cortland.
Segment of 1894 map of Cortland.
The Cortland Democrat, Friday, May 11, 1894.

The Vote Unanimous—Full Text of the Franchise—The Town Board Follows Suit.
   At a regular meeting of the board of village trustees held last Monday evening in the office of clerk Hatch, all the members being present, Mr. Horace E. Hand of Scranton appeared and renewed the application for a franchise to change the motive power used on the street railroad from horse power to electricity, and for permission to extend the line to McGrawville and through certain streets of the village. Mr. Scudder moved the adoption of the following, which motion was carried unanimously:
   Resolved, That such consent and franchise be and is hereby given and granted by the board of trustees of the village of Cortland to the Cortland and Homer Horse Railroad Co. to change its motive power from horse power to electricity, and to extend, construct and operate the same in and upon the streets of said village hereinafter named in the following form which constitutes the franchise.
   Resolved, That consent is hereby given to said Cortland and Homer Horse Railroad company, its successors and assigns, to substitute electricity as a motive power instead of horses on its present line as now located extending from the depot of the E., C. & N. R. R. in Cortland along Main-st. and Homer-ave. to the north corporate line of the village.
   Consent is hereby granted said Cortland and Homer Horse Railroad company, its successors and assigns, to construct, maintain, extend and operate its lines on the following streets in said village of Cortland, with the necessary poles, wires, fixtures and appurtenances for the safe and proper operation thereof by electricity, namely: From the intersection of Main-st. and Tompkins-st. upon and along Tompkins-st. to a proposed street now called Broadway; thence on either Delaware-ave., Frank-st. or Duane-st. to Squires-st.; thence upon and along Squires-st. to Owego-st.; thence upon and along Owego-st. to Railway-ave.; thence upon and along Railway-ave. to the present terminus of said road near the E., C. & N. depot. Also from the intersection of Main-st. and Clinton-ave., upon and along Clinton-ave. to Church-st., thence upon and along Church-st. to Railroad-st., thence upon and along Railroad-st. to Pendleton-st.; thence upon and along Pendleton-st. to Elm-st.; thence upon and along Elm-st. to Pomeroy-st.; thence upon and along Pomeroy-st. to Port Watson-st.; thence upon and along Port Watson-st. to the village of McGrawville. Also commence at the intersection of Pomeroy-st. and Port Watson-st. upon and along Port Watson-st. going westerly to the intersection of Port Watson-st. with Main-st.; thence across Main-st. to Tompkins-st. Also from the intersection of Groton-ave. and Main-st., upon and along Groton-ave. to Homer-ave.; thence upon and along Homer-ave. to Maple-ave., thence upon and along Woodruff st.; thence along Woodruff-st. going southerly to Groton-ave.; thence upon and along Groton-ave. going westerly to the west line of land now owned by J. M. Samson, lying on the south side of Groton-ave.; thence going southerly over the proposed streets, and upon lands of Mrs. J. M. Milne, which extended will intersect with the street now known as Broadway; also going southerly upon and along the proposed street now known as Townley-st. and to its extension, passing along southerly to intersect with the proposed street now known as Broadway.
   Also the right to construct said road upon and along any street or avenue which shall hereafter be dedicated by said Cortland village on the lands of J. M. Samson, which street would extend southerly from Groton-ave. and extended would intersect with said proposed street now known as Broadway; thence upon and through Broadway to Tompkins-st.; on the following conditions viz:
   The track shall be a single track with a gauge of four feet, eight and one half inches, with the necessary turnouts, switches and sidings. But between the E., C. & N. R. R. depot and Otter creek bridge on Main-st,, no turnout, switches or sidings shall be permitted other than where they now exist in said railway, except necessary connections with other streets.
   The track shall be laid in the center of the travelled part of the street, and the rails shall be the kind known as "T" rails, if authorized by law, and upon all unpaved streets there shall be placed on each side of each rail, a plank chamfered and laid tight to the rail. Said plank to be not less than eight inches in width and not less than two inches thick. In case of relaying the track, where the streets are paved, the pavement shall be replaced and put in good condition, in the space between the rails and tracks, and for two feet outside of the track, and in case of the macadamizing, paving or future improvement of said streets, the said railway company shall make such improvements for the space designated above, that is, between the rails and tracks, and for two feet outside the track; the same to be done simultaneously by said railway company at its expense, and to be of the same kind of pavement that is laid upon either side of the track; or in case of default by said railway company to do so, it shall be done by the village at the expense of said railway company.
   In laying said track the said company is to retain the present street grade or such as may hereafter be established, and the rails of said road shall not be over one inch above the surface of the street and the plank, on unpaved streets, and the space between the rails of the track shall be properly filled and kept in repair for the easy and safe passage of vehicles, and on all paved streets, the rails of said road shall not be above the surface of the pavement.
   When the streets shall be paved, the rails upon such streets as are or may hereafter be paved are to be supported by a chair or girder rail approved by the board of trustees of the village.
   The work of constructing said railway shall be done under the supervision of the street commissioner, to the extent of seeing that the said streets are left in as good condition as before commencing the work. That the company conform to the grades given and that they comply with the requirements and conditions of the franchise.
   The construction of said railway is to be commenced in good faith within six months after having obtained the consent of the municipal authorities and property owners, and to be completed as far as the present horse line railway extends and from Main-st. from its intersection with Clinton-ave. to Port Watson bridge within one year thereafter. If said company shall fail and make default in commencing the building of said railway on any of the streets named in this franchise within one year from obtaining consents as mentioned above, and complete the same within two years from June 1, 1894, then this franchise, so far as the street or streets where such default or failure shall occur, shall lapse and be of no force and effect.
Or if the consents mentioned above shall not be obtained within two years from the date of this franchise, then the same shall lapse and be of no force or effect.
   This franchise is granted upon the condition and subject to the right of the village to make any repairs, crosswalks, or gutters on any of the streets on which said road may run, and to change the grade of the surface or direction of such streets, and limit and regulate the speed of its cars, as said village in its judgment may desire without recompense to said company.
   And where said road is laid above or over any sewer that may hereafter be constructed by said village, the village shall have the right to build or make any necessary repairs to said sewers without being liable to said company for damage resulting from suspension of travel on their road, during the building or repairing of any such sewers.
   The said company is also to remove from its tracks all snow, ice, and dirt that may accumulate thereon, and transport the same from the streets at its own expense. All of said railway, with its switches, turnouts and turn-tables, is to be built and repaired under the direction of the board of trustees of the village of Cortland, and in conformity with chapter 565 of the laws of 1890 and the acts amendatory thereof.
   Before commencing work said company shall have a bond of indemnity against all damage that may result to person or property from construction, maintenance or operation of said railway, in form and amount, and with such sureties as shall be approved by the board of trustees; which bond shall from time to time be renewed, as the board of trustees may require, and in case any action shall be brought against the village of Cortland to recover damages for injury to person or property, or death of any person occasioned by said company in the construction, maintenance or operation of said railway, said railway company shall upon written notice given them by said village of Cortland, of the pending of any action for injury to person or property or death, be required to defend said action at the expense of said railway company, and all damages and costs sustained by or which said Cortland village shall be compelled to pay or does pay for any injuries or death occasioned by said railway in its construction, maintenance or operation, to person or property, during the continuance of this franchise, shall be paid by said railway company to said village of Cortland.
   In approaching, crossing over or going upon any of the bridges within the limits of the village of Cortland, said railway company shall be limited and shall be subject to such privileges, conditions and restrictions as the town board of the town of Cortlandville shall give, require or impose.
   The poles used by said company along the streets above specified shall be of uniform height except as to poles which are also used for electric light wires, six inches in diameter at the top and eight inches in diameter at the bottom as may be. Said poles shall be straight and shall be set inside and next to the curb line, and shall be kept so, and so far as practicable, shall be set upon the division lines between lots, and shall be wedge shape or pointed at the top, and the bark shall be peeled from them and they shall be properly painted, and the village shall at all times have the right to use any and all poles free of charge for police and the fire alarm wires and the fire alarm boxes.
   Said company shall furnish transfers upon the different lines in the village, so that one fare only shall be charged and collected for a ride from any part of the village to another place in the village under such restrictions as shall be deemed by it proper.
   All ties not to be less than 6 1/2 feet long, and not further apart than three feet from center to center. All stringers to be from five inches by seven inches, and both stringers and ties to be of a lasting quality not less than of first class white oak.
   The minimum height of the trolley wire shall be eighteen (18) feet above the rails, and the said wire shall be safely secured by lateral connections to the poles.
   If said railway company shall cease to opera! a said railway and shall neglect to keep its cars running on said lines in good faith continuously, then this franchise shall cease and terminate and be forfeited, and the same shall revert to the village of Cortland.
   This franchise is therefore granted to the Cortland & Homer Horse R. R. company, its successors, assigns, upon the requirements, restrictions and conditions above specified, and upon the express condition that the provisions of Article 4, chapter 565 of the laws of 1890, and the acts amendatory and pertinent thereto, shall be complied with.
   The town board met Monday afternoon and granted a franchise which is substantially like the above with these exceptions: The proposed electric road shall be laid on the south side of the highway between this village and McGrawville going around the hill instead of over it. In place where the road is not wide enough to allow teams to meet and pass easily it is to be widened at the expense of the railroad At the entrance to private property, plank guards are to be placed on the outside of the rails and the inside is to be properly filled in. Except between the villages the rails are not to be more than one inch above grade, between the villages not more than three inches. The track is to be laid on the south side of Pt. Watson bridge and in the center of all other bridges and the rails are to be such as will be approved by the highway commissioners.
   The railroad cannot claim damages by reason of the carrying away of any bridge by high water or the impeding of travel by repairing or rebuilding bridges. The company is to pay half the expense of replanking bridges and in case it becomes necessary to rebuild Pt. Watson bridge they are to pay one-half the expense if they desire to use it thereafter. All bridges in the town sought to be used by the company must be carefully examined by an engineer, who shall report as to whether the same would be safe after placing the extra weight of the track thereon. In all other respects the franchise granted is substantially the same as the one granted by the village.

Fire Alarm System.
   The following is a corrected list of all the fire alarm stations in Cortland with the names of the several parties holding keys to each box:
   123—At Cortland Manufacturing Co. Limited shops. Key at their office.
   124—Corner Union and Owego-sts. Keys at Lewis Bouton's, Mrs. Fayette Reynold's, Arthur Haight's.
   125—Corner Tompkins and Duane. Keys, Ira Hatfield, Thos. Lynch, Peter Conine.
   132—Corner James and Prospect. Keys, W. H. Clark, I. H. Palmer.
   133—Corner South Main and Argyle. Keys, O. V. Eldridge, Mrs. L. D. Vunk.
   134—Corner Tompkins and Owego. Keys, Daniel E. Smith, G. W. Bradford.
   142—Corner Union and South Main. Keys, F. O. Hyatt, Mrs. S. Cornwell, Arlington House.
   143—Corner Wickwire Bros.' wire works. Keys, Wickwire Bros.' office.
   213—Corner Homer and Goton-avs. Keys, Joseph T. Bates, Jerome Squires, I. H. Holcomb.
   214—Extension Lincoln-ave., near bridge. Keys, John Seaman, E. M. Pudney, Jno. J. Loring.
   215—Corner Suggett and Homer aves. Keys, A. W. Ranney, F. Gallop.
   223—Corner Homer-ave. and No. Main. Keys, R. M. Weld, B. Richardson, Alex. Coon.
   224—Corner No. Main and Grant. Keys, C. O. Smith, Eugene Powers.
   232—Corner Main and Maple-ave. John Garrity, Rev. J. J. McLoghlin, Mrs.  N. H. Haynes, J. H. Spaulding.
   233—Corner Groton-ave. and Woodruff-st. Keys, R. A. Smith, E. W. Bates.
   312—Corner Clinton and Washington-sts. Keys, Geo. Kenfield, D. C. Bliss, Steam Laundry.
   313—Corner Clinton and Hubbard. Keys, G. L. Williams, R. B. Fletcher, J. D. Doran.
   314—Corner Elm and Pomeroy. Keys, Wm. Nash, Mrs. E. Freeman, Tobias Robrash.
   321—Corner Grant and Railroad-ave. Keys, Martin Edgcomb, W. B. Knapp, J. E. Perry.
   323—Excelsior Top Shop. Keys, Excelsior Top Shop.
   324—Corner Elm and Pendleton. Hitchcock Mfg. Co.'s office, F. J. Hitt,  Mrs. S. Earle, Hugh Corcoran.
   331—Corner Church and Clinton. Dr. E. B. Nash, J. B. Hamilton Johnston.
   332—D. L. & W. Depot. Keys, St. Charles Hotel, D. L. & W. Depot, Howard & Co., Beef Company.
   333—Engine House Main-st. Keys, Belfry of Engine House.
   412—Corner Greenbush and East Court-st. Keys, H. M. Kellogg, D. C. Dickinson, C. C. Darby, C. H. V. Elliot.
   413—Corner of Pt. Watson and Pomeroy. Keys, Frank Place, A. L. Spohn, J. L. Conrad.
   414—Corner Pt. Watson and Pendleton. Keys, D. H. Brown, A. F. Aird, G. T. Maxson.
   422—Whitney Wagon Company Shops, Keys at the office of the company.
   432—Corner Pt. Watson and So. Main. Keys, Messenger House, Theo. Evarts.
   434—Corner Church and Railroad. Keys, Commercial Hotel, Mrs. D. C. Cloves,
D. Reilly's Meat Market, Emerald Hose Room.
   Always send in an alarm from box nearest to building on fire. Do not run to Engine House to give an alarm unless fire is on Main-st. Cut this out and paste it in your hat.