Friday, July 14, 2017


Looking west at Cortland and Homer Traction Co. bridge over the Tioughnioga River at Elm Street.
The Cortland Democrat, Friday, August 3, 1894.

The Cortland and Homer Traction Company Purchases Handsome Grounds for a Park—Work Already Commenced on the New Road.
   Last Friday afternoon the Cortland and Homer Traction Company made a purchase of the Salisbury farm on the hill east of Cortland containing 167 acres, and 22 1/2 acres immediately south of it from Mr. George Conable. The land is situated along the east side of the Tioughnioga river and extends from Port Watson bridge north to the Timothy Rose farm more than one half the distance to the County Alms House. On the Salisbury farm is a very handsome grove of maples and the river is skirted for some distance with timber land, mostly of hemlock. The underbrush will be removed and handsome walks and drives made through the timber and along the river banks. The river will be put in shape to permit boating the whole length of the park and commodious bathing houses will be constructed on the shores for the use of patrons. The company has also purchased the Electric Light Company's plant which will be enlarged and lights placed at intervals along the road on the bank of the stream.
   This purchase insures the building of the Electric road to McGrawville and the Little York enterprise has been abandoned for the present but there is some likelihood of its being renewed later. The work of changing the road from the old to the Electric road was to have been begun last Monday but it has been delayed because of the non-arrival of the iron. It is expected that work will be commenced in a day or two and according to contract the road must be completed by November first next.
   The building of this road and the park will be a great improvement to Cortland and will undoubtedly result in attracting the attention of many well to-do people, who desire to leave the large cities and find a healthful place of residence that furnishes all the conveniences of the great towns.

A Man of More Than Mature Years Marries a Blushing Damsel and Purchases Real Estate With Funds That are Said to be Beyond His Reach.
   The old saying that there is "No fool like an old fool," has been pretty well exemplified in this town during the past week. A few days since one John E. Anewald of Homer, aged 72 years, accompanied by Miss Sarah Henry, better known as "Sally Ruffles," of the same place, aged 26 years, stopped at the Park hotel opposite the fairgrounds. They registered as man and wife and very soon the lord and master entered into negotiations for the purchase of the hotel, which is owned and run by Mr. Chas. E. Rowe. The price was agreed upon and an inventory of the stock and furniture was taken and all that remained to be done was to put up the cash, which Mr. Anewald failed to do, owing as he says, to the fact that Mr. John Ham, Jr. of Syracuse has his filthy lucre in his keeping and refuses to disgorge.
   Mr. Ham, who is a nephew of Anewald, was here Monday and Tuesday endeavoring to unravel the tangle his uncle is in, but did not succeed very well. He says that Anewald had considerable property some years ago but that he has squandered most of it. He does not take very kindly to his uncle's matrimonial enterprise and does not seem to place much faith in his story of the marriage, from the fact that Anewald has told many different yarns about the place where the ceremony was performed and cannot give the name of the officiating officer.
   As a part of the agreement to purchase the hotel Anewald placed $300 in the hands of D. G. Corwin, which was to be paid to Rowe on a day set, provided he failed to complete the purchase. The day having passed and he having failed to fulfill, he directed Corwin in writing to pay the money to Rowe, which was done.
   Anewald seems to be delighted with the situation and lavishes all sort of devotion on the gay and festive partner of his choice.

A Good Start for a Big Fire —Sager & Jennings Drug Store Narrowly Escapes Cremation.
   At 11:30 o'clock last Friday morning Harry Greenman, a clerk in Sager & Jennings' drug store, corner of Main-st. and Clinton-ave., went down stairs into the cellar under the store to draw some Japan varnish for a customer. As he turned the faucet the can exploded and fire dashed in his face. He shut off the faucet immediately after the explosion, which stopped the flow of the varnish which caught fire as fast as it left the can. He called to Major Sager who was at the top of the stairs to come down, but it immediately became so hot from the burning varnish that he ran up stairs. Mr. W. H. Wood, who stood with his wheel in front of the store, rode to Firemen's hall and Mr. F. E. Bickford rang a general alarm and then pulled box 333.
   The Orris Hose was first on the ground and attached two lines of hose to the hydrant at the Cortland House. The other companies soon followed and barrels of water was soon pouring into the cellar which was all ablaze. Smoke was pouring from the windows in the building and some of it worked through under the roof of the Dexter House adjoining and came out at the windows. In less than twenty minutes the fire was over, and the members of the department retired, after having done as slick a job as any department ever done before. The proprietors of the store opened the soda fountain before the boys left and they allayed their thirst with the cool beverage.
   Greenman's hair was singed and his escape from serious injury is considered almost wonderful. No one seems to be able to give a satisfactory reason for the explosion. Greenman does not smoke nor had there been any fire about the premises during the day. He did not even strike a match or take a light with him.
   The proprietors are taking an inventory to determine the amount of their loss. The building was insured for $3,500 and there was $3,000 on the stock which will more than cover the loss. For a few moments it looked as if the Sager block and Dexter House block would both be burned.
Japan Has Got the Better of the Scrap So Far—Official Statement of the Fight.
   LONDON, July 27.—A dispatch received here at 11:20 A. M. to-day from Lyons agent at Shanghai confirms the announcement, exclusively cabled to the Associated Press on Saturday last, that war between Japan and China had been declared.
   Telegraphic communication with Korea is interrupted and the wildest rumors are in circulation. Fighting is said to have taken place between the Japanese and Chinese war ships and transports and a Chinese war ship has been sunk and a number of other Chinese ships are reported disabled.
   The manager of the Hong Kong and Shanghai bank said: I have not received any confirmation of the report that war had been declared between China and Japan, but I should not be surprised if such were the case. One of the results of the war "will be to put a great trade in the hands of England and Europe to the disadvantage of China and Japan. But the end of the war will be the making of China everywhere and the opening of China, for all time, to western civilization and trade. China will realize through this war her great and yet undeveloped strength."
   The actual cause of declaration of war, outside of the recently growing complications between China and Japan, in regard to Korea, is said to be the fact that, as exclusively announced by the Associated press on July 24th, the Japanese attacked the Chinese transports conveying troops to Korea. In this engagement at least one Chinese transport was sunk by a Japanese cruiser.
   But it would now seem that the fighting between the Japanese and Chinese war ships was much more serious than at first announced, for it is rumored in Anglo-Chinese circles here that the Chinese have already suffered heavy loss, and it is believed that a number of Chinese ships have been sunk.
   SHANGHAI, July 29.—It is now positively known that the steamer Tooman, owned by the Japanese Trading company, which was being used to transport Chinese troops to Corea, was sunk by a Japanese warship, as well as the Kow Shung, and all on board were drowned.
   It is stated that there were eleven hundred Chinese soldiers on board the steamer Kow Shung, which was sunk by the Japanese batteries. Some of these are reported to have been saved, but it is said that a large majority were drowned. The Japanese claim to have captured a Chinese gunboat.
   Other Chinese transports have reached the Yaloo river, and landed their troops without mishap. These troops have joined the Corean forces.
   The activity of the Japanese operations is supposed to have been incited by the desire of the government to achieve some successes before the general elections, which take place in August. After the elections it is assumed that Japan will readily arrange terms of peace.
   The Chinese government made inquiries in London as to the price the market would give for a Chinese loan of several million pounds. The Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank made an offer to the government at Pekin to take the whole loan, but the government replied that they were not in need of money.
   All the Chinese Trading Company's steamers here and all merchant steamers coming in were ordered this morning to remain in this port until further orders from Tien Tsin.
   YOKOHAMA, July 29—The following official statement of the recent engagement between the Chinese and Japanese warships has been issued by the Japanese government:
   In consequence of severe provocation three ships of the Japanese squadron were compelled to engage the Chinese fleet off Fontao or Round Island. They captured the Chinese warship Taso Kian and sunk a Chinese transport with soldiers on board. Unfortunately one of the largest Chinese ironclads of the northern fleet, the Chen-Yuen, escaped to China and the Chinese torpedo cruiser Huan Tie escaped to Fusan in Corea. The three Japanese war ships engaged were the Akitsushima, the Makachiho and the Hi-Yel. They escaped entirely without injury.

Conflicting Statements as to the Flag Kow Shine was Flying—Brutality Denied.
   SHANGHAI, July 31.—Another battle between the Chinese and Japanese fleets was fought yesterday, July 30.
   After a serious fight the Chinese ironclad man-of-war Chen Yuen, the largest and most recently built ship in the Chinese navy, was sunk and two Chinese cruisers built by the Armstrongs at Elswick were captured by the Japanese.
   The two cruisers were the Chih Yuen and Ching Yuen.
   It is reported that another cruiser, the Foo Tsching, was also destroyed.
   The Chinese fleet carried about 1,000 men, most of whom were drowned.
   Among the killed were two German officers attached to the Chen Yuen. The Chen Yuen was a battleship of 7,400 tons.
   YOKOHAMA, July 31.—The Japanese government has issued an official statement of the differences which led to the rupture between Japan and China.
   It says Japan and China were approaching a settlement of their difficulties, when China suddenly requested Japan to withdraw her fleet from Korea, and to give a formal compliance with the Chinese demands by the 20th, otherwise the whole Chinese forces were to land and a sea advance upon [that] part of China was to be made.
   The Japanese regarded this as an ultimatum but, acting under the advice of friendly powers, they agreed to the proposals, in principle, in amended form, at the same time declaring that if the threatened Chinese advance was made on the 20th they would retaliate.
   The Japanese assert that the claim that the Kow Shing was flying the British flag is unfounded.
   They also deny the charges that the officers and crew of the Japanese cruiser that sunk the Kow Shing were brutal in their treatment of the Chinese struggling in the water.
   LONDON, July 31.—The managers of the Indo-Chinese Steam Navigation company, which owned the steamer Kow Shing, stated to-day that there is no room for doubt that the vessel was in every respect a British steamer, though she was in the Chinese government service.
   She was manned by British officers and carried the British flag. Besides the English captain, the Kow Shing had four English officers, three of them engineers.
   The Kow Shing was the fastest vessel in eastern waters, and the Japanese were glad of the chance of depriving China of her services. The presence on board of General Von Hanneken would also add an incentive to an attack upon the ship, as that officer was supposed to be on his way to take command of the Chinese army in Korea.
   Lord Kimberley, Secretary of Foreign Affairs, telegraphed to the British consul at Tien-Tsin for a detailed report of the sinking of the Kow Shing. The British government will probably ask the French gunboat Lion to report on the affair.
   The officials of the Japanese embassy here have telegraphed to Tokio for an explanation of the Chinese charges that an unresisting transport was blown up.

Farmers and Milkmen.
   At our new railroad elevator at 37 Squires-st., we are prepared to furnish all kinds of oats, bran, feed, middlings, etc., at car rates. We are sole agents for the Celebrated Gluten feed. Main office, 39 Main st. Telephone call, 75.
(39tf)                                                    HOLDEN & SAGER.

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