Tuesday, July 11, 2017


Grover Cleveland.

The Cortland Democrat, Friday, July 13, 1894.


The Syracuse Herald criticizes the President for sending Federal troops to Chicago to prevent interference with the U. S. mails and inter-state commerce on the ground that such action is unconstitutional. According to the Herald, the President should keep his hands off, until a few hundred innocent people have been killed by a lawless mob, and the business of the country paralyzed by preventing the running of trains. It does not say this in so many words, but that is what the result would undoubtedly have been if the President had not acted promptly. If he had waited until the governor of Illinois called for Federal interference, he would undoubtedly, never have been called on for troops, as the present governor of that state sympathizes with the anarchistic and lawless classes. It is well to observe the constitution and laws, but when great emergencies arise it is sometimes impossible to proceed in strict accordance with the fundamental law of the land. The President has simply performed his duty and even if the provisions of the constitution were strained a little, the law abiding, patriotic citizens of the country will sustain him. The anarchistic tendencies of the Herald are to be regretted, for until it became an out and out republican paper, its editorials were well written and contained germs of good sense. During the war, several journals of the country were great sticklers for the constitution, but they were considered anything but patriotic in their utterances. We hope the Herald will conclude to stand by the country.

It is said that a conspiracy has been formed to kill the rulers of all the European countries. How could such blood thirsty work help the anarchists? Other rulers would be put in their places and the murderers would have no voice in their selection. Is it the purpose of these misguided beings to keep on killing until there are none but anarchists left to rule? If as common people they entertain such murderous notions what would they not do if placed in position of power? Their zealous and envious comrades would soon cause their heads to roll in the basket and the war of extermination would go on forever. The teachings of these creatures are pernicious in the extreme and should not be tolerated in any country. Law and order must prevail everywhere.  

Prendergast the murderer of Mayor Harrison of Chicago, has been pronounced sane by a jury called to enquire into the question of his sanity. He is undoubtedly a crank but if all the cranks who kill were permitted to go free, murder would be a very common occurrence.  

"Bat" Shea convicted of the murder of Robert Ross in the election riots in Troy has been sentenced to be electrocuted at Danemora prison in the week beginning August 21.  

The republican factions of Syracuse have decided not to "get together," and have declared for war. The fur will fly from now on.

Eugene V. Debs

Debs's Wanton Folly.
(From the New York World.)
   The man Debs had a great opportunity for good. He has used it for evil.
   His new labor organization was full of possibilities. It was rational in its composition, homogeneous in its makeup, and well equipped to support all reasonable and just demands of the men engaged in operating railroads.
   Debs has used it for the purpose of exploiting himself by inaugurating a gigantic disturbance of commerce at a time so inopportune that success for the strike must be even more disastrous than failure to the men and the interests concerned.
   He has chosen to father a strike at a time when the industries of the country were prostrate, against a company which was not responsible for the operation of any railroad. He has assailed the railroads without even the pretense of a complaint against them, and wantonly attacked interests upon which the whole community is dependent.
   If he succeeds in stopping the hauling of Pullman cars he will have gained absolutely nothing for organized labor except popular resentment. If he fails it will be through the employment of power in new ways which threaten all labor and all citizenship with an abridgment of liberty.
   His course has been one of insensate folly and reckless wickedness. Its result, whatever it may be, must be lastingly hurtful to organized labor, to all labor and to the entire public.
   He has inaugurated the most unjustifiable of strikes at the most inopportune time imaginable. He has deliberately offended that public sympathy without which no strike ever yet achieved results advantageous to labor or any other worthy interest.

                              From the New York Tribune.
   President Cleveland hat met the emergency manfully, and his proclamations deserve the hearty support of all good citizens. The first, regarding Chicago, is the more explicit. It does not trench [sic] upon the rights of any honest man, but warns all that those who "take part with a riotous mob in forcibly resisting or obstructing the execution of the laws of the United States, or destroying or attempting to destroy property under its protection, cannot be regarded otherwise than as public enemies." If the people were not ready to welcome, and willing at any cost to support such a declaration, they would not be fit for self-government. Yet it is the strangest and saddest phase of the prevalent lunacy of labor that the President is more savagely denounced for this than for any other act of his life. He asks simply for order and obedience to law, which every decent workingman wants, and condemns only the rioting and violence and lawless destruction of property which every leader of labor in words elaborately condemns, and yet these same leaders denounce him as an enemy and a tyrant because he enforces the laws.
   The unions of Chicago, according to dispatches, answer his appeal by ordering a general strike. Is it possible that they intend to make common cause with the ruffians and the lawbreakers by whom the leaders of the unions say, all acts of violence and crime at Chicago have been perpetrated?
   There are men of sense and substance in these organizations, at Chicago as in this city; men who have really served the cause of labor with honor.
   The working people of the United States are the people, and they are nor blind nor ignorant. They know something of the turbulent and lawless spirit which too often gets uppermost in labor organizations and misrepresents honest labor. The people know that all their rights and liberties depend upon the faithful and unflinching enforcement of the law against every lawbreaker, whether he be in fact an overexcited striker or habitual criminal, or an Anarchist wearing the mask of labor.
   Law alone guarantees to the workman his wages, his home, his freedom and his civil and personal rights. If any mob can defy law on one pretext, it can as well on any other. First of all, before anything else can be even considered, the people will insist upon the supremacy of the law. Thus it is that the President's proclamations have the support of good citizens without regard to their political relations.
   It is stated that the American Railway Union embraces 125,000 members, and the Knights of Labor as many more. Perhaps all the other unions which have been asked to join in a movement against the public welfare and peace may raise the number to a million. But the wage-earners of the country number more than twenty millions, and the laws which are made by their votes they will not fail to uphold. The cause of labor is, in fact, that of the twenty millions, and not that of any fraction of one million. It is the cause of law, and not that of riotous lawlessness.
   No labor organization can ever command the confidence and support of the majority, or even of a considerable minority of the wage-earners in this self-governing country which arrays itself against the laws, or suffers itself to be drawn by mistaken leaders into any form of hostility to the authorities charged by the people with the duty of maintaining law.

Engine for Sale.
   The Cortland Door and Window Screen Co., having put in a more powerful engine, offer the 30-horse power engine taken out of their factory for sale. It may be seen at their factory. (43tf)

   Be sure and see the wheel races on the fair grounds to-morrow.
   Mr. Lewis S. Hayes has taken out letters patent for a type-writer cabinet.
   Orris Hose company netted about $450 from their fourth of July celebration.
   A new postage stamp bearing the facsimile of the American flag is soon to be issued.
   Burgess, the clothier has a new advertisement on our eighth page. He quotes prices.
   The board of trustees of Homer village have finally granted a franchise to the Electric Railroad company.
   The Cortland City band will enter the contest for the best band, to be held in Ithaca, after the parade at the Central New York Firemen's convention to be held in that city next month.
   The prizes for the C. W. C. races advertised to take place to-morrow may be seen in G. P. Beaudry's north window. A $50 water pitcher donated by the Stearns company is one of them.
   The residence of Frank Terpening, between Dryden and Virgil is reported to have had a narrow escape from destruction Monday afternoon, July 2nd. Lightning struck tree in front of the house, and Mr. and Mrs. Terpening, who were upon the porch, were considerably shocked. Before they had fairly recovered, a second bolt, struck a tree in the rear and running along a clothesline, entered the milk room, where it upset things generally, but the building did not take fire.—Dryden Herald.
   John D. Schermerhorn, Esq., has purchased the stock, machinery and tools of the Cortland Chair and Cabinet company and will hereafter conduct the business with Messrs. F. W. Kingsbury and F. A. Woodworth as managers. The company have been and now are manufacturing a very fine line of goods and it is expected a full complement of men will soon be employed. Mr. Schermerhorn is a successful business man and the business will undoubtedly prosper under his management.
   The New York State field day of the Patriarchs Militant will be held in Cortland September 6. Seven or eight hundred uniformed men will attend. 
   County Clerk S. K. Jones received through D. D. Lovell agent for The Inter-State Casualty Company of New York, their check for $39.28 in payment of claim on account of injury to hand sustained June 23, being indemnity for five days total and three days partial disablement.
   Dogs got after Robert Smith's large flock of sheep and lambs one night last week and as a result when Mr. Smith went after his cows on the morning of July 4, he found ten dead sheep and lambs and two others severely bitten.—McGrawville Sentinel.
   Friday night George Dodd, living northeast of this village, had a valuable horse killed by a bull. The animals were pastured together and in the evening the family heard the roaring of the bull, but thought nothing strange of it. Next morning the beast was found standing over the mangled body of the horse. Mr. Dodd meets quite a loss as the horse was one of a young team.—McGrawviile Sentinel.
   The Cortland Wheel Club will give a lantern parade this evening weather permitting. Members of the C. A. A. and Y. M. C. A. and owners of wheels generally have been invited to join. The parade will be worth seeing. Japanese lanterns will be provided for all. Wheelmen are requested to be at the club rooms in Railroad-st. at 7 o'clock and the start will be made promptly at 7:30. The procession will ride to Homer and return passing through the principal streets of Cortland. The City band will give a fine concert at the corner of Court and Main-sts.

The C. A. A. Road Race.
   The C A. A. had their first road race, over the Little York course [Cortland to Little York and return--CC editor] Wednesday evening. There were five starters, F. H. Monroe, Geo. E. Hitchcock and J. E. Bliss having a 3 1/2 minute handicap over E. B. Richardson and F. W. Melvin. Bliss became tangled in the tracks at the first railroad crossing and came back. The forward fork of Melvin's wheel broke just beyond the stone mill giving him a bad fall. Hitchcock finished first in 51:30 and Richardson next in 50:47. Palmer tires were a little too safe for Monroe and he substituted a coil of rope on his rear wheel and reached home the same evening in as good trim as he started except for the punctured tire he had in his hand.

   TOMPKINS.—Quails have made their appearance in Spencer.
   The Empire Glass Works will start up September 1st.
   Ithaca Street Railway Co. has a permit to cross the campus.
   The new cemetery north of Ithaca contains thirty-six acres.
   The Sunday closing of barber shops in Ithaca began last Sunday.
   The Tompkins County Veterans association will picnic at Glenwood, August 23, in company with the Cortland County association.
   An exchange says: The bonds of the Ithaca electric road which went begging at 90 cents when the road was built, now sell at a premium of 13 per cent, and few of them are for sale at that price.
   The baby elephant in Main's circus was so badly injured by the runaway wagon down East Hill in Ithaca that it was found necessary to kill it since the performance in that city. The Binghamton Herald says it was worth $20,000.

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