Saturday, July 8, 2017


Cortland Normal School.
Alton B. Parker.

The Cortland Democrat, Friday, June 29, 1894.

The Normal Commencement.
   The graduation exercises of the Normal school commencement was held in the opera house Tuesday morning at 10 o'clock. A class of forty-eight was graduated.
   The opera house was filled up to the last seat in the gallery and though they lasted nearly three hours the audience paid a close and interested attention to the exercises throughout. At one point in the program the circus procession passed the building and put the self-restraint of the audience to a rather severe test. A few so far forgot what the courtesies of the occasion demanded as to rise and pass out while an oration was being delivered, but the confusion was only momentary and as a whole the audience stood the test manfully and splendidly.
   The orations and essays were all thoughtful, well written, and delivered with grace and force. Altogether the exercises were such as the class and school may well be proud of. The orations of Miss Jennie May Allen and Miss Anna B. Thayer were of especial interest. The thought of the former was that the freedom in which lies strength of character and true success comes from silent conflicts, the life long struggles in the individual for mastery over self struggles which the world cannot see or understand.
   Miss Thayer's oration dealt with an interesting professional theme, with the results of the work of the "Committee of Ten" appointed by the National Council of Education. The oration dealt especially with correlation of studies and pointed to geography as furnishing a good basis for such correlation. The studies in all branches, language, literature, history, science, even in mathematics may be grouped around geography and made dependent upon it. The other orations were scarcely less interesting than these two and all deserved and secured the attention and interest of the entire audience.
   The program was carried out exactly as printed below excepting that Mr. Van Arnam was at his own request, and because of the condition of his voice, excused from delivering his oration. In announcing this change Dr. Cheney said that the honor of a place upon the program was one that Mr. Van Arnam had well merited by his good scholarship and excellent work in the training school. At the close of the program Dr. Cheney introduced, as the one chosen to address the graduating class, one who as a student had been familiar with the Normal school in its infancy and who by a well deserved eminence had brought honor to the school and place, Judge Alton B. Parker. He opened his address in a very happy way with reminiscences of the early days of the school and of the men who had secured it for Cortland. He alluded to several incidents connected with the first commencements of the school which had occasioned immeasurable wrath on the part of the faculty and the graduates and their friends, and great amusement on the part of the audience. He proceeded to implicate several men now eminent in these schemes, and paid a tribute to Mr. B. B. Jones, as one whose efficient aid had secured from detection the perpetrators of this old time deviltry. The judge said that it had been his intention to embody in his address other reminiscences of the sort but for two reasons he had changed his mind. The one was that one of his old time friends who might perhaps be concerned in such revelations and who had anticipated something of the sort in his address, had written to him especially warning him therefrom under threat of retaliation. The other was contained in a letter received from Dr. Cheney, one or two sentences of which he would read. It ran somewhat as follows:
   "Perhaps I should inform you that the graduating class consists of about fifty young men and women, ten of whom will appear upon the platform with orations. These exercises will occupy about two hours and immediately thereafter will be the time for your address. While I do not wish you to make your address too short, your own good judgment will under these circumstances indicate its appropriate limits."
   The judge commended the diplomacy of these sentences. He said that never before in so neat a way had he been told that others would be glad to hear him talk if only he would not talk much. The judge then spoke of the influences that are important in forming character and placed the teacher high among these. In considering the opportunity of the teacher he spoke at some length of some of the social weeds that infest the country from whose spread much of danger is to be anticipated, to socialism, anarchism and allied doctrines. He referred to the lawlessness connected with the Coxey movement as an instance. Very feelingly he referred to the honored president of the French Republic now lying dead, under the dagger of an anarchist. He instanced the great number of people and periodicals published in foreign languages in this country as showing the great difficulty of combating these doctrines. But the teacher in the public schools comes in contact with the children of all classes and has an opportunity denied to all others of instilling into their minds just conceptions of the worth and use of the government, into their hearts a love of country. He appealed to the teacher, whom he was addressing to undertake that work. An earnestness and feeling ran through all his remarks that made his address very impressive.
   Dr. Cheney presented the diplomas to the graduating class with a few appropriate remarks. The class sang its class song and after benediction by Rev. Dr. Cordo the exercises were at a close.
   Below is a list of the graduates, the program in full, and the class song:
   1. Invocation, Liston H. Pierce, D. D.
   2. Overture—Fairy Queen, Eilenberg.
   3. Oration—Freedom In Development,  Jennie M. Allen.
   4. Oration—Importance or Details, Ida B. Butler.
   5. *Essay—Volapuk or English, Dora A. Wagner.
   6. Oration—Decision of Character, Ernest P. Carr.
   7. Essay—Practice vs. Theory, Lula E. VanScoy.
   8. Music—Liberty Bell, Brooks.
   9. Oration—Civil Government and the Common school, Harmon Van Arnam.
 10. Oration—Nature's Methods in Teaching, Adelaide A. Allen.
 11. *Essay—English, the World Language, Agnes C. Post.
 12. Oration—The Need of Belated Work, Anna B. Thayer.
 13. *Oration—What Next? Dora E. Smith.
 14. Oration—Crystallized Beginnings, Laura L. Burrit.
 15. *Essay—The Report of the Committee of Ten, Glendora L. Atkinson.
 16. Music—Concert Mazurka "Amarosa," Navarro.
 17. Oration—Education in Citizenship, Jessie P. Ward.
 18. *Essay—The Three Aristocracies, Anna L. Place.
 19. Oration—Coxeyism and Democracy, Rufus E. Corlew.
 20. Oration—Mental Hygiene, Anna W. Blackmer.
 21. Music—Hungarian Fantasia, (Liszt) Moses.
 22. Address, Hon. Alton B. Parker.
 23. Presentation of Diplomas.
 24. Class Song.
 25. Benediction.

Words by Chas. E. Bryant.
Music by Harry M. Butler.
We stand to-day at the threshold
Where opens life's busiest mart;
Each has a duty before him,
To meet with unfaltering heart.
The world has need of true workers,
Of thoughts that are noble and strong,
Deeds that will last through the ages
And triumph at last o'er the wrong.
CHORUS—Then where so e'er there's work to do,
Let every noble effort rise;
For truth and honor must prevail,
If we would at last win the prize.
The pathway that stretches before us,
Which leads to a future unknown,
Is not lined with sweetest of roses,
Nor with thorns and briers is strown.
So let us strive with a purpose
And work while the promise looks bright,
With "Seem not: Be" for a motto,
We all hope to win in the fight.

Jennie M. Allen, Jeanette M. Ranney,
Jessie L. Barnes, Jessie P. Ward,
Ida B. Butler, Jeanie S. Wratten,
Anna W. Blackmer, Claribel Warren,
Josie K. Meade, Ernest P. Carr,
Anna L. Place, Henry E. Hubbard,
Martie L. Myers, Lew Fralick,
Edwin T. Whiffen.
William E. Hine.
Sara M. Angell,
Glendora L. Atkinson,
Adelaide A. Allen,
Rosa K. Barden,
Laura L. Burritt,
Julia E. Bull,
Anna DeRonde,
Josephine B. Flynn,
Emma M. Gilbert,
Iva Belle Kinney,
Margaret A. Lorch,
Cora A. Morse,
Luella W. Palmer,
Agnes C Post,
Myrtle M. Rounds,
Dora E. Smith,
Anna Belle Thayer,
Katherine Taylor,
Ella M. VanMarter,
Julia E. VanBuskirk,
Lulu E. VanScoy,
Gertrude I. Woodworth,
Dora A. Wagner,
John A. Bowen,
Charles E. Bryant,
Willis E. Cummings,
Frank P. Gleason,
Harmon Van Arnam.
Rufus E. Corlew, Fred B. Niles.
Harry M. Butler.
Geo. W. Champlin.

Killed by the Cars.
   Early last Monday morning the mangled body of Henry Powers was found lying near the railroad track just north of the Warren-st. crossing in Homer village. The body was removed to Briggs Brothers undertaking rooms and coroner Bradford was notified.
   Powers was a farm hand and was employed by Mr. Jerome R. Hathway, who owns the John Scott farm about a mile south of Little York on the west road. His watch, hat, a pair of shoes and several packages were found scattered along the track. It is supposed that he undertook to board one of the coal trains about mid-night Sunday night and fell under the train, being dragged some distance. He was seen about Homer during the day by several persons and was apparently under the influence of liquor. Just after the first shower which occurred a little before darkness set in on Sunday evening, he called at the house of Mr. Hector Cowan, about a mile and a half east of this village on the road to East Homer, and tried to induce Mr. Cowan to carry him home but failed. He was invited to have lunch with the family and accepted the invitation. He said he had lost his reckoning and had walked up the railroad track supposing he was on the road home, but finally it occurred to him that he was on a single track road and he left the track and came to Mr. Cowan's house.
   He was then considerably under the influence of liquor. From there he went to the house of Mr. Fred Cowan, just north and endeavored to get him to take him part way home offering to pay for the ride. Presently a man drove along from the south in a buggy and Powers got in and rode north with him. He probably got out when he came to the road leading over the hill from Lorings station to Homer, and at the latter place struck the double track for Little York.
   He was about forty-five years of age and had a son, who was employed on the Hitchcock farm two miles north of Homer. The coroner decided that an inquest was not necessary.

The New Railroad.
   The engineers, who have been laying out the line and establishing grades on the Erie and Central N. Y. road, have the work well along and it will soon be completed, ready for active work in grading and laying track. This work, however, will not be commenced until the full sum of $25,000 in bonds has been taken. A little over $3,000 is needed to complete the amount, and those of our readers who want the road and are able to do so, should subscribe for one or more of these bonds. Any delay in raising this small sum, causes a corresponding delay in the work that makes the road a sure thing. Don't wait for your neighbor to do what you ought to do yourself. Come forward and act promptly.

A Brilliant Social Event.
   Last Friday evening a very large party of invited guests assembled at the handsome home of Hon. and Mrs. W. H. Clark on Prospect-st., to partake of their hospitality. The party was given in honor of his business partner Mr. E. D. Blodgett and his bride. The rooms were brilliantly lighted and handsomely decorated with flowers and ferns, and the evening was spent in a social way. Those who were so inclined indulged in the various games at cards. Mr. Geo. Griffith, the well known caterer, served an excellent supper at about 10 o'clock and Mangang's superb orchestra furnished music during the entire evening.
   The weather was very sultry and the handsome grounds about the house accommodated many gay lawn parties. It was one of the most enjoyable and brilliant social events that has taken place in Cortland during a notable season of similar occurrences. The hosts have a peculiarly happy manner of entertaining and their guests were received with an ease and grace that made them feel at home during the entire evening.


Casimer Perier has been elected President of France by the National Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the murder of President Carnot.
The Prohibitionists of this state have made the following nominations: for Governor, Francis E. Baldwin of Elmira; for Lieutenant-Governor, Justus Miller of Troy; for Judge of the Court of Appeals, Zachariah P. Taylor of Rochester.    
Richard Croker sailed from England for New York yesterday. The Lexow committee will have an opportunity of securing his testimony in regard to certain alleged questionable transactions in New York. It will be a great surprise to the World and other republican papers, that have charged that he went abroad for the purpose of getting rid of such an examination.  
Hon. Sereno E. Payne of Auburn desires to be renominated from this district for Congress again this fall, but there are said to be other aspirants for his comfortable place. Hon. John Raines of Penn Yan was a candidate two years ago, but was defeated by a combination. It is said that he is fixing up his political fences and that he intends to enter the race again this fall. Raines is a wealthy man and money talks in republican conventions. Hon. R. T. Peck of this village is said to be ambitious to reside in Washington and it is quite probable that he will be a candidate. Wayne and Cayuga counties can get what they want in this district, for the reason that they have a majority of the delegates and have entered into a combination to take charge of the affairs of the district.  
Genl. Neal Dow the famous prohibitionist of Maine says the police of Portland in that state "are more corrupt in comparison with the wealth and population of the city, than the police of New York. The price for protecting the illegal grog shops is reputed to be $40 a month, while sometimes as high as $100 is paid. The courts are contaminated by the way in which they handle the liquor cases. Some of the Judges, after a conviction is secured in their courts, have the cases placed on file, not to be called up unless on a special order by the court. That ends the case practically." This is too bad. No one would suppose that such a thing could be possible in the great republican state of Maine, but here is a splendid field for the Lexow committee and we hope they will start for Portland as soon as they finish their work in New York. Genl. Dow will surely welcome them to that state and bid them God speed in their benevolent work.  
The Syracuse papers claim that Hon. Frank Hiscock of that city is a candidate for the republican nomination for Governor. Hiscock took no part in the municipal election last February for the reason, as they claim, that he had made an alliance with Belden. At the time, the fact that he remained neutral caused considerable comment and no one seemed able to account for his apathy. The deal between him and Platt, Belden & Co., had undoubtedly already been consummated. It is believed that the combination will have charge of the convention and unless Platt chooses to make another combination before the convention sits, Hiscock's chances would seem to be good. His friends say if he is nominated for governor he will be a candidate for the presidency in 1896 and that if nominated he will be elected. While he may be nominated for Governor there is no sure thing that he will be elected, and his chances of a nomination for the Presidency are quite remote and decidedly uncertain.


   Next month the Indian monument at Painted Post will be unveiled. The monument is a large granite one surmounted by a life size figure of an Indian. A legend is told of how a large post in the village was painted with Indian blood from which the place derives its name. A very appropriate program is being prepared and many different tribes of Indians will be represented.
   If there is anything in heredity, George Huff of Moravia village ought to live out more than the allotted three score and ten years. All his grandparents are still living. His grandparents on his father’s side, Mr. and Mrs. Jonah Huff, being 89 and 90 years of age, and his mother's parents being 91 and 85 years old respectively. Mr. and Mrs. Huff have been married for 70 years and Mr. and Mrs. Rounds will soon celebrate their 65th anniversary. We doubt if this record for longevity in a single family can be surpassed.—Moravia Republican.
   In New York City a passenger can ride from the Battery to 173th street for five cents—a distance of over ten miles. [It could be done until July 1, 1948, too—CC editor.]
   Denver's population has decreased in one year from 105,000 to 65,000. Depression in mining and general business.
   During the year 1893 the people of Paris consumed 21,291 horses, 229 donkeys and 40 mules, the total amount of such meat sold in the market of the French capital being set down in round numbers at 4,615 tons. (H. S.)

W. C. T. U. Notes.
   The quarterly convention of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union met in Cuyler June 13th according to appointment. All unions were not represented by delegates, but a good number were present. Interesting papers were read, and some equally so were crowded out. An especially bright, interesting and instructive paper upon "Flower mission work" was read by Mrs. Jennie June. She gave its beginning as a dept. of W. C. T. U. work, and also a brief history of the life and work of the national Supt., who accomplished so much although unable to leave her bed for thirty years and who passed away during the last year or two
   Among the most profitable exercises of the day was one conducted by Mrs. Edith Cotton county Supt. of the Loyal Temperance Legion, which consisted of tests of the common summer drinks so popular and especially Hires Root Beer so widely advertised even in the religious papers as a temperance drink, which was found to contain a large per cent of alcohol.
   Mrs. N. M. Hutchinson of Owego was present through the entire session and gave several interesting talks upon Loyal Temperance Legion work and systematic giving, and in the evening delivered an address which gave excellent satisfaction. A good audience was present.
   The good people of Cuyler opened hearts and homes to the convention and all were made to feel thoroughly welcome.

(From our Regular Correspondent.)
   WASHINGTON, June 25.—Senator Hill's fight against the income tax was a futile one, and he did not get even the support of all those he had counted upon. Whether it was that fact or something else he conducted the fight with such bitterness that he made enemies among the democratic Senators who will never forgive him for the language he used and for the manner in which he used it. Senator Hill could have made a fight against the income tax without offending a single democrat who favors it, but he chose to do otherwise, and even those who agree with him in opposing the tax are now unanimous in saying that he has made a mistake that he will never be allowed to forget. No man objects more to be driven than he. Yet he tried to drive his democratic colleagues.
   The end of the fight against the income tax is the end of the legitimate fight against the tariff bill, and unless there is some republican trickery the bill will pass the Senate and be in the hands of the conference committee before the close of this week. Such republican Senators as Aldrich, Sherman and Teller, will do nothing to prevent a vote being reached, the legitimate debate being over, but there is a gang of guerillas on the republican side of the Senate (men like "Little Billy" Chandler of N. H.) who may attempt to filibuster against a vote, not with any expectation of defeating the bill but just because of their "pure cussedness." Public interest recognizing the early passage of the bill, is now centered upon the changes that will be made in it by the conference committee. That there will be a number of changes is regarded as certain, and it is fair to presume that they will all lean towards the original Wilson bill as it was passed by the House, although probably in few, if any, instances going all the way. The sugar schedule is regarded as one of the certain changes to be made, but it will hardly go as far as free sugar, because of the opinion that some revenue must be raised from sugar.
   The Hatch anti-opium bill, which passed the House by a vote of 150 to 87, has been before Congress in one or another shape, for the last five years. It was shown by the manner in which party lines were disregarded when the vote was taken—for the bill, democrats 93, republicans 47, and populists 10, against, democrats 61, republicans 26—that politics did not influence the members to any marked extent. The anti-opium bill was originally introduced in the Fifty-first Congress by Representative Funston of Kan., who was chairman of the House committee of Agriculture at that time, and it was introduced in the present and in the Fifty-second Congresses by Representative Hatch of Mo., now at the head of the committee on Agriculture.
   The so-called industrial armies, three of which are now in the vicinity of Washington, are rapidly going to pieces, the men finding that the people of this country are not quite silly enough to work for money and then contribute it to keep several hundred men lying around in idleness.

   The regular meeting of the board of the Hospital association, will be held at the hospital, Monday, July 2, at 8 P. M.
   Last Monday Mr. A. J. Hamilton had the thumb of his left hand badly injured by a buzz saw in Keller, Keese & Co.'s shop on Squires-st.
   The 6 A. M. train on the D. L. & W. road did not arrive in Cortland last Wednesday until 12:30 owing to the wreck of that train the night previous near New York.
   Last Sunday evening just before the shower a man riding a bicycle ran plump against a young colored woman on the sidewalk corner of Owego and Tompkins St., bruising her quite severely. On Monday evening a child was run over on the side walk near the Congregational church on Church-st. by a bicycle and was severely hurt. If someone should be killed, the trustees might possibly realize that something should be done to protect pedestrians on the sidewalks. Wheelmen demand one-half the highway the same as a load of hay and their rights are recognized by the law and by the public, but no one would think of driving a load of hay down the sidewalks of one of our principal streets. There would be just as much sense in doing so as to permit bicycles to be rode on the walks. If the riders claim their right to one-half the highway they have no right whatever to the sidewalks.
   The uniforms for the C. A. A. base ball team are expected to arrive in a short time. They are to be a light brown trimmed with the club colors and blue stockings.
   During the storm Sunday night lightning struck the barn of Morris Reagan, in Barry Hollow. There were three horses in the barn, and two of them were killed outright by the lightning, while the third one was uninjured.
   The annual prize declamation contest of the Gamma Sigma fraternity was held in Normal hall last week, Thursday evening. The declamations were all well delivered but the judges finally decided that Morton E. Hinman was entitled to first prize, Morris L. Farrell second, and Jared, N. Meaker third.
   The closing exercises of the Central school were held in the opera house a week ago last Thursday afternoon and proved to be very interesting. We should be glad to give a full report [shortened report on Democrat page six—CC editor] of the proceedings with a synopsis of the orations and essays but want of space forbids. Superintendent C. V. Coon delivered a very excellent and practical address at the close which was received with applause.

Died Suddenly.
   Mr. Clinton Shoals was taken ill in Theron Evarts saloon on Port Watson-st. at about 6:30 last Friday evening and was taken to the Central House, where he had been stopping for a few days, in a cab. He sat down for a few moments on the stairs and soon after went into the public sitting room and lay down on a sofa. Dr. Edson was called, but he died soon after the doctor arrived.
   The remains were taken to the undertaking rooms of Messrs. Fletcher & Blackman and Coronor G. D. Bradford of Homer held an inquest on Saturday. Drs. Edson, Angel and Bennett were present and it was found that his death was caused by Brights disease complicated with a liver trouble. He had worked as hostler at the Farmers Hotel and latterly at the Central Hotel, giving up his job at the latter place about a week before his death. He was a brother of Mrs. O. Tisdale and also of Messrs. Harvey and Sherman Shoals of Blodgetts Mills. He also had a sister living in Chenango county. Mr. Shoals was 56 years of age.

She Inhaled Chloroform.
   Last Thursday Mrs. Flavilia Bullman, aged about 70 years, residing at No. 15 Owego-st. attempted to commit suicide by inhaling chloroform. She owns the premises and rents the house and lives alone in a small house on the rear of the lot. She had an understanding with some of the neighbors that she would hang a red cloth from the window in case she was sick or needed assistance. Mrs. Lucy B. Niver, who lives near by saw the cloth hanging out last Thursday and sent her niece, Mrs. R. Patterson, to ascertain the cause. Mrs. Bullman was found lying on the floor in an unconscious condition. A note was also found saying she was impelled to commit the act on account of poor health and because of disappointment over the fact that her granddaughter, who lives west, and was expected to spend the summer with her was unable to come.
   Dr. Henry was sent for and brought her back to consciousness after two hours hard work. Mrs. Bullman is an honest, kind-hearted woman who has suffered much for the last thirty years, and her lonely life coupled with her bodily and mental ills had undoubtedly caused her to feel despondent and discouraged with her future prospects. She came very near leaving her earthly troubles and help came not a moment too soon.

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