Sunday, August 20, 2017

SEVENTY-SIXTH REGIMENT CAMPFIRE



Faded colors of the Seventy-sixth New York Volunteers.

Maj. Andrew J. Grover.
Gettysburg monument.

Lt. Martin Edgcomb.
A. P. Smith.
Cortland Evening Standard, Friday, October 5, 1894.

SEVENTY-SIXTH REGIMENT.
ROUSING PUBLIC MEETING AND OLD-TIME CAMPFIRE.
Full List of Survivors in Attendance with Their Ages—Resolutions of Thanks.
   The public meeting of the Seventy-sixth Regimental association was held at the Opera House at 2 P. M. President A. P. Smith was in the chair. The following was the program of exercises:
   Music, Cortland City Band.
   Prayer, Rev. C. E. Hamilton.
   Selection—The Veteran's Last Song, in memory of Gen. Logan, Mrs. Geo. B. Miller.
   Opening Remarks, President Smith.
   Address of Welcome, Hon. J. E. Eggleston
   Response, B. T. Wright, Esq., one Hundred and Twenty-first New York Volunteers.
   Army SongMcGrawville Quartet.
   Recitation—Maid of the Mill, Miss Aletta Bridgeford; Encore, Her Preference.
   Address N. L. Miller.
   Army Song—Red, White and Blue, McGrawville Quartet.
   Recitation.
   Music, Cortland City Band.
   Memorial resolutions for deceased comrades.
   Short memorial addresses in response to resolutions.
   Music, McGrawville Quartet.
   The memorial resolutions adopted were as follows:
   WHEREAS, In the deaths of Comrades Joseph Miles of Co. D.; 1st Sergt. Hiram G. Warner, Co. B.; Sergt. Laverne E. Teeter, Co. C.; Jas. D. Wilmarth, Co. B.; Marcus B. Bennie, Co. C.; Edward Stone, Co. C.; Chas S. Matteson, Co. K.; Wm. B. Bennett, Co D.; we are admonished of the fact that in the natural course of events we are approaching a period in the history of our association when year by year the death rate will steadily increase until the last remnant shall have passed away,
   Resolved, That while we mourn the loss of our departed comrades we will cherish their memory. The recollection of the patriotism which led them take up arms in defense of our flag and imperiled country will be to us an assurance that they have gone to their reward.
   Resolved, That we extend to the bereaved relatives and friends of our fallen comrades our sincere and heartfelt sympathy and commend them to Him who doeth all things well.
   Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be forwarded to the families of our deceased comrades.
   A. SAGER,
   S. M. BYRAM,
   M. EDGCOMB.
   Committee.
   Resolutions of thanks to the McGrawville Glee club, to the band, to the speaker, to Grover Post, G. A. R., to the Woman's Relief Corps, to the ladies who rendered the recitations, etc. and to the people of Cortland, were adopted.
   The campfire in the G. A. R. rooms in the evening was a most enjoyable affair, made more so by being very informal. The first part of the evening was spent over quite an elaborate menu prepared by the Woman's Relief Corps. The fact that the supper was served by them is sufficient guaranty of its excellence. A quartet of horns furnished music.
   At 9:30 o'clock all adjourned to the parlor below, where even standing room was at a premium. Judge A. P. Smith presided as toast master. In making a brief introductory speech Judge Smith stated that he was delighted to be called upon to uncork the eloquence which he saw bubbling from many of the individuals present. The responses to the toasts were made more entertaining by being impromptu.
   The following toasts and responses were given. They composed amusing, pathetic and patriotic army stories and reminiscences, which kept the feelings of the large audience constantly changing from laughter to tears.
   The Way the Chaplains Suppressed the Rebellion, Rev. L. H. Pearce.
   My Best Girl, Maj. A. Sager.
   The Great Grand Principle, Dr. Hamilton of Syracuse.
   Song—The Army Bean, Congregation.
   The First Recruits, George W. Edgcomb.
   Brief Address, Comrade Lewis of the Otsego branch.
   Music by the Band, led by George Edgcomb.
   The following is a list of the Seventy-sixth N. Y. Vols. present at the reunion of Oct. 4, 1894, with their ages:
   H. G. Risley, 61; David Young, 54; A. P. Smith, 63; L. H. Fox, 54; B. F. Taylor, 53; G. W. Smith, 51; Lester Judson, 54; P. W. Chaffey, 48; M. Edgcomb, 58; G. D. Crittenden, 69; L. F. Lowell, 57; W. L. Bishop, 54; J. R. Birdlebough, 48; Geo. Moore, 54; G. F. Patterson, 52; Nelson W. Smith, 53; Almon W. Kibbe, 60; I. J. Bennett, 54; R. G. Davidson, 67; J. N. Pease, 69; E. R. Hulbert, 65; Dr. C. A. Hamilton, 62; Dr. E. A. Mead, 68; D. R. Montgomery, 56; M. Byram, 56; Wm. [Aumoc­­k,] 56; E. A. Burnham, 54; H. J. Freer, 55; Thos. Simms, 64; Wm. Crozier, 56; E. H. Teeter, 51; Burdett Newton, 53; C. D. Hyde, 48; B. Howard, 50; C. E. Kenyon, 52; A. Harvey, 50; Peter McLane, 52; Clark A. Holmes, 53; Burdette Fuller, 53; Del Way, 49;  Philip [Beiber,] 57; Wm. B. Hill, 54; Melvin Reed, 49; Cyrus Smith, 60; M. L. Alexander, 60; E. E. Fuller, 50; Geo. W. Steele, 49; O. P. Miner, 53; S. E. Sanders, 56; O. Dickerson, 52; Frank Pratt, 59; O. W. Burton, 55; A. Lomeree, 58; J. S. Knapp, 64; John Burnes, 52; Eugene Fisher, 55; Benj. F. Eaton, 57; Israel Rickard, 94; I. M. Alexander, 55; A. Sager, 60; D. C. Beers, 51; H. W. Lewis, 49; L. Davis, 60; G. G. Bacon, 60; D. R. Mathews, 58; W. J. Mantanye, 50; W. F. Briggs, 57; A. Hollenbeck, 52; Wm. Chidester, 70; H. G. Rockwell, 49; Geo. B. Miller, 50; Septa Rindge, 50; P. Regan, 53; Jas. Stewart, 51; Silas Doran, 50; Ed Fish, 54.
   The following letter was read at the reunion from J. H. Barnard of Washington, D. C., formerly of Cortland, late Captain of Co. F., Seventy-sixth New York volunteers:
   WASHINGTON, D. C., Oct. 2, 1894.
   Veterans of the Seventy-sixth Vols:
   COMRADES—Accidentally, I have just been informed that you hold your reunion this year in Cortland. Yes, in Cortland—near the place where thirty-three years ago, we stood with uncovered brows, and lifting our right hands toward heaven, swore to protect the old flag, and maintain the honor of our state in her efforts to enforce the laws of the United States and the supremacy of the constitution. Thirty three years ago the 18th of next December, we bade farewell to the old fair grounds which had been our home and drill plain for many weeks, and through the open gates we marched out. And while every pulsation of our hearts was a throb of patriotism, down the road we went, marching with a firm step to the music of our martial band. Soon we had reached the old depot where a large crowd of people had assembled to see us off. Tears glistened in many eyes and moistened many a cheek. Farewell words were spoken, the parting hand was extended and we were on our way to Albany, thence to the front, while mothers, fathers, wives, sisters and children sought their places of secret devotion and lifted to God an earnest prayer for his blessing on the cause to which they had given their choicest treasures.
   Comrades, the oldest of us were only in the prime of life then, and most of you were boys. It is different now. Then, as regards our life day, it was morning. Now it is afternoon, and with some of us late in the afternoon. Then I remember I was 27. Now I am 60, and which is the comrade whose hair is not sprinkled with silver, and whose brow is not marked with the lines of age.
   As I recall the events of that clear, crisp December morning, and in memory look again upon that line of noble men formed once more and for the last time on our drill plain, and then think of the small number who will assemble two days hence, I ask myself where are the others? What did they do, and what became of them? What became of Grover, who could face death calmly, unflinchingly, when he knew that it was death he was going to meet? At Gettysburg he gave his blood to help quench the fires of rebellion.
   What became of Banker, that noble young man who always did his duty well and did it cheerfully? Oh, I remember it as though it was yesterday. He marched to his death at Gainsville on Aug. 26, 1862, touching elbows with me, my acting orderly sergeant. I carried one corner of the blanket on which we removed him to that piece of woods in the rear of the field where in less than an hour his precious life, so full of hope and promise, was ended. Oh, I hear now his piteous cries for water and again in memory I am holding a canteen to his lip.
   What became of Carpenter, than whom [sic] a truer young man never drew a sword or shouldered a musket in defense of his country? In the Wilderness he fell, and fills an honored grave.
   What became of the gallant Crandall? Already partially disabled and on that account detailed for other and safer duty, he need not have participated in the battle at Fredericksburg. But he begged to go with his company and went. Soon came the cannon ball bounding over the frozen ground carrying away a portion of his head; and near where the muddy waters of the Rappahannock flow, his body was laid to rest.
   What has become of Comrade Cliff who would not wait until he reached the front, but fought his first battle and won his first victory over treason on the old Dryden fair ground? Well, he left a leg at Gettysburg, and recently I am told he has fallen a victim to disease, and now fills a soldier's grave in Dryden.
   Dryden—there is music in that word for me. There I spent the two brightest, happiest years of my whole life. There I held my first war meeting, and there I headed my enlistment roll with my own name. If in your gathering on this reunion day, there is present a man or woman who knew me there, God help that man or woman.
   I have mentioned a few of our comrades who fell bravely in fighting for the right. I recall many others, but must not weary you with a long letter. Willing hands prompted by loving hearts, strew flowers on the graves of those that can be reached.  But the beauty of these flowers fades and their fragrance departs. Not so with the record and memory of our comrades. Their records are fadeless, and the fragrance of their memory will never depart.
   Well, I must now shake hands and bid you good-bye. Probably we will never all meet again in this life. One by one, and in rapid succession, we are being summoned to join the Grand Army over and beyond the river. So good-bye Comrade Mantanye, Comrade Mead, Comrade Sager, Comrade Rindge, Comrade Edgcomb, all the Comrades, Smith, and every other comrade who has the happiness which I can not have of being present at this reunion. God bless you all.
   Fraternally,
   J. H. BARNARD,
   Late Capt. Co. F, Seventy-sixth, N. Y.
 

Saturday, August 19, 2017

POLICE OPPRESSION



Lexow Committee Report.

Cortland Evening Standard, Thursday, October 4, 1894.

POLICE OPPRESSION.
IT FLOURISHES STILL IN DEFIANCE OF LEXOW.
Woman Arrested Only Yesterday Upon Refusal to Pay Blood Money to a Policeman—Further Information Regarding the Notorious Max Hochstim and His Relations to the Police—Other Testimony of a Sensational Nature.
   NEW YORK, Oct. 4.—The Lexow investigation was resumed with the full committee in attendance.
   One of the most important points brought out in the day's examination of witnesses was the fact that police extortion has not been stamped out by any means.
   Evidence was produced showing a case of attempted blackmail of a petty character directed against a poor woman whose only cause for persecution was her inability to pay a roundsman $5.
   Those who were fortunate enough to gain admission to the sessions witnessed two scenes decidedly dramatic in their nature.
   Mrs. Urchittel, the Russian woman who was a stranger in the country running a small cigar store, was arrested on the charge of keeping a disorderly house and kept in jail many months, "treated as even the czar of Russia would not treat an American," according to Chief Counsel Goff, was placed on the witness stand. She alleged that her arrest was due to her refusal to pay $50 to the police as tribute money. The woman did not understand the English language and the services of an interpreter were required.
   The testimony of the witness remained unshaken, but the officers who tried to explain away the story could not agree among themselves as to the way the thing happened.
   Mrs. Urchittel's children are still in the orphan asylum, and the lamentations of the woman elicited sympathy from all those who witnessed her examination. Steps will be taken to restore her children to her.
   During her examination she caught sight of Officer Hussey. She claims that the wardman is the author of her woes. Excitedly springing up she started toward Hussey, and in her native tongue demanded her children. It was with great difficulty that she was pacified.
   Had she been able to understand the English language and American customs she must have enjoyed exquisite revenge a little later when Officer Hussey was called on the stand.
   He expected to be called upon to explain away his connection with the case but Chief Counsel Goff indulged in one of those dramatic surprises which he is continually springing upon the New York public.
   Instead of reverting to the events of the past few months Mr. Goff inquired:
   "Now, Hussey, have you just threatened to shoot a man in this courtroom?"
   This interrogatory was answered with a negative. But Officer Hussey grew red and white in the face by turns when half a dozen witnesses testified that he threatened to shoot Norbath Pfeffer, an east side Hebrew employed by Mr. Goff. The witness nearly fainted in the courtroom at the evidence presented against him to show that he threatened to kill Pfeffer.
   He reached for a glass of water and drank it eagerly, intense silence reigning in the courtroom, members of the committee, policemen and strangers all intent upon his replies.
   The scene became a painful one. Hussey told Mr. Goff that he was under the doctor's orders and that it would not do for him to get excited; that it was his family he cared for, not himself.
   With an intimation that he would look into the matter in the future Mr. Goff allowed the witness to go and the painful scene ended.
   Morris Masch of 3 Eldridge street, a cloak manufacturer, was the first witness after recess. He testified that clothing was stolen from his store about Christmas last year. Officers Hussey and Shelvey assisted in finding the thief, but although they made arrests and had a strong case, when it came up in the Essex Market court Masch was not allowed to call his witnesses and the thieves were discharged. Their "pull" had saved them from being sent to jail.
   Mrs. Annie Treyursch told a significant story. The woman supports her family by selling newspapers on a stand at the corner of East Broadway and Rutgers street. She has the permission of the owner of the premises in front of which the stand is located. Yesterday morning Policeman Lynch asked the woman if she paid rent. She answered in the negative. Then the policeman said: "You must pay me $5 or I'll arrest you."
   The woman not having the money declined to pay. Officer Lynch then arrested her and she was arraigned yesterday in the Essex market court and discharged.
   Policeman Lynch was present and was identified as the officer who demanded $5 from her.
   "This is a remarkable case, because it shows the police are still demanding blood money," commented Mr. Goff.
   Joseph Brummer of 600 East Eighty-third street testified he paid Ward Detective Jacob Brummer of the East Eighty-third street station $5 a month when he owned a saloon at 1618 Avenue E. The last payment was made May 19 last. He also paid Excise Inspector Mat Murphy $10 when the other demanded it.
   Adolph Foster told a tale which threw some light on the peculiar power wielded by the notorious Max Hochstim. Besides being a brute and an intimidator of women he appears in the role of collector of tribute money for the police.
   Foster testified he paid $10 to him for protection for a coffee house. The business was legitimate but Hochstim said he must pay up or he would be in trouble.
   Many other poor east side merchants followed and told how the wardmen had called and sent them to Hochstim who, under threat of persecution, collected the last cent they had. He told one poor follow to "put his wife in hock" to raise money.
   Just what putting a wife in pawn consisted of was not developed, but it was understood that Hochstim wanted to drive the woman to a life of shame.
   John W. Goodwin, a former roundsman of the Fourth precinct, told a sensational story. Sergeant Magun was in the habit of bringing dissolute women in the station house for immoral purposes. When Goodwin protested Magun compelled him to sign a paper in which he resigned from the force. Goodwin wrote "under duress" at the bottom of the paper. The sergeant erased these words.
   Goodwin is now seeking reinstatement and the courts have ordered the police board to try his case.

They Came Toward Cortland.
   Tuesday morning, says the McGrawville Sentinel, as W. J. Pudney started for Cortland after a load of coal, he left his coal shute by the roadside near the paper box factory. On his return when he stopped for the shute, Mr. Pudney found the money till and two drawers that were taken from the postoffice  safe last week, Monday night. He also found the sledge hammer that was missing from F. C. Topping's shop. With the rest was [Postmaster] Mr. Bean's bank book together with other papers of value to him. A coal bill from the office was found in the road near Mr. Wellington's Tuesday morning of last week, indicating that the perpetrators of the robbery must have journeyed toward Cortland.

DOUBLE WEDDING.
At the Home of Mr. and Mrs. J. McAllister at Truxton.
   A quiet double wedding occurred at the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. McAllister on Tuesday, Oct. 2, when their daughter, Miss Florence R, McAllister was united in marriage to Mr. James Henry Loomis of Binghamton and at the same time a second daughter, Miss Edith L. McAllister, was married to Mr. Fred Robbins of Truxton, formerly of Cortland.
   At 12 o'clock to the strains of music of violin and organ played by the brides' young sisters, Alice and Blanche, and preceded by Mr. and Mrs. Ralph J. McAllister, the wedding party entered the parlor and took their places underneath an arch of vines and ferns. The impressive ceremony in both cases was performed by Rev. O. L. Warren of Marathon. Hearty congratulations and good wishes followed and then fine refreshments were served. Many valuable as well as useful presents were received.
   At 2 o'clock the two newly wedded couples accompanied by friends left for the train amidst showers of rice and old shoes and all other such blessings as are usually bestowed by kind attendants upon the newly married. Mr. and Mrs. Loomis will make their home in Binghamton and Mr. and Mrs. Robbins will reside in Truxton.
   None but the immediate friends of all parties were present. Those from out of town were Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Loomis and Mr. Alfred Loomis of Binghamton, Rev. and Mrs. O. L. Warren of Marathon, Miss Libbie Hulbert of Woodstock and Mr. and Mrs. Ralph J. McAllister of Hartford, Conn.

Faded Colors of Seventy-sixth Regiment, New York State Volunteers.
SEVENTY-SIXTH REGIMENT.
SEVENTY-FIVE OF THE OLD VETERANS ARE PRESENT.
Election of Officers This Morning—Open Meeting This Afternoon—Next Year at Newark Valley.
   The survivors of the Seventy-sixth regiment are holding their twenty-sixth annual reunion to-day. Many of the business places are decorated in honor of the visiting soldiers. Seventy-five veterans are present, and also a number of the widows and families of the Seventy-sixth regiment. Those in attendance came from Florida, Washington, New Jersey and other places outside of the state. There is not quite as large a number present as at previous reunions.
   The business meeting was called to order at 10:15 o'clock at the Opera House with President A. P. Smith in the chair. Secretary W. J. Mantanye read the report of the last reunion at Homer, which was approved. He also read letters from many absent comrades, including Col. Wainwright, Col. Cool and Col. Halstead, chief of Gen. Doubleday's staff.
   The invitation from Grover Post to attend the G. A. R campfire was received and accepted.
   The report of the treasurer, Maj. A. Sager, showed a balance of eighty dollars in the treasury.
   The annual dues were then paid and the members' badges distributed.
   It was decided to hold the next reunion in Newark Valley in October, 1895.
   The following officers were elected for the ensuing year:
   President—Dr. W. J. Burr of Newark Valley.
   First Vice-President—O. Dickinson of Newark Valley.
   Second Vice-President—D. R. Montgomery of Dryden.
   Third Vice-President—Thomas Simms of Altamont, Fla.
   Fourth Vice-President— Dr. E. A. Mead of Moravia.
   Secretary—L. Davis.
   Treasurer—A. Sager.
   Comrades A. Sager, S. M. Byram and M. Edgecomb were appointed a memorial committee to report in the afternoon and also to designate the speakers.
   The treasurer was authorized to pay for the Opera House and band.
The meeting was then adjourned.
   After partaking of a sumptuous and elaborate dinner at the Cortland House, served in Mr. Bauder's inimitable style, the visitors listened to an inspiring concert outside by the City band. A short parade was then made in the following order: Cortland City band, sixteen men; Grover Post, G. A. R., thirty-nine men; Seventy-sixth regiment, sixty-five men.
   Ranks were broken at the Opera House, where the program as published in yesterday's STANDARD is being carried out as we go to press.
   The Woman's Relief Corps will serve the refreshments at the G. A. R. camp fire to-night, which will occur at 8 o'clock.

Pettis Family Reunion.
   On Wednesday, Oct. 3, about twenty-five of the relatives and friends of Mr. and Mrs. Edwin M. Pettis assembled at their home near South Cortland for the annual visit of the Pettis family. The day passed all too quickly and the guests departed for their various homes which were in Cazenovia, Syracuse, Ithaca, Cortland, Etna, McLean and Groton City. The ages of the nine oldest ones aggregated 675 years, the oldest one being nearly eighty-three and the youngest sixty-nine. The reunion was a very enjoyable one.

HOMER DEPARTMENT.
Gleanings of News From Our Twin Village.
   The confectionery, fruit and cigar stock of Karl Dillenbeck has been placed on sale in the south half of the U. S. express office on the corner of Main and James-sts. Mr. Dillenbeck will occupy these quarters temporarily while the damages caused by fire in the former quarters are being repaired and the insurance claims adjusted.
   Miss Frank Pierce leaves town this evening to attend the wedding of a friend in Ann Arbor, Mich.
   Mrs. George Daniels and Mrs. O. B. Andrews entertained a large number of lady friends at tea from 5 until 6 o'clock this evening at the residence of the former on North Main-st.
   A large number of invitations to the dance at Brockway hall this evening have been accepted and it is expected that a large number of people will be present. Valentine's celebrated harp orchestra of Rochester has been engaged to furnish the music.
   Mr. Frank H. Nichols, the proprietor of the Hotel Windsor, has exchanged his lease of that hotel with Mr. George McChesney of Syracuse for a house and lot in that city. Mr. Nichols and his wife have been in charge of this hostelry since last May and have conducted it in a very creditable manner. It is to be hoped that the new proprietor who takes possession to-day will continue to sustain the enviable reputation of his predecessors. Mr. William Berry will be retained as clerk and the other employees will remain in their present positions with but few exceptions.
   The Truxton Actives will play the pickup nine of this village next Saturday afternoon at the Academy grounds. Sylvester and Buckley will compose the Homer battery and a game of as much interest as those which have preceded is expected.

BREVITIES.
   —Mr. G. F. Beaudry has secured the agency of the Hitchcock Manufacturing Co.'s wheel.
   —The installation of Rev. B. B. Knapp as pastor of the Presbyterian church at Marathon will occur on Friday evening.
   —Contractor Deloyia's gang of sixteen men yesterday broke all previous records by laying 351 feet of sewer on Union-st.
   —Mrs. Emma G. Allen died at Polkville yesterday of hemorrhage, aged 26 years. The funeral will be held at 2 P. M. Saturday. Burial in Cortland Rural cemetery.
   —Messrs. Yager & Marshall, proprietors of the Fair store, yesterday sold their branch store at DeRuyter with its stock of goods to A. R. Mason, for several years principal of Whitney's Point Academy.
   —Considering the weather the Grace church social at the home of Mrs. A. P. Smith was well attended, about fifty sitting down to supper. Tables were invitingly spread in the parlor and sittingroom. Twelve dollars were realized.
   —The Young Peoples' society of Christian Endeavor of the First Baptist church will hold their monthly business meeting this evening after the prayer-meeting. A full attendance is desired as a matter of special interest will be considered.
   —The service preparatory to communion next Sunday will be held this evening at the Presbyterian church at 7:30 o'clock. At the conclusion there will be an election of two elders and one deacon to supply the places of those whose terms of office expire.
   The ladies of the Congregational church will hold their regular monthly missionary meeting Friday afternoon. Prayer-meeting at 8 o'clock. Subject, "Our Work; How May it be Made Known to Us.'' The usual ten-cent tea will be served from 5:30 to 7 o'clock, to which all are invited.
   —Mangang's Opera House orchestra of Cortland, assisted by Mrs. Mangang, will open the season at the Dryden opera house, Oct 11, with a grand concert. The soloists from the orchestra will be: Fred Graham, flute and saxaphone, Mr. Conway, cornet, Mr. Maas, trombone. The program will include classical and descriptive music given by the full orchestra.—Dryden Herald.

An Opportunity for Public Spirit.
   For four years past the ladies of the Cortland Hospital association have supported and managed this institution till it has come to be recognized as a public necessity and a public blessing. The frame house on Clayton-ave., which has been rented for hospital purposes, was never well suited to them, but was the best that could be had and paid for. As the value of the institution has become known, demands upon its accommodations have increased until it is now absolutely unable to meet all these demands even poorly. For some time past the ladies have been looking about for larger and better quarters, and they have finally obtained the offer of the old Messenger, or Benham house, on Main-st. at a figure which they hope to raise the funds to meet.
   The lot is very large and the house is admirably adapted to the purposes of a hospital. It is built of brick and the walls are so thick that it is almost impossible for sound to pass from one room to another. There are twenty-two rooms in the house, exclusive of halls and closets, and there are an abundance of the latter. All of the rooms are well-lighted and many of them are unusually large for a dwelling home.  There are four stairways in the building and it is possible to use different parts entirely independent of the others.
   Upon the north side of the house is a little room which was built on as an addition and which is almost entirely separated from the main building. It is specially well lighted and would be just the place for an operating room.
   The house is in thorough repair, and almost the only thing necessary to fit it for immediate and convenient use would be to put in steam or hot water for heating and to pipe it for city water.
   There is no other house in town which in location, in size, in arrangement, and in convenience would be so well adapted for the purposes of a hospital.
   The proposition to buy the place meets with special favor from the ladies of Homer also, as the property is situated on the street railroad line and can be quickly and easily reached. The ladies believe that if the citizens of the two villages can be made to see and appreciate as they ought the value and importance of this purchase, the money to make it will be promptly forthcoming.
   The project of asking for $500 or $1,000 donations, with the condition attached that certain rooms shall be named after the donors, or after some relative as a memorial, has been broached and has been met with considerable favor. This is in line with the custom prevalent in many cities of endowing beds in the hospitals in memory of the donors. But aside from this, there ought to be at instant and deep public interest shown in the purchase of this place. The difficulties and embarrassments with which the ladies have met in sustaining this much-needed public hospital have been far greater than any one not having actual knowledge of them would suppose.
   The institution has been supported by constant and self-sacrificing effort, is to-day doing more good than ever, is free from debt, though without property or endowment beyond a very small amount, and is dependent upon voluntary contributions for its support. The labors of its managers deserve recognition, and all that is asked is that the association be placed in position where it can continue its good work under more favorable circumstances, and in a building suited to its needs. The mere statement of the case ought to be all the plea that is necessary in order to obtain a hearty and generous response. Pledges and donations for the end in view may be made to Mrs. F. O. Hyatt, the president of the association, who will also be glad to furnish any information which may be desired.

Sherman-Underwood.
   The residence of Mr. and Mrs. Harlow E. Underwood of East Scott, N. Y., was the scene of a very happy event on Wednesday, Oct. 3. The occasion was the marriage of their youngest daughter, Miss Adda B. to Rev. Brant C. Sherman of Scott, N. Y. At the noon hour the bridal couple entered the parlor, where Presiding Elder M. P. Blakeslee impressively performed the ceremony which made them husband and wife. Immediately following, the wedding dinner was served, which was both bountiful and dainty. The bridal presents were very beautiful and many were useful as well as ornamental. Mr. and Mrs. Sherman took the evening train for Syracuse, Rochester and Niagara Falls.
 

Friday, August 18, 2017

POLICE BRUTALITY INVESTIGATION



Lexow Committee Report.

Cortland Evening Standard, Wednesday, October 3, 1894.

POLICE BRUTALITY.
OFFICERS COULD CLUB CITIZENS WITH IMPUNITY.
Patrolmen Convicted of Brutality Fined a Few Days' Pay. Many Victims Tell the Lexow Committee of Outrageous Treatment at the Hands of the Police—Light Punishment Inflicted.
   NEW YORK, Oct. 3.—Chief Counsel Goff surprised the Lexow committee. He subpoenaed all the members of the force who had been convicted of clubbing citizens during the past year, but who for some reasons have retained positions on the force. There are nearly 400 cases of this character and almost all of the officers summoned were in attendance.
   One of the first officers who testified was Thomas Coleman, who had been called to explain his statements in connection with the alleged assault upon George Appo. The theory of the police and the testimony of the proprietor and the inmates of the hotel where Appo was injured is that Appo cut his own throat.
   Coleman, being placed upon the stand, claimed that Appo had confessed to him that he had attempted suicide. He was subjected to a severe cross-examination by Mr. Goff, and though he could not shake the policeman's story the officer was badly rattled at times.
   The feature of the day, however, was the testimony of the men accused of clubbing citizens, many surprising stories of inhumanity were told by the witnesses.
   A son of Rev. Dr. John Hall, the Presbyterian divine, claimed that he had been forcibly ejected from a station house because he had gone there and protested against an assault by an officer upon an Italian fruit peddler. A Columbia college student told of the assaults that the policemen made upon the students while they were building bonfires in a vacant lot to celebrate one of their victories.
   Thomas Lucca said that he had asked Policeman Bernard Dunn if he had caught a thief who stole $4 from him. By way of reply the policeman clubbed him. When he reached the police station another pummeled him.
   Senator Cantor protested against the expert nature of the evidence and insists that the records should be produced to show the other side of the stories. His remarks caused cheers from the policemen present.
   Fully half a hundred policemen were waiting when an adjournment was effected and they were told they were not needed.
   Chairman Lexow said that the case of policemen clubbing citizens and escaping with light fines instead of dismissal had been proven.
   Mr. Moss said that of the cases against the 90 policemen 40 were for felony. The punishment was ridiculously small. One policeman had killed a citizen with a pistol and he was fined 10 days' pay for handling his revolver carelessly.
   He then read Inspector Williams' record, the most noticeable thing about it being that while there was no end to complaints there was hardly a conviction.
   Bolton Hall, son of Rev. Dr. John Hall, told how he was thrown out of the Church street station where he had complained about some hoodlums who overturned an Italian's fruit stand. The sergeant apologized and the case was dropped.
   James Mason Knox, a Columbia college student, told of the descent of the police on college boys who were having their annual celebration in a vacant lot. The boys were kicked and beaten without provocation.
   Thomas Lucca, who looked like he had been through a threshing machine, followed. His face was swollen and his head was swathed in bandages. He told a story of police brutality. Because he asked Policeman Bernard Dunn if he had caught a thief, who had stolen $4 from him, the policeman felled him with a blow. As he lay in the gutter the policeman clubbed him about the head until his scalp had to have 27 stitches put in it to patch up his wounds. Then the policeman dragged the bleeding man to the station house where another policeman punched him in the face. He was locked up on the charge of attempting to rescue a prisoner. The witness opened his shirt and showed his underclothing stained with his blood.
   Policeman Richard S. Meney was next. He admitted he had pummeled a citizen named John Strohemediel in his own house.
   Senator Cantor became excited and loudly demanded that the evidence given in defense of the officer at the trial should be produced.
   "Give the police a fair show. Are we to persecute them?'' he exclaimed.
   This little speech was received by the policemen with vigorous hand-clapping. Several of them cheered.
   Chairman Lexow was indignant at the demonstration and threatened to clear the room. Turning to Senator Cantor he said curtly: "Your objection is without point."
   "The object of all this is to show," said Mr. Moss, "that the commissioners, believing the men to be guilty, let them off with a fine instead of dismissing them."
   Edwin C. Murtagh was another policeman who had an unenviable record for clubbing citizens.
   Henry S. Jacob was another policeman who had his record raked over.
   Then Mr. Moss read the records of dismissals for various causes which seemed trivial compared to clubbing cases which were leniently dealt with.
   Policeman George Lair of the Eighth precinct on May 11, 1892, threw Rose Smith on the floor of a saloon and tried to tear her cheek by inserting his fingers in her mouth. He then drew his pistol and threatened to shoot the woman. The board found him guilty and fined him 20 days' pay.
   This officer had many other serious charges made against him yet he is still a member of the force.
   Policeman William Rohrig acknowledged he had broken a boy's jaw with a club. He threw his club and it struck the boy. He said it was an accident, but he was fined 20 days' pay.
   Policeman Michael J. Ryan had twisted a citizen's arm until he screamed with pain.
   You're a nice policeman," said Senator Bradley to this witness.
   The committee then adjourned for the day. The 40 policemen waiting were told they would not be needed.

Colored Oddfellows in Session.
   BOSTON, Oct. 3.—The Grand United Order of Oddfellows, composed entirely of colored members, is in national convention in this city, the first time in 12 years. The order is over 50 years old, is the largest society of colored people in the world, and is under the jurisdiction of the United Order of Great Britain. The opening of the seven days' session was in Faneuil hall. Delegates were present from every state in the Union, and were called to order by Grand Master Forrester. Following speeches of welcome Governor Greenhalge gave an earnest address, which was warmly received. A large floral design was presented by the Household of Ruth, the woman's branch of the order.

A VALUABLE SPECIFIC.
Believed to be a Coming Cure for Tuberculosis.
   ANN ARBOR, Mich., Oct. 3.—Dr. V. C. Vaughan, dean of the University of Michigan medical faculty, believes he has discovered a certain specific for tuberculosis. The product is called nuclein; and was but recently made. The doctor has just returned from the international congress of hygiene at Buda Pesth, Hungary, where he read a paper on his discovery which attracted great attention. He has not proceeded far enough in his experiments to declare that nuclein will absolutely prevent tuberculosis in men, but he has proved that it will eventually prevent it.
   A law student of Detroit has tried the nuclein. In nine months he gained twelve pounds and seemed cured.

Commissioner of Railroads Wade Hampton.
CONTROL OF RAILROADS.
Government Ownership Impossible in This Country.
   WASHINGTON, Oct. 3.—General Wade Hampton, commissioner of railroads, was at his desk for the first time in several weeks, having just returned from an extended trip over the government aided roads which come under his supervision.
   General Hampton travelled about 9,000 miles on these lines, going west over the Union and Central Pacific and returning over the Northern Pacific, inspecting several branches by the way. He reports the roads in good condition and doing a fair business considering the business situation.
   General Hampton will now prepare a report which will be submitted to the secretary of the interior before Nov. 1.
   The commissioner says he encountered in California a great deal of clamor for government control of not only the Union and Central Pacific roads but of all roads. Both of these propositions are opposed by the commissioner.
   "In the first place," he said, "the bonds on these roads are not due until 1897 and the government cannot foreclose until that time. Then it becomes a question of expediency. If the government should foreclose, it having only the second mortgage, it would be compelled to pay the first mortgage amounting to many millions. Even then the government would find itself in possession of roads without terminals. A government such as ours cannot operate railroads. In autocratic governments it is possible, but not in this country."
   [The Populist Party had a stipulation in its platform which urged government takeover of railroads, telephone and telegraph systems—CC editor.]

Looking Out for Anarchists.
   WASHINGTON, Oct. 3.—The bureau of immigration has received personal descriptions of 66 anarchists recently expelled from France. Officers at all ports will be furnished with duplicates of this list for the purposes of identification.


BREVITIES.
   —The E., C. & N. are now handling about fifty carloads of coal a day.
   —The Y. M. C. A. gymnasium class will meet at 8:30 o'clock to-night.
   —The ice fraternity returned last evening from their hunt with thirty-four squirrels.
   —There will be a special meeting of Chapter 194, R. A. M., this evening at 8 o'clock in the lodgerooms. Mark degree.
   —The Chautauqua circle will meet on Saturday evening at 7:30 o'clock at the home of Rev. W. H. Pound, 38 Madison-st.
   —A regular meeting of the board of directors of the Tioughnioga club will be held at the club parlors this evening at 7:30 o'clock.
   —At the meeting of the Presbyterian church and society held last night Messrs. W. S. Copeland and C. F. Wickwire were re-elected trustees for the ensuing year.
   —The regular meeting of the Local Circle of King's Daughters will occur Friday at 2:30 P. M. at the home of Mrs. A. M. Johnson, 54 North Main-st. A full attendance is desired.
   —The football game of the High school and the Cortland Normal boys will occur in this city next Saturday. The High school boys are practicing hard and promise to show the visitors from Cortland some points in the way of playing football. It will be remembered that the High school boys were beaten at Cortland last Saturday through a scratch play.—Binghamton Republican.
   —The two ladies who were last evening masquerading about town upon their bicycles wearing male attire came near meeting with disagreeable consequences. They were recognized by some of the boys who vowed that they would follow the ladies and present them with clothing that more nearly corresponded with their own ideas of propriety. The boys were dissuaded from their purpose by a friend of the ladies who had also "spotted" them.

DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION.
THE TOWN OF CORTLANDVILLE NOT IN IT AT ALL.
A Political Love Feast—Hill Endorsed—Adams for Assembly—Wood for Sheriff—Warren for Clerk—Hyatt for District Attorney.
   The Democratic county convention held its adjourned session this afternoon and was called to order in Taylor hall at 2 o'clock by James Dougherty. The hall was partially filled. Only a few changes were made in the roll of delegates from the list previously published.
   Mr. H. E. Wilson in a brief speech offered the following resolution:
   Resolved, That the Democracy of the county of Cortland sends greetings to its brethren throughout the state and congratulates the party upon the auspicious opening of the gubernatorial campaign; that we heartily ratify the splendid nominations made by the convention at Saratoga, and earnestly insist that all inter-party factional differences should be eliminated from the canvass; and that the only rivalry that should exist among Democrats should be as to who can most advance the interests of the party and its candidates in this campaign; that the nominations of Hill, Lockwood and Gaynor demand, and are entitled to receive the zealous and loyal support of a united Democracy, to the end that the cause of the Democratic party be further advanced and the Empire state be kept where it of right ought to be, in the front ranks of the Democratic column.
   Mr. Wilson presented the name of Edgar L. Adams of Marathon for member of assembly. Mr. Adams was nominated by acclamation. Mr. Adams thanked the convention in a brief speech for the honor.
   Dr. H. D. Hunt presented the name of Wallace W. Wood of Cincinnatus for sheriff. He was nominated by acclamation.
   Chairman Dougherty presented the name of Charles B. Warren of McGrawville for county clerk. Mr. Warren was nominated by acclamation.
   C. E Wills presented the name of Edward W. Hyatt of Homer for district attorney. He, also, was nominated by acclamation.
   C. E. Van Brocklin presented the name of M. F. Hazard of Scott for superintendent of the poor. Nominated by acclamation.
   Dr. R. A. Goodell of Homer, Dr. H. D. Hunt of Preble and Dr. David K. Allen of Freetown were nominated for coroners by acclamation.
   Theron O. Brown of Taylor was nominated by acclamation for justice or sessions.
   John Courtney, Jr., moved that the county committee be empowered to fill vacancies in the ticket. Carried.
   George A. Brockway of Homer, W. E. Hunt of Lapeer, P. O'Donnell of Truxton and C. E. Rowley of Cortland were elected additional members of the county committee.
   Three cheers were given for David B. Hill.
   The convention was then adjourned.
   At a subsequent meeting of the county committee R. W. Bourne of Willet was elected chairman and Clayton E. Rowley of Cortland vice-chairman and Edward Kelly of Cortland secretary and James R. Schermerhorn treasurer.
   On motion, duly seconded, the chairman was instructed to appoint an executive committee of seven to transact the business.