Sunday, August 13, 2017


Japanese troops crossing the Yalu and entering China in 1894.
Cortland Evening Standard, Friday, September 28, 1894.

A Great Victory.

   News of it came from Hiroshima. A Japanese army in Korea marched from
Pong San against Ping Yang [Pyongyang.] General Tso Fonk Wai was at Ping Yang with his army of Mantchoos. There were also the Gau San and Hwang Ju Jap columns. The Gan San column attacked General Tso Fonk Wai's men on the left flank, and the Hwang Su column of Japs attacked them on the right flank. Some marines from the mouth of Ta-Tong river helped the Chinese infantry.
   On the first day of the fight the Pong San Japs attacked the Ping Yang forts and drew the Chinese fire. It was to ascertain where the fire was that the Pong Sans did this.
   Next day the Pong Sans began the fight and kept it up. Meantime the Gau
Sans and Hwang Jus that had lodged on General Tso Fonk Wai's flanks gradually sneaked farther and farther around till they got in the direct rear of General Tso Fonk Wai and all his soldiers in divided skirts. The commanding general of the divided skirt army of the son of heaven appears not to have imagined that anybody would close in on the Celestial military hindquarters, and so made no provision for it. Fonk Wai appears to have been also a chump Wai.
   The Pong Sans, the Gan Sans and the Hwang Jus, therefore, joined altogether and cut down General Tso Fonk Wai and his Mantchoos like a reaper mowing down grass. The Chinese army at Ping Yang, even with the help of the marines from the Ta-Tong, was wiped out. Of the Chinese 2,300 were killed and 16,000 were wounded and taken prisoners. As to the rest of their army of 20,000, a few stragglers in divided skirts were here and there seen headed away from Ping Yang, with their pigtails standing straight out behind them. The illustrious Chinese generals Tso Paokwoi, Wei Jonkwoi, Ma Yukoweng and Sei Kinlin were taken prisoners, every blessed man of them.
   Then Mikado Mutsu Ito telegraphed the Japanese field marshal, Count Yamagata, congratulating him on the great Ping Yang victory.

Queen Min or the Empress Myeongseong of Korea.
The Most Interesting of All the Royal Heads—Her Manner of Dressing and Her Fine Gowns—Her Influence, Diplomacy and Progressiveness.
   AMOY, China, Sept. 1.—Just now the queen of Korea is an exile in China with the rest of the Min (reigning clan of Choisen), but before the present mishap which befell Korea took place she was seated on her throne as proud and beloved a ruler as any of the great potentates of the orient. She is the most interesting of all the Asiatic royal heads, having more intelligence, diplomacy, beauty and intrigue.
   When I was first in Korea, especially while at Seoul, she was holding royal levees and drawing forth the highest praises from all her subjects and foreign courtiers for her accomplishments, both social and otherwise, and her natural talents and gifts.
   To begin with, she is a beautiful woman, as you can tell from the portrait, said to be the only authentic one in existence. She has the high, intellectual forehead which belongs to the Tartar race, the smooth, beautiful olive brow, the long nose, the energetic expression and the strong chin, jaw and high cheek bones. Her hair is a soft brown, as are her eyes. Her mouth is rather large, but full of character. Her nostrils dilate when she talks as do those of a high bred horse when running a great race. Her movements are as graceful as those of a fawn, and she rejoices in one of the sweetest voices I have ever heard. Her ideas of dress are purely antiquated. Unlike the empress of Japan, whom I have seen, she refuses utterly to add foreign ornaments to her person, and she relies almost wholly upon Korean products for the articles of her toilet.
   The principal articles of her costume are inner and outer tunics of various lengths made of silk, satin, velvet or grasscloth. In some there is a lapel at the top, which fits tightly to the neck and is gorgeously embroidered. In others the tunic is long, draping to the ankle, and is there fluted and ruffled like a new style petticoat. The sleeves of the gowns are much wider and longer than the arms and have no cuffs or facings. In the inside are various pockets, where the queen carries her scented handkerchief, cut in the shape of a star, instead of square, like ours; her snuffbox, her eyeglasses with tortoise shell ornamentations, her rice powder and puff and her eyebrow pencil. The sleeve is just the same to the aristocratic Korean court lady as the pocket is to the average American woman.
   The shoes of her royal highness are not as large as those of the Japanese queen and not as small as the No. 1 wife of Li Hung Chang. They are a happy medium, a cross between those of a Chicago and New York maiden. They are made of silk or cotton and of wonderful patterns. All court ladies seem to take as much interest in thinking up odd designs for shoes in Korea as the women of our own country do for chatelaine ornaments. One pair of slippers which I saw worn at a general's reception by a Korean official's wife were shaped like a junk, with the bow and the stern of plaited silk. The tongue, rising like a sail, represented that important feature of the junk, and a queer shaped buckle mounted the whole, which was just the design of a Korean oar. The queen's slippers, shoes and boots are made up in hundreds of patterns—butterflies, humming birds, ricebirds, blackbirds, snakes, royal hats and gloves. Speaking of the latter, one curious kind of Choisen shoe has parts made and fitted for each toe just like a glove. These shape on closely and make the foot appear just like a well dressed and gloved hand. The effect is rather strange at first, but after one gets used to it, it is more artistic than grotesque.
   At one of the late court levees the queen appeared in a rose colored costume, with petal draperies, lemon trousers and petticoat deeply embroidered in white. The dress was very simple and loose fitting, but her gorgeous hair was elaborately dressed and ornamented with clasps of jadestone. She wore earrings and bangles to match. Unlike in China at a levee given by the queen, all subjects, officials and others who do not pay the proper homage to her majesty are beheaded. There is very little of this style of punishment to be dreaded in the "land of the morning calm," however, for the little queen's greatest fault, I fear, is attracting and fascinating too many royal members of the court. It was whispered when I was in Chemulpo that the real reason of the internal rebellions in Korea was brought about by the intrigues of the queen. The only way in which this could be credited, however, was by conversations which she had with foreigners in which she is said to have given out that she was tired of Chinese and Japanese interference with her country, and she hoped to live to see the day when Korea would be a thoroughly independent kingdom.
   Of course, as Korea stands today, it is merely a tributary province of China, and every custom practiced is prescribed by the dragon emperor and his imperial family. Outside of the empress dowager of China the rest of the reigning clan are idiots, ninnies, lunatics and blockheads, and it is not peculiar that an intellectual woman like the Korean queen should be unhappy in the confession of having to live her life just as the Chinese rulers command.
   She is very kind to the ladles of her court, taking a strong and affectionate interest in their love affairs and giving a fair dowry to them when they marry. She has not the admiration for foreigners personally that marks the Chinese empress dowager's character, but she treats the Fan Kwai with respect and courtesy and always adjures her countrymen to study and learn from them all they can of the twentieth century arts and sciences. One of the greatest of the English diplomats in the east told me not long ago that in his estimation the future of Korea lay in brains of this little but intelligent queen.

A Growing Candidate.
   No candidate upon the Republican county ticket is growing more rapidly in public favor, as he comes to be better known, than Miles E. Burlingame of Willett, the candidate for district attorney. His nomination for that office is one of the best which has been made in many years, and this statement The
STANDARD bases upon its own knowledge of the various lawyers who have held that place. Mr. Burlingame is one of the best read, most judicious and able attorneys in the county. The care of aged parents, which devolved upon him as the one of a large family who could best undertake it, and the desire of those parents to remain in their old home, the town of Willet, have held him there on the borders of Broome and Chenango counties, and his clients and their business interests have been to a large extent in those counties.
   Naturally therefore he has not come to be so well known in Cortland county as some of our other lawyers. He is capable not only of drawing legal papers with skill and judgment but of trying his own cases without help. He comes of a family somewhat remarkable for intellectual ability. His younger brother, Eugene Burlingame, is already one of the strongest lawyers in Albany and is steadily and rapidly growing in reputation and practice, besides being so prominent among the Republican leaders of that city that we understand the nomination for congress would have been conceded to him this fall would he have taken it. There is no more intelligent, progressive, public-spirited and able farmer in Cortland county than Ogden Burlingame, another brother, who also resides in Willet, [who] owns one of the finest farms in the county and has represented his town most acceptably—though a strongly Democratic town—as a Republican supervisor.
   Miles E. Burlingame, though modest and unassuming, is a man of logical intellect, fair legal experience and unquestioned integrity, and will give the county service as its prosecuting officer which will be generally acceptable. He is furthermore a life-long and loyal Republican, and is entitled both on personal and political grounds to the support and vote of every citizen who claims allegiance to the Republican party. Though twice before an unsuccessful candidate for the nomination of district attorney, on both occasions Mr. Burlingame was one of the first to congratulate his successful competitor and to pledge a personal support which was heartily given. Never has there been a year when the entire Republican ticket from governor down to coroner and justice of sessions better deserved the solid and earnest support of every member of the party than this year of 1894. And no less deserving than any of the other nominees is Miles E. Burlingame.

From the comments of European papers on the China-Japan war it becomes plain that all each of the powers there cares for is whether its own particular trade with the two nations will be damaged or not. If Germany and England believed their Chinese trade would be hurt by the triumph of Japan, then they would use even force, if necessary, to uphold rotten old China.

Gleanings of News From Our Twin Village.
   Miss Helen Carpenter of Ilion was in town yesterday arranging for a dancing class to be held under her instruction during the winter. Miss Carpenter is now teaching dancing at the Woman's Industrial league at Syracuse and has successfully conducted classes in Cortland for several seasons past.
   Mr. Clarence Corl of this village was united in marriage to Miss Ida Doane of Horseheads, N. Y., at Elmira on Saturday, Sept. 22.
   The marriage of Miss Kate Kelley of Cortland to Mr. John Schwantz of this village was celebrated last evening in St. Mary's Catholic church at Cortland by the Rev. John J. McLoghlin. Miss Kelley has been a resident of Cortland for several years and is well known and highly respected in that place. Mr. Schwantz has been in the employ of C. R. Merrill & Co. for two years past, where he has been very popular as a cutter in their custom department. Mr. and Mrs. Schwantz will reside in one of Mr. Samuel Sanders' houses on North Main-st. They receive the best wishes of a large circle of friends.
   The field day and annual parade of the Homer fire department was a success in every regard. The weather was ideal for the parade, ball games and athletic sports of all kinds.
   The festivities of the day were opened by the ball game which took place at 10 A. M., between nines from Hose companies 2 and 4. This game was not as productive of sport as was anticipated and resulted in a score of 26 to 3 in favor of the latter nine.
   At 1:30 P. M. the fire department formed on James-st. and, headed by the
Cortland City band, proceeded over the route published in a previous issue of The STANDARD. The fire laddies made a fine appearance in their neat uniforms. The parade halted in front of the Union building and was reviewed by the trustees who inspected the line with Chief Knobel, Assistant Chief Stoker and Secretary Merrill, escorted by the band.
   Immediately after the dismissal of the parade the events of the day were commenced. In the hub and hub race, three teams were entered from Hose companies Number 2, 3, and 4. The start was made from the Hotel Windsor and the finish was opposite the First National bank building, 200 yards distant. Messrs. J. J. Murray and E. J. Bockes were the judges and J. O. Burrows the starter in all of the events. When the teams were in position to start for the first race some "funny man" in the crowd fired a pistol which every one supposed to have been the starter's signal. The teams dashed down the course to the end only to find that it must be run over again. The second time the result was as follows: Hose company No. 4, No. 3, No. 2. Time, 28 seconds.
   The bicycle race was run off next. Starting in front of the Union building the six contestants rode four laps around the block bounded by Main, James, Cortland and Cayuga-sts. On the first lap Leonard Fiske took a header and dropped out. On the third lap Chas. Bliven did the same, leaving Lee Southwick, Bert Pox and Morris Faulkner to finish the three-mile course in the order above named, the time being 10 min, 58 1/2 sec.
   The hundred yard dash followed with about seven entrees. Irving Stedman won, Mike Sweeney was second and Harry Newcomb third. Time, 11 1/4 seconds.
   The hose race which came next was perhaps the most exciting event of the day, in which each of the three companies made excellent running time, but the "threes" proved themselves superior in attacking shutoffs and handling the hydrant. The time was: Hose Co. No. 3, 52 sec.; Hose Co. No. 2, 53 1/4 sec.; Hose Co. No. 4, 56 sec. The "threes" were exuberant over their victory and found expression for their satisfaction in deafening cries.
   The fat man's race was run by Messrs. Thos. Knobel, Arthur Foster and Edward Burden. Foster won.
   The Hook and Ladder race, which followed the hub and hub race, was run against time by the Orients who raised a twenty-four foot ladder and put W. C. Richardson to the top in 41 seconds.
   The ball game between the "Protectives" and the "Hook & Ladders" was begun at 5 o'clock and after nine innings the score stood 16 to 8 in favor of the "Protectives."
   At the close of the events every one was happy. Hose company Number 4 was jubilant over having won five out of the six contests in which members of that company were entered. Hose company Number 3 were patting each other on the shoulder because they had won what they considered to be the most important contest of the lot; and Hose company Number 2 were happy because they did just what they expected to do, as well as they could with the material they had.
   The band concert in the evening consisted of a choice program of musical selections rendered by the Cortland City band. It was attended by a large number of citizens who showed their appreciation by hearty applause.
   The dance at Keator opera house was largely attended and the boys were able to clear about $25. Adams' orchestra furnished the music.
   Much credit is due to Chief Knobel and his assistants for the success of the day, which was without anything to detract from the pleasure which all felt. The annual parade and field day of the Homer fire department should be perpetuated.

   —There will be a meeting of the excise board [liquor authority] at Fireman's hall next Monday morning at 10 o'clock.
   —The Cortland Agricultural society have declared the bicycle races off which were postponed indefinitely from the county fair.
   —The Y. P. S. C. E. of the Congregational church will entertain the young people of the other churches of this place, Monday evening, Oct. 1, under the auspices of the social committee of the local union. A short literary and musical program will be given.
   —"Alabama," which appears in Cortland next Monday night, seems to be just as popular as ever, judging from the notices it has received this year in places where it has been presented. It was surely considered by those who saw it in Cortland last spring one of the best if not the best show of the season.
   —A new daily paper, to be called the Ithaca Morning Herald, is to be started in this city in a week or two. The press and material are now being set up in the quarters in the old Bank building a few years ago occupied by the Button factory, The publisher will be Mr. Crosby of Lockport.—Ithacan.
   —The company owning the Cayuga Lake Hotel at Sheldrake have decided to make extensive improvements to the main building and cottages near by and the contract has been let to L. H. Gould of Trumansburg. The plans call for a 70 by 30 feet wing to the hotel building, rebuilding the pier and buildings thereon, about 600 squares of steel  roofing and a thorough and complete renovation of the hotel interior, together with many other alterations and improvements on the property.—Ithaca Journal.
   —Cayuga lake proves a terror to Cornell students and others. Besides the drowning of the two students on Wednesday of this week it appears that on
Monday a canoe with sails having for occupants two students of Cornell was overturned in the middle of the lake. The mishap was observed from the shore, and E. D. Evans and son of Ithaca, who fortunately were overseeing some improvements on their lake property, rowed out and rescued the young men from a watery grave.

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