Tuesday, April 24, 2018

CUBA'S NEW REPUBLIC AND CORTLAND AND REGIONAL NEWS



1893 map of Cuba.
Cortland Standard, Wednesday, September 4, 1895.

CUBA'S NEW REPUBLIC.
Constitution Proclaimed And Officers Appointed.
NAJASA THE FEDERAL CAPITAL.
Proposition to Proclaim Maceo Dictator Rejected—Marquis of Santa Lucia Elected PresidentAutonomists Will Petition
 Spain For Self Government.
   LONDON, Sept. 4.—A Havana dispatch says that the meeting of insurgent delegates at Najasa proclaimed a constitution for the republic on a federal basis of five states.
   They also elected the Marquis of Santa Lucia president and approved various officers as well as confirming the nominations of Antonio Maceo, to be general commanding in Santiago de Cuba; Maximo Gomez, in Puerto Principe, and Roloff, in Santa Clara.
   Najasa was proclaimed as the provisional federal capital.
   A resolution was adopted permitting farmers to sell their produce in the towns on the payment of 25 per cent ad valorem duty.
   A proposal to declare Maceo dictator of Cuba was discussed for six days and was finally withdrawn.
   The Autonomist party intend to petition Spain for self government on Canadian lines. It is stated that Maximo Gomez is inclined to accept conditional autonomy, but Antonio Maceo declines any compromise.

Cuban Insurgents Deported.
   HAVANA, Sept. 4.—A company of insurgents under sentence of imprisonment in the fortress of Ceuta, Morocco, for rebellion were deported on board the steamer Cataluna. Five are under sentence of life imprisonment, while the balance are condemned to 30 years.

Spanish Reinforcements Arrive.
   HAVANA, Sept. 4.—The steamer Antonio Lopez has arrived here from Spain, bringing the eleventh battalion of artillery, the Arlaban field squadron and the Del Rey squadron, the re-enforcements aggregating 57 officers and 1,300 men.

Spain's Claim Against United States.
   MADRID, Sept. 4.—The Correspondencia says that a Spanish squadron is going to the Antilles, the principal object of the expedition being to urge the claims of Spain against the United States in the Allianca affair.

PROHIBITION CONVENTION.
State Ticket Will be Nominated To-day at Saratoga.
   SARATOGA, Sept. 4.—The state Prohibition convention was permanently organized with the election of Chairman Rev. C. H. Mead of Hornellsville.
   Amid much enthusiasm, a resolution was adopted sending congratulations to Police Commissioners Roosevelt, Grant, Parker and Andrews of New York city for enforcing the Sunday excise laws.
   The committee on credentials reported 634 delegates in attendance. A state committee was appointed.
   A resolution was adopted on the call of the counties deferring the report of the committee on resolutions, and making nominations until this morning.
   A brief address was made by Professor Samuel Dickie of Albion, Mich., chairman of the Prohibition national committee.
   The Prohibitionists made a street parade, followed by the second mass meeting of the convention. Addresses were made by Professor Dickie and John G. Woolley of Chicago and music was furnished by the Silver Lake quartette.

PAGE TWO—EDITORIALS.
Was it so in Cortland?
   The following is from the Canastota Bee of Aug. 31:
   The honest independent Republican voter who attends a caucus occasionally, and all the time stays at home and minds his own business, is apt to look with alarm at the serious innuendoes made in various county papers, concerning the selection of a delegate to the coming judicial convention. There is nothing that will so quickly arouse the ire of a respectable citizen, who is a Republican from principle, and not for personal aggrandizement, than to hint that money is being used to further the advancement of any man who aspires to a membership in our higher courts. The politicians are supposed to keep their hands off our supreme court bench, that the judges when elected will owe no man a favor, and can dispense justice in a free and untrammeled manner. There are two candidates in this district for the position to be filled this fall, one of whom is George F. Lyon of the city of Binghamton, the other is B. F. Mattice of Oneonta. The respective merits of these candidates are summed up in the statement that Lyons has the endorsement of nearly every lawyer and jurist in the sixth judicial district, and Binghamton, his home and its largest city, is now practically without a supreme court justice. Mattice, on the other hand, has the powerful backing of the millionaire congressman, D. F. Wilbur. A paper was circulated to be presented to the convention, which bore the signature and endorsement of nearly every member of the Madison county bar, endorsing the candidacy of Judge Lyon. This document was entrusted to Attorney Jenkins of Oneida, of whom the Canastota Journal says, "he conveniently forgot it and left it at home." The Oneida Post, another Republican paper, is authority for the statement that Wilbur money was quite plentiful throughout the county before the convention, and the Chittenango Times further enlightens us by stating that "it was a most degrading spectacle, the presence of DeForest Wilbur of Oneonta, at Morrisville the day of the late Republican convention." The Lyon candidate for delegate, Henry B. Coman, was badly beaten in the convention, notwithstanding the endorsement of his associate members of the Madison county bar. And now the question arises, are we to have a boughten judiciary?
   The register of the Messenger House in this village for the Saturday when the Republican caucus was held shows the name "D. W. Wilber, N. Y." This Mr. Wilber was in close conference with two prominent local politicians on that day. The question now is whether "Wilbur money" was brought into this county, and if so, how much of it, and how great a part it played in the Cortland caucus in "creating sentiment?''

Waller.
   If the fact that John L. Waller is a negro had anything to do with this government's delay in seeing him righted, then this government disgraced itself. But in any case vigorous measures seem now about to be taken by the authorities at Washington, so that all may yet be well.
   John L. Waller was a colored man of Kansas City. He was born a slave at New Madrid, Mo., in 1850. He struggled on after the war till he graduated at a high school. He was a live, brainy man and became a lawyer. He was a journalist when President Harrison, in 1891, appointed him consul at Tamatavo, Madagascar. Waller liked the Hovas, and they liked him. They became great friends, and when, in 1894, President Cleveland appointed Mr. Wetter of Georgia consul in Waller's place, Waller remained among his new friends and entered into trade there.
   It was his intention to go heavily into the farming and lumber business. With American shrewdness he saw a chance for great fortune in the rich soil and virgin forest of Madagascar. The Hovas made to him on conditions of certain payments a lease for 30 years of a tract containing 144,000 square miles of land. It lay along the east coast of the big island and contained many harbors. If Waller had been let alone by the French, he would have become as rich as Monte Cristo. It was his intention to ship the wood, fruits and other products of Madagascar to Europe and America. The execution of the enterprise would have been an excellent thing for both Waller and the Malagasy government.
   Then came the French invasion of Madagascar. The French determined that Waller should not have the rich concession granted to him by the Malagasy government because they wanted it themselves. So they trumped up a charge that Waller was inciting the Hovas to outrage, murder and riot. He was arrested. A form of military trial was secretly gone through. Not a friend of Waller's was allowed to be present. At the end of the trial, which occurred March 18 and lasted three hours, Waller was sentenced to 20 years' imprisonment in the old French Chateau d'If. He was taken to France a prisoner in irons. It is charged that he has suffered hardship and cruelty at the hands of the French. His friends say he has consumption. The French government, when asked for explanations, put off Ambassador Eustis with the excuse that the official report of the trial had not yet arrived from Tamatave, and there could be no investigation. But now the United States government must insist on a thorough investigation, and that very quick.

GRAND GALA DAY.
Electric Road to McGrawville to Be Opened To-morrow.
   The electric railroad to McGrawville will be completed and opened to-morrow. The management is planning to have a little celebration on account of the event. The presidents and trustees of the three villages of Cortland, Homer and McGrawville are invited to meet at the park at 2 o'clock. There will be some speaking. The Cortland City band and the McGrawville band will furnish music. Everybody is invited. It is indeed an event worth celebrating.

KEENEY SETTLEMENT.
CENTENNIAL OF ITS FOUNDING DRAWING NEAR.
Five Connecticut Families Led the Way—They First Came in September, 1795.
   Midway between the villages of Fabius, in Onondaga county, and Cuyler, in Cortland county, lies a broad and beautiful valley, through which wanders a pure stream of water called the Tioughnioga creek, which follows the valleys through Truxton, East Homer, Cortland, and empties into the Susquehanna. But it is not to dwell upon the rural beauty of that region that we write this article, though that were a worthy theme; but to call attention to a centennial which is likely to be overlooked, and is certain not to be celebrated.
   The facts are these. In the spring of 1795, five men in East Hartford, Conn., sold their farms to "go West." All five of the deeds are dated April 1, 1795. The men were Simon Keeney, Benjamin Brown, Gurdin Woodruff, Sr., Samuel Fox and Jonathan Webster. They were practically one family since Brown, Woodruff and Fox had married sisters of Jonathan Webster, and Webster had married a sister of Simon Keeney, thus: Simon Keeney married Margaret Keeney; Benjamin Brown married Dorinda Webster; Gurdin Woodruff, Sr., married Anna Webster; Samuel Fox married Mabel Webster, and Jonathan Webster married Thankful Keeney, sister of Simon.
   Early in the summer of 1795 the above five men, with axes upon their shoulders followed the rough roads of that period as far as Manlius, N. Y., at which point they deflected, and either marking the trees or following marked trees they penetrated the wilderness to a point about three miles south of Fabius. Selecting a suitable spot for building they felled the trees and rolled up a log house. One account says they found a man by the name of Bradford already engaged in the work and they bought him out. In addition to building the house they cleared sufficient land to plant a small field of potatoes.
   This done they returned to Connecticut occupying nineteen days in the journey. A day or two before their arrival in Connecticut, Jonathan Webster was taken sick and soon after died. The writer recently visited his grave in the Centre cemetery in Manchester, Conn., and found it in a good state of preservation, and the tombstone marked, "In memory of Mr. Jonathan Webster, who departed this life Sept, 18, 1795, in the 29th year of his age." This shows that they reached Connecticut about the 18th as Mr. Webster died soon after their arrival.
   It is not likely that the widow of Jonathan Webster and her two children accompanied the colony which the next spring took possession of the log house in the Fabius wilderness. In dismissing this part of the subject it is well to say that the widow afterward married Nathaniel Bacon of Fabius, and their son, Albert Bacon, was a life-long resident of the village and but recently died at that place. The two children of Jonathan Webster lived to marry—the son Jared one Lydia Webster, and the daughter, Ephraim Bennett. An aged son of the former is living at Asbury, N. Y., bearing the name Jonathan, and descendants of the latter live chiefly in Steuben county in this state, Mr. Theron M. Coon of Tyrone, Schuyler Co., N. Y., being one of them.
   The remaining four men, Keeney, Brown, Woodruff and Fox, with their families and some others came from Connecticut the following February, viz. 1796, and for a time lived in the log house erected the previous summer, and subsisted in part upon the unharvested potatoes yet remaining in the hills. It is said that twenty-eight persons lived temporarily under the roof of that one house till others could be built. Samuel Webster, Jr., and his brother Salmon, both unmarried, are said to have accompanied the expedition, clearing land and erecting a house for their parents who followed them in due time. "Joy," a slave, accompanied them. He was the property of Mr. Keeney who had promised him his freedom at a certain date, over-partaken of maple syrup and died, and his was the first grave of the new colony in the valley.
   Large families sprang from these pioneers. The Keeneys still are represented in the town of Fabius, Mr. John Alonzo Keeney still living near the village. The Browns, though widely scattered, are represented in Mr. Marcus L. Brown of Apulia, N. Y. The Woodruffs have largely removed, Mrs. Edwin Saunders of Keeney Settlement being one of the few who remain near the old homestead. The Foxes removed in 1810 to West Dryden, Tompkins county, N. Y., but the oldest son Edmund returned about 1820 and spent his life in sight of the spot which his father cleared of the primeval forest. Rev. Reuben Cadwell Fox of Onondaga Valley, N. Y., is a son, one of three brothers all of whom were ministers. Most of the Fox family remained in Tompkins county.
   It is probably impracticable to ever re-convene any considerable number of them on the old spot where the first house was built a century ago, but at least a tablet bearing the names of those five men could and ought to be erected.
   Much might be said of this beautiful valley and the Connecticut people who settled it. Others came later reinforcing the original colony, most of whom were from the Nutmeg state. Their descendants are now in nearly every state in the Union, and probably traditions of the above event are fast fading from their minds, if indeed many of the later generations ever knew it. In the hope of awakening interest and provoking further inquiry we have written these facts, and invite contributions from any and every source.
   M. R. WEBSTER, D. D.
   Rochester, N. Y., Sept. 2, 1895.

HOMER DEPARTMENT.
Gleanings of News From Our Twin Village.
   Mr. John H. Van Duyn of Syracuse was in town yesterday.
   E. B. Kenfield returned yesterday from a week's poling trip through Oswego county.
   E. M. Waller, who has been spending the summer in town, returned to New York City last night.
   The marriage of Mr. Chas. H. Dewey and Miss Cora Salisbury took place at the home of the bride's parents near this village this afternoon at 3 o'clock.
   The Living Issue club will hold a meeting at the residence of Mrs. Alphonzo Stout on Cayuga-st. this evening. The subject of the debate to be given then is: Resolved, That the temperance question is of more importance than the financial question. All are invited to attend.
   I. M. Norton of Whitewater, Wis., is visiting his brother, Mr. L. P. Norton, in this village.
   Z. T. Ney left town yesterday on a two months' business trip in the interests of the Homer Mfg. company.
   H. E. Hannum, the proprietor of the grocery store at the corner of Main and James-sts., in this village is involved in a little difficulty which the courts have been called upon to straighten. Some time last September Hannum is claimed to have obtained a loan of $860 from Mrs. Julia Hitchcock of this village. It is said that a written agreement was drawn up, in which Hannum promised to use the money to buy a stock of groceries. It is also said to have contained a promise on his part to render a monthly accounting of the money to the loaner. Mrs. Hitchcock now charges Hannum with grand larceny and last evening had him arrested. In her affidavit filed in Justice Kingsbury's court she claims that the money has been diverted from the use agreed upon and that no accounting has been given her during the time intervening. Officer Jones served the warrant upon Hannum last evening and he was taken before Justice Kingsbury who released him on $600 bail and adjourned the examination for two weeks until Sept. 17. P. C. Cobb and Albert Wood of Cortland furnished bail, E. W. Hyatt appeared for the plaintiff and O. U. Kellogg for the defendant. The case promises to be an interesting one.


A Great Managerial Trio.
   The horses and horsemen of all nations, not by the dozen or by the score, but by the hundred, will be seen in infinite variety in the Great Wild West exhibition which is to be given here Sept. 16. In this exhibition the wonderful West of the few years ago will be revived in all its rugged and romantic splendor, with its plains, prairies and mountain passes; with its log-cabin of the frontiersman, the wigwam of the Sioux, the burly bison,, the pony express, and the lumbering treasury coach of the Overland Route to Deadwood. The Mexican with his lariat, the cowboy with his bronco, and the cavalry troops of the United States Army will all be here in picturesque grouping.
   With them will come also the rough-riding people from many foreign lands. The Cossack and the Russian steppes, the Ranchero of the Rio Grande, the Bedouin from the Arabian Desert, and the trained horse-soldiery of the strongest European nations, including the French Chasseur, the German Uhlan, and the English Irish Lancers; and at the head of all this great aggregation, Col. William F. Cody, ex-scout, ex-Indian fighter, and ex-legislator, the handsome, long-haired and imperialed Buffalo Bill, deservedly the object of more hero worship by all America than any other character in national history.
   The Wild West exhibition, while entirely familiar of late years in the great cities of Europe and later to the visitors to the Columbian World's Fair in 1893, and in 1894 to New Yorkers, will be entirely novel entertainment in this section, and will no doubt attract, as it merits, an enormous attendance, as it will afford an opportunity of seeing a most novel, and at the same time, truthful object lesson, portraying as it does, many of the important incidents of pioneer history.
   Of course every one will visit the great Wild West, but this will not prevent them from enjoying a preliminary treat in the shape of the free cavalcade which will appear in the morning, and will be made up of detachments fro the various departments of the exhibition, and will be enlivened by the music of three fine bands, not the least important of which will be the famous mounted Cowboy band. The date fixed for the appearance of Buffalo Bill and his Wild West here is Sept. 16.


BREVITIES.
   —There will be a band concert at the park to-night.
   —Mr. J. B. Morris has changed his residence from 7 to 11 Monroe Heights.
   —The annual meeting and election of directors of the Tioughnioga club occurs to-night.
   —About seventy Cortland people went to Whitney Point this morning to attend the fair.
   —Holden & Bingham have received the order for steam coal for the Normal school this year.
   —The Cayuga lake steamer Laura A. Darragh will cease its regular trips for this season after Sept. 8.
   —Mr. Harry M. Butler will give a little musical at his home on North Main-st. to-morrow evening.
   —There will be preaching at the Free Methodist church on Schermerhorn-st. to-night by Rev, H. L. Crockett from Kingfield, Me. The public are invited to go and hear him.
   —Dr. I. A. Beach, 83 Pendleton-st., has a night blooming cereus that is expected to open about 8 o'clock this evening. He will be glad to have his friends call and see it.
   —The street commissioner is putting in some new crosswalks on Main-st. and is using some stone that for fine quality and thickness have rarely ever been equaled in Cortland for such a purpose.
   —Mr. A. M. Schermerhorn has sold his lot on Port Watson-st., where his building was burned last spring, to Frank R. Haberle of Syracuse. A two-story brick block and a large barn will be built o n the premises, and will be devoted to the manufacture and bottling of light drinks.

THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
Nearly One Thousand Pupils are Registered Already.
   The public schools of Cortland opened yesterday and are very full indeed. There was a grand rush for the Central school and many had to be refused admission or transferred to the ward schools. In one room which has 54 sittings there were just 80 applications for admission. Four or five more pupils can be received in the preparatory academic room and about as many in Miss Snyder's fifth and sixth grades, otherwise the school is full. There are a few sittings yet remaining in the ward schools, Superintendent Coon and his able corps of assistants have been very busy for the two days in getting all at work, but everything is well under way.
   The teachers in the several schools with the pupils entered are as follows:
CENTRAL SCHOOL.
Miss E. K. Miller, principal and academic department, 45.
Miss Ada J. Wallace, preparatory academic 8th grade, 40.
Miss Mary E. Williams, 7th grade, 53.
Miss Mary A. Knapp, 6th grade A class, 54.
Miss Fannie M. Galusha, 6th grade, B class and mathematics in academic department, 32.
Miss Nettie E. Snyder, 6th grade, B class and 5th grade, 47.
Miss Lena V. Lovell, 3rd and 4th grades, 55.
Miss Ella M. Van Hoesen, 1st and 2nd grades, 55.
Total, 381.
SCHERMERHORN-ST. SCHOOL.
Miss Mary S. Blackmer, principal, 3d and 4th grades, 50.
Mrs. J. E. Perry, 2nd grade, 42.
Miss Minnie Cleary, 1st grade, 50.
Miss Jennie May Allen, 4th and 5th grades, 50.
Total, 192.
OWEGO ST. SCHOOL.
Miss Nettle E. Cole, principal, 2nd grade, 40.
Miss Mary Van Bergen, 1st grade, 63.
Miss Mary McGowan, 3d and 4th grades, 43.
Miss Anna W. Blackmer, 4th and 5th grades, 30.
Total, 176
POMEROY ST. SCHOOL.
Miss Lulu M. Day, principal, 4th and 5th grades, 36.
Mrs. O. K. George, 3d and 4th grades, 40.
Miss Ella Garrity, 2nd grade, 45.
Miss Mabel Graves, 1st grade, 50.
Total, 171
FITZ-AVE. SCHOOL.
Mrs. Clara Benedict, 1st and 2nd grades, 36
Total in all the schools, 956.

THE COUNTY FAIR.
Entries Coming With a Rush—It will be a Big Time.
   Secretary Mellon of the Cortland County Agricultural society attended the state fair at Syracuse and obtained promises from a number of the exhibitors of stock there to bring their stock to Cortland to the fair next week. Every day now he is receiving inquiries about this thing and that connected with the fair and already the entries are beginning to come in. It is unprecedented to have so many entries so long a time in advance for a Cortland fair.
   Everybody will be interested in this fair. It is designed to interest all, and it will do so. The stockmen will find the sheds at the upper end of the grounds full of cattle, sheep and swine. The horsemen will see what Cortland county can do in this line, and it is well known that this county is noted for its fine horses, The racing men will find horse races each day, and bicycling races on Thursday. The gardeners and florists will find displays that appeal to them in Floral hall. And here too the ladies will be interested in the fancy and needle work, the paintings, drawings and sketches, and out at the side will be all the poultry. Every one is interested in this.
   Then too there will be the baby show, the exhibition of stock on the track, the contests for ladies in horsemanship, pony riding and driving. There will not be a dull moment on the grounds. And everybody can go without fear. There will be no liquor sold on the grounds and no gambling will be permitted. It is a safe place to let the children go to, but still every parent will want to go along too, to see what the boys see. Let everybody turn out.

POLLING PLACES NAMED.
Everybody Take Notice Where He Will Register to Vote.
   The Cortlandville town board held a meeting yesterday and fixed the following polling places for registration and election on November 5:
   Dist. No. 1.—Village hall, McGrawville.
   Dist. No. 2.—M. E. Corwin's carpenter shop, 71 Pomeroy-st.
   Dist. No. 3.—Cortland Steam laundry, 78 Clinton-ave.
   Dist. No. 4.—J. L. Watrous' livery barn, 22 Clinton-ave.
   Dist. No. 5.—Warner Rood's barn, 10 Madison-st.
   Dist. No. 6.—Thomas Ellsworth's carpenter shop, 75 Lincoln-ave.
   Dist. No. 7.—Edwin M. Hulbert's block, West Court-st.
   Dist. No. 8.—George Allport's barn, Tompkins-st.
   Dist. No. 9.—Nottingham's shop, 185 Main-st,
   Dist. No. 10.—John Hubbard's hall, Blodgett Mills.
 

Monday, April 23, 2018

ATTACKED BY MANIACS



Cortland Standard, Tuesday, September 3, 1895.

ATTACKED BY MANIACS.
Lizzie Halliday Murderously Assaults a Keeper.
ASSISTED BY ANOTHER LUNATIC.
The Female Attendant Had Incurred Their Enmity and Was Terribly Wounded Before Help Came—Happily Her Wounds Are Not Fatal.
   POUGHKEEPSIE, N. Y., Sept. 2.—The  facts about a murderous assault committed by Mrs. Lizzie Halliday, the Monticello murderess, on Miss Kate Ward, an attendant at the Matteawan state asylum for insane criminals, where Mrs. Halliday is confined, on Friday last have just leaked out.
   Mrs. Halliday was assisted in her assault on the attendant by Jane Shannon, another convict patient who was committed to the asylum for insane criminals from St. Lawrence county about three years ago, and who is considered the most dangerous of the female patients in the institution.
   The assault was the result of a grudge which Mrs. Halliday had held against the attendant for some time. It seems that about two months ago Lizzie Halliday managed to pick the pocket of Miss Ward. She secured the keys to the woman's ward. The theft was quickly discovered and the keys were taken from her. When Dr. H. E. Allison, the superintendent, heard of the affair, he reprimanded the attendant for allowing Mrs. Halliday to secure the keys.
   This caused considerable ill-feeling between Miss Ward and Mrs. Halliday and the latter has been awaiting a chance to get even with the attendant. This opportunity came on Friday afternoon. While Miss Ward was washing her hands Mrs. Halliday entered the bathroom with a towel which she handed to the attendant.
   "Thank you, Lizzie," said Miss Ward, as she reached for the towel.
   The words were no sooner spoken than she was seized by the murderess and thrown to the floor. Mrs. Shannon who, it appears, had conspired with Mrs. Halliday to assault the attendant, then jumped on Miss Ward's prostrate form while Mrs. Halliday crammed the towel which she had brought to Miss Ward into the latter's mouth. Then the two crazy and revengeful women kicked and pounded the attendant, Mrs. Halliday tearing her hair and scratching her face with her finger nails.
   The scuffle was heard in the ward and Miss Amanda Hess, an attendant, with the help of one or two of the patients, rescued Miss Ward from her assailants. The attendant, when help reached her, was unconscious, and it was thought at first that she would die. She rallied, however, on Saturday, and though bruised quite badly on different parts of her body was able to resume her duties.
   Mrs. Halliday and Mrs. Shannon have been placed in solitary confinement. The former has been very anxious to be transferred to the female department of the state prison of late, but her conduct in this instance has caused the authorities to decide that she must remain in the asylum.

Daniel Lamont.
Dan Lamont and His Check.
   The last Democratic congress failed to appropriate enough money to pay the regular expenses of the army. The paymaster general lacks about $50,000 of the sum needed to pay officers' salaries and other expenses for the last month of the fiscal year.
   Unless special relief is afforded, the officers will have to wait until congress meets and makes an appropriation for the deficiency. Army officers, as a class, are not blessed with large bank accounts, and are embarrassed by failure to receive their pay. So Secretary [of War] Lamont talks of advancing the $50,000 necessary out of his own pocket. If he is satisfied that he will be repaid, a Washington dispatch says that he will draw a check for that amount and make the hearts of the officers happy.
   There was a time when Dan Lamont could not draw a check for $50,000.  Politics has been very kind to him. When he went to Washington as private secretary for Grover Cleveland, he found his salary very welcome every month. He was not prepared then to make up the deficiency in the army payroll or in any branch of it. But kind friends, made through his political connections, helped him with fortunate speculations during the interim of the Harrison administration, and he, as well as his chief, piled up a fortune.
   Daniel Webster, on one occasion when under the influence of too much exhilaration, declared that if congress did not pay the national debt very soon, he would pay it himself. While Secretary Lamont is not prepared to pay off the national debt, it is said that he could draw a check for nearly a million dollars and have it honored at the bank. If he is disposed to make up the deficiency in the army payroll for July, it is fortunate for the soldiers that they have a wealthy man at the head of the department.—Syracuse Post.

AFFAIRS IN CUBA.
Slight Skirmishes In Various Parts of the Island.
   HAVANA, Sept. 3.—At Hatillo, the insurgents burned the store of Rufino Diaz, the Dolores mansion and the farm house of Jose Prieto, together with $10,000 worth of plantation property.
   The planters of the province of Santa Clara have been compelled to pay heavy contributions for the maintenance of the insurgent cause.
   Lieutenant Gonzales Morro with 800 troops has had an engagement with the insurgents under Ruen, near Naronjal and Cabarien, province of Santiago de Cuba, in which four of the latter were killed.
   Dionisio Gil, the Dominican general, has taken command of the insurgent band recently under the leadership of Goulet, who was killed at Berabjo.
   Upon the arrival here of a steamer bringing the Christian battalion, which comprises 40 officers and 1,160 soldiers, the new comers [sic] were met by a committee of citizens and bands of music. The sum of $1 was given to each soldier. Such is the reception of every steamer which arrives with soldiers from Spain.
   The column of General Canellas routed the band headed by Maceo to the south of Ramon de Las Yaguas on Saturday. The insurgents very much outnumbered the Spaniards, but they were driven from their positions and encampment, leaving 36 killed and 80 wounded. The Spanish lost one officer and 12 soldiers killed, and nine officers and 39 soldiers wounded.

Seeking Recognition of Peru.
   LIMA, Sept. 3.—The Cuban commission, which seeks the recognition of the Peruvian government for the provisional government of the Cuban insurgents, arrived here and were welcomed at a public reception by a committee of Cubans and 600 Peruvians.
   Councillor Gamero delivered an address of welcome, speaking in the name of Peru.
   Dr. Aguero replied on behalf of the Cuban commission, speaking from the balcony of the Callo bank. He thanked Councillor Gamero and the Peruvian people, for whom he spoke for their welcome and reminded his hearers that Peru was the first to recognize the independence of Cuba in 1868.
   Great sympathy was manifested for the purpose of the commission and there were many vivas given for "Cuba free."

Emblem of Anarchy Barred.
   PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 3.—Not more than 1,000 paraders turned out to take part in the Labor day demonstration. The stock and produce exchange alone closed their doors, the first Saturday in September being observed as Labor day in this state.
   The United Labor league turned out about 500 men, but there was no display of red flags, as the police authorities forbade it. What was evidently used as a substitute for the red emblem was a banner with the words "The Powers That Be Fear the Red Flag" on one side and "Socialistic Ideas Are Progressing, Nevertheless" on the other. The paraders each wore a red badge.

The Baseball Games.
   The games of the Eastern and National leagues yesterday resulted as follows:
   At Buffalo—Buffalo, 4; Springfield, 5.
   At Rochester—Rochester, 0; Providence, 16.
   At Syracuse—Syracuse, 5; Wilkes-Barre, 7.
   At Toronto—Toronto, 13; Scranton, 6.
   Second game—Toronto, 5; Scranton, 6.
   At Washington—Washington, 6; Louisville, 12.
   At Brooklyn—Brooklyn, 11; Chicago, 3.
   At New York—New York, 4; Cleveland 3.
   At Baltimore—Baltimore, 6; St. Louis, 0.
   At Boston—Boston, 3; Cincinnati, 4.

Photo from Grip's Historical Souvenir of Cortland.
PAGE TWO—EDITORIALS.
Malicious and Personal Attacks.
   One of the most to be regretted features of the canvass for delegates to the Republican county convention is the personal attacks being made upon individuals. Republicans should not be slandered, vilified or misrepresented, as so many good citizens and true Republicans who are not of the office-seeking class have been.
   There is no occasion to attack such men as Mr. Wickwire, Dr. Cheney or in fact any delegate on either side. The attacks on Mr. Mantanye are also another instance of this evil. He has no personal interest in this canvass, is looking for no place or position and is not in a position to take any place even on a committee, and has repeatedly said so. He has worked for the interests of the party, and while noted for his faithfulness to his friends he has been opposed to personal attacks on opponents. In the constitutional convention of last year, which contained so many able men, he made an excellent record, which was a credit to the county. He advocated some needed reforms in prison management which were put into the constitution, and by reason of his familiarity with this matter Governor Morton appointed him upon the new commission of prisons. This is no discredit to the county but rather a matter of congratulation, and his record is sufficient proof that whatever influence he may have will inure to the benefit of the county—yet an effort has been made to stir up against him, to the injury of those he is friendly with, a feeling of jealousy and hatred. Like a great many of the best Republicans in the county he is opposed to the county being bartered or sold to the detriment of its future interests.
   We hope that these misrepresentations and slanders will not be listened to, and they should react on those, who resort to such an improper mode of warfare.

Six Richest Men.
   A writer in the New York World has been collecting statistics to ascertain who are the six richest men in the world. Americans will be perhaps surprised to find that only two of them belong in this country. They will be still more surprised to know that two of them are Chinamen. If the figures are reliable, Li Hung Chang is the richest man on this earth, and he ought to be very much ashamed of it. Li Hung Chang's wealth, and the rottenness, financial and otherwise of the Chinese empire, are two facts that belong very close together. Li Hung Chang has enriched himself through his official position, and he is worth $500,000,000.
   The second richest man is John D. Rockefeller, $180,000,000. He is the wealthiest man in the United States.
   The rest are all put down at $100,000,000 apiece. Two of them, the Duke of Westminster and Colonel North, are Englishmen. Then there is the American Cornelius Vanderbilt and the Chinese tea merchant Woh Qua.
   Only two, Cornelius Vanderbilt and the Duke of Westminster, inherited their wealth. The rest made it. What John D. Rockefeller and his associates did with petroleum in the United States, Woh Qua did with tea in China, monopolized it. Colonel North, now the close friend of the Prince of Wales, could not read or write when he was 14 years old. He learned the trade of boiler riveting and knocked about the world. Finally he saw his opportunity in a monopoly of the nitrate fertilizing beds of Peru, and made his hundred million easily.

Committed to the Asylum.
   Mrs. Lydia A. Brooks of East Homer, aged 56 years, has been examined by Dr. H. O. Jewett and Dr. P. M. Neary who have decided that she is insane. Commitment papers have been made out by the surrogate and she will be taken to the Binghamton hospital. The attack came on rather suddenly and about August 6. She is at times very violent and is subject to paroxysms. The physicians think the attack was caused by excitement produced from a tumor and the treatment for its removal.

KILLED BY THE CARS.
Howard Sovocool Would Not Heed a Call to Stop.
   At about 12:20 o'clock yesterday afternoon a freight train on the E., C. & N. R. R. was switching at Freeville. Howard Sovocool, a little boy about six years old, came out of a market near the station where his father is employed and started to cross the track in front of a box car which was being backed down. A helper at the railroad station saw his  intention and the danger and called to the boy to stop. He paid no attention, however, to the call and was struck by the car, knocked down and run over.
   He was killed instantly and his body was badly mangled. Coroner Montgomery was summoned from Dryden, but after reviewing the remains and hearing the facts decided that no inquest was necessary.

NEW PLUMBING FIRM.
W. W. Bennett and H. L. Hartwell Start Out for Themselves.
   W. W. Bennett and Harry L. Hartwell have joined forces and are to conduct a tinning and plumbing business under the firm name of Bennett & Hartwell. Both are men of experience in these lines and they purpose to employ only first-class help. They solicit a share of the patronage of Cortland people. For the present they will have an office with C. N. Tyler in the old Wickwire building on Railroad-st. and are to occupy one of the stores in the new Wickwire building on the south side of the same street when it is completed. They will also use the basement of the old Wickwire building for a workshop. They will devote themselves to plumbing, furnace and tin work. They have to-day ordered a large stock of goods.

At Rest.
   Mrs. Phebe Ann Plumb of Cortland, mother of Mr. Frank E. Plumb, died last night at 6 o'clock at the home of her son, 10 Charles-st., at the age of 75 years. Mrs. Plumb had been in rather feeble health for several years and last winter had a slight shock of paralysis which affected her right side. She recovered, however, from that to a large degree and had since been in usual health, being able to be about the house and very comfortable.
   Sunday afternoon Mr. Plumb came to the postoffice about 6 o'clock to attend to the afternoon mail. Upon his return he discovered that his mother was speaking rather brokenly and with difficulty. He knew something was the matter and at once summoned a physician. It proved to be another shock. Mrs. Plumb gradually lost consciousness in sleep, not speaking after 8 o'clock. From that time until her death at 6 o'clock the following evening she slept quietly and peacefully, her breath growing shorter and shorter until it stopped entirely.
   Mrs. Plumb had been a loving and devoted mother and her affection was reciprocated in the highest degree by her son. Through her last years everything that could possibly be done for her comfort and happiness was done by this son and his wife, with whom she had made her home. Mrs. Plumb had been a member and an active and efficient worker in the Universalist church for the past fifty-five years. Her husband, who died some years ago, was one of those who assisted in its building and dedication. Mrs. Plumb received a small pension from the government as the widow of a veteran and this was devoted wholly to the church. One of the last topics of conversation with her son Sunday afternoon before he left the house was in regard to this. Mr. Plumb is the only child.
   Prayer will be held at her late home, 10 Charles-st. at 2 o'clock Thurs day afternoon and the funeral will be at the Universalist church at 2:30 o'clock.

Vital Statistics.
   Health Officer W. J. Moore submits the following report of vital statistics to Cortland for August: Total deaths 10—males 6, females 4; social condition—single 3, married 2, widowed 5; nativity—United States 8, England 1, Ireland 1; ages—under five years 1, between twenty and thirty years 1, between fifty and sixty years 1, between sixty and seventy years 1, between seventy and eighty years 8, between eighty and ninety years 3; causes—apoplexy 1, old age 2, paralysis 3, tonsilitis 1, diarrhoea 1, dysentery 1, ulceration of bowels 1; births 8—males 3, females 5; marriages 4.

TWENTY-FIFTH ANNIVERSARY.
Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Bouton Celebrate Their Silver Wedding.
   Twenty-five years ago, on Sept. 8, 1870, Mr. Lewis Bouton and Miss Emily Lamont were married at the home of the bride, at the Lamont homestead in the town of Virgil. Their numerous friends had not forgotten that this year is the twenty-fifth anniversary of the event and accordingly planned a surprise for them which was completely carried out on Saturday last. This date was chosen as the 8th of September this year falls on Sunday and also from the fact that Mrs. Bouton's sister, Mrs. Archibald Lamont, of Quenemo, Kan., who has been visiting her for the past month was obliged to return home before that date. The surprise was more complete and none the less enjoyable because of the change of date. Mr. and Mrs. Bouton knew nothing about the arrangements until the self-invited guests began to arrive and even Archibald, their son, who had been let into the secret thought that the celebration was to take place next Saturday and was as much surprised as his father and mother.
   At 1 o'clock dinner was announced and all did ample justice to the bountiful spread which had been prepared by the guests. The afternoon was passed in visiting and in talking over the events of twenty-five years ago and some of the changes that have taken place since that time.
   A handsome etching was presented to Mr. and Mrs. Bouton in honor of the occasion with the wish that they may enjoy many more anniversaries of their wedding day.
   Among the guests from out of town were: Mr. and Mrs. Peter Lamont of Carroll, la., Mrs. Archibald Lamont of Quenemo, Kan., Mr. and Mrs. John D. Lamont, Mr. and Mrs. Duncan McLachlan, Mr. and Mrs. George Cole, Mrs. Nancy Hill and Mrs. Anna Stewart of Dryden, Mr. and Mrs. John McKellar of Groton, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Keech of Harford and Mr. Robert Schutt of Slaterville.

BREVITIES.
   —Total eclipse of the moon to-night. Everybody watch out.
   —Pomona grange is holding an all day session to-day in Good Templars' hall.
   —The Cortland City band gave a concert at the park from 8:30 to 5:30 o'clock this afternoon,
   —One drunk was brought before Justice Bull yesterday and another one to- day. Each paid a fine of $3.
   —The Cortland baseball team has disbanded for this season, as the contract with Pitcher Mahoney has expired.
   —Rev. Edward Thomson, LL.D., who last night spoke at the Opera House in the interests of Sabbath Observance, speaks to-night upon the same subject at Ithaca.
   —Sylvan Beach was crowded yesterday. The E., C. & N. R. R. transferred about seventy cars from the [New York] Central railroad to the Beach. The excursionists came from Albany.
   —The management of the Cortland County Agricultural society desire us to state that at the fair next week no gambling of any kind or description will be permitted upon the grounds.
   —Street Commissioner Stearns and a gang of men are to-day putting a broad sluiceway under Main-st. at the head of Union-st. to drain off the water from the latter street which has no outlet.
   —The Traction company is to-day paying and laying off a large number of its employees. The grading is all done and only the ballasting of the road and a little brick laying yet remains for its completion.
   —A small audience was present at the Opera House on Saturday evening to see Wm. Barry and his company in "The Rising Generation." The company contains a number of excellent players and is deserving of better patronage.