Monday, July 16, 2018

COASTAL DEFENSE PLANS, AND LADIES, OFF WITH YOUR BIG HATS


Hilary A. Herbert.

Cortland Evening Standard, Thursday, November 21, 1895.

COAST DEFENSE PLANS.
Secretary Herbert Pressing Their Preparations as Fast as Possible.
   WASHINGTON, NOV. 21.—Secretary Herbert is pressing vigorously the preparation of plans for the defense of the United States against possible attack by any foreign naval power.
   Already much has been done by the naval war college in that line during the session just closed under the secretary's direction, and the program for the next session, which begins June 1 next at Newport and runs till Oct. 1, just published, shows that the work is to be carried forward without interruption.
   The principal problem will be the conduct of naval operations in the Gulf of Mexico by an American naval fleet, and other work will be the construction of a war chart and defense plan of Nantucket sound and the general strategic consideration of Delaware and Chesapeake bays.
   Twenty-five officers, 20 of whom will be above the grade of lieutenant, will constitute the next class, and of these five will be selected to continue the work during the winter and prepare the plans for the ensuing year.

USS Minneapolis.
TO PROTECT AMERICANS.
Cruiser Minneapolis Ordered to Join Admiral Selfridge at Gibraltar.
   WASHINGTON, NOV. 21.—The cruiser Minneapolis has been ordered to Smyrna to protect American interests in Turkey.
   The orders to Captain Wadleigh are to report to Admiral Selfridge upon reaching Gibraltar, but unless the admiral issues other orders by that time the ship will make Smyrna her destination. This point is believed to be as near as a warship can get to the American mission stations believed by the missionary boards in this country to be endangered by the general uprising of the Mussulmans in Asia Minor.
   While the state department authorities felt that due precautions had been taken in the ordering of two vessels, the San Francisco and the Marblehead to this coast, still a point was yielded to make the safety of the missionaries additionally secure, and after advising with Minister Terrell the orders to the Minneapolis were forwarded.
   She is now at Norfolk in perfect condition, but needs to take on additional stores and coal to begin her 5,000 mile voyage from Norfolk to Smyrna. If all goes well she is expected to make the run in about two weeks.
   With this accession Admiral Selfridge will have a fleet of three of the best cruisers in the navy at his back which, though small in comparison with the formidable armaments gathered in Salonica bay by the great European powers, will suffice to meet his object, the protection of the American citizens in Turkey.

Armenian Relief Fund Opened.
   NEW YORK, NOV. 21.—The civilized and Christian world is horror-stricken over the reports of the massacre of Armenian Christians by the Turks. In addition to the destruction of life, whole villages have been burned, all the property belonging to the Armenians has been destroyed or confiscated, and the survivors, mostly men and women, have been left to starve. The distress is so widespread, and the number in actual need of a crust of bread so large, that relief agencies have been established in London and New York, and an appeal is made to the Christian world for aid.
   The New York committee is made up of men like Bishop Potter, Archbishop Corrigan, Morris K. Jesup, Rev. W. H. P. Faunce, Jacob H. Schiff and Rev. David T. Burrell. Spencer Trass, 27 Pine street, New York, is the treasurer, and contributions forwarded to him will be distributed among the Armenian sufferers through a mixed commission of American missionaries, English consuls and others.

EX-CONSUL WALLER'S CASE.
The Prisoner May Be Liberated Under a General Amnesty Act.
   WASHINGTON, NOV. 21.—Although the state department absolutely refused to confirm or deny a report that the French government has refused to furnish it the record in the Waller case, some difficulties, it is known, have been encountered in procuring this indispensable document.
   Just what the nature of the trouble is cannot be learned, but it is understood that the application for the record is not regarded by the French government as a matter of right in the United States, and it is assumed if our application takes more the shape of a request than a demand, the necessary documents may be forthcoming.
   Meanwhile the Waller case itself may be suddenly settled, so far as the liberation of Waller is concerned, by the voluntary action of the French government, as word has come here from official sources to the effect that it is contemplated to proclaim amnesty for all political prisoners taken in Madagascar, which would include Waller, unless some special notice be taken of his case and claim.

PAGE TWO—EDITORIALS.
   ◘ The heavy government fortifications that for some years have been in process of erection at Sandy Hook have so nearly reached completion as to entitle them to a name. In issuing the order that they should be called Fort Hancock, Secretary Lamont honors the memory of a brave and patriotic American general, who was said to be the most magnificent looking army officer of his day and generation in the world. Fort Hancock will guard lower New York bay below the Narrows so that hostile foreign cruisers cannot come up near the Battery.
   ◘ Japan ought to seek an assurance with Russia. Russia and the United States are very good friends and have been from the foundation of the republic. With a thorough good understanding among the people of Russia, Japan and the United States, John Bull, if he wanted to be ugly over any Central or South American or Canadian question, would have a very strong motive for controlling his temper.
   ◘ A southern writer says "The material prosperity to which the south has attained since the war proves conclusively that it is the white man, and not the black, who is reaping the benefits of emancipation, as the great outside world will some day learn."
   ◘ Maine is going to tax every bicycle in the state in 1896 for the road fund. There is so much fun in bicycle riding that every wheelman and wheelwoman will pay the tax cheerfully.

Assemblyman Theodore Roosevelt in 1883.
One Rich American.
   Rich young fellows who want to do something in the world cannot do better than to imitate the example of Hon. Theodore Roosevelt, president of the New York city board of police commissioners, who enjoys the distinction of being the first man that has ever been able to close the drinking saloons of the metropolis on Sunday. When Mr. Roosevelt resigned from the civil service commission to accept his present place many thought it was rather a come down. The result has proved it was not. It has also proved that a brainy man with a conscience and a serious purpose in life is about the best man a city can appoint to high office. The saloon closing law Mr. Roosevelt undertook to see executed was none of his making. He did not approve of all its provisions, but he was there to see it obeyed, and he did see it obeyed. So favorably did he impress even liquor dealers themselves that the chairman of the excise committee of the Wine and Spirit Dealers' association said of him:
   "Personal contact with Mr. Roosevelt has taught me to respect and esteem him as an honest, conscientious and straightforward man, an excellent gentleman who indulges no favoritism and is not influenced in the performance of the duties of his office by any man, be he large or small, have he pull or no pull. Consequently yon can place absolute dependence upon his statements."
   Mr. Roosevelt was a young man of independent wealth. Not having to work for his living, he turned his attention early to the study of social, political and economic questions. In movements for bettering the condition of mankind he has always taken a warm interest. Besides that he is a scholar, a ranchman and a sportsman and a thoroughly human all round man.

A SERIOUS CHARGE.
Alleged That Money and Notes Were Taken From a Trunk.
   The examination in the case of The People against Patrick Tobin, who is charged with grand larceny, was on before Justice T. H. Dowd in the court of special sessions this morning. Tobin was arrested on a warrant sworn out by Sidney Burdick who alleges that on Nov. 1, 1895, between 3 or 4 o'clock P. M., Tobin took from his trunk money in currency amounting to $230 and promissory notes to the amount of $735. It appears that both Burdick and Tobin are employed on the farm of Hon. O. U. Kellogg and occupy the same room. Burdick also alleges that Tobin on July 1 saw him counting the money and notes and knew where it was all kept.
   The examination was adjourned to Nov. 29 at 10 o'clock A. M. Fred Hatch appeared for The People and O. U. Kellogg and John Courtney, Jr., for the defendant.

THE BICYCLE FACTORY.
Business Booming, More Men Soon to be Employed.
   Mr. W. O. Nivison returned last night from a trip to Chicago in the interest of the Wesson-Nivison Bicycle Co. He made a number of large sales of bicycle  parts and the company now have several options under consideration for the sale of the entire output of finished wheels. Orders are coming in rapidly at the [Squires Street] factory and in a few days the present force of thirty-five employees will be increased to fifty.

New Candy Store.
   P. Caswell & Son will soon open a candy store at 111 Main-st. This firm is well-known all over the country, and has had experience of eighteen years in the business. They will keep all kinds of candy and chewing gum.

OFF WITH THE BIG HAT.
Four Ostrich Plumes Too Much for one Weary Spectator.
To the Editor of the Standard:
   SIR—Although an old issue I cant refrain from making an appeal through your columns for the removal of the large hat at the theater.
   It was my misfortune several nights since to sit directly behind a lady who had at least four large ostrich plumes daintily displayed on an enormous hat. It was impossible for me to get a good view of the stage at any time and my evening's enjoyment was entirely ruined by this circumstance.
   The coming performance of the "Mikado" will no doubt draw out our best people and I would like to suggest that a movement be set on foot whereby it may be generally agreed that the ladies all go prepared to remove their hats so that every one will have an uninterrupted view of the stage. This plan was adopted at a recent operatic performance at Ithaca by the Choral club and with the result that not only did every one enjoy the performance better, but it gave the whole house a most homelike appearance and I really think the ladies felt more at home and I am sure must have been a great deal more comfortable. * * *
   The STANDARD heartily endorses the sentiments expressed above and urges that the ladies remove their hats, not only at the "Mikado" entertainments, but at the Remenyi concert Friday night of this week and at other entertainments. The Dryden Herald is endorcing a similar movement in that place. It says: "Dame Fashion in the larger cities has approved this custom for some time and it would be an excellent one to be followed by the women in smaller places. Bonnets and hats alike at an entertainment are aggravating, for it is a difficult gymnastic feat in a crowded house to try to see over a bonnet with wings and bows pointing skyward, and to keep tracing the circumference of a big hat is not worth much as a recreation."


BREVITIES.
   —New advertisements to-day are—A. S. Burgess, page 6; Warner Rood, page 5.
   —The regular meeting of Cortland Commandery, No. 50, Knights Templars, occurs to-night,
   —Mr. Lynn R. Lewis has sent two of his men to Hamilton to do the plumbing and heating work in Prof. Clark's house on the university grounds.
   —There will be a fall rehearsal of the Mikado to-night at 7:30 o'clock at the old Clover club rooms. It is hoped that all who take part will be present.
   —F. Daehler has just added to his store another showcase and counter with glass reaching to the floor in which is displayed an additional line of neckwear.
   —A regular meeting of the W. C. T. U. will be held on Saturday, Nov. 23. Consecration service at 2:30 P. M. The program for regular meeting will be the quarterly reports of the superintendents of departments.
   —One of the clerks at the store of McKinney & Donbleday who for a number of years has assisted in the sale of tickets for the Opera House said yesterday that never but once in his recollection had there been such a sale of tickets in the parquette as for the concert by Remenyi and his company to-morrow night.
   —One young man about town is being joked to quite an extent of late by his friends who claim that some time since he made a call upon a friend and was given a hot reception of [firecracker] torpedoes which, they say, flew so thick and fast as to ruin a fine three-dollar derby hat and send it through a skylight.

MEETING OF LAWYERS.
Steps Toward the Formation of a Permanent Bar Association.
   In response to a call a meeting of lawyers of Cortland county was held at the office of Judge J. E. Eggleston yesterday afternoon at 3 o'clock. Judge Eggleston was chosen temporary chairman and John O'Donnell of Truxton temporary secretary. It was moved and unanimously carried that a committee of five lawyers be appointed to report at an adjourned meeting as to the advisability of forming a permanent county bar association, to draft by-laws, and to recommend nominations for permanent officers.
   Judge Eggleston appointed the following as such committee: John Courtney, Jr., Riley Champlin, George S. Sands, B. A. Benedict and B. T. Wright.
   An adjournment was then taken to Dec. 21 at 2 o'clock P. M.

The Opera "Wang" Coming.
   "Wang," which has been the talk of the whole country for a long time, comes to the Opera House on Wednesday evening, Nov. 27. It has probably had the greatest popular success of any modern comic opera. For the past three seasons it has been one of the greatest moneymakers that ever delighted a lucky manager. This fact has this season made it possible for an unprecedented amount of money to be lavished upon its scenery and costumes which aid in depicting life in Siam under the regency appointed during the minority of the present king of that country. The company consists of sixty people and carries its own orchestra. It also carries every foot of the gorgeous scenery needed for the production, the cost of this scenery being in the neighborhood of $15,000.
   The sale of seats will begin at the Candy Kitchen on Saturday morning.
 

Sunday, July 15, 2018

THE NONAPLET



Cortland Evening Standard, Thursday, November 21, 1895.

NINE MEN ON ONE BICYCLE.
Wonderful Wheel That a Californian Is Constructing.
A MILE AT A MARVELOUS SPEED.
The New Nonaplet, as the Inventor Terms It, Will Be Made of Aluminium and Will Be Geared to Two Hundred and Twenty-five—What the Machine May Do.
   When the tandem was built a number of years ago, it was looked upon as a remarkable development of the bicycle, and the two riders skimming along over the road attracted almost as much attention as a small circus parade. The triplet, with seats for three riders, but only two wheels, next made its appearance and astonished the cycling world by its speed. Both the  tandem and the triplet were used for pacing riders in contests against time, and some expert finally suggested that a quadruplet or a two-wheeled machine for four sturdy cyclists would set a faster pace than had ever been seen on the track.
   Many persons did not believe the frame could be made strong enough to support four heavy wheelmen, but the machine was constructed and proved a great success as a pacemaking device. It made its mile on a straightaway course in 1 minute 35 seconds, a better performance by half a second than Salvator's world famous mile on the straight track at Monmouth park, New Jersey, Aug. 28, 1890.
   It was now quite generally believed that the "quad" was the longest bicycle that could be built and operated successfully, but P. J. Berlo very recently demonstrated that the opinion was not well founded. He constructed a quintuplet which carried five riders, but had only the usual number of wheels. It proved a valuable addition to the pacemaking apparatus, and encouraged by its success a California inventor is building what he calls a nonaplet, which he expects will carry nine men and display unprecedented speed on a straightaway course. The inventor's name is Albert Thompson, and he is a resident of San Francisco.
   This machine will be a world beater, says The Wheel. Nothing can pace it, and even the lightning must hustle or be distanced. The phenomenon will have two 30 inch wheels, will weigh 180 pounds, and its gear will be 225. Think of the speed a gear of 225 will make when a 90 gear rolls a mile in 1 minute 35 seconds, or about 45 1/2 feet per second! What will be the pace of the "nonaplet" with nine crackerjacks whirling the big rear sprocket almost four times the diameter of that on the ordinary wheel? They won't do anything to that 1 minute 35 second record!
   After the Delmas-Smith-Jones-Davis "quad" team made their best time, half a second better than the fast horse, they could not stop their machine. At the awful speed they dared not attempt to back pedal for fear of being hurled from the seat and dashed to pieces, and the machine ran several miles along the straight, level road.
   When the riders alighted from their perilous positions, their faces were blanched the hue of death, so great had been the nervous strain and the fear of an accident—always imminent—which would pitch them to destruction. All four of the strong, skillful wheelmen were so prostrated that they did not attempt to ride for weeks. At least this is what truthful California reporters say.
   The mind grows weary trying to conceive of the physical endurance of the nine who will pump that 225 gear machine ahead and dizzy "getting on to" the conception of the rifle shell velocity of that racer of aluminium. Steel will not be in it with this nine of a kind. Several experts estimate the "nonaplet" to be capable of a mile in 20 seconds—or in 10 seconds providing the riders can get out a reasonable life insurance or accident policy or if respiration is possible during such speed through the air. Possibly the cyclist, yet to come will be geared to his wheel in every particular and the atmospheric as well as the other conditions overcome.
   Not a few bicycle manufacturers are doubting Thomases when Inventor Thompson's nonaplet is mentioned. They do not believe the machine can possibly be a success. California, however, is essentially a land of great things. Trees, potatoes, flowers—everything grows greater, bigger and better in the "glorious climate of Callforny." Thus it seems but natural that cycling should expand into something stupendous in such a country. Expectations are to be verified if the world is to believe the San Francisco Call, and why should it not do so?
 

Saturday, July 14, 2018

POOR ABUSED SULTAN


Sultan Abdul Hamid II.
Lord Salisbury.

Cortland Evening Standard, Wednesday, November 20, 1895.

POOR ABUSED SULTAN.
He Writes of His Wrongs To Lord Salisbury.
ASSERTS HIS GOOD INTENTIONS.
Salisbury Diplomatically Changes His Attitude—British Newspapers Fall
In Line and Tearfully Echo the Prime Minister's Sentiments.
   BRIGHTON, Nov. 20.—Lord Salisbury, the prime minister, addressed the annual conference of the National Union of Conservative associations here and said among other things:
   "Allow me to say a word in answer to a very distinguished, distant correspondent, if I may term him so, who requested me to make a statement in a speech to the country. This correspondent is no less a person than the Sultan of Turkey. Nothing would have induced me to read this august message here except the distinct commands of the sender.
   "In that speech at the Guild hall on the occasion of the lord mayor's day dinner, I expressed the opinion and said that I had little confidence that the reforms promised for the Turkish empire would be carried into execution.
   "The sultan sends me a message saying that this statement pained him very much as the carrying out of these reforms is a matter already decided upon by him and further that he is desirous of executing them as soon as possible. He then proceeds:
   "'I have already told my ministers this, and so the only reason why Lord Salisbury should thus throw doubts on my good intentions must be due to the intrigues of certain persons here, or else false statements must have been made to cause such an opinion.'
   "The message then proceeds after some intermediary observations—'I repeat, I will execute these reforms I will take the papers containing them and see myself that every article is put into force. This is my earnest determination and I give you my word of honor. I wish Lord Salisbury to know this, and I beg and desire that his lordship, having confidence in these declarations, will make another speech by virtue of the friendly feeling and disposition he has for me and my country. I shall await the result of this with the greatest anxiety.'"
   Lord Salisbury then continued: ''These last words will acquit me of any impropriety in what I acknowledge to be a very unprecedented course—the reading of a communication of that kind at a public meeting. I could not abstain from doing what I have done without discourtesy to that distinguished potentate from which this message issued, but of course it would not be seemly for me to comment directly upon those words.
   "Great Britain forms part of concerted Europe, which has resolved, so far as it acts, to act with unanimity. Some persons seem to imagine that we, the people of Great Britain, can dispose of all the decisions of all the European powers. This is crediting us with more influence than we possess.
   "Whatever is done must be done with unanimity, and we can only speak in behalf of one of the powers which will concur, if they concur, in any action which may be taken."
   Lord Salisbury said the present problem could not be solved by the external action of the advising powers. This he pronounced a clumsy device at best. The problem should have been solved by the natural operation of the working councilors of an enlightened monarchy, acting through efficient and competent instruments.
   The Post, in an editorial this morning, says that it must be admitted that Lord Salisbury's warning to the sultan was as unrelenting as the circumstances were cruel. No one can fail to be struck by the pathetic dignity and frank earnestness of the sultan's reply to the lord mayor's day dinner address.
   The Standard in an editorial says that the pathetic sincerity of the letter to Lord Salisbury will win for the sultan the respectful sympathy of all Englishmen.
   The Dally News says that the incident shows that, callous as the sultan certainly is, he really cares for the public opinion and for the good wishes of the people of England.
   The Chronicle says, editorially, that so undignified and childish an act is unprecedented in the history of diplomacy and adds that the sultan's repentance probably comes too late.
   The Times this morning asserts that the letter written by the sultan to the prime minister pays n remarkable tribute to the influence which Lord Salisbury wields in Europe.

Turks Anxious For Peace.
   CONSTANTINOPLE, Nov. 20.—It is learned in diplomatic circles that the Turkish authorities of Moosh have recently been displaying great energy in quelling the fanatical outbreak there, which was recently announced.
   They prevented much bloodshed and in the latest of the disturbances there only six persons were killed and 40 wounded.
   The Mussulman soldiers behaved well. This is regarded here as auguring for a speedy suppression of the disturbances elsewhere in Asia Minor
   The greatest anxiety certainly prevails at present among the Turkish officials to stop the carnage

VILLAGE VS. ANNA BATES.
Defendant Did Not Appear—Plaintiff Proved Case.
   The case of the Village of Cortland against Anna Bates, who is under bonds to appear to answer to the charge of violating a village ordinance relating to the sale of liquor, was called in police court this morning. Attorney I. H. Palmer appeared for the prosecution. No one appeared for the defense.
   The following jury was secured and the case adjourned to 3 o'clock this afternoon: George W. Fisher, John Dennis, L. N. Hopkins, E. B. Grannis, Frank A. Phelps, David Beers.
   At 3 o'clock the trial begun [sic]. The publication of the village ordinance in the Democrat and the STANDARD was proved by B. B. Jones and E. D. Blodgett of those papers respectively.
   The ordinance which imposes a penalty of $100 for violation of the excise law was entered in evidence.
   William Tracy was then called and he testified as follows: I have lived in Cortland about two years and am 33 years old. I know the defendant, Anna Bates. I was in the Bates Hotel on July 20, 1895, Mr. Foote was with me, and I was there again Aug. 3. A bar was kept there at the time. It was 7 o'clock or half past when I was there. I drank a glass of malt which was what I called for. Foote drank the same. I supposed this a temperance town and called for the "lightest a-going." I had been told that I could get beer by calling for malt.
The beer I had drank before coming to this town tasted just like this I drank at Bates'. Frank Bates asked me a short time before he took the "free ride" [to Jamesville Penitentiary] if I was going to send his wife on the hill [jail]. I told him that I did not know as I would have to swear to anything. He said that if I swore right there would be something in it for me.
   Arthur Foote testified: I know Anna Bates, I was in Hotel Bates on the evening of July 20, 1895. I called for malt extract and Tracy paid for it. This that I got smelled, tasted, looked and foamed like beer. The "malt extract" tasted like beer that I had drank in Syracuse.
   John W. Keese testified: I am one of the excise commissioners of the town of Cortlandville and the present board has granted no license to either Frank or Anna Bates. A record of licenses granted was then placed in evidence.
   This closed the evidence and as the [defendant] did not appear either in person or by counsel, Attorney Palmer for the prosecution briefly addressed the jury.
   The jury after being out twelve minutes reported, "We find for the plaintiff." The court then rendered judgment for the amount claimed, $100 and also for costs which were $9.45, making a total of $109.45.

PAGE TWO—EDITORIALS.
Exports, Imports and Gold.
   European steamers last Saturday took out $2,250,000 in gold, and the [Cleveland] administration is again considering plans for bolstering up the gold reserve. The latest scheme is said to be an arrangement whereby the New York financiers will turn over to the treasury $25,000,000 or so in gold in return for certificates or bonds on a three per cent basis. This will all be needed, and probably more, if foreign exchange continues high and the present outflow of gold is not checked. And if this arrangement cannot be made another issue of bonds will be inevitable.
   The plain fact is that under the new tariff we are buying immense quantities of goods from foreigners without selling them enough to balance the account. Possibly under a higher tariff, and present conditions, we might not be selling any more freely than we are now, but we would be collecting a sufficient revenue on imports to meet the expenses of government, and thus prevent a drain on the gold reserve to pay an excess of expenditures over receipts. If the government was paying its way, instead of falling behind despite large issues of bonds, a depletion of the gold reserve would not be a serious matter, because the ability of the treasury to meet all obligations would strengthen confidence in financial circles. Instead of hoarding gold, as the banks are now doing, they would be paying it out on demand, as they did when the country was blessed with a tariff that yielded an adequate revenue.
   It should be borne in mind also that the reciprocity treaties negotiated under Secretary Blaine, and under which our exports were rapidly and largely increasing, were killed by the Wilson-Gorman tariff abomination, and foreign markets which were assured to us under these treaties were thrown away for those "markets of the world" which have always been romanced about by imaginative free traders, but which exist so far as any practical benefit to this country is concerned, imagination only.
   Imports heavily increased but yielding insufficient revenue, home industries depressed, foreign markets surrendered and exports falling off, gold going out of the country and bond issues every few months—what a record for the [Democratic] party of magnificent promises!
  
   ◘ The break in prices of the Chicago newspapers is notable. Except New York, Chicago is the most expensive of the large American cities to live in, and yet all its morning papers, including The Tribune, Times-Herald and Inter-Ocean, have been put down to 1 cent a copy on weekdays. If they can sustain themselves and make things pay at these rates, it will be because Chicago business men are among the heaviest advertisers in the world.
   ◘ There are some street railways operated by underground electricity now in successful operation, showing that in cities the trolley wire can be abolished. One of these roads operating by underground electricity is in New York city.
   ◘ "England can brook no rivalry in naval armaments," says the London Times. Yes, but when the United States gets a better navy than Great Britain, what is England going to do about it?

A New Church in View.
   There is every indication that a colored church will soon be erected in Cortland. Considerable interest is being manifested among the colored people.
   Rev. Dorson Edwards is in charge of the new society which has been organized and will preach in Collins' hall next Sunday at 3 o'clock and at 7 o'clock in the evening. The prospects are that a new church will be erected in the spring as soon as the weather will permit.





BREVITIES.
   —The penmanship class will meet [at the Y. M. C. A.] this evening at 8 o'clock.
   —New advertisements to-day are—Beard & Peck, page 4; F. E. Brogden, page 7.
   —There will be services at the Free Methodist church to-night. Rev. M. T. Marriat, evangelist from Binghamton, will conduct the meeting. A cordial invitation is extended to all,
   —The business men of the Baptist church and congregation will give a reception to their friends on Monday evening, Nov. 25, from 7:30 to 10 o'clock at the church parlors. A most cordial invitation is extended to all.
   —T. Noonan was arrested this morning charged with violating the excise laws. He gave bail this afternoon in the sum of $200 for his appearance in court for trial on Dec. 11, at 10 A. M. A. B. Nelson signed his bail bond.
   —Miss Flora M. Long of Cazenovia, a returned missionary, will deliver an address at 7:30 o'clock to-night in the Homer-ave. M. E. church. This is the fifth anniversary of the Woman's Foreign Missionary society of that church.
   —Yesterday Mrs. William V. Foster, living near the brick school house, ran a sewing needle into her left hand, where a piece an inch long was broken off. She was taken to the office of Dr. Edson who made an incision down to the needle and removed it.
   —Staff Captain McFarlane, district officer of the Salvation Army, assisted by Captain Geddes and soldiers from Homer, will conduct a special meeting in the lecture room of the First Methodist church this evening at 7:45 o'clock. All are cordially invited to attend.
   —The Geneva Times tells of the fire department responding to an alarm and finding that some boys had a "bond fire." Bonds must be more plenty in Geneva than in Cortland if small boys have them in such quantities as to make what was probably a "bonfire" of them.
   —The case of The People against William Donegan, who was under arrest charged with violating the excise law, was called in police court this morning. He entered a plea of guilty and sentence was suspended during good behavior, he agreeing to abandon the liquor business altogether.
   —John H. Howard, who was under bonds for his appearance at police court to answer to the charge of violating the excise law, came before Justice Bull yesterday afternoon and entered a plea of guilty. He was sentenced to pay a fine of $35 which he promptly paid and was discharged.
   —On Saturday a spark from a locomotive set fire to some straw used for bedding in a cattle car on the Auburn division of the Lehigh Valley road. The car was loaded with sheep but before the flames could be extinguished the car and its contents were destroyed. So rapid was the spread of flames that the other cars were saved with difficulty.
   —"Fabio Romani" at the Opera House last night drew a fair sized audience. The cast is a strong one. The piece abounds in many thrilling situations and displays beautiful scenery especially in the last act representing the city of Naples with its magnificent bay with the addition of Mt. Vesuvius in active eruption. As a whole the piece is very effective.

East Virgil.
   EAST VIRGIL, NOV. 18.—A most delightful surprise was planned for Miss Angell and duly executed last Friday evening. Although the night was dark and somewhat forbidding, about seventy of the friends and neighbors assembled, bringing baskets and bundles of such dainty refreshments as the ladies of East Virgil know so well how to prepare. Mr. Harry Widger and his sister Mrs. Driscoll furnished violin and piano music, which was greatly enjoyed. The young people indulged in games and charades. After refreshments were served Mr. E. A. Brown, in behalf of the friends presented Miss Angell with a very handsome toilet and manicure set in a celluloid satin lined case as a token of appreciation of her labors as Sunday-school teacher and superintendent. The evening will be long remembered by her as a pleasant occasion.
   Mrs. Cora Shevalier entertained most pleasantly a party of friends last week in honor of her sister, Mrs. Welen, who was about to return to her home in Washington, D. C.
   Mr. and Mrs. Leighton Valentine, Mr. Ralph Valentine, and Miss Clark of Marathon were calling at E. D. Angell's, Sunday.