Monday, October 16, 2017

LAMONT'S U. S. ARMY REPORT AND SCOTT CORRESPONDENT VISITS NEW YORK CITY



Daniel S. Lamont.

The Cortland Democrat, Friday, December 7, 1894.

EFFICIENCY OF THE ARMY.
Secretary Lamont Issues His Annual Report and Recommends that the Standing Army Be Increased by 4,000 Men.
   WASHINGTON. Nov. 30. The reports of the officers in command of the several geographical departments corroborate the opinion, expressed in my last report, that Indian warfare is virtually at an end in the United States, and that beyond occasional calls for police duty in the neighborhood of Indian reservations, the Army will henceforth be relieved to a greater degree each year of the labor of armed surveillance over the tribes of the West. There have been no serious infractions of the neutrality laws on the Mexican frontier during the year, but the presence of a regular force there for some time to come is clearly prescribed by the condition of civilization in that region.
   It was found necessary during the period beginning with March and extending through July of the current year, in various sections of the country, to employ a considerable part of the Army to execute the orders of the United States courts, otherwise successfully defied and resisted, to protect the dispatch of the United States mails [Pullman Strike], to remove restraints to travel and commerce and to guard the property of the Government. The movement of troops thus necessitated was the largest which has taken place since the close of the civil war.
   The difficult and extraordinary tasks imposed upon the officers and men of the Army were discharged promptly, firmly, and judiciously, in a manner which attested to the courage, intelligence, and loyalty of those called into active duty, and thorough efficiency of every branch of the service. The militia of the States wherever employed also proved generally to be composed of qualified and reliable soldiers.
   The number of enlisted men in service on October 31 was 25,516. Deducting the sick, those in confinement, recruits not yet joined, those absent on furlough, and others employed in staff departments or on detached service, the effective field strength on the same date was 20,114 of all arms.
   I earnestly recommend that Congress enact the legislation necessary to establish in the Army the battalion formation, now adopted by the armies of every other civilized nation. As necessary to effect that change I recommend the removal of the limit of 25,000 men fixed by the act of June 18, 1874, and a return to the limit fixed by the act of July 15. 1870. Legislative approval of these propositions will restore to the effective force about 4.000 enlisted men, bringing the actual strength of the Army up to the nominal strength now fixed by law. By these changes the Army will be increased in efficiency 20 per cent, in numbers about 16 1-2 per cent, and in cost of maintenance only 6 per cent. 
   For some years the Secretaries of War, the generals commanding the Army, and the most eminent authorities in military science in this country have urged the adoption of the battalion formation, and our most progressive and best informed officers believe that the organization of our small Army should embody this universally improved result of modern military thought.
   The National Guard of several of the States, more progressive than the General Government, already has the battalion organization, and our own Army is being instructed as thoroughly as our defective system will permit, battalions of from two to five companies being improvised in the different garrisons.
   The formation desired admits of rapid and great expansion to meet the exigencies of actual warfare, and is especially adaptable to the small force constituting the peace establishment of the United States. Twelve years ago before retiring from command, Gen. Sherman pointed out the great advantage of the formation in enabling us to put a large and effective force in the field upon short notice, by merely enlisting a sufficient number of additional private soldiers, the officers and organization being always ready for this expansion. 
   Ordinary business prudence suggests a consolidation of the Quartermaster's Subsistence, and Pay Departments into a bureau of supply, to perform also certain duties connected with the furnishing of sundry articles of equipment now imposed on the chief of Ordinance. The only reason for the continuance is the fact of their existence in the past. Their maintenance as separate departments adds largely to the number of officers on staff duty, and involves an expense not justified by the service required. The simple statement that it cost the government last year the equivalent of a commission of 12 per cent to buy provisions for the Army was $269,739.17,  the amount of money disbursed by Paymasters being $12,054,152.54, or about 2 1-4 per cent, requiring the service of 31 officers, whose lowest rank is that of major. Already a number of posts are paid by check, and with the mail, express, and banking facilities of the present day, and the proximity of troops to towns and cities, this plan could well be extended to cover the entire service, the actual distribution of funds being devolved on the commandants of garrisons and their subordinates. The transfer of the duties of these two establishments to the Quartermaster-General would simplify business and effect a marked saving in expense, while the organization of that department would require little increase. If the expediency of this proposition is doubted by Congress, then I earnestly urge the reduction of these departments by the early enactment of legislation suspending further appointments to the Subsistence and pay corps until the number now fixed by law is considerably reduced.
   The policy of concentrating the troops and abandoning unnecessary posts has been prosecuted throughout the year. Where practicable small garrisons, remote from railroads, whose further retention has become unnecessary by a change of conditions, have been consolidated with garrisons at more important centers, thus reducing the cost of maintenance and transportation and utilizing improved facilities for the prompt dispatch of troops to any point where their services may be required The changes made have in no instance lessened the protection afforded by the Army to any region in which garrison has heretofore been stationed, but have considerably augmented the extent of territory over which that protection can promptly and effectively be afforded. It is respectively urged that the establishment of new military posts by Congress in response to the appeals of local interests is likely to disturb a distribution of the Army which aims to secure with the small force under arms the highest efficiency and the fullest protection for the greatest extent of territory, and that ambitions of localities should not be favored by legislation at the expense of the general welfare.
   Seven regiments have been supplied with new 30 caliber magazine rifles and it is expected that the infantry will be completely equipped with this weapon by the first of May. The Major-General Commanding the Army renews his recommendation that the supply of these modern arms be increased so that not only all the regular troops and organized militia may be fully armed with them, but that there may be an adequate reserve for any additional force that may be called into service. To perfect the new weapon, tests of smokeless powder, cartridge cases, and bullets of various materials and types will be kept up during the year. The cavalry has been equipped with the new 38 caliber revolver, and upon recommendation of the Major-General commanding the Army, the 45 caliber revolver has been retained for the present for light batteries. Aluminum has been employed successfully in the making of spurs, waist-belt plates, and smaller articles, and it is hoped eventually to obtain the desired quality of the metal for other articles of equipment.
   During the year twenty-three 3.2-inch and twenty-two 3.5-inch field guns have been finished; twenty five 3.2-inch field and ten 5-inch siege guns and ten 7-inch howitzers are nearly finished. Carriages for these guns are in process of fabrication. Funds are available for the manufacture of about forty more 3.2-inch guns, but further experiments with smokeless powder will be made before this work is undertaken. Provision has been made in all for one hundred and ninety 3.2-inch field guns, twenty 5-inch siege guns, sixteen 3.6-inch field mortars, twenty 7-inch siege howitzers, and it is proposed in time to manufacture a supply of modern field and siege guns and mortars adequate for the Army and seacoast defense.
   The establishment of type disappearing gun carriages for 8-inch and 10-inch guns, invented by officers of the Ordnance Corps, and believed to be unequalled for rapidity and simplicity of action by any carriage elsewhere in use, is a notable achievement of the year. This problem solved, the armament of our harbors may now be prosecuted as rapidly as means are available. Appropriations of $1,000,000 for emplacements and platforms and mounting guns and mortars, $250,000 for sites for fortifications, and $100,000 for casemates, torpedoes, galleries, and submarine mines, are desired for the prosecution of engineer work on these fortifications. The plan of seacoast defense devised by the Endicott Board, as modified in 1890, embraces fortifications at twenty-eight ports.
   The total expenditure for projected guns, mortars, and mounts will be $50,277,248, including $3,430,130 under the Bethlehem contract. Operated at its full capacity the Army Gun Factory at Watervliet can turn out in eleven and a half years the guns and mortars yet to be built; the Bethlehem contract requires the delivery of the last of its 100 guns by July 7, 1903, and carriages can be produced at Watertown or by contract as rapidly as the guns, so that the ordnance for our coast can be finished within twelve years.
   To accomplish this result annual appropriations aggregating $4,250,000 for guns and carriages will be required. "The time has fully come," in the judgment of the Board of Ordnance and Fortification, "when Congress may make the most liberal appropriations for gun and mortar batteries, and for their armament, with the assurance that they will be expended judiciously." With that opinion I concur.
   DANIEL L. LAMONT, Secretary of War.

PAGE FOUR—EDITORIALS.
   The alleged Americans who conduct the Standard gorged themselves Thanksgiving day with "American sourkrout, made from American cabbage, grown on American soil, by American labor" and they inform the public through the columns of the Standard that "It is the kind of krout for an American to eat on a day that's particularly American." It is fair to presume that the krout contained the usual number of American cabbage worms, hatched from eggs deposited by the American cabbage butterfly which generally gets in its work in spite of the efforts of American labor to prevent it. If one starts out to be American it is well to be all American and swallow the entire porker, worms and all. It is gratifying to know that the krout paid no tariff duty and that no bad effects have resulted from the American gorge. It is to be sincerely regretted, however, that the poor American larva should have come to such an untimely and ignoble end.


HERE AND THERE.
   C. Fred Thompson sells Hemingway's choice candies.
   Burgess, the clothier, has a new advertisement on our last page.
   Bingham & Miller, the clothiers, have a new advertisement on this page.
   Work on the sewers has been discontinued and will not be resumed until spring.
   Stetson's Uncle Tom's Cabin company had a good audience in the Opera House last Friday night.
   The Cortland Forging Co. are now running their works both night and day in order to fill their orders.
   Mr. and Mrs. H. P. Hollister entertained a large party of their friends at their home on North Main-st , last Monday evening. It was their tenth anniversary.
   The regular meeting of the Loyal Circle of Kings Daughters will convene at Mrs. A. M. Johnson's, 54 Main-st , Friday afternoon. Let the attendance be complete.
   The electric road between this village and Homer is practically completed with exception of a little work near the car barns and the D. L. & W. crossing. The connections at the Cortland House corner were nearly finished last night.
   Dr. Jerome Angel slipped on the sidewalk in front of the Dexter House last week Wednesday and feel on his side. He went into Sager & Jennings drug store where an examination by Dr. Sornberger disclosed the fact that he had a fractured rib.
   The People's Mission will be open Saturday evening as usual in the W. C. T. U. rooms, W. Court-st. These meetings are increasing both in number and interest. All are welcome. None are expected to wear their best clothes, but come in from the street just as you are.
   The Woman's Christian Temperance Union will hold their quarterly meeting Saturday, Dec. 8th, in their rooms 12 W. Court-st. Reports of work accomplished by superintendents of the various departments of work will be given; these reports are always interesting and all are cordially invited to come and hear for themselves. The meeting will open with devotional exercises at 2:30 o'clock.
   Superintendent of the Poor Miner has appointed Mr. A. D. Kingsbury of this village to be keeper of the County Alms House. The appointment is a good one.

New York World building.
Washington Bridge.
SCOTT.
   Austin Brown has rented his farm to a man by the name of Selover.
   A poverty social was held at the M. E. church last Saturday evening. Receipts we hear were about $9.00.
   Thanksgiving was not entirely overlooked in Scott. Services were held in the M. E. church, sermon by Rev. B. F. Rogers of the S. D. B. church. The sermon was an able and interesting one; practical and hopeful and many who were not there now regret they were not.
   A little about what we saw and learned in New York city during one week's stay there.—We took the train at Homer on the morning of Tuesday, Nov. 20th and soon left the snow-clad hills in the distance, until all traces of snow had disappeared and the beautiful, romantic scenery gave joy and pleasure to the beholder. On we sped behind the horse that never tires, going through hills, or winding our way around them as the case might be, while on either side were lofty hills and mountains, rocks and rugged steeps, and not missing from view the reservoir built at a cost of $1,000,000, and also the famous Delaware water gap. For real value for tilling purposes for a considerable distance along the railway line we should judge it to be worth not over one cent per acre.
   We reached the city a little after dark by boat from Hoboken to Barclay St. After replenishing our dinner basket at the Cosmopolitan Hotel with some of the viands of the great metropolis, we found our way to Rev. Judson Burdick's who resides at 86 Barrow St. In company with him we started out to make a little examination of the city. About 10 o'clock there was an alarm of fire, which proved to be a stubborn fire; 30 engines were engaged in the conflict upon the several streets about and it was not until 3 o'clock in the morning that it was abandoned by the engines. The loss was $160,000.
   On Wednesday we rode up to Central Park, and went also to the Museum of natural history just outside the Park. We have not the time to give or talent to relate the wonderful collection of the productions of nature, but go and see how it is yourself. In the evening went to see "The Elephant" and later on attended the Florence mission. In the meantime we had engaged quarters at 99 Barrow St. for a week. Thursday attended court, where prisoners were brought in from the lockup in the Tombs for misdemeanors during the 24 hours past, a hard looking lot.
   Then the World building, where we were sent up the elevator kiting. After traveling a little further into the dome we took a survey of the village and the dwarfs and baby wagons below. It was a pleasant day and the view was grand. Just think 375 1/2 ft. from the ground to the top and the foundation 35 ft. below the ground, the weight of the building 68,000,000,000 pounds. Over 1000 windows and 500 doors; contains brick enough to build 250 ordinary brick houses; has 48 miles of electric wires. Iron enough to build 20 miles of railroad. From there we went to see ships and then Fulton St. fish market. Here we found something like an acre of fish of every sort and kind from crabs to codfish. Visited a German beer garden in the evening and other places of interest.
   Friday among other places of interest we visited the Voice office. A high and beautiful structure occupied by them from top to bottom; thence down Broadway to Wall St. and into the Stock Exchange, where Bedlam seemed to be let loose; a thousand men crazed with the idea of hasting to get rich without work. In evening attended meeting at Mr. Babcocks 34th St., the superintendent of the blind institute. Stopped on the way back at the Men's mission. Saturday or Sabbath day attended Bible school and preaching at the Y. M. C. A. rooms. Preaching by Rev. J. G. Burdick. In evening attended mission at 20th St., 8th Ave. Sunday, attended Catholic service on 32d St. at 10 o'clock A. M. preaching by Rev. Mr. Hepworth of the Baptist church at 11 o'clock; visited the Eden Musee from 12 to 3, then went to Chickering hall and listened to J. H. Hector, the Black Knight, upon the temperance issue, from Habakkuk 2.8 "Because thou hast spoiled many nations, all the remnants of the people shall spoil thee." It was a powerful and interesting effort and it was delivered to a crowded house and an appreciative audience. In the early evening attended preaching service by Rev Dr. Judson later on attended the Salvation Army meeting. In Judson's text was—Whosoever blasphemeth against the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness, but is in danger of eternal damnation, or as he said more properly eternal sin. Dr. Judson said that we forge the chain that binds us to sin, a chain that we cannot break, and that eternal sin is persistent opposition to God.
   Monday attended Stock Exchange a while, crossed the Brooklyn bridge, visited an aunt on Dean St., who has lived there ever since the bridge was built and yet has never seen it. In evening attended mission on 8th Ave. again. Tuesday, beautiful day, took elevator car at 9th St. on 3rd Ave. and rode to the extreme north limit to 177th St., thence went on foot west about two miles across that wonderful structure the Washington bridge, 153 feet high and one-third of a mile long, to the cable car road at 177th St. west, thence the whole length to the Post Office a distance in all of 20 or 25 miles The scenery uptown is grand; rocks, chasms, trees, and grass plots and scattered residences. Attended mission at 8th Ave. again in evening, made the acquaintance of the leader who was a young man by the name of Smith from Seneca Co. and by the way let us say of these missions that we believe they are the means of doing much good, bringing into respectability and christian service many who are so low in sin that they never venture into a church. Such earnest workers among the reformed, and they seem to know just how to reach the hearts of those who are treading the rough and thorny road they once were treading. Oh, to see the countenances of many of those who attend, bloated, blear-eyed, and beastly drunk.
   On Wednesday morning we took the train for home, sweet home, having been in the city one week, but seemingly three weeks. It was clear and pleasant when we started, but when we pulled into Binghamton we were met by a snow squall. Nothing of note occurred on the cars as evening came along except gambling by four youngerly men in which one of them gobbled up about $100 within one-half hour. We don't think there is a farm on the line of railroad south of Binghamton at least equal in production to some of the farms in Scott.  
   One thing surprised us in the city and that was to see so little tobacco using in public. Much less comparatively we think than in country towns. Not over one in twenty of men on the streets had a cigar or one in a thousand had a pipe. In the Stock Exchange building where there were probably a thousand men from 10 A. M. till 3 P. M. not a puff of smoke during the whole time, scarce ever could be seen a quid of tobacco or the rich colored extract thereof on the pavements; and then we heard very little profanity. We were surprised to see how cheap provisions were of almost every kind at the retail stores, and it don't seem as if any one ought to starve there unless they spend their money for that which is not bread. We thought many times while in the city, if we could only have all our friends there to see and hear it would be a double pleasure to us and to any one who has never taken in the city we would urge them to do so at the first good opportunity. Some think they cannot afford it, but let them lay aside the money they would spend for tobacco for one year and go to the city with it and they would or might have money left perhaps.
   You will find as I did quite a number of strange faces and once in a while one you do recognize; but you may be quite sure you will not find any two alike. There is a great variety in this line, every face is different and everybody almost seems bent on going somewhere. It is a busy city; can hear the rumbling of the carts and wagons all night long: "but we ain't in it now."
 


Sunday, October 15, 2017

A WONDERFUL SUCCESS



Cortland Semi-Weekly Standard, Tuesday, December 4, 1894.

A WONDERFUL SUCCESS.
THE TEST OF THE MOTOR CYCLE SATURDAY.
It Demonstrates all that has been Previously Stated in its Favor—Quite a Large Crowd Witness the Test.
   The test of the motor cycle Saturday afternoon proved all that has been previously stated in its favor. As the roads were very slushy the test was made in the fifth story of one of the Hitchcock company’s factories, where there was a 450 feet straight away course with room to turn at either end.
   Among the townspeople who tried the machine was Dr. Ellis M. Santee, whose opinion on such subjects is always unquestionably accepted. Immediately after his test a STANDARD reporter asked Dr. Santee his opinion. He replied, “You can say anything you wish about the machine for me in praise of its merits. I will order one immediately for myself. Considering the power developed I have no doubt but that it will go up the steepest hills around here at full speed. I expect within a day or so to give the machine a thorough test on the hills, but considering the power developed in the factory I have no doubt as to the result.
   Dr. Santee was not more enthusiastic over his test than every one who has ridden the wheel.
   The remarkable power shown by these engines is most wonderful. One horse power is produced for six pounds of actual [engine] weight. One of our leading mechanics here stated that he was surprised to see how simple the device, and wonders that it was not thought of years ago.
   A number of interesting tests of the phenomenal power of the engines which propel the wheel, were made Monday morning in the presence of a STANDARD reporter. One of the simplest was an effort made with a lever, seven feet in length, to stop the machine by force. Two men were unable with their combined strength to stop even one of the engines after endeavoring to do so for four minutes,
   The patent will undoubtedly not only revolutionize the mode of travel on cycles but in carriages as well. This will give Cortland the biggest boom she has ever had. The company have already commenced the work of putting in additional new machinery, They are now at work on 10,000 machines and are running over time at their factories. They have the sole right of manufacturing, and if necessary will convert all their factories into the bicycle business. They have the capacity to run 2,000 hands, which will make a bicycle factory three times as large as any in the world. Mr. C. B. Hitchcock in an interview said that he would employ all of the idle hands in Cortland, who wanted work before he sent out of town for labor.
   Mr. E. J. Pennington, the patentee of the machine and president of the Motor Cycle Co. of Cleveland, O., is now in town and will remain in Cortland to superintend the construction of the first lot of wheels.

Hard at Work.
   Work on the electric railway has been greatly interfered with by the frozen condition of the ground. On Saturday evening and also on Sunday evening an attempt was made to thaw out the surface by building fires of coke along the uncompleted portion of the track so that the work of digging might be more easily carried forward.
   The work of making the connection at the Homer-ave. corner was pushed forward yesterday with a small force of men.
   While the efforts of the company to complete the work as rapidly as possible are to be commended it is to be regretted that they found it necessary to continue the work on Sunday.

A Sudden Death.
D. R. Hawley Drops Dead While Hauling Wood.
   At about 3 o’clock Thursday afternoon, as Mr. D. R. Hawley, who resides about three miles south of Cortland was unloading wood Mr. Hawley said that he was faint. Mrs. Hawley started for the house to procure some water, but had only walked a few steps when Mr. Hawley dropped dead. Coroner G. W. Bradford of Homer was called and pronounced the death due to heart failure and decided that an inquest was not necessary.
   The deceased was about 38 years of age. The funeral will be held from his late residence at 10 a. m. to-morrow. Burial at South Cortland.

Thanksgiving at Sing Sing.
   Sing Sing, Nov. 30.The 1,300 convicts in Sing Sing prison had a holiday yesterday. The prison shops were closed. Warden Sage treated the convicts to an extra dinner which consisted of boiled ham, potatoes and mince pie. Each convict received two cigars. The state does not allow turkey dinners until Christmas. No visitors were admitted to the prison. It took 15 boxes of cigars, 7  barrels of apples and 700 mince pies to go around.

Chadwick’s New Shaving Parlors.
   Mr. D. J. Chadwick who has been with Mr. A . Stevens for the past year has decided to make Cortland his home permanently and is fitting up rooms for an elegant new shaving parlor over A. S. Burgess’ clothing store. He will be assisted by his brother, Mr. Coley Chadwick. These gentlemen are both well known in Cortland as first class workmen and will be pleased to have their friends call upon them in their new quarters. The parlors will be open for business yesterday morning.

Lehigh Valley (former E. C. & N.) R. R. depot, Cazenovia, N. Y.
The Remodeled E., C. & N. Station at Cazenovia.
   The Cazenovia Republican describes as follows the changes now being made in the E., C. & N. station at that village: “People who have had no occasion to visit the E., C. & N. depot for the past few days, will be surprised the next time they take a train there, and will wonder if they are in Cazenovia or at some station of the New York Central. The old depot is being so completely remodeled, that when finished it will present no traces of its former self. The old train shed has been torn down, and the station proper has been raised, and a new slate roof with the characteristic wide depot cornice, built over it. The ticket office and telegraph instruments are to be moved to the east side of the building, where a bay window will give the operator a good view of the track in either direction, The baggage room will continue to be in the north end, and ladies’ and gentlemen’s waiting rooms will be thrown into one, making a large, well lighted and pleasant room. Windows with colored marginal lights will be used, and the structure will be one of the handsomest and convenient stations on the road.”

The Fiske Jubilee Singers.
   The only original Fisk Jubilee Singers will again make their appearance at the Cortland Opera House on Wednesday evening, Dec. 5, This company of famous singers is not unknown to Cortland audiences who have listened to their sweet melodies in other years, and who are always ready to hear them again.
   The Albany Evening Post says of them: “The best singing we ever heard. Such voices can be found in no other company. The harmony is perfect. The company has greatly improved since they were last in this city. Their voices are at once brilliant and musical, round as a flute’s, and as flexible as a bird’s.” Admission, 25, 35 and 50 cents.

Tom Platt.
PAGE FOUR—EDITORIALS.
Mr. Platt and The Tribune.
   The Republican factionists in New York City seem to have found a new ally in the New York Tribune. Only a few months ago that newspaper was ardent in its praises of Senator Platt and was roundly denouncing other newspapers for questioning the wisdom of Senator Platt’s leadership. The Tribune asked whether these other newspapers could not find better use for their space than in making war on individual Republicans. What can be the motive of The Tribune’s change of tune? Why does it not take its own advice? Senator Platt is just the same man to-day that he was six months ago. He has done nothing since then except to advocate the nomination of a Republican candidate for governor who carried the state by 150,000 majority and a Republican candidate for mayor in New York City who has carried that town by nearly 50,000 majority. What ails The Tribune? It is true that Mr. Platt did not permit Whitelaw Reid’s young protege, Mr. Milholland, to disrupt the Republican party by creating a faction in opposition to the reorganization of the committee of thirty, and it is equally true that in this part of the state Republicans think that Mr. Platt treated Mr. Milholland with a good deal more consideration and courtesy than he was entitled to. It is true that The Tribune has ceased to be public printer and that the $25,000 of public patronage which it has hitherto received has now gone to The Press? But these facts don’t constitute a reason why it should play into the hands of the Democratic party, nor are they good ground for doing these things for which it rebuked other newspapers six months ago.
   The Republican factionalists in New York City must not be permitted to injure the Republican party in making use of its present opportunity. They must be taught that the Republicans of the state have no sympathy with them. Senator Platt’s record is sufficient guaranty that he doesn’t ask anybody to fight his battles. He has frankly declared that he is not a candidate for public office now or in prospective. He can, doubtless, take care of himself. His declared policies are entirely in line with the interests of the Republican party and to make war on him just at this time when every force in the party should be at work to secure a wise and harmonious result to the advantage of the state and the party is to do what is unfair and generally injurious. He is not going to evaporate at the bidding of jealous factionists nor is there any reason why he should. His friends throughout the state are numerous and strong and their human nature is like other people’s. When they are attacked they resent it. They are earnest, aggressive Republicans. They are working, heart and soul, for the benefit of the party and through the party for the benefit of the public. There is no reason for factional controversies among Republicans in this state and those who attempt to create such controversies should be hushed and condemned.

BREVITIES.
   An outdoor trial of the motor cycle was made on Church-st. Monday afternoon.
   A hundred dollars promises to be the price of high grade bicycles during 1895. Wheels will be thicker in Cortland than ever.
   Mr. T. L. Corwin has sold his fifteen head of cattle on his farm for $500 and has restocked with a herd of Devonshire cattle, making him one of the finest dairies in this section.
   Mr. Chauncey Stevens of New York city, a former resident of Truxton, died last Wednesday evening of heart disease. The funeral will take place Sunday at 2 o’clock P. M. at the Baptist church in Truxton.
   The work of laying the sewer pipe was stopped Friday and no more will be laid till next spring. The men will be busy for some time yet getting the streets that have been dug up in proper condition.
   A new game called Chevey-Chase, the gift of Mr. J. W. Hamilton, has been added to the list of games in the Y. M. C. A. rooms. A new easy chair has also been presented by a friend of the association for use in the rooms.
   Cornell university furnishes many mysteries for the press. The latest is that of young Rew whose father declares he has been murdered and detectives say they have found his grave but did not secure the body. It looks as if the detectives were “working” the old man.  The college authorities believe the boy is alive and has simply run away. That is probably the truth of the matter. Or perhaps, as the Watertown Times suggests, he has engaged in a game of football somewhere and is among the missing after the battle.
   Residents and passersby on several of our streets were amused at the performances of two young men yesterday afternoon. One had the other’s best girl in his buggy, but the unlucky swain had the better horse and persisted in driving ahead and across the street in front of the rural Paris, who had gobbled his Helen, much to the latter’s dismay and embarrassment. Both appeared to be somewhat under the influence of liquor. The aggressor was finally arrested and appeared in police court this morning. The other fellow and the girl got away.
 

Friday, October 13, 2017

NOVELTY WORKS




Cortland Semi-Weekly Standard, Friday, November 30, 1894.

NOVELTY WORKS.
JOHN W. HAMILTON SAYS IT IS A SURE THING.
Hon. L. J. Fitzgerald Interested—Site at the D., L. & W. Crossing Between Cortland and Homer.
   There seems to be little question now but what Hamilton’s Hardware Novelty works, previously mentioned in The STANDARD, will be a sure thing and will be one of the principal means of the boom prophesied for Cortland. We are informed by Mr. Hamilton that Hon. Lawrence J. Fitzgerald, president of the Cortland Wagon Co,, has interested himself and heads the list by a subscription of $1,000 of stock and will furnish a site for the shops which are to be located near the D., L. & W. crossing between Cortland and Homer. In this location the factory will be on the electric street car line and be very convenient when an intended switch is built for shipping on the D., L. & W.
   Mr. Hamilton quotes Mr. Fitzgerald as saying that he believes there is large money in his (Mr. Hamilton’s) line of goods and that he has no doubt of its success and that it will pay a good dividend, Mr. Hamilton tells The STANDARD that there will be an eight per cent dividend guaranteed from the time that the factory is in operation and that the bonus will go to pay the dividend the first three years.

What Dryden’s Woolen Mill is Doing.
   The Dryden woolen mill is making some large pieces of cloth since the new looms were set up. One piece shipped this week measured 110 yards by 64 inches wide and weighed 185 pounds. It went to Providence, R. I., where Mr. Dolge has large annual contracts for this class of goods to be used in the manufacture of “clothing” for carding machines. The mill is also turning out some very fine beaver overcoatings, cheviots, flannels, etc., as well as the beautiful scarlet piano cloth, on which the mill is now running day and night.—Dryden Herald.

From Brooklyn Bridge.
   New York, Nov. 27.— At daybreak to-day a daring young Englishman named Harry Menier jumped from the centre of the Brooklyn bridge and by a parachute performed the feat successfully. Considering the season of the year and other circumstances, it was perhaps the most daring of the three successful bridge jumps on record. Menier says he feels as well as he ever did in his life and is none the worse for his jump.

JOHN Y. MCKANE.
Court of Appeals Affirms the Decision of the Lower Courts.
   ALBANY, N. Y., Nov. 27.—The court of appeals to-day affirmed the judgment of the lower court in the case of The People vs. John Y. McKane, appellant, who was indicted jointly with John W. Murphy, Morton Morris and John Brownhill. This was an appeal from a judgment of the general term, affirming a judgment of conviction for felony rendered in the court of Oyer and Terminer of Kings county. McKane was indicted for procuring the inspectors of election in the first district of Gravesend at the November election in 1893 to violate the provisions of the election law, which required them to keep the registry lists of that district accessible to the public. Upon this verdict a judgment of conviction was rendered and he was sentenced to imprisonment in Sing Sing prison for six years at hard labor, which sentence he is now serving. McKane was the first to be indicted under the new section of the election law.
   The opinion is written by Judge O ’Brien. He says the appeal presents no substantial question that would justify this court in interfering with the verdict, and the judgment must therefore be affirmed.

A Bright Little Book.
   Mr. Marcus A. Miller, the first secretary of the Cortland Desk Co., who was very well known in Cortland a few years ago, has lately published a bright little work entitled “Is a Man Worth as Much as a Horse?” Two of the questions which are raised in the book are what makes him worth more, or less. The whole is simmered, sifted and spiced. It is a condensed report of the federal labor commissioner upon the great [Pullman] strike. It is worthy to be read by every one.

Work on the Electric Road.
   Work is being pushed rapidly upon the electric road on Main-st. Two tracks are to be laid from in front of Hubbard’s grocery to the corner of Groton-ave. The tracks are to be placed so far apart this fall that the sewers can be built between them and when that is completed some time next summer the two tracks can he slipped up near together [sic] without much trouble.

PAGE FOUR—EDITORIALS.
New York Bank Defalcations.
   During the past fifteen years the banks of New York have lost nearly $4,300,000 by eighteen defalcations. The greatest robbery was that of John C. Eno, who, while president of the Second National bank, appropriated $3,000,000, as was revealed when the affairs of the institution were investigated in 1884. The next greatest was that of John T. Hill, president of the Ninth National. In 1891 it transpired that he had stolen $450,000.  The theft of $350,000 by Bookkeeper Seely of the Shoe and Leather bank comes next. In 1878 Augustus M. Turney, a teller in the Bank of North America, was found to be $100,000 short. In 1888 C. J. DeBaun, cashier of the Park bank, was a defaulter for $95,000. Other thefts were: In 1893, by Benjamin G. Sandford, correspondence clerk of the Continental National, $53,000; in 1878, John P. Hows, bookkeeper of the Merchants’ and Manufacturers’, $38,000; in 1894, James Hagen, bookkeeper of the American Exchange National, $33,000; in 1891, Henry P. Wiltshaw, bookkeeper of the United States National, $32,000; in 1881, George W. Hunt, teller of the Importers’ and Traders’, $17,000; in 1891, Frederick E. Eggar, discount clerk of the Tradesmen’s National, $16,000; in 1893, Alexander Elsberg, bookkeeper, and Carl Alrecht, teller, of the State bank, $15,000; in 1894, John R. Tait, teller of the Chemical National, $15,000; in 1894, David Morgan, coupon clerk of the bank of the Republic, $10,000; in 1893, Bernard Weisberger, private banker, $5,000; in 1892, W. G. Mago, messenger of the Bank of Commerce, $2,000; in 1888, John H. Stafford, teller of the Nineteenth Ward National…
   In view of the immense sums of money handled by the New York banks and the strong temptations and opportunities besetting officials and employees, the above record is really not as bad as might naturally be expected.
  

The Russian Transsiberian railway is going to be of some benefit to the United States if the cable correspondents have not been at their usual lying tricks. They telegraph that the Amur Steamship company, which is going to connect with the Transsiberian railway in Russia, will land its freight and passengers on American shores at the port of Everett, Wash. Everett, Wash., will immediately have a boom if this is true, and it will be a good thing for the whole country. The tide of summer tourists will in time set west instead of east, and they will take their outing in Siberia.


Would it not be just as well for the United States to attend to its own affairs and let Japan make her own terms with the nation she is conquering? If, for instance, we were engaged in a war with Mexico or Spain or any other nation—which heaven forbid—would we not take it as a piece of impudence if Japan should offer to settle the differences between us and tell us what we must do? The colored brother’s eleventh commandment comes in good play here. For those who have forgotten what that was one may remark that it was this: “Mind your own business.”


BREVITIES.
   —The Cortland County Teachers’ association will meet in the Normal chapel on Saturday, Dec. 8, 1894.
   —The work on the electric railway was pushed through the storm Wednesday, and at 8 o’clock that afternoon the track was laid to Court-st. Six horses are required to plough up the ditch.
   —The muddy Cortland streets of the past few days call to mind the wisdom of the South Kensington lady who was recently seen in the street with a parcel in one hand, an umbrella in the other, and an Irish terrier holding the trail of her dress with his teeth. He never let the dress touch the ground. Some dogs are good for something.
   —It would be very difficult to find a more healthy place than Cortland this fall. A glance at the vital statistics in another column show that there were but six deaths in October and none of those from any prevailing or contagious diseases. And in November up to the 26th day only three deaths had been reported at the health officer’s office, which indicates a better record than that of October.
   —It is reported that eight inches of snow fell at Freeville yesterday. Cortland has not been heard from. Snowed in, possibly.—Ithaca Journal, Tuesday. Cortland had about two inches, but judging from the heavy snow fall at Freeville and knowing that every bit of that would be rain in tropical Ithaca, the supposition was that the university city was drowned out and there would be no use in reporting to it the Cortland snowfall.

Vital Statistics.
   Health Officer W. J. Moore gives the following report for the month of October: Deaths 6—males 4, females 2; nativity—United States 6; social condition—single 3, married 2, widowed 1; ages—under one year 2, between twenty and thirty years 1, between seventy and eighty years 1, between eighty and ninety years 2; causes of death—cholera infantum 1, bronchitis 1, consumption 1, convulsions 1, heart disease 2; births 9—males 3, females 6; marriages 2.

PREBLE.
   PREBLE, Nov. 26.—In the issue of The Standard of Nov. 23 there is related an occurrence in Preble which up on careful inquiry I think needs some explanation. Dr. Hunt keeps a bull dog in his store nights and on the morning referred to, in the article entitled “Thought He was a Burglar,” Gordon, the assistant postmaster, who with his family occupies rooms in the second story, came down to dispatch the early mail. He found that Joe, the dog, had got his appetite for human blood whetted to a keen edge. After looking the store over carefully and finding nothing disturbed Mr. Gordon had succeeded in calming the dog when the mail messenger called for the mail bag. A stranger also came in. He said he was a fisherman, had been there a short time before and sought admission, but failed to get in. This satisfied Mr. Gordon as to why the dog was so excited.
   The fisherman stated that he had provided himself with all the latest and most modern appliances for persuading the finny inhabitants of the deep from their most secret hiding places, yet he was possessed of that fear so common to all fishermen that his luck might not be all that he desired and if so he feared he would be very much depressed and possibly that depression might result in heart failure. Therefore he thought it advisable to take with him some restorative that he might use it promptly. He said that a commercial traveler, who sells goods for a Rochester house, had informed him that he could procure the necessary restorative at the drug store in Preble.
   Mr. Gordon very politely informed him that at one time they did handle that line of goods, but since putting the postoffice into the store they had dropped them . He also very kindly told him that he could get the restorative at the hotel at a very reasonable price and as the proprietor is an expert fisherman, he would no doubt instruct him as to its use free of charge.
   The fisherman left apparently in high glee, not knowing that the watch dog had been anxious to make a breakfast of him. 
   Mr. Gordon was very much surprised in reading the article in question to know that the fisherman thought he was not well used, for Mr. Gordon cannot think the fisherman had been using any restorative before he reached the store. But if he will call next time he is in Preble, Mr. Gordon will make such amends as the exigencies of the case may require.
   NOZY. [pen name of local correspondent.]