Wednesday, May 24, 2017

NOTICE



Cortland Evening Standard, Friday, March 23, 1894.

NOTICE.
   To whom it may concern:
   Notice is hereby given that an application has been made to the Town Board of the Town of Cortlandville, in the county of Cortland, state of New York, by the Cortland and Homer Horse Railroad company for leave to construct and operate a street surface railroad upon Court street, thence along Court to Church, thence to Railroad; also from Main street at intersection with Railroad street along Railroad to Pendleton-st., thence to Elm-st., thence to Pomeroy, thence to Port Watson and thence along Port Watson-st. to and including the village of McGrawville; also from Main-st. at its intersection with Tompkins, thence along Tompkins to Frank, thence to Park and thence across Owego to Railway-ave. and thence to the present terminus near the E., C. & N. R. R.; also from Main at intersection with Groton, thence along Groton to Homer-ave., thence to the intersection of North Main of said village. And also for leave to change the motive power of said Cortland and Homer Horse Railroad company from horse to electricity and to operate said road and such extensions thereto as may be made by electrical power and that such application will first be considered at a meeting of said town board to be held at the office of the police justice in the village of Cortland, on the 31st day of March, 1894, at 2 o'clock in the afternoon of that day.
   R. BRUCE SMITH, Supervisor.
   E. C. ALGER, Town Clerk.
   WM. R. BIGGAR, E. C. PARKER, DORR C. SMITH, Justices of the Peace.

Electric Railway Franchises.
   CORTLAND, N. Y., March 26, 1894.
   To the Editor of The Standard:
   SIR—Observing that there is considerable talk in our village, created by the fact that two rival corporations are about to attempt to obtain franchises for the purpose of changing our horse street railway into an electric road, and also for the extension of the system when so changed upon various streets of our village, and feeling that valuable franchises should not be given away by our board of trustees unless the village shall reap some lasting and permanent benefit from such franchises, and believing that I represent a large majority of our citizens in these sentiments, I beg to suggest that before any franchise is granted, great care should be used by our village president and board of trustees to carefully look into and examine the claims of any and all applicants and see to it that if possible, some permanent advantage and profit is obtained for our village.
   In the past, our boards of trustees have given away franchises to various corporations and the village did not receive a single cent for the tearing up of the streets and discommoding our people. I have two or three suggestions to offer which will be equally in order whichever company may receive the franchise for conducting an electric street railway in the streets of our village. Such franchise should contain the following provisions:
   First, the company shall pave in the center of their rails with a good and substantial pavement and shall also pave two feet wide on either side.
   Second, there shall be no turn-outs or switches on Main-st., between the Messenger House and Cortland House.
   Third, all poles to be erected shall be erected on the line between adjacent properties.
   At the present time our village needs, more than anything else, sewerage and paved streets. In the way suggested the street car company would do the work of paving on their tracks, so that the balance of the streets would be ready for paving when the sewerage system should be completed. If the money we have expended upon our streets for the past ten or twelve years in making them permanently no better, had been expended every year in pavement we would now have ten or twelve miles of good paved streets, but as it now is, our streets are practically no better than they were before this vast amount of money was expended on them. Now if the franchise to be granted to an electric street railway contains the clause requiring paving between their rails and two feet on either side, as I have suggested, the village will reap some substantial benefit from the same. The franchises which have already been granted by village boards in years past are beyond our control, but those which are to be granted hereafter can be made of permanent benefit to the village for all time to come, as well as to the companies seeking such franchises.
   I do not desire to take sides in this matter, but believing that all the citizens of Cortland should be interested in improving and advancing our village—especially as Cortland is now at a time when it must do one of two things, either settle back and not keep pace with other towns in the state, or improve its streets and have a system of sewers completed in the near future.
   I have only submitted my views and would be very glad if others who are interested in the future off our village would do the same.
   Very Respectively Yours,
   CITIZEN.



BREVITIES.
   —To-day is Good Friday.
   —City band concert and ball at the armory next Tuesday evening.
   A Pentecostal service was held in the Homer ave. church this afternoon at 3 o'clock.
   —Don't forget the masquerade social in Good Templars' hall Saturday, March 24. Admittance ten cents, supper free.
   —Mr. L. F. Stillman was at Ithaca yesterday, where he sold the seats for the court house, which is being repaired.
   —Governor Flower has signed the bill appropriating $50,000 for a State veterinary college at Cornell University.
   —Examinations at the Central school commence Tuesday and continue throughout the week. The school will be closed from Friday, March 30, until April 9.
   —The semi-annual convention of the Central New York Volunteer Firemen's association will be held in Ithaca on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday, Aug. 7, 8 and 9.
   —Mr. Fred I. Graham has taken the agency for the Keating bicycle made at Holyoke, Mass. A new machine arrived in town this morning and is attracting considerable attention.
   —The City band are rehearsing some very fine music for their concert. The band will furnish music for the dance, which follows the concert. A full brass band will be a decided novelty to dance by.
   —Extremely pretty and tasty Easter windows are those of Tanner Brothers and Warren, Tanner & Co. The goods are displayed in an attractive way and mingled with them are Easter lilies and other Easter emblems.
   —Work is to begin very shortly upon the new Central-Hudson passenger station in Syracuse. The American Express company occupy a small building on part of the proposed site and they have been asked to vacate.
   —These are the days when one receives large square envelopes, addressed in fine penmanship, and opens it expecting to find himself invited to some great wedding, but lo and beheld [sic] it turns out to be an announcement of a spring opening.—Whitney's Point Reporter.
   —In the assembly a bill has been introduced by Mr. Ainsworth, providing that when a majority of the voters representing a majority of the taxable property in any county, town or ward of a city shall sign a petition against the sale of liquor, such sale shall be unlawful.
   —Benton I. Cooper, a highly esteemed and prominent citizen of Little Falls, died Wednesday of pneumonia. For the past two years Mr. Cooper had been supervisor of the town. He served one term as assessor and held other town offices. He was a cousin of Rev. B. F. Weatherwax of Cortland.

GENEROUS DONATION.
The W. B. Leonard Co. Present the C. A. A. Some Fine Music.
   The W. B. Leonard Music Publishing Co. has generously donated to the Cortland Athletic association about twenty-five dollars' worth of vocal and instrumental music, including all of Prof. Leonard's published songs, nearly all of which have made decided hits. Among the most popular are "The Minstrel Street Parade," "Never a Bride," "Mother Loves Her Boy," "Different, Yet Two of a Kind," "Dolores," "Pretty Bessie Bormilee," etc. These are now being bound and will soon occupy a prominent place at one of the clubhouse pianos, where they will be kept for the benefit of the members.
   The W. B. Leonard Co. have been in business for the past two years. Since its organization there has been a steady growth till at present the firm have sixty copyright publications in their catalogue. Among the agents who carry a full line of their publications are the Oliver Ditson Co. of Boston, John Church Co., Chicago, C. H. Ditson &Co., New York, John Church Co., Cincinnati and J. E. Ditson & Co., Philadelphia.
   Many of their songs have made pronounced hits and have been sung by the leading professionals in America. Much of the instrumental music has also become popular. Prof. Leonard has written several new songs this winter, one being especially worthy of mention, a vocal dramatic song entitled "Neath the City Light," which promises to make as great a success as "Two Little Girls in Blue." Judging from the steady increase in the past the business prospects for the future look decidedly promising for this home company.

For Shorter Hours.
   A large and enthusiastic audience greeted Mr. L. R. Carl of Auburn Wednesday evening, March 21, in Empire hall. Mr. Carl was present by invitation of Carpenter's union, No. 805, to speak to them and other trades of Cortland. In his opening remarks he stated that he left a sick bed to be present, being a great sufferer from a disease that was liable at any time to end his existence, but, having the interest of the laboring man at heart, he deemed it his duty to be present. He earnestly explained the necessity of shorter hours for labor in this land, where there was so much idleness, stating that three million people were in want and suffering for the reason that the people who had work were working too many hours and thereby taking a living from the class that were idle. He explained the benefits to be derived from men working nine hours, stating that one other could find work for every nine that would give up the hour. His address was an appeal for the mechanic to try and help his poor and unfortunate brother by working less hours, so that he might have a living.

McGraw Corset Co.
   The McGraw Corset Co. are running their entire factory until 9 o'clock at night and turning out 250 dozen corsets per day, but say they can employ fifty more persons, or cancel their orders. Attentive hands are earning from $5 to $10 per week on steady work and full time is now expected to continue. Their this year's styles are taking and where there is the most competition they do the best. It is not, however, the styles that tariff effects most that they are pushing.

The Pantomime "Ben Hur."
   The spectacular pantomime "Ben Hur," the richest and most elaborate representation ever attempted by amateurs, will be given in the Cortland Opera House three nights beginning Tuesday, April 10. Wherever this beautiful performance has been seen the press of the city and the thousands in attendance have united in enthusiastic praise of this chaste and charming production. All, except the gentlemen, who are to take part in this entertainment, will meet at Empire hall on Monday afternoon, March 26, at half past 3 o'clock.

Says Business Is Improving.
   NEW YORK, March 23.—William Rockefeller said to a reporter: "The general business situation is mending for the better. This statement I base upon our reports from the West. The demand for fuel oil for manufacturing purposes is increasing almost daily. Concerns which have been shut down since last autumn are starting up, all of which is favorable comment as to the future. Collections in our business are as good as they have ever been. Railroad earnings are improving, but the special feature to notice is that the improvement is less spasmodic and more steady."

To Repair the Capitol.
   ALBANY, March 23.—Governor Flower transmitted to the legislature a statement of Superintendent Perry of the capitol, alleging that the sanitary condition of the building is dangerous and asking for an appropriation of $20,000 to fix the ventilation and plumbing. The governor approves of the matter as the present condition endangers the lives of the inmates.

JUDGE NEWTON SENTENCED.
Ten Months In Prison and a Fine of $700.
   BROOKLYN, March 23. — The court of oyer and terminer convened to try the cases against ex-Justice R. V. B. Newton for complicity in the Gravesend election troubles.
   Mr. Shepard, counsel for the prosecution, announced to the court that Newton was prepared to plead guilty to the indictment charging him with being in a conspiracy with 18 election inspectors of Gravesend and others to bring about a fraudulent ballot at Gravesend.
   Judge Brown, in imposing sentence, said he considered that the defendant had saved expense to the county and time to the court and counsel.
   He then sentenced him to 10 months in prison and a fine of $700.
   Ex-Corporation Counsel Jenks then asked that the defendant be permitted to serve his whole sentence in Raymond street jail, instead of being sent to the penitentiary; but to this appeal the judge replied he would wait until Monday to decide.
 

Tuesday, May 23, 2017

A DEMOCRATIC TAX ON LABOR


Sen. James K. Jones.


Sen. Roger Q. Mills.
Cortland Evening Standard, Thursday, March 22, 1894.

PAGE TWO—EDITORIALS.
A Democratic Tax on Labor.
   A special Washington dispatch to the New York Sun reveals the fact that the infamous income tax annex to the Wilson bill is even more infamous than was at first supposed. The announcement at first was that it was to reach only the rich men—men whose income was more than $4,000 a year. Southern influence, however, according to the Sun's dispatch, has secretly and maliciously sought to saddle the burdens of the income tax on laboring men also. This was brought about by Senators Mills of Texas and Jones of Arkansas who changed the inquisitorial income tax clause of the Wilson bill so as to bring building associations, and thereby the innumerable class of wage workers, under the tax. Building and loan associations in cities especially are the people's savings banks. They are the builders of the laboring man's house. As a rule they have worked well, and everywhere are a positive blessing to tens of thousands of laborers in their efforts to secure shelter for themselves and their families. They teach earners of money how to save it; how to spend it so as to get homes.
   "While this is true," said a wage worker who had come to Washington from Senator Voorhees's state, "the inventors of the income tax iniquity, as if bent on the greatest amount of deviltry possible, have changed it so as to tax the last dollar the wage worker has put into a building association, instead of merely putting a 2 per cent tax on the dividends of what he put in, which was bad enough. The change was made secretly by Senator Mills of Texas and Senator Jones of Arkansas. It amounts to a crusade upon the wage workers. The change taxes the wages of mechanics and laborers without any exemption. I consider it downright wickedness and premeditated cruelty."
   Senators and representatives from states where building and loan associations abound are likely to hear from home in disagreeable ways. Seemingly the Texas and Arkansas senators, after reading the recent special report by the census commissioner, showing how much was paid for labor, and where the blow would fall hardest, improved their opportunity without the knowledge of other members of the committee having the Wilson bill in charge to change it so as to levy a direct tax on wages. It would be easy to see what the great manufacturing districts and states would pay in contrast with Texas, Arkansas, and a dozen other states where the income tax is supported most earnestly.
   The quiet change made by the Texas and Arkansas senators, a change that became known by accident only, has led to a systematic scrutiny with the view to ascertaining whether or not other outrageous changes have not been made in the bill that was before sufficiently repugnant to the country.
   For a party which posed as the only friend of workingmen during the last Presidential campaign this blow at hard-earned wages is specialty despicable and treacherous. Not content with closing factories and cutting down pay, it now seeks to the laborer of his savings in order to make up the deficiency caused by Democratic assaults on our protected industries. In other words American labor is to be made to pay for the benefits conferred by the Wilson bill on the labor of foreign countries. And this is the much vaunted tariff reform, which was to make the rich poorer and the poor richer.

Lewis Swift.
A Fine Lecture.
   Dr. Lewis Swift of Rochester last night delivered at Normal hall one of the most instructive lectures of the very admirable course which has this year been conducted by the students of the Cortland Normal school. He explained many things as to the composition of the sun, the stars and the means by which this knowledge was obtained, He set forth many interesting and curious facts concerning the relations of the earth to the other planets in the solar system and clearly proved how nothing in the universe is at all stable, but that there is a constant change even in the direction in which the poles of the earth point. He spoke of the result of these changes. He dealt with figures so large as to be beyond the comprehension of the mind, but endeavored to make them intelligible by familiar illustrations.
   No one who listened attentively to his lecture could go away feeling that it was not a great theme and without agreeing with the sentiment of the doctor when he stated that in the presence of such stupendous facts he felt his own insignificance in the midst of it all. A very reverential and humble spirit characterized the entire lecture, although it was perfectly evident that the doctor was at home in the discussion of his theme.
   We cannot forbear congratulating the Normal students upon the excellence of the course of entertainments just closed. It was this year an experiment. It was not the design to make money, but to provide a fine class of lectures and concerts at so slight an expense that all the students would be able to take advantage of them. The experiment has been a grand success. There have been three lectures, a reading and a concert. The treasurer's report is not yet complete, but we are informed that it is safe to say that the entertainments have financially paid for themselves, and much pleasure and instruction has been afforded not only to the students but to the townspeople as well. We can only add the exhortation, "Do so some more."

Beautiful Easter Window.
   One of the prettiest Easter windows in town is that of the jewelry firm of Clark & Nourse. A large potted Easter lily occupies a prominent place in the foreground. In the background smilax is twisted about in a tasty way. Arranged in pleasing style are the new goods of every kind and description that pertain to a well-ordered jewelry store which is fully abreast of the times and which tries to satisfy and please a discriminating trade.

Summer Hotels and Boardinghouses.
   The Rome, Watertown & Ogdensburg railroad is now preparing its illustrated book of "Routes and Rates for Summer Tours" for the season of 1894. This book contains a complete list of summer hotels and boardinghouses along the line of the R., W. & O., and also in the Adirondacks, North Woods, the St. Lawrence river, Thousand Islands, Canada, White Mountains, Green Mountains, Maine sea coast and the New England Atlantic coast. Proprietors of hotels and boardinghouses soliciting summer visitors are invited to give the following information, which will be inserted in the book without cost:
Name of hotel or boardinghouse.
Proprietor and postoffice address.
Room capacity,
Rate per day,
Rate per week.
Nearest railroad station.
How far from railroad station.
How reached from railroad station.
   Communications should be addressed to Theo. Butterfield. General Passenger Agent, Syracuse, N. Y. The book will go to press in April and will be ready for distribution in the latter part of May.

WON'T ANSWER QUESTIONS.
Cornell Sophomore Twice Brought Before Judge Forbes.
   ITHACA, N. Y., March 22.—The grand jury is still investigating the Cornell chlorine poisoning case but are expected to wind up to-day. From several incidents which have transpired it is evident that the affair is being brought to a focus.
   Yesterday afternoon F. L. Taylor of Plainfield, N. J., a sophomore and who was a roommate of C. L. Dingen, toward whom the finger of suspicion points most strongly, was brought before the judge by the district attorney for refusing to answer questions and was instructed by the judge as to his privilege and duty. This seemed to have no effect upon him as he was again brought before Judge Forbes this morning for refusal to answer questions put by grand jurymen. The judge then told him that if he was one of the parties who had any hand in mixing this chlorine, then he could refuse to answer, but if he was not an accessory, but knew who did mix it or had any information of any of the parties concerned in it, then he must answer any and all questions. The judge gave him until 2 o'clock this afternoon to consider the matter and he left the court room with his attorney.
   He is a very gentlemanly fellow, of fine appearance but very determined looking and those who know him best say that if he has any knowledge of the case he would go to jail before giving evidence which might convict his friend.

THAT CANAL CONTRACT.
The Subject Taken Up by Senate Assembly Committees.
   ALBANY, March 22.—How the Cataract Electric company got its big grant from the state was the subject taken up by the senate finance and assembly ways and means committees.
   Superintendent of Public Works Hannan was put on the stand and asked to detail how he gave the grant to the company. He said that the permit was drawn in his office by a clerk who was not a lawyer. The first application was made in November last year and a written application was made in December of that year, both by this company. No other company had applied. He did not know of the bill allowing the making of such a contract until the secretary of state sent in a slip of the laws.
   All his dealings had been with [Cataract Electric] Vice-President F. W. Hawley. He had not in any way investigated the financial standing of the company.
   He had consulted the present attorney general in drawing the contract, and admitted that he might have talked with Governor Flower or Charles De Freest on the matter. He never talked to Senator Murphy or Thomas C. Platt.
   The contract called for about 60 electric lights along the canal and power to raise and close the locks.
   He was aware that the repeal bill was pending when he prepared the contract. He thought that the state was well protected.
   In answer to a question as to whether he did not think it right that he should have waited to see whether the repeal bill passed, he said no. He believed it was a good thing for the state. The Cataract company had presented its contract and from it the present one was made.

ASSEMBLY IN SESSION.
Bipartisan Election Inspectors' Bill Passed by a Big Majority.
   ALBANY, March 22.—The house took up the special order which was the bipartisan inspectors of election bill.
   Mr. Sulzer offered an amendment providing that the act shall take effect immediately.
   Mr. Sulzer withdrew his amendment, but immediately afterward sent it to the desk on a motion to recommit the bill to the committee on judiciary with instructions to amend the bill and report forthwith.
   The motion was adopted.
   The bill was then put upon its final passage.
   The bill was passed—ayes, 75; nays, 1—J. F. Terry.
   The following bills were also passed:
   Mr. Tobin's, authorizing the park commissioners in the city of New York to increase the pay of park laborers from $1.75 to $2 per day.
   Mr. Robertson's, requiring that all mechanics and laborers employed on state or municipal buildings shall be American citizens, shall not work longer than 8 hours per day and shall be paid according to the scale of wages established by the labor organizations of a similar trade or occupation as theirs.

BIG GUN TESTED.
The Largest Gun Ever Built In America Successfully Tried.
   WASHINGTON, March 22. — A distinguished party of public men and departmental officials and a number of ordinance experts accepted the invitation of the secretary of the navy to visit the naval ordnance proving grounds at Indian Head to see the official test of the first of the big 13-inch guns which have been completed at the government works.
   This is the biggest gun ever built in this country, and a vast amount of interest was manifested in seeing it operated.
   The gun weighs 67 tons. The steel projectile weighs 1,100 pounds. Two shots were fired, the first with a 403 pound charge of powder showed an initial velocity of 1,720 feet per second. The second, with 482 pounds of powder, showed a velocity of 1,915 feet per second. The powder used is very coarse, the grains being about an inch in diameter.
   Interested observers of the test were the naval attaches of the embassies of Great Britain, France, Germany and Italy and the Russian and Japanese legations.

CORTLAND COUNTY NEWS.
INTERESTING FACTS FROM OUR CORRESPONDENTS.
Things Seen and Heard in Villages and Hamlets About Us, and Items From All Over the County.
McGrawville.
   A quantity of trout have been placed in the creeks between this place and Solon. They were sent from the state fishery at Albany.
   The cards are out announcing the wedding of Miss Minnie Shepard to Eugene L. Williams of Berkshire, Thursday, at the home of Miss Shepard's aunt. We extend to them congratulations and best wishes.
   At the village election held March 20, 1894, the following named candidates were voted for, with the number of votes respectively received for each:
   President—W. J. Buchanan, 132; Lewis Warren, 22.
   Trustee—Samuel Doud, 122; Wm. Lord, 30.
   Trustee Frank C. Topping, 125; A. B. Rumsey, 29.
   Treasurer—B. H. Randall, 152.
   Assessor—W. P. Henry, 146.
   Collector—P. W. Chaffee, 125; C. S. Hoag, 24.
   Police Constable John Evens, 121; Porter Hoben, 29.
   Mr. Buchanan received 110 majority for the office of president of the village.
Virgil.
   VIRGIL, March 21.—The many friends of Mrs. Clarissa Atwood of Killawog were pained to hear of her death at the residence of her sister, Mrs. P. West in Virgil, March 19, after an illness of only 48 hours. Mrs. Atwood was the daughter of the late John Tyler, and was born in the town of Dryden, April 17, 1820. She married Mr. Stephen Atwood, Dec. 22, 1870, and was left a widow Jan, 7, 1892. Mrs. Atwood had been a consistent Christian since early life and was a member of the Free Will Baptist church near here for many years. A short funeral sermon was held here Wednesday afternoon and the remains were taken to Killawog, Thursday, in charge of Undertaker M. B. Williams for burial.
   Miss Frances Tyler is sick with rheumatism caused by taking cold after having the scarlet fever.
   Mrs. Betsy Ryan died at the home of her son-in-law, Mr. Amasa Lane, on Monday, aged 90 years, 4 months and two days. The funeral will be held today, Rev. Mr. Dayton and Undertaker Crain in charge. Mrs. Ryan with the exception of a short time spent in Texas, has always lived in this town and was a woman well-known and liked by all who knew her.
   The maple sugar festival held by the grange on Tuesday evening was well attended.
Elm Stump.
   ELM STUMP, March 21.—Mr. C. L. Judd made a business trip to East Homer yesterday.
   The first man to start a plow to begin the spring work in this section was Mr. Irving Price, who began yesterday.
   Those who have been sick with the measles are all reported convalescing.
   Mr. Robert Adams of Virgil was calling on old friends in this section to-day.
   Mr. and Mrs. Frank Smith were at home to their friends last Saturday evening. An oyster supper was the occasion and a good time is reported.
   Mr. Ryan Oaks of Cortland called at Mr. Jay Worden's Monday.
   Mr. and Mrs. Irving Price and Anna and Charlie were guests at Mr. Harvey Yager's at Virgil last Thursday.
Little York.
   LITTLE YORK, March 21—We are informed that Miss Frisbie of Scott is to be our teacher for the spring term.
   Wood sawing by steam power has been the order of the day among the farmers of late.
   Mr. H. W. Blashfield has had the misfortune to lose a valuable Jersey cow, which he recently purchased of Mr. John Roe.
   Rev. Mr. Hamilton of Preble will preach here next Sunday. He expects to come weekly during the summer if he receives sufficient encouragement from the people.
   Some hoodlums were out last Friday night and committed some wild forms of mischief.
   Mr. John Roe and family moved to Homer last Monday. During the time they have resided here they have won the esteem of all their neighbors all of whom expressed sorrow at their departure.
   Mr. D. W. Wilbur is moving his goods from the Wheeler house, which he has occupied for the past two years, to his farm near Preble.

BREVITIES.
   —Mr. E. P. Halbert is negotiating for the sale of the Grant-st. grocery to Mr. David C. Beers.
   —The Franklin Hatch library now contains 3,006 volumes, having added 1,000 volumes since the library was opened in its present quarters.
   —A cock fight occurred Tuesday night between celebrated Cortland and Homer birds for a purse of $50 and a side bet of $10. Three battles were fought and the Cortland bird won.
   —The funeral of John Dobbins, who died Tuesday afternoon of injuries received from falling down stairs at the Cortland Wagon Co., occurred at St. Mary's church at 11 o'clock this morning.
   — Mr. A. P. Potter of grange 670, Syracuse, will address the Cortlandville grange on Saturday evening, March 24, on the subject of "Home Rule in Taxation." He will speak to the South Cortland grange upon the same subject tonight.

Tea Table Talk.
   A youth who lives at High Schoals says that his father's cows frequently came up at night with the appearance of having been milked. His father got tired of it and sent him to the pasture with the cows to catch the thief. He spent the day near enough to the cows to watch them, he thought, but at night it was still evident that the cows had been milked again. He was scolded, and sent back with them the next day. About 11 o'clock, he says, a cow went into the canes near a small lake and lowed. He crept through the brush and caught the thief in the act, and he proved to be a bullfrog as large as a hat. The frog was hanging on to the cow's udder, and seemed to be enjoying his dinner immensely.—Savannah Morning News.
 

Monday, May 22, 2017

MERTON M. WATERS, ESQ., ALSO FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH DEDICATED IN HOMER, N. Y.



Cortland Evening Standard, Wednesday, March 21, 1894.

MERTON M. WATERS.
Brief Sketch of His Life and Career—The Funeral.
   Merton M. Waters was born in Truxton, N. Y., March 3, 1830, and was the son of Aretus and Caroline Law Waters. He was one of a family of nine brothers and one sister. In Truxton was passed his boyhood and youth until 1852 when he married Elizabeth Beden of Fabius, N. Y., and they made a home in that place. Here they remained for a few years and here were born their two eldest children. Mr. Waters at this time was pursuing the study of law and in June, 1857, moved his family to Cortland after being admitted to the bar. In the years which followed he steadily worked his way to the very head of the Cortland county bar, and as time went on came to be acknowledged as one of the very ablest lawyers in the state. The family residence on West Court-st. was completed in 1866. In 1875 Mr. Waters formed a partnership with his son-in-law, S. S. Knox, and for eight years the firm of Waters & Knox was continued.
   In 1881, wishing a larger field for the practice of his profession, he took the place of Judge Vann in the firm of Vann, McLennan & Dillaye in Syracuse. This firm was dissolved in 1883 when Judge McLennan went to New York as attorney for the West Shore R. R. Then Mr. Waters formed a partnership with John McLennan and to this firm was added in 1889, L. L. Waters, Mr. Waters' only son. This firm was in existence at the time of his death.
   For several years, his health has been gradually giving way, his ceaseless work at last undermining his physical powers and on March 17 he died, just at the beginning of his sixty-fifth year.
   Thus ended a remarkable life, so full of usefulness and honor that it is hard to give in a few words any idea of the magnitude of its work. The keen brain, clear insight and quick comprehension which were in Mr. Waters so marked, caused his hands to be always full of cases involving most important questions and interests, and more than that many of the most prominent lawyers of Central New York came continually to him for counsel. There are few men who so inspire affection in those with whom they came in contact and few lawyers can so fill their clients with confidence.
   He was the soul of honor in his fidelity to his business, carefully and scrupulously exact in respect to all the large interests confided to him, never sparing himself in any way if additional labor by night or day could fortify his client's position. Yet he was never too busy to stop and explain to a student in his office any puzzling point of law, and his explanations were always so lucid that the student never forgot them.
   There is at the bar in Central New York an army of young men who remember M. M. Waters with deepest regard and gratitude for his help and instruction. He was sanguine, full of the largest hope and confidence and of seemingly exhaustless energy, always ready to give of his means and strength to these who needed either.
   At heart he was as tender as a woman, and loved his family, each member of it more than his life, and his wife and children loved him with an equal devotion. His tenderness and fortitude were wonderfully shown during his last long and lingering illness, and those who were around him in the last weeks of his life will never forget his unceasing patience and careful thought for others.
    He made a brave struggle for life in the past six months, but the decline was resistless and inexorable. To die before his work seemed done, to lay down his life when his magnificent intellect seemed fitted for long years of useful labor, this was the bitterness of death to him. To his wife, his devoted companion for forty-two years, and to his son and daughters the loss is so great, so inestimable that words fail to express any part of it. Yet he has left them rich in the memory of a boundless tenderness and devoted love.
   Besides his wife, he is survived by all his five children, one son, L. L. Waters of Syracuse, and four daughters, Mrs. S. S. Knox of Cortland, Mrs. H. F. Greenman of Bridgeport, Conn.,  Mrs. E. A. McMillan Of North Adams, Mass., and Miss Isabel Waters.
   The funeral was held at the house at 2 o'clock on Tuesday afternoon and was conducted by Rev. J. L. Robertson assisted by Rev. Dr. W. P. Coddington of Syracuse. A special train from Syracuse brought a large number of the Onondaga county bar, and the Cortland county bar also attended in a body. The bearers were Judge Vann and Judge McLennan, Hon. William P. Goodelle, Hon. Geo. R. Cook, Harrison Hoyt, T. K. Fuller, T. L. R. Morgan, and John McLennan, all of Syracuse.
   The floral tributes were remarkably beautiful and appropriate, and especial mention should be made of the offering of the Cortland county bar, a wreath surmounted by an open book of white flowers upon which were the words "The Law."
   Mr. and Mrs. Julius A. Graham, Mr. A. D. Blodgett and Mr. C. F. Brown sang several beautiful selections. Among the passages of Scripture Rev. Mr. Robertson read the twelfth chapter of Ecclesiastes, of which Mr. Waters had been especially fond. The remarks of the clergymen manifested the same sincere esteem of the departed one which has marked the utterances of his brethren of the bar. Dr. Coddington spoke with feeling of personal association with Mr. Waters and of his deep reverence for his Creator and of his careful thought for the spiritual welfare of his dear ones.
   The services at the grave were brief and impressive. Never in Cortland county has a more distinguished assembly stood with bared heads beside an open grave. And as the earth fell upon the coffin-lid, all who stood there thought again, as Judge McLennan had said in his telegram to Mrs. Waters, "A great lawyer, an honest man, a true friend, is gone."

For Shame.
   With hearts filled with indignation a great many people witnessed the abuse of a poor dumb brute at the fire in Homer Saturday night. A horse which had drawn one of the hose carts from Cortland had been run at full speed through the heavy muddy roads. When almost to its destination it gave out and the poor animal, more human than the men who wielded the heavy blows straining in every limb was beaten in a terrible manner. If the same thing had happened in any of our large cities the party would have been arrested immediately, but in this case and many similar ones people stand by apparently helpless for the time and then talk about "What a shame it was."
   I for one am not afraid to take a stand for the right in whatever form it may come, and I enter here and now a protest in the cause of the dumb beasts in this village.  If there is an agent in this place for the prevention of cruelty to animals, where is he? If not, let there be one appointed and one who will see that the law is carried out.
   MRS. N. G. MARKLEY.

PAGE TWO—EDITORIALS.
Judge Forbes and the Cornell Tragedy.
   The New York Sun of yesterday contained the following editorial concerning Judge Forbes and the Cornell tragedy:
   To those persons who are acquainted with the character and the professional and judicial career of Judge Gerrit A. Forbes of the Sixth Judicial district, the suggestion that he is a man who would ever, under any circumstances, regard crime with sympathy is too absurd to require refutation. His charge to the grand jury at Ithaca, in reference to the Cornell university tragedy, when considered in the light of his personal record as a lawyer and a judge, contains nothing to justify the idea that he was not actuated by the purest motives.
   The tone of the address considered as a whole, was milder than had been expected by the public and to this fact doubtless is due much of the criticism which it has aroused. From his own inquiries into the matter, and the conference with the district attorney of Tompkins county, Judge Forbes appears to have reached a conclusion that in no event could an indictment for murder be sustained, by any proof which was obtainable; and he evidently thought that it would be wiser for the grand jury to conduct their inquiries with reference to finding an indictment for some lower crime, rather than for one which the prosecution could not prove upon the trial.
   Of course, neither Judge Forbes nor any other intelligent man in the state would for one moment contend that the students of Cornell university are entitled to any sort of immunity or privilege from punishment for offences [sic] against the criminal law. Precisely the same rules, in this respect, apply to young men in college as apply to young men out of college. If there was any implication to the contrary in what Judge Forbes said to the grand jury of Tompkins county last week, we are satisfied that it was unintentional, and due to the fact that this part of his charge was not written out beforehand, but was delivered upon the spur of the moment, and under the influence of a strong impression that the circumstances of the case probably called for nothing more severe than censure.
   We can hardly doubt that his tone toward he students would have been less lenient, and that he would have left the matter to the grand jury, without so plain a manifestation of his own personal view, if the charge had been carefully prepared in advance of its delivery.
   It is preposterous, however, to suppose that a magistrate who has been so strict as Judge Forbes in imposing punishment has now become indifferent in respect to the enforcement of the criminal law.
   Yesterday Judge Forbes charged the Tompkins county grand jury a second time. Dispatches from Ithaca say that in an impressive manner which carried conviction to every listener, he spoke for three hours on the subject uppermost in his mind, the Cornell chlorine poisoning case, his charge to the grand jury and the press criticisms. He took up his previous charge paragraph by paragraph and commented on it, explaining at length what meaning he intended to convey in each sentence. He read to the grand jury from the penal code the law as to murder, manslaughter and other degrees of crime and expounded the same to the benefit of jury and listeners.
   The judge was very much moved and very much affected several times during his address. When he concluded it was the general impression among the lawyers present that the judge had made himself thoroughly understood, that there was not the slightest ground for the harsh criticisms which it had been his lot to have directed against him, and that he had cleared away all adverse opinions, and that to a man the bar of Tompkins county is now behind the judge.
   One of the leading members of the bar said that in his opinion the effect of the judge's remarks would loosen the mouths of the students who know of the guilty parties, and that in his belief this charge will have aided the cause of justice, and that undoubtedly now the guilty would be found.

TROY INQUEST ENDS.
TWO WITNESSES SWEAR BOLAND WAS THE MURDERER.
One of the Witnesses Placed In Jail On Charge of Perjury—The Testimony All In and the Jury Will Be Charged Today—Conflicting Evidence Given, Three Men Named as Having Fired the Shot.
   TROY, N. Y., March 21.—In the Ross inquest, Mr. Morton, attorney for John McGough, said he refused to be sworn.
   Mr. Fagan said nothing could be done, except to send him to jail, where he was already.
   Jeremiah Cleary swore that he saw John H. Boland fire at Ross and Ross fell. The only revolver he saw was in Boland 's hands.
   He declared that all the previous witnesses were mistaken when they said the shooting was done by Shea. It might have been possible for somebody else to have shot Ross, as everyone seemed to be firing together.
   Thomas Keefe was the next witness. He saw Boland fire three shots. Boland pointed the revolver at Keefe, and witness laconically remarked, "It did not go off. Boland had the only revolver."
   Witness said he went to the polls to prevent strangers from wrongdoing if he could. He understood the town was full of repeaters. He only knew one man at the polls, Boland, and went away because he was afraid of him.
   "Are you afraid of him now?" asked the assistant district attorney.
   "Not on yer life," said the witness.
   He did not know who did the shooting.
   Sophia Billingham, aged 14, gave unimportant testimony.
   Michael Delaney was a witness for Shea and swore that Ross chased Shea and then Boland fired at Ross twice and killed him.
   He gave conflicting testimony and Mr. Fagan asked that the witness be taken into custody until he had considered the formulation of charges.
   The request was granted and created considerable excitement in the courtroom. It is understood charges of perjury may be made.
   E. M. Partridge saw Robert Ross throw up his hands when a man shot him. The man then shot Ross when he was down. Witness was positive it was not Boland who did the shooting.
   The inquest then came to an abrupt close, Assistant District Attorney Fagan saying all the evidence was in.
   The coroner ordered an adjournment until today, when he will charge the jury and await the verdict.
   The witness Delaney, suspected of perjury, was sent to jail.

HOMER DEPARTMENT.
Gleanings of News From our Twin Village.
   The new edifice of the First Baptist church which is being dedicated to-day is an ornament to this village and a credit to the society by whom it was erected. The style is modern Romanesque, the material being of pressed brick relieved by trimmings of brown stone. The building has one of the most desirable locations in the village on the corner of Main and Cayuga-sts., facing on the former. The interior is divided by a hall which extends across the full width of the church. At the end of this hall is the Cayuga-st. entrance and along the right side are doors opening into the well appointed chapel which will be used for the Sunday-school, prayer meetings, etc. This room contains a large gallery and connects with a conveniently arranged kitchen at the south end. Directly above the kitchen is the pastor's study which opens into the upper. On the left of the upper and lower halls is the auditorium with which they are connected by doors at each end.
   The main entrances to this room are from Main-st., one under the tower which rises to the height of 125 feet at the northeast corner and one at the southeast corner under the smaller tower, The vestibules at those entrances are about 15 feet square with staircases in each leading to the galleries above. Entering from the vestibules one finds himself in a well lighted, handsomely furnished and pleasantly decorated auditorium, arranged in amphitheatre form with a horseshoe gallery and having a seating capacity of seven hundred persons. Here the woodwork is all of oak, the upholstering is of dark brown and the carpet is one of small figures in corresponding tones on a light ground. The gallery rails and pillars which support the gallery are finished in mahogany plush. The hangings of the pulpit which is in the west end of the room, are of the same material. The walls and ceiling are delicately tinted in harmonizing colors, terra- cotta, light blue and buff predominating. Light is admitted to this part of the church by three large cathedral glass windows which are above the galleries, the one opposite the pulpit being a memorial to the Bennett family. Below the gallery there are fifteen smaller windows which are memorials and tributes to members of the congregation.
   The auditorium was handsomely decorated this morning in honor of its dedication. The pulpit platform was banked with calla lilies and green. The choir and organ loft was occupied by the soloists and Darby's orchestra of Cortland, numbering nine pieces.
   Prominent among the audience which thronged the auditorium to the doors were the members of the building committee with the exception of Mr. J. A. Tisdale who is very seriously ill. Those present were W. H. Darby, chairman, Newell Jones, M. M. Newton, and G. N. Copeland. These gentlemen deserve the congratulations of the citizens of this village as well as of the members of their own congregation for the efficient manner in which they have performed their duties as a committee.
   The services this morning were opened by a voluntary rendered by the orchestra which was followed by an invocation by Rev. E. C. Olney of the Congregational church, After an anthem by the choir entitled "Abide with Me," Rev. Parker Fenno, the rector of Calvary Episcopal church, read the Scripture lesson. Rev. D. D. Forward then led the congregation in prayer, after which Mr. R. J. McElheny and Mrs. W. E. Burdick sang a duet, "Preserve Me, O God!"
   The report of the building committee was read by Mr. W. H. Darby, after which the pastor, Rev. D. D. Forward, read the program for the remainder of the day. Hymn 616 in the Hymnal was sung by the congregation, after which Rev. Dr. Edward Judson of Judson Memorial church in New York City rose and announced the text of the dedicatory sermon, St. John iv:19. His subject was Christian Love. He spoke just forty minutes and delivered a sermon of rare excellence. After the congregation finished singing Hymn 160 in the Hymnal Rev. H. A. Cordo, D. D., of Cortland formally dedicated the church by a few well chosen remarks and a prayer. Mrs. Chauncey Baker then sang a solo, "One Sweetly Solemn Thought," after which Rev. A. J. Walrath of Penn Yan pronounced the benediction.
   The afternoon meeting is now in session. After the morning services were concluded the ministers and guests from out of town were invited to dinner which was prepared in the chapel. This room looked very attractive with its rows of tables loaded with delicious food prepared by the ladies of the church. At the table where the ministers dined Mrs. Eliza Babcock, who is more than eighty years old and one of the oldest members of the church presided and poured the coffee from a silver urn.

BREVITIES.
   —After The STANDARD had gone to press yesterday word was received that Mr. John Dobbins, who had been hurt in the morning by a fall at the factory of the Cortland Wagon Co., had just died. That fact was noted in the last half of the edition, but those who had the first of the papers did not know it.
   —Louis Cannon, a vagrant with lots of brass hailing from the New York City arsenal, went off on a toot. He was loaded to the muzzle when arrested last night by Officer Monroe and proved to be a smooth bore and about sixteen caliber, as that he said was his age. Justice Bull discharged him and fired him out of town.