Friday, March 23, 2018


Joe Bakewell.


There are many autocracies in the world where an existing ethic needs to be replaced for the purpose of keeping the autocrats in power. These countries seem to follow a familiar pattern wherein a group of bureaucrats define, and attempt to implement a new ethic, becoming corrupt individually and collectively in the process. A strong man, or small group, takes over.

Prime examples of this sequence would be: Russia, starting with the revolution in 1917 and continuing with growing corruption and one strong man after another to the present. China is another. Mao Zedong started a communist regime at the end of WW2 that continues today under Xi Jinping, who’s still seeking to stamp out corruption. 

When I was in grammar school, I attended both Catholic and public schools. For grades 4-6, I attended P.S. #3 in a small town, Coytesville, N.J. As far as I know, there were no Jewish kids in town. At the start of every day, we pledged allegiance to the flag and recited the ‘Our Father’.

At Christmas, we staged a ‘nativity’ play. A role as one of the three kings was cherished. I never got one. I was so tall, they preferred to hide me in the background.

For grade 7, I went to Fort Lee High where I met my first Jews. They made an impression; the boys dressed in jackets and ties, and the girls were similarly turned out. And I was no longer the smartest kid in the class. We all stood for the pledge of allegiance and the ‘Our Father’. The Jewish kids remained silent for the latter.

None of the above was considered unusual, or controversial. We all had the same frame of reference—the Judeo-Christian Ethic. As a country, we’ve been operating under this ethic from the very beginning. We never thought about it; the ten commandments appeared on public buildings; “In God we trust” on our currency; and we still take oaths on a bible.

In recent years, there’s been a concerted effort to stamp out the Judeo-Christian ethic and replace it with one defined by our political leaders, who, as I’ve pointed out in many previous essays, are corrupt.

They, and their followers, seek to eliminate any religious expression from our public life and to subjugate free speech to political correctness. They’ve thrown out due-process and find people guilty as charged for certain crimes such as pedophilia, sexual harassment, and racism. Many feel that our constitution is obsolete, and that public-opinion should guide our legal system.

No doubt, we have many unresolved problems in our public life; a more unified approach to solutions would be helpful—possibly essential.

I’m reminded that one of the greatest Americans of the 20th century, Martin Luther King, did not call for a change of ethic. He called for a stricter adherence to the one we had.

Where are we in the process of changing our ethic, and who gains?

With our government dominated by special-interest corruption, can we possibly come together on this, or any significant issue? Or, are we doomed to be constantly at swords point by disingenuous politicians, special interests, and compliant, sycophant media?

Funny, I can’t see how to fix anything without getting rid of corruption first.

Can you?  

Joe Bakewell

Thursday, March 22, 2018


Charles Rufus Skinner.

Cortland Standard Semi-Weekly Edition, Tuesday, May 28, 1895.

Encouraging Words From the Head of the Educational Department.
Training for Citizenship.
   Taylor hall was well filled Thursday evening with teachers and a large number of others interested in education to listen to the address by Hon. Charles R. Skinner, superintendent of public instruction. Members of the local board of the Normal school, members of the Normal faculty, Hon. J. E. Eggleston, Dr. Jas. M. Milne of Oneonta, Conductors Downing and Sanford, and Commissioners N. L. Miller and H. I. Van Hoesen occupied seats on the platform. Judge J. E. Eggleston introduced Superintendent Skinner who, for an hour and a half, held the closest attention of the audience.
   After a word of congratulation to the teachers, and urging them to get the greatest possible good from the institute, reminding them that they had met in an educational atmosphere and exhorting them to go back to their schools to teach better than they had ever taught before, the superintendent spoke in part as follows:
   You are here because the law says you must be here. Are you here for no higher reason? The great educational hope of the state and nation is in the teacher, in the loyal, true, progressive teacher. It is this loyal, true, progressive teacher who will stand at the head of the profession. There is no place in our educational system for a poor school, no place in a school for poor teachers.
   Beyond all example, beyond all books and all philosophy comes the desire to know. “I want to know” has been the cry throughout the centuries. This idea has given to the world our best statesmen, our best philosophers, our best teachers.
   This state is doing more than any other to encourage professional teaching. Our legislature is always liberal in the matter of the great appropriations for our common schools. The fault I find with the legislature is that it does not keep pace with the rapid advancement we are making along educational lines. What the state is doing for education is shown by our system of Normal schools. The department has placed at the head of these schools some of the grandest men the world has ever known, and has associated with them faculties of which any state may well be proud. One of the saddest things about our system is that we have not learned to pay teachers what their work is worth.
   Next to the Normal schools comes the teachers training classes as a means of affording professional training. The requirements for entering these classes are to be raised, and persons will not be allowed to join merely for the sake of obtaining tuition free but will be required to pledge themselves to make teaching a profession. Another means of obtaining help along professional lines are the teachers’ institutes, maintained at a large cost to the state. The institute is a school. It does not depend for its success so much upon the conductors and assistants as upon the spirit of the teachers who are in attendance. I believe it would be a good law that no person be allowed to teach before he is at least 18 years of age. It is not in the province of a person only 16 years of age to properly discipline and govern a school.
   It is the province of the teacher to establish a bond of sympathy between herself and pupils, to know her pupils through and through, to know the homes from which they come, their likes and dislikes. So far as schools are being taught with a heart in the work the schools of to-day are better than ever before. Better employ qualified teachers at good salaries rather than poor teachers because they are cheap. If we should spend as much money upon our schools as is annually paid for liquor and tobacco we might have brown stone schoolhouses and “brown stone” teachers too. The schools of the country are the nurseries of citizenship and the conscience of the nation.
   The schoolhouse should be the best and brightest building in the community. If we want children to love the beautiful we must surround them with beautiful things. Why can we not have such a condition of things that teachers and children will be as anxious to go to school in the morning as to get out of school at night? Teach more common sense; teach for citizenship. It is a grander thing to be an American citizen to-day than to have been a Roman citizen two thousand years ago. Know your children and teach them the things which are good for them. The courses in some of our schools remind me of the bills of fare at some of our hotels. We want fewer dishes, better done.
   I want to plead with you to go back to your homes and schools and arouse public interest in educational matters. Bring yourselves into a closer relationship with the department, Get better acquainted with your pupils. Value education for what it can give of happiness, and find out what education really means. It means good citizenship.
   At the close of Dr. Skinner’s address Conductor Downing stepped to the front of the platform and introduced Dr. Milne. The doctor was taken somewhat by surprise, but managed to get even with the conductor by one of his characteristic stories. The doctor then spoke to the teachers giving them some valuable hints and suggestions in the few minutes at his disposal.

Teachers’ Institute Closed.
   After the commissioners had finished their work with the teachers of their respective districts, the teachers all assembled again in Normal hall. They were called to order by Conductor Downing, who introduced Dr. H. R. Sanford, his assistant. The doctor expressed his gratification at the punctual attendance and close attention of the members of the institute. He had attended but few institutes in his long service as conductor that equalled this in the intelligence and interest of its members. He wished to express his personal thanks to the local board for having kindly granted the use of the Normal building, to Dr. Cheney and the members of the Normal faculty for the courtesy and attention shown to all members of the institute. He said it was something unusual for the teachers of a Normal school to take the interest and to be willing to contribute so largely to the success of the institute. It was a remarkable fact that one or more members of the faculty had been in every exercise that he had conducted, and he had heard other representatives of the state department present say the same. He paid high compliments also to Commissioners Miller and Van Hoesen.
   Conductor Sanford then called for Dr. Cheney to speak to the teachers on behalf of the school and the local board. He took occasion to say that the benefit had not been all on one side. That the faculty of the Normal school did not feel that they knew so much that they could not learn more. They had all been profited by the sessions of the institute, and together with the students had enjoyed the week exceedingly. After wishing the teachers a safe journey home, he invited them all to come again.
   Conductor Downing in a few words in which he complimented the teachers upon their interest and attention and the students of the Normal school on their gentlemanly and ladylike conduct and their interested attendance upon the sessions, gave  a few closing words of advice to the teachers and bade them all goodby, as he is at the close of the year to bring to a close his work as a conductor and attend simply to his duties as supervisor of institutes and training classes.
   It is gratifying to know that the representatives of the state department were very highly pleased not only with the courtesies shown them by the Normal school authorities and the people of Cortland, but expressed themselves as being most favorably impressed with the neatness, attractiveness and convenience as well as the appointments of the Normal school building,

Institute Notes.
   The sessions at the teachers’ institute Thursday were among the most interesting thus far during the week. Miss Rice, instructor in drawing, made her first appearance before the teachers and all speak in the highest terms of her work. Two periods, one in the forenoon, and one in the afternoon were occupied by Miss Ada F. Thayer of Syracuse upon Physical Culture. Miss Thayer has charge of the work in physical culture in the Syracuse city schools  and gave the teachers some valuable information upon this branch of school work. Miss Thayer has a charming personality and her manner of presenting her work cannot fail to produce good results.
   An outline of Dr. Skinner’s address at Taylor hall in the evening will be found in another column.
   After rollcall [sic] Friday morning Conductor Sanford brought to the attention of the teachers a bill which was passed by the last legislature and which is now awaiting the approval of the governor in order to become a law. The bill is entitled, “An act in relation to the teaching of physiology and hygiene and the effects of alcoholic stimulants and narcotics upon the human system.” Conductor Sanford stated that the bill had passed the legislature without even having been read by the members. That the bill as passed was a direct blow at the correct principles of teaching and was evidently framed in the interests of some special line of text books. Teachers are carrying out the provisions of the existing law on the subject and the new bill is entirely uncalled for.
   The following resolutions were read by Commissioner Miller and unanimously adopted by the teachers:
   WHEREAS, A bill is now before the governor of this state, entitled “An act in relation to the teaching of physiology and hygiene and the effect of alcoholic stimulants and narcotics in the public schools of the state,” and
   WHEREAS, Said bill is inconsistent with and violates every teaching, and is impracticable and unnecessary, and imposes a useless burden on schools and school officers, and,
   WHEREAS, The bill shows upon its face that its authors know absolutely nothing about the subject, in relation to which they assume to secure legislation, said bill being amendatory of the section of the consolidated school law relating to “Arbor day,” instead of the one relating to the teaching of physiology and hygiene, now therefore
   Resolved, That we, the teachers of Cortland county, express our disapproval of said bill and respectfully but earnestly protest against said bill being allowed to become a law, and
   Resolved, That this resolution be sent to the superintendent of public instruction to be used as his judgment may direct.
   Just as the teachers were leaving the hall for the different morning sessions Conductor Downing stepped to the platform and signalled them to resume their seats as Superintendent Skinner was coming toward the hall. As he came in the door the genial conductor invited him to the platform to see the handsomest institute he had seen—within the past forty eight hours at least.
   As the superintendent stepped to the platform he was greeted with the Chautauqua salute. He said to the teachers:
   In your efforts resolve to be better teachers to-day than you were yesterday. Resolve to make yourself indispensable. Be a good teacher or be no teacher at all.
   The regular work of the institute was then resumed. The afternoon session assembled at 1:30. After the opening exercises the time was occupied by Commissioners Miller and Van Hoesen upon matters of special importance to teachers of their respective districts. The closing exercises of the institute were held in Normal hall at 3 o’clock.

Thursday, May 23.
   Severe battle fought in Cuba in which the rebels are defeated and their president, Jose Marti, reported killed—Powder explosion in a West Virginia coal mine kills four men and injures others—Explosion of nitro-glycerine near Porte Pinole, Cal., causes the death of four white men and nine Chinamen—Bicyclist Johnson declared a professional by the League of American Wheelmen pacing board and his manager, Tom Eck, suspended for alleged extortion—The peace convention of the Order of Elks at Buffalo succeeds only partially in restoring harmony in the order—Representative Cogswell of Massachusetts dies in Washington after a long illness—Military surgeons assemble in annual session at Buffalo—Weather bureau’s crop report shows widespread damage by frost—Lieutenant governor and six officers murdered and mutilated at Kuchen, Persia, while collecting taxes—N. L. Jennings, a bookkeeper, disappears from Middletown, N. Y.; rumors allege a shortage in his accounts, while others have it that he is roaming the woods insane—Mrs. Sarah Stephan, keeper of a candy shop at Kingston, N. Y., finds herself the heir to a fortune of $28,000,000—All clerks and other employes [sic] engaged under the income tax law dismissed—Henry Richards and wife run down and killed while driving across a railroad near Dale, N. Y.—Marquis of Queensberry and his son, Lord Douglass, engage in a street fight in London, the latter receiving a black eye and both being arrested—Whisky trust reorganization committee takes action which will end the receivership in the near future—Two children cremated in their burning home at Nanticoke, Pa.—French liner La Gascogne reaches New York disabled, five days overdue—French government grants the request of the United States and grants ex-Consul Waller a civil trial, which it is thought annuls his sentence imposed by a military tribunal—Schneider & Co. of Paris files a bill of complaint against the Carnegie company charging them with infringement in using the “nickel steel” process of making armor plate—Merchants’ National bank of Seattle, Wash., goes to the wall—Strike of garment workers of gigantic proportions impending in New York—Second trial of Oscar Wilde commences in London—Spanish steamer Gravina goes down causing the death of 168 persons.

   —All the planets will be evening stars at the opening of June.
   —Orris Hose Co. have decided not to hold the annual picnic on July fourth at the trout park this year.
   —A special meeting of the Y. M. C. A. finance committee will be held to-night at 8 o’clock in the association rooms.
   —The regular meeting of the Readingroom committee will be held on Wednesday afternoon at 8 o’clock at the East Side readingroom.
   —Three hundred young women in Danbury, Ct., have hit upon something in the line of practical temperance by signing a pledge not to marry any but total abstainers.
   —A bushel of corn makes four gallons of whiskey which retails for $27.60. The farmer gets 40 cents, the government gets $4.40, the distiller gets $5.80, the retailer gets $17, and the consumer gets full.—Ex.
   —The Norwich correspondent of the Syracuse Herald reports an interview with Secretary of War Daniel S. Lamont in which the secretary expressed himself as greatly in favor of a Cleveland third term movement.
   The employees of the Cortland Desk Co. have presented to the hospital a very handsome and convenient desk, which makes a valuable addition to the furniture of the receptionroom, and for which the managers are very grateful.
   —After September 1 a girl under 18 cannot be lawfully married in this state without the consent of her parents. Clergymen who perform the ceremony are liable to fine and imprisonment, and the girl’s declaration of her age, if she is under the statutory limit, cannot be put in evidence in bar of punishment.
   —A report was in circulation upon the streets Thursday evening that a murder had been committed in the town of Scott. Upon investigation it was found that the only foundation for the rumor was a fistic encounter between two young men which resulted in one of them getting a black eye. No arrests were made.
   —It is breeding time at the skunk farm. Some of the animals have litters of five or six, others eight or nine. They are very “cunning” and in the absence of the mother it is interesting to visit the nest and pet the little, soft-haired youngsters.—Ithaca Journal. That is all right for whoever likes that kind of pets, but excuse us.
   —Mr. G. W. Davenport brought to Standard office Monday afternoon the largest thing in the egg line we have seen in many a day. It was in the shape of three large eggs laid by one of his White Minorca hens. The three weigh thirteen ounces. Mr. Davenport informs us that the hen lays one of these large sized eggs every other day.
   —The E., C. & N. railroad will run a special train to Ithaca on the evenings of Mahan’s concerts, June 6 and 7. The train will leave Cortland for Ithaca at 11 P. M., stopping at McLean, Freeville, Etna, thus giving the people of Ithaca and along the line opportunity to attend the concerts and return home the same evening.
   —Can any one beat this snake story that is now on the rounds: Samuel Jarvis of Patchogue, Long Island, while riding his wheel recently, ran over the tail of a large blacksnake. The creature was angered enough to strike at the machine. The pneumatic tire exploded with a loud crack, and in exploding killed the snake.

Wednesday, March 21, 2018


The Cortland Democrat, Friday, May 24, 1895.

The Prisoners Plead Not Guilty—Synopsis of the Evidence Taken Before Justice Dorr Smith.
   The examination in the case of John McDonald and Lewis Clark, arrested May 4 on the charge of killing Patrick Quinlan of Homer on the night of Dec. 21, 1894,  was commenced in the Grand Jury room in the Court House before Justice Dorr C. Smith last Friday morning. Dist. Attorney Burlingame and John Courtney, Jr., appeared for The People and Smith & Dickinson for the defendants. The prisoners plead not guilty and asked for separate examinations. The examination in the case of McDonald was commenced.
   THOS. DANE of Homer was the first witness sworn and he testified as follows: Was in Doyle's saloon in Homer between 8 and 9 o'clock on the evening of December 21, 1894. Clark and McDonald were there. I was in front room. Quinlan came in the back way. Heard him talk about selling his turkeys that day. Clark and McDonald came in from rear door and came into front room where I was. I talked with McDonald and Clark talked with Albert Salisbury. Prisoners remained in the room ten or fifteen minutes. Quinlan left by the rear door and about five minutes later prisoners went out the front door on Main-st. Before they left Clark said "It's about time for us to go up there" or "It's about time for us to go." Can't say positively which. They went south on Main-st. Had known Quinlan ten or fifteen years. Never saw him intoxicated. Did not see him drink anything that night. I left at 9 o'clock. Did not see McDonald or Clark again that night.
   HENRY D. KEELING sworn said: I found a pocketbook in my field April 26, about 100 rods from where Quinlan was killed and about a rod from the highway. It was identified as having belonged to Quinlan. Found on steep side hill and in most direct line from where Quinlan was killed to Homer village. Knew Quinlan number of years. He often crossed this field when going to and from Homer, but usually went about 20 rods from where pocketbook was found.
   ANN OATMAN testified: Live in Ithaca and know McDonald. Detective Hildebrant of Elmira came to my house last October and again about May 1st. I told him that McDonald had been to my house. I first saw McDonald three or four years since [ago]. He was at my house last winter and said "The coroner's jury were fools and that everything was dark against him." Was going to Trumansburgh to see his mother. He asked for something to eat. Said he came from Cortland and was looking for work. Said he had something in his breast pocket he could use and that he had used on other occasions. Told him honesty was the best policy. He had been drinking. This was last January. Have not seen him since, except once at the Reeves house, until to-day. My real name is Ann Straight and my father's name was Johnson.
   AMELIA REEVES testified: Live in Ithaca. McDonald the prisoner was at my house last January.
   JOHN DOYLE testified: I keep a saloon in Homer. Knew Quinlan. McDonald and Clark were in my saloon the night of the murder. Soon after 8 o'clock Quinlan said it was time to go home. He drank a glass of beer and went out the rear door that leads out on James-st. He was not intoxicated. Never saw him intoxicated but once and that was three or four years ago. When he came in that night it was through the back door. In about two minutes afterwards McDonald and Clark came in the same way. Albert Salisbury treated them and they went in the front room and sat down on a window-sill ten feet from where Quinlan sat by a table. Prisoners had been drinking but were not intoxicated. I had no conversation with them and heard none between Quinlan and them. Clark said after Quinlan went out "If we are going up there we had better go" and they left by front door.
   CORONER GEO. D. BRADFORD testified: That he resided in Homer and saw the body of Quinlan on the Monday following. He died Sunday night. Witness described the injuries received by Quinlan and said that a large club would produce the injuries if used with sufficient force. Thought two blows were struck. Could not have been conscious after receiving one such blow. Did not think the injuries could have been produced by a fall.
   DR. L. T. WHITE testified: I reside in Homer. Saw Quinlan about 3 P. M. the day before he died. Breathed heavily and was unconscious. Assisted by Drs. Higgins and Robinson removed the pieces of bone from the head Sunday night. He died a half hour later. Should say he died from compression of the brain produced by injuries inflicted by some one other than himself.
   FRED GRAHAM testified: Remember night in question. Know McDonald. He boarded at Michael Murphey's and occupied same room with me for three or four weeks previous to December 21. I had been hunting that day and came home and went to bed about 7 P. M. McDonald and Clark came in about 10 o'clock. Clark was sick and laid down on the couch. Soon after McDonald retired. They were both drunk. Never saw Quinlan drunk but once. Did not go to bed at 7 o'clock any other night while McDonald boarded there.
   THOMAS GERRARD testified: Have known McDonald since 1885. Knew Patrick Quinlan. Saw McDonald in a saloon on Port Watson-st. one night. Cora Godfrey was in the sitting room with another man. She and McDonald had some words. She said to him, "You remember the Quinlan case." He told her to keep still. He and I then went out. I said to him, "She gave you a bad blast in there." McDonald said if she didn't keep still it would make him trouble. Witness had never received or been offered money to find out the guilty parties. Dennis Quinlan had offered him money to get McDonald drunk and then pick him. Did not try to get him drunk but told him what they wanted me to do.  This was three weeks after the murder. I worked in the same shop with McDonald five or six weeks after this and never knew of his trying to escape. W. A. Shirley paid him 25 cents for car fare to come to Cortland and find out where Clark was.
   THOMAS QUINLAN sworn says: I am the only son of Patrick Quinlan deceased. Father sold $40 worth of turkeys December 21, and got his pay for them. He went down to Homer again about 6 o'clock that night. Saw nothing of him again until I carried the milk to the depot next morning.  Saw him lying by the road side with his face in his hands, apparently asleep and snoring. (Witness testimony as to going to Homer with the milk and carrying his father home on his return and as to what transpired afterwards was substantially the same as given before the coroner and which was published fully in these columns at the time.—ED.)
   After bringing him home, I went down to the place where he was found to look for his pocketbook. Saw the impression of a small shoe in the mud pointing towards the village. Saw no other tracks but two of my father's pointing west. The small track was further down the hill than father's and looked as if it had been made by some one walking on the grass on the path and the foot had slipped off. Above where father was found the mud looked as though it had been tread down. On Tuesday the Dist. Attorney drew up an offer of reward for $500 and myself and sister signed it. It was published. Did not employ Hildebrant or authorize anyone else to do so. When mother died she left two mortgages of $1,000 each on father's farm to myself and sister. Father had never paid or been asked to pay either principal or interest. The mortgages have run about seventeen years. Father was always kind to us and possessed a very amiable disposition. Deputy Sheriff Shirley of Homer had taken an active part in trying to find the murderers. I paid him $25 about a month ago. About a year ago father wanted me to take the farm and run it. I told him go on as his head was better than mine. Father and I agreed when I was 21 that I should be paid for my work. Last year I received about $100 and the year before $150. Found a club near where father lay the day after he was hurt. Never had any disagreement with father.
   ELBERT SALISBURY sworn testified: Was in Doyle's saloon in Homer a little after 7 P. M. December 21, 1894. Prisoners came in the back door while I was there. I bought them a drink and went in the front room and talked with Tom Danes. They followed and talked with Danes and myself. I was there only two or three minutes and then went out. Knew Patrick Quinlan but did not see him there that evening. Several other people were there.
   Sheriff Adam Hilsinger sworn, testified: I arrested McDonald May 4. Found a letter in his pocket addressed to John McDonald, Trumansburg, N. Y. The first part of the letter reads as follows:
   HOMER, N. Y., Jan. 24, 1895.
   DEAR MACK received your letter today and hasten to answer it. I am not very happy to-night have Bin Sick all day But am better since I got your letter you ask me if Fred Graham is in Homer he is not he is in Cortland now Dear they had him and Lue Clark and Mick sworn again last Saturday Mick sed Clark was scared to death he told me all about it I wish you could no what the fool sed ****** Good By my Dear Boy I am your ever true friend
   Homer, Cortland Co., N. Y.
   Adjourned to Monday.
   GEO. W. ELBRIDGE testified: I live in Homer. Am 41 years old. My farm joins Quinlan's. Lived there since 1878. Saw Thomas Quinlan the morning after his father was hurt. He did not mention the fact to me. Sunday morning, December 23, I went to the place where Quinlan was found. Saw the prints of a pointed shoe or boot, size about 8 or 9 in the mud pointing northeast. It was quite stoney there. Did not look to see if there was a stone there of the right size to strike a man down with. The pocketbook was found in a direct line across lots toward Homer. The barbed wire fence could be avoided by passing through the bars that lead to the dugway [sic] and then to the Scott road. Saw the club in the road and found where it had been broken from the post on the west side of the barway [sic]. It was a fresh break and have since learned the two parts fitted together. Boards had evidently been nailed to the post as both pieces had nails in them. It would be difficult to turn a lumber wagon around in the narrow road where Quinlan was found. Had seen Quinlan intoxicated about a year ago and before that. Never heard of his quarreling with anybody nor of his having any trouble in his family. Should not think a drunken man with his overcoat on would suffer by lying on the ground awhile on such a morning as that of December 22 last.
   Examination adjourned to Friday, May 31, at 10 A. M.

Thirty-seven Cities.
   With the signing of the bill incorporating Johnstown, the number of cities in this state is increased to thirty seven. They are: Albany, Amsterdam, Auburn, Binghamton, Brooklyn, Buffalo, Cohoes, Corning, Dunkirk. Elmira. Gloversville, Hornellsville, Hudson, Ithaca, Jamestown, Kingston, Little Falls, Lockport, Long Island City, Middletown, Mt. Vernon, Newburg, New York, Niagara Falls, Ogdensburg, Olean, Oswego, Poughkeepsie, Rochester, Rome, Schenectady, Syracuse, Troy, Utica, Watertown and Yonkers. The following counties contain two cities each: Albany, Chautauqua, Fulton, Niagara, Oneida, Orange, Stueben and Westchester.

   A quiet home wedding occurred Wednesday May 15, 1895, at 1 P. M. at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Horace Perkins of South Cortland, N. Y. when their daughter, Ada, was united in marriage with Merton Tuthill of DeRuyter. The ceremony was performed by Rev. P. D. Perkins of Cincinnatus, N. Y. in the presence of a few of the relatives, after which an elaborate wedding dinner was served. The bride was prettily and tastefully attired in a gown of white silk trimmed with point lace and pearls, and the groom wore the conventional dress suit. Miss Mildred Williams of Cortland acted as bridesmaid, and Mr. Fred Perkins, brother of the bride, as best man. The bride is one of South Cortland's most charming young ladies, and the groom is highly respected by all who know him. The young couple have the best wishes of a large circle of friends. Mr. and Mrs. Tuthill left on the evening train, amid showers of rice, for parts unknown.
   Cortland, May 15,1895. COM.
Lillian Blauvelt.

   Decoration Day next Thursday.
   Sylvan Beach will open for the season next Monday.
   Be sure and attend the great meeting of the C. A. A. on the fair grounds to-morrow.
   Dr. Didama has moved his office to his residence, 73 North Main-st. It is connected with the telephone exchange.
   Mahan's 21st Music Festival begins June 3d. Greater attractions than ever. See advertisement in another column.
   John S. Johnson, the great bicycle rider, has been declared a class B man. He rides on the fair grounds to-morrow.
   C. F. Hornbeck, the jeweler, has moved from Ames' store to the rooms occupied by Holden & Seager, No. 3d Main-st. See his business card in another place.
   The great bicycle rider, John S. Johnson, will give an exhibition of fast riding on the fair grounds to-morrow. You may never have another chance to see the great wonder.
   There is a very large attendance at the Teachers' Institute now in session in this place and the proceedings have thus far been pronounced very instructive and interesting.
   Mme. Lillian Blauvelt, the most popular concert singer in America, and one of the most beautiful women, will sing at Mahan's Festival concerts on the evenings of June 6th and 7th, and the afternoon of the 7th.
   Guiseppi Campanari, leading baritone of the Metropolitan Opera Company of New York and one of the world's greatest vocalists, will appear at the afternoon and evening concerts, Mahan's Music Festival, June 6th.
   Sautelle & Ewers circus tent was full of people, both afternoon and evening, last Thursday and the show was a good one. All the acts were good, much better in fact than is often seen in higher priced and more pretentious shows.
   A new law authorizes villages to appropriate $100 annually to defray the expenses of a parade of the local fire department; and another directs villages to raise a sum not to exceed $500 each year to pay salaries of the local boards of health.
   Daniels full orchestra has been engaged to furnish music for dancing at the Memorial ball to be given at the Scott hotel in Scott, N. Y., Thursday evening, May 30. An elegant program has been arranged with a grand concert from 8 to 9 o'clock.
   Wednesday morning while James Vader was currying a colt in the stables of Mr. R. D. Brown, two miles east of this village, the colt kicked and broke Mr. Vader's left arm.
   Messrs. Beers & Warfield have purchased the pottery building on Groton-ave., and will use the same for manufacturing all kinds of plastering and cement, and for storing the same.
   Vesta Lodge, I. O. O. F., worked the first degree on four candidates and the second degree on eighteen last Monday evening. Supper was served in the dining rooms. Representatives from the lodges at Borodino, Homer, Preble and Marathon were present.
   Regular meeting of the W. C. T. U. on Saturday, May 25. Consecration service at 2:30 P. M., conducted by Miss Libbie Robertson. Program for the after meeting will be a Mothers' Union meeting under the supervision of the superintendent, Mrs. J. S. Squires.
   On Friday evening last about fifty of the young friends of Miss Belle Snyder and Mr. W. Clifton Wolcott made them a pleasant surprise at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Albert Howe on Maple-ave., where Miss Snyder boards. The party was given in honor of their birthday which occurred on the following Sunday. Several beautiful and useful presents were left as reminders of a pleasant evening.
   Superintendent Albert Allen of the E. C. & N. R. R. has granted special train service for Ithaca and intermediate stations on the evening of June 6, on account of the Music Festival. The train will leave Cortland at 11 P. M. for Ithaca, stopping at McLean, Freeville and Etna, giving the people along the line a fine opportunity to attend the concerts and return to their homes the same evening at excursion rates.
   A sturgeon, weighing over 200 pounds, was caught in the river at Troy.
   Patrick Cumber of Coventry had a leg broken at Sidney recently, while scuffling.
   A number of Mongolian pheasants were recently placed in the woods near Oneonta.
   Wm. Donley who was hit in the head by a pitched ball while at Deposit last week, died of his injuries May 10th.
   Joe Dunffee, the Syracuse pugilist, met Dan Creedon at Coney Island last Monday evening and was knocked out in the second round.
   Ephraim Beardsley, the Sidney Center murderer, has been ordered confined in the Matteawan asylum for insane criminals by Judge Forbes.
   M. M. Pomeroy, better known as "Brick"' Pomeroy, who in 1853 was "devil" in the Luminary, Waverly's first paper, afterward prominent in the newspaper world, in supplementary proceedings recently instituted against him by a domestic, testified that he was penniless.
   After September 1, a girl under 18 cannot be lawfully married in this state without the consent of her parents. Clergymen who perform the ceremony are liable to fine and imprisonment, and the girl's declaration of her age, if she is under the statutory limit, cannot be put in evidence in bar of punishment.
   The people of the State of New York are just $150,882.48 richer by the death of D. Edgar Crouse. Syracuse's deceased millionaire. Under the inheritance tax law that is the amount which goes into the people's pockets on the disposal of the millions. The cost of settling the estate is estimated at $175,000.
   The supervisors' law in Sullivan county prohibiting the killing of deer for five years expires with the end of this season. As a result that county will furnish a great hunting ground for sportsmen. Deer in that section is uncommonly plenty and with the protection given them have become very tame, and in many cases will feed about the barns of the farmers. They are harmless, and the public opinion seems to be that they should be protected. It is probable that another prohibitory law will be passed.