Thursday, September 29, 2016

POLYDORE BROWN CORWIN



Cortland Evening Standard, Monday, March 6, 1893.

Polydore Brown Corwin.
   The subject of this sketch, a notice of whose death and funeral has already appeared in these columns, was born March 30, 1801, at Aquebogue, L. I., and was a son of Ezra Corwin, whose ancestors came from the Highlands of Scotland whither the family with others had been driven by Jesuit persecution from Hungary, where one Matthias Corvinus (Corvinus being the Hungarian name for Corwin) was made a king and who reigned acceptably to the people upwards of thirty years, during which time the country was very prosperous. In their flight much property was left behind which was confiscated by the new government. He had a connected family history running back seven generations, and was a descendant of Matthias Corwin, who settled at Ipswich, Mass., in 1623 and removed to Long Island in 1640. This branch of the Corwin family have a large number of descendents scattered throughout the United States. In the time of the Revolutionary war they were loyal to the colonies and some of them were under arrest as rebels.
   At the time of coming to this part of the country, then known as Homer, Onondaga county, only one house stood where Cortland village now has been built, and that was a partly log and partly frame building standing near the site of the present National bank. Having settled at Blodgett Mills in 1808 with his father when this country was new, he had witnessed the dense forests give way to the fertile cultivated fields. Later in life he went to New York City, where he was engaged in the grocery trade till the death of his second wife in 1845. In 1847 he married Catherine Parmiter and settled on a farm.
   Upwards of forty years ago he united with the Presbyterian church of Cortland and was a member at the time of his death. Of late years deafness prevented his hearing satisfactorily and consequently he was less frequently in his accustomed pew. He was three times married. His last wife survives him, but is in poor health. She makes her home with her son, Mr. Dudley G. Corwin on Union-st.
   Mr. Corwin was the builder of and the last surviving member of the five original trustees of the Reformed Methodist church at Blodgett Mills, the semi-centennial of which was celebrated about two years since, an account of which appeared in the STANDARD at the time. During the past summer he was actively engaged in caring for a large garden and seemed in usual health until he fell on a glare of ice by which he was kept indoors for some time. He had, however, recovered to a good degree at the time of a stroke of paralysis on Feb. 3, which was the immediate cause of death. He was the father of nine children, six of whom survive him.
   Many are the interesting incidents told by this gentleman of the frontier life in this vicinity, one of which was the building by his father of a log house with so capacious a fireplace that a horse was used in drawing in the immense backlogs which supplied the place of the modern Howe Ventilators and anthracite coal. So plentiful and so tame were the deer that they would come and sleep close by the house, and venison was easily obtained. Just in front of the house was the spot where the Indians met occasionally to burn the "White Dog" to appease the Great Spirit of the Happy Hunting grounds. John Ross, chief of the Cherokee Nation, who recently died in Washington, D. C., was at one time a guest of Mr. Corwin for several weeks.
   Mr. Corwin held commissions of promotion from the rank of private of the 53rd New York state militia to that of captain under General Roswell Randall. The funeral was held Saturday afternoon at his late residence on Prospect St.
   [Cortland Rural Cemetery, Sect. G, Lot 32, age 91. Date of death, March 2, 1893.]

Cremation in This Country.
   It is not every day that there are five cases of cremation at Fresh Pond, but the bodies of four men and one woman were reduced to ashes in the furnace there on Tuesday. The revival of the ancient practice of cremation in our times is a curious thing. We have not yet seen the last year's reports of the several crematories in the country, but we believe that over 100 dead persons were consumed in them during the year.
   Nearly all of these persons, with the exception of the victims of cholera, who were cremated in our bay last autumn, had left orders or had expressed a desire that their bodies should be thus disposed of. The most of them had been agnostics or atheists, and a few of them Theosophists. It is not to be supposed that any of them, leaving out the cholera stricken, had been believers in the doctrine of the resurrection of the body at the day of judgment, though of course cremation could not interfere with any design of the Almighty.
   We know of two crematories in England, and there are others in several of the countries of continental Europe. Should the cholera break out in England this year it is probable that a number of the municipalities will, in accordance with advice given by their health authorities, follow the example set by the New York quarantine commission last autumn and cremate the victims of the dreaded and infectious disease.—New York Sun.

Newspaper Workers in Chicago.
   Some time ago we took occasion to warn newspaper writers against the folly of coming to Chicago in the hope of finding employment here. We regret that the warning has been neglected by very many. This city has been overrun for several months by reporters (both men and women) vainly seeking work. The Chicago newspapers have for two years been getting ready for The World's fair season, and their several departments are filled with competent men. Therefore others who come to Chicago now in the expectation of securing employment are bound to be disappointed; there are no places to be had; in every newspaper office at the present time applicants are standing about 12 deep in the outer chamber, with never so much as the prospect of a possibility to encourage them.
   Many of these people are suffering from want of money. They left employment elsewhere to rush to this city of the World's fair, where they fancied their services would be snapped at. Most of these unfortunates will have to walk out of town or take to driving street cars for a means of subsistence.
   With a view to averting further trouble we ask our newspaper friends elsewhere to disseminate assiduously the information that newspaper work is not to be had in Chicago; that every place is filled here; that already we have with us an army of unemployed reporters, and that every newspaper writer who comes to Chicago with a view to getting work is pretty sure to have nothing but his trouble for his pains.—Chicago News-Record.

Cornstarch For Chilblains.
   The unusual cold weather of the winter has made chilblains quite a common complaint. A woman who has suffered from the most annoying torture which this particular infliction entails reports to have found relief from a new remedy, or at least from something which is not one of the usual remedies.
   "After trying hot salt and water, witch hazel, cold cream and the rest of the list," says this woman," the idea came to me that to bury my feet in the creamy coolness of cornstarch might assuage the intolerable burning. I tried it, with instant success. Don't use a little from a powder puff. Take a bowl or dish and plunge the foot in quite to the instep and keep it thus buried for some minutes. Then dust off most of the cornstarch, and the stocking and shoe can be resumed with comfort."
   This simple, inexpensive suggestion ought to be circulated. Car drivers and others whose occupation forces them to stand almost continuously are likely to be the greatest sufferers in cold weather from frost bitten feet and following chilblains.—Her Point of View, New York Times.
  
Fought for Blood.
   A little "scrap" took place about noon to-day on Squires-st. which resulted in some blood being spilled but not much harm done. Thomas Sparrow, who boards at Dell Hudson's at 92 Squires-st., had a few words with his landlord which resulted in several blows being struck. Both men were so intoxicated that only flesh wounds were made. Mrs. Hudson in endeavoring to separate the combatants was struck and immediately rushed to Chief Sager's residence, where the chief was just enjoying his noonday lunch. He arose from the table and followed the woman to the scene of the battle and the two men were soon parted. Mrs. Hudson induced her husband to go into the house, where he was safely tucked in bed, and the chief induced Sparrow to visit the "cooler" where he was served in a like manner.
   Sparrow refused this afternoon to tell a STANDARD reporter the cause of the fight, but stated that he was employed by Holden & Seager. When he is sobered up and brought before Judge Bull he may be in a more communicative mood.


BREVITIES.
   —Regular meeting of the board of trustees to-night.
   —Regular meeting of Vesta lodge in their rooms to-night.
   —The C. L. S. C. will meet with Mrs. M. E. Cummings this evening,
   —Mr. Alex Mahan sold a Decker Bros, cabinet grand upright piano in Brooklyn last Saturday.
   —Mr. Alex. Mahan has secured large additions to his former territory for the sale of the Haines Bros. and Chickering pianos.
   —Revival meetings will be held at the Free Methodist church every evening this week except Saturday. All are cordially invited to attend.
   —One of the disgusting sights on Main-st. Saturday evening was a young man with a girl on each arm and all three smoking cigarettes.
   —A horse belonging to Mr. H. E. Andrews made a lively run on Groton-ave. this morning, but was stopped by Dr. F. W. Higgins, who escaped with a few bruises.
   —Mrs. John Nix, 28 Park-st., last Friday slipped on the ice at her back door and fell breaking the bone just above the wrist of her left arm. Dr. F. W. Higgins attends her.
   —Teachers' examinations for the first, second and third grades in the first commissioner district will be held at the Normal building from 9 A. M. till 4 P. M. Tuesday and Wednesday of this week.
   —The many friends of Dr. J. W. Hughes will learn with regret that this morning he filed in the clerk's office assignment papers. The statement of assets and liabilities has not yet been filed.
   —The Tonawanda high school has just started a newsy little sheet devoted to the interests of the school. The first number of it has been received, and among the list of teachers in the school, as published in the Record, appears the name of Miss Mary E. Crofoot of the Normal class of June, 1892. She has charge of the third grade in Grammar school No. 1.
   —At Owego Saturday Judge Parker sustained all the injunctions against the Cortland Top & Rail Co. except those of the Chemung Valley bank and of Charles Kinley, which were vacated. Messrs. W. H. Newton, Buck & Lane and Cooper Bros., have made an application for receivership enjoining the Chemung Valley bank and Charles Kinley from selling the property. The hearing will be before Justice Vann at Syracuse on March 8. There it now no immediate prospect of a sale.

 

Wednesday, September 28, 2016

"CENTRAL SCHOOL, 1892"


Cortland Central School. Photo from Grip's Historical Souvenir of Cortland.

Cortland Evening Standard, Saturday, March 4, 1893.

"CENTRAL SCHOOL, 1892."
A MAGNIFICENT STRUCTURE DEVOTED TO EDUCATION.
Details of Its Building—Description of the Plans—Evidences of Faithful Work by the Board of Education.
   The outlines of the new central school have now become very familiar to almost every resident of Cortland, but it is probable that comparatively few have ever been inside its doors and realize what a fine building has been erected in the midst of this village, and how perfect are all of its arrangements.
   At the village election in March, 1891, an appropriation of $30,000 was voted for the issuing of bonds for the purchase of a site and the erection of a new central school building into which the students of the higher grades in the several ward schools could be gathered. The bill which was at once introduced in the legislature empowering the village to issue these bonds was left in the deadlock in the legislature that year and it was not until last year that the bonds could be issued and the money was available. The board of education upon whose shoulders rested the responsible task of building the school consisted of Messrs. D. F. Wallace, F. W. Kingsbury, F. E. Whitmore, L. D. C. Hopkins, E. F. Jennings, C. F. Brown, H. A. Dickinson, E. F. Squires and F. D. Smith, and the result clearly shows that the work was in good hands. Throughout the labors of the year the superintendent of schools, Col. Frank Place, has been in some degree associated with them.
   The first matter to be settled was that of a site. Various lots were offered, and strong were the efforts brought to bear upon the board by interested parties to prove that each individual site was far superior in every respect to all others. But the board of education canvassed the matter thoroughly, and kept their own counsel. Some lots in their opinion were not large enough, others were too expensive, and too large a share of the appropriations would be consumed in the purchase of a site and not enough would be left for the building itself, others were not central enough. At last the present site which had been in their minds to some extent all the time seemed to all the members to present the greatest number of points of desirability, and it was decided upon. It consists of nearly an acre of land fronting on Railroad-st. [Central Avenue] and was owned by Messrs. L. J. Fitzgerald and A. F. Tanner, and the sum of $9,500 was paid for it.
   The next point was the procuring of suitable plans. Messrs. Kingsbury, Jennings and Smith were appointed a building committee, and these gentlemen at once began the study of schoolhouses in general. Sometimes accompanied by Mr. Wallace, the president of the board, and by Col. Place, they visited a number of the most modern and best constructed school buildings in neighboring cities. The drawing of the plans was entrusted to Mr. N. Dillenbeck of Syracuse, an architect who has made the planning of school houses a specialty. The contract for the erection of the new building was let for $21,415 to J. D. Keeler & Co. of Cortland, a firm whose name has come to be a synonym for good work. Ground was broken in July and the building was commenced.
   All of the mason work was under the direct supervision of Messrs. Beers & Warfield, who form the "Co." in the firm of J. D. Keeler & Co. The building is 88 by 92 feet in size, two stories high, with a basement and a large and well lighted attic, which in case of need can also be finished off to furnish additional room. The foundations are of rough dressed Berea sandstone from Ohio. The building itself is of brick which came from the brickyard of Horace Hall of Homer. In the construction of the building 575,000 bricks were used. The mortar was colored and the whole building has been stained a dark red. The slate roof was put on by Cashman & McCarthy of Syracuse. The plumbing and gas fitting was done by L. R. Lewis of Cortland, and is a most admirable job. The oiling and varnishing was done by A. Loucks, all being subcontracts of the original contract.
   The building is entered by a broad flight of stone steps, which lead up to a portico. Over the entrance in large letters overlaid with gold leaf are the words "Central School, 1892." The visitor finds himself in a vestibule 5 by 11 feet in size which connects directly with the main corridor and which opens into it through broad swinging doors, the upper part of which are of beveled-edge French plate glass. As the building is arranged, a corridor nineteen feet wide extends directly through from front to rear. At the north end of this corridor there are two entrances for the pupils to the east and west, the front entrances being intended for the use of the teachers and visitors. Upon each side of the hall there are two recitation rooms 25 by 39 feet in size, 12 feet high and abundantly lighted.
   In the front rooms there are eight large windows, five on the side and three in front. In the rear rooms there are six large windows, five being on the side and one in the rear. These rooms are entered from the corridor under broad arches which add much to the attractiveness of the appearance. The doors leading into the two rooms on each side of the corridor are placed near together and are under the same arch. Next the door of each class room is a large cloak room for the use of the pupils of that particular room.
   Three broad staircases lead to the floor above, which is an exact duplicate of the first floor with the exception of the fact that the front part of the corridor over the entrance is separated from the rest by a partition partly of glass to form a room 12 by 19 feet in size for the use of the superintendent of the village schools and as a meeting place for the board of education; while in the rear over the two rear entrances are two small rooms to be used as libraries for the different grades. From each room a speaking tube goes to the superintendent's office. The third floor will for the present be left unfinished, but, though it runs into the roof, it is so arranged that, when the time of need comes, it may be cut into recitation rooms and be finished up. It is lighted by thirty windows large and small.
   All of the floors are of one-inch maple and are waxed, and they are all deadened as to sound by wool-deadening felt. All of the rooms and corridors are wainscoted four feet high with Georgia pine. The ceilings are of spruce and are varnished. In the corridors on each floor are four stationary marble wash bowls.
   The basement which is nine feet high, like each of the floors above, is divided into four rooms. The floor is grouted and finished with Portland cement. The building is heated by four furnaces furnished by the Smead Warming and Ventilating Co. of New York and the Smead system of ventilating and of dry closets is used. This system of ventilation is warranted to warm the air in the rooms and change it entirely every thirty minutes and is considered by experts to be one of the most perfect systems known. The Smead company in the contract which they made guarantee that they will be able to furnish thirty-five cubic feet of warm pure air each minute to each person in the room. Near the rear of the lower corridor there are two registers connected with a small furnace below, which will be run in winter for the express purpose of affording a place where the children may warm their feet.
   The work on the interior of the building is nearly completed. Since work began there has been an average of about fifteen men employed constantly though at times it has run as high as twenty-five. One particular excellence of the architecture of this building is that when the time shall come, as it undoubtedly will in future years, that more accommodations still will be needed, it will be possible to erect in the rear of this building another one similarly arranged and connected with it by the extension of the corridors. Neither will interfere with the other, as far as lighting is concerned, nor will the new structure be an unsightly addition tacked upon the older building. There is plenty of room on the lot for the addition when needed.
   A portion of the furnishing of the school has arrived and is ready to be set up, but the appropriation made did not allow for the complete furnishing of the building, nor for grading or walks, and it is for these purposes that the board of education this year ask for the additional appropriation of $6,000. There can be little doubt that it will be voted. Certainly if any one is in doubt as to how he should vote in the matter, the best thing he can do to convince himself of the worthiness of the object is to take a look at the outside and inside of this structure, which rises as such an ornament to our village and which when properly finished and furnished and equipped will be so complete in all its appointments.
  
McGrawville.
   McGrawville, March 3. — Albert Finn of Solon passed away to the ever increasing "silent majority" Feb. 28, aged 44 years. Rev. E. J. Brooker of this place officiated at the funeral services yesterday.
   William Shuler is very ill.
   Mrs. Woolsey is very ill and her recovery seems doubtful.
   The sad news reaches us that little Lee Chrysler of Polkville is very close to the valley of shadows with scarlet fever. The dreaded disease is in town also. Lee Maybury's son is very ill with it at the home of his grandmother, Mrs. Castle. Ira Wavle's little girl, and Lizzie Burdick are also sick with it. The primary of the school is again becoming depopulated, as many parents fear contagion.
   A. P. McGraw, Mrs. Harvey Frink, and little Charles Rowe are on the sick list.
   With all the bad news comes an item of good news heard from Elmer Norcott at noon to-day. He is doing nicely and another operation will be performed Monday.
   Mrs. D. E. Ensign will lead the Christian Endeavor meeting at the Methodist church next Sunday evening.
   We are sorry Nick was so engaged that one item at least did not appear in Friday's paper. Next Tuesday evening, March 7, a conundrum social in the interest of the Methodist church will be held at the residence of C. B. Warren. The supper will be served on the European plan. Also the mystic art gallery will be for the first time open to the public. Gems of art from all parts of the world, studies from the old (and new) masters. Come everybody and enjoy one of the best social events of the season.
   Miss Eliza Johnson has gone to her home in Lisle, where she has engaged to teach school.
   Examination at school next week.
   To-morrow Grover Cleveland will be set up in the high chair of the nation.
   Mr. John H. Kelley, who has been recently admitted to the bar at Albany, was home over Sunday.
   We wish that everyone who has not done so, and many who have would refer to Tuesday's, Feb. 28, edition of the STANDARD, and read from page 4 the article entitled "What Becomes of Them," by "One Who Knows." We believe there is no part of Cortland county that is free from the abuse of animals. People calling themselves human do not wait for them to get old and useless here before abusing them. The frozen bit is thrust into the quivering, sensitive mouth, they are left unblanketed for hours while their master "smiles" in a saloon. When old and useless they should be mercifully shot, and not given away. Oh, shade of Black Beauty, may your teachings be remembered. Earnestly,
   NEMO. [pen name of local correspondent.]


BREVITIES.

   —Village caucuses to-night from 8 o'clock.
   —The Celtic Daughters give a banquet March 16.
   —A school for newsboys was organized in Syracuse Thursday night.
   —Miss Valantine Meager has opened a dressmaker's shop at her home at 16 Woodruff-st.
   —Mrs. Lumden's free lecture to ladies at the Universalist church Monday afternoon at 2:30 o'clock.
   —The trustees of the House of the Good Shepherd at Syracuse have decided to erect a new hospital for surgical cases, which will accommodate 250 patients. It will cost about $30,000.
   —The funeral of Mr. Frederick H. Wilcox will be held at the home of his grandfather, Mr. H. J. Messenger, on the corner of Reynolds-ave. and Union-st. on Monday afternoon at 2 o'clock.
   —A "slush muggin" furnished a sleighride to a number of young people last evening. They are quite popular in the cities, but the craze has only just struck Cortland. It manifested itself last year in a slight degree.
   —Owing to various hindrances the canvass for the Home Department work is still incomplete. So far as finished, the names have been handed to their respective schools. An effort will be made to finish the canvass, secure lesson helps, and distribute them before the first of April.
   —Edwin C. Kenney of McGrawville, N. Y., and late of company K, 157th regiment of New York Infantry Volunteers has just been allowed a pension under the old law at the rate of $4 per month from the date of his application and in the future. L. P. Hollenbeck of Cortland, N. Y., is his attorney.
   —Hudson Davis of Cincinnatus, who was late a member of Company F, 7th Regiment of New York Artillery Vols., has just been restored to the pension rolls and allowed an additional pension whereby he receives about $825 arrearage and $8 per month in the future. L. P. Hollenbeck of Cortland, N. Y., is his attorney.
   —The Syracuse Standard recently quoted from the Boston Herald a two-column article upon the remarkable adventures of Miss Deborah Sampson, the Revolutionary spy. It is very interesting, particularly as this remarkable young woman, who so long passed for a man, traced her lineage to the same origin as some families in this county.
   —It is reported that a woman living over in Hector attempted to throw a pail of water out of a second story window not long since, but the stream froze before it reached the ground and its weight pulled her out of the window, and she was blown clean over Cayuga lake before she struck the ground. The pail or ice has not yet been heard from.—Ithacan.
   —Much wonder was created this morning by the sight of a handsome lady's shoe standing in a prominent show window in Cortland in a place where shoes are not usually wont to be displayed, and having beside it a large placard upon which was the word "Lost." The owner came along in the course of the forenoon and claimed her property.
   —Dr. W. H. Price of Syracuse, a clairvoyant, was yesterday arrested on a warrant sworn out by a member of the Onondaga Medical society for practicing without a license. This society is making a determined effort to bring all no-licensed practitioners to justice. Dr. Price is over eighty years old and claims to have practiced clairvoyancy for more than forty years.
   —The Ithaca Journal says that every pauper before being allowed to enter the new county house was compelled to take a bath, receive attention at the hands of the barber and don new attire throughout. A few of the men protested and two were so scared at the prospect of getting into the bathtub that they ran away. One poor man remarked as he climbed into the tub, "I know it will be the death of me."
   —The Cortland Omnibus and Cab Co. has this week made an addition to the paint room on the second floor of the main building, by which the room is increased about one-third in size. Two partitions have been removed and some rooms formerly used for the storing of stock have been added to the paint room. The store room has been moved to the new building purchased last summer and moved down from the site of the Central school.
   —Mr. G. J. Mager received this morning from Mr. L. D. Graham of Titusville, Florida, a former resident of this village, a palmetto brush, manufactured by the Palmetto Brush Co. of St. Augustine, Fla. It is entirely vegetable, a solid block cut from the palmetto tree, the pulp forming the back of the brush and the fibers, the bristles. It is another of nature's wonderful productions, and with Yankee ingenuity combined, supplies a very useful article for the household. The brush may be seen and examined at G. J. Mager & Co's. store.
   —The locomotive on the 6 A. M train on the D., L. & W. this morning broke an eccentric strap about two miles north of Preble and had to send back to Cortland for help. The locomotive on the work train which was at the yard here started to the assistance of the train, but between Homer and Little York broke its equalizer spring. It was fixed, however, in about twenty-five minutes and the locomotive proceeded. It drew the train back to Preble and there got in front of it and took the train and disabled locomotive through to Syracuse, arriving there about two hours late. This is the second time within three weeks that the same train has had the same accident in almost the same place on the road.

What the Presidents Died Of.
   Rutherford B. Hayes was the only occupant of the White House to die of heart disease. Washington expired of pneumonia, John Adams of natural decline, Thomas Jefferson of chronic diarrhea, James Madison and James Monroe of natural decline, John Quincy Adams of paralysis, Andrew Jackson of consumption. Martin Van Buren of asthmatic catarrh, William H. Harrison of pleurisy, John Tyler of a bilious attack, James K. Polk of chronic diarrhea, Zachary Taylor of bilious fever, Millard Fillmore of natural decline, Franklin Pierce of inflammation of the stomach, James Buchanan of rheumatic gout, Abraham Lincoln assassinated, Andrew Johnson paralysis, Ulysses S. Grant cancer, James A. Garfield assassinated, Chester A. Arthur Bright's disease. Mr. Hayes was one of the three Methodists to become president, Johnson and Grant being the other two.—Columbus Journal.
 
 

Tuesday, September 27, 2016

FIRE IN PREBLE AND LAST CHANCE FOR POETS



The Cortland Democrat, Friday, March 10, 1893.

FIRE IN PREBLE.

   Last Friday morning the hotel in Preble owned by John H. Klock was destroyed by fire with nearly all of the furniture and contents. The day before about 4 o'clock P. M., fire broke out in the upper part of the kitchen located in the north-west part of the hotel, and was discovered before it made much headway and with the assistance of those around, was got under control and as was supposed entirely extinguished.
   The proprietor Mr. Klock gave the alarm about 15 minutes before 4 o'clock in the morning, and in a very few minutes there were quite a number of people on the ground. The church bells were rung and before long all the villagers and some outside were at the fire. Dr. Hunt was the first one that came and he found the inside of the hotel so filled with smoke, that it was dangerous to ascend to the 3d story, where the sleeping rooms were, one of which was occupied by Mrs. Klock, (who is recovering from a dangerous attack of pneumonia.) She was taken out to the plaza in front, a ladder procured and Dr. Hunt assisted her to the ground; she was taken to the doctor's house across the way.
   There was a brave effort made by some of those present to save the furniture, but the fire had got under such headway that all parts of the house were filled with smoke. One or two went up the stairs after some of the steps had burned, so they could not step on them, and got into two rooms up stairs and kicked the windows out over the plaza, and took furniture out after they were full of smoke and it was very dangerous to enter them.
   The hotel barn on the east was saved though it was scorched some, and the meat shop and barn on the west were quite near but through hard work the fire was confined to the hotel. The morning was very calm, not a breath of air stirring and there was snow on the roofs. Carpets were kept wet and held upon poles between the buildings. If either of those buildings had taken fire, Preble would have had a big conflagration. Green's barn, store and his long string of buildings would have been destroyed with the post-office and grange buildings, and very likely more.
   Mr. Green's folks commenced carrying the goods out of the store as soon as the hotel was found to be past saving. Mr. Klock had his hotel furniture and fixtures insured in the sum of $4,050.
   COM.

For Fishermen.
   Mr. Calvin V. Graves of Natural Bridge, Jefferson county, is one of the owners of a patent trolling bait tor catching pickerel and bass that is said to take the entire bakery. It consists of a transparent glass tube or receptacle for holding live bait of any sort, open at both ends, and surrounded by hooks to catch the fish. One small minnow can be kept alive all day and as lively as ever when night comes. The device was thoroughly tried last season and it is claimed that more fish, by ten to one, were taken with it than with any other method. No. 2 is for pickerel and pike and No. 3 for black and Oswego bass. The first costs $1.25 and the last $1.00. Address all orders as above.
LAST CHANCE FOR POETS!
   For the best six verse poem on the new fishing device, I will pay $100 to first, $50 to second and $25 to third, in the devices as stated in my circular. (Slang, chestnuts and fish stories ruled out.)
   Something Grave or gay; Welch, watery and witty; hooked, pointed, alive, transparent, brief and a corker. "Life is short." Give me something like the device—new, original and catchy. Time until June 1st, 1893.
   CALVIN V. GRAVES,
   Natural Bridge, N. Y.

NEIGHBORING COUNTIES.
   CHENANGO.—Chenango county has 20 lodges of Good Templars.
   Fire caused great excitement and about $100 damage to Norwich post-office, Sunday.
   A Dairy Institute, under the auspices of the State Agricultural Society, will be held at Oxford, on March 14th.
   On Thursday morning of last week, Mr. Frank Leary, of Greene village, took, through mistake for cough medicine, a small portion of carbolic acid, which stood in a bottle near where he kept his medicine. Doctors were called, and he was relieved of his poisonous dose.
   The explosion of an oil stove in the Hotchkiss House barn, at Oxford, Friday of last week, came very near causing a serious conflagration. When discovered the flames were making rapid progress. The timely assistance of the bucket brigade prevented a disastrous fire.
   About 8 o'clock Monday afternoon, Mrs. Johanah Rogers, "Aunt Biddy" as she was called, who lived at the lower end of the village of Greene, near the D. L. & W. railroad track, was struck and killed by train 15, the milk train from the south. The old lady had been after a pail of water at a spring across the track, and was returning. It is supposed she had stopped on the track to pick up coal, as her apron was found with some in it. Her body was fearfully mangled, the head being nearly severed from the body, and one side of her body crushed. The train was backed up and the remains brought to the depot, where an inquest was held by Coroner Fernald of Norwich. The old lady was an old resident of Greene, about sixty-five years of age, and has five grown up children.
   MADISON.—Colgate University is to have a new gymnasium.
   Eaton farmers are paying from $22 to $25 per month for farm hands this season.
   Morrisville has secured the right of way and raised $40,000 for her proposed railroad.
   Mr. Sperry has bought the interest of Mr. Nichols in the firm of Nichols & Sperry of Hamilton.
   The Hamilton sash and blind factory has been purchased by a stock company, and will soon be running again.
   Dr. [Wilise] of South Edmeston, is said to have a clock which was brought over from England long before the Revolutionary war.
   It is announced that on May 15 the National express company will turn over its business on the O. & W. to the Adams express company.
   A cock fight at Oneida, the other night, for $50 a side, was won by Oneida birds. One at Sylvan Beach was broken up by a constable and several of the participants arrested and fined.
   A new half mile race track is to be laid out on the lands of H. L. Spooner, in Brookfield, and fairs will be held there in the future. Brookfield fairs are famous, always being successful.
   A freight train of 23 cars was ditched on the New York Central at Oneida, Monday, by spreading rails. The section men were repairing the track, and had left a portion of it insecurely spiked. No one was injured, but traffic had to be suspended for several hours.
   TOMPKINS.—W. S. Wilcox, the boy who sings, and plays four instruments all at one time, will appear at the Presbyterian Church, Dryden, with Dryden Cornet Band, Friday evening, March 10th.
   The annual corporation election of Groton village occurs on Tuesday, March 21st, at which time a president, one trustee and two water commissioners are to be elected. Candidates must be nominated and nominations filed with the village clerk six days prior to the charter election.
   An electric car went down the icy track on the hill In Ithaca, one day last week, a great deal quicker than usual. The car ran into another which had started out from the barns, but no one was injured and there was only a slight damage to the cars. On account of the slippery track and steep grade the motor man for a short time lost control of the car which contained at the time only one passenger.
   Last Saturday, while engaged in drawing logs, Leo Metzgar of Groton had the misfortune to break one of the bones of his left leg, near the ankle. A log which he was loading slipped and rolled upon his leg. Mr. Metzgar had at the time a quantity of logs in readiness to draw to the saw-mill. Tuesday, friends and neighbors made a bee and drew the logs, 380, to the mill, and nine loads of the lumber also.

Grover Cleveland.
WASHINGTON LETTER.
(From our Regular Correspondent.)
   WASHINGTON, Mar. 6, 1893—Democratic enthusiasm cannot be washed out, snowed out, mowed out or froze out. The north wind blew, the snow fell and there were icicles hanging from the trees, houses, and whiskers of men, but these little annoyances did not count when it came to inaugurating a democratic President. Mr. Cleveland proved his indifference to them by declining to deliver his inaugural address in the Senate chamber, instead of from the open-air platform on the east front of the Capitol, before which, standing in the snow storm, were about 10,000 people. He thought, and correctly, too, that if these people were good enough democrats to brave the storm—few of them could get near enough to hear him deliver his inaugural address and take the oath of office, he was good enough democrat to take off his hat, storm or no storm, and do it, and he did.
   There isn't money enough in existence to buy from the President the worn bible upon which he took the oath of office in 1885, and upon which Chief Justice Fuller administered to him the same oath Saturday. It is more valuable than gold or precious stones; it was his mother's, and Mr. Cleveland has never forgotten the commandment, "Honor thy father and mother" etc.
   Not since the second inauguration of Grant has there been such a disagreeable inauguration day, but the only noticeable effect the weather had was to keep a few men whose health was not robust out of the parade, which was over three hours long as it was, to disfigure and disarrange the house decorations and to postpone the fireworks. Everything else went off according to programme, just as would have done had the day been as clear and balmy as that on which Mr. Cleveland was first inaugurated. On the reviewing stand with the President and the Vice-President were a large number of prominent ladies and gentlemen, among them Mrs. Cleveland and Mrs. Stevenson.
   It is difficult to say which of the democratic governors in the procession received the grandest ovations along the line of march, but Peck of Wisconsin, Flower of New York, and Russell of Massachusetts, have good reason to put the day down among the proudest of their lives.
   It is generally conceded that the inaugural ball was the most successful, from every point of view ever held, and that the decorations of the ball room were handsome and more artistic than they had ever been seen here. The members of the committee in charge started out to make this inauguration a memorable one in every respect, and they succeeded. It was a great day for Grover Cleveland, a greater one for the democratic party, and greatest of all for the country, beginning, as it did, an era of real, simon-pure democratic government, not the pinchbeck kind the republicans have given us.




Illustrations printed on page 6, Cortland Democrat, March 10, 1893.
HERE AND THERE.

   A full account of the inaugural ceremonies will be found on our sixth page.
   The King's Daughters will meet at their rooms on Clinton-ave., Saturday, March 11th, at 2:30 P. M.
   Dr. J. W. Hughes made an assignment of his property for the benefit of his creditors, last Monday.
   Revival meetings have been held all this week in the Free Methodist church.
   Cortland is a live business town. The handsomely fitted up store, No. 14 [in our time Harrington Bros. Music store on Central Ave.], Democrat building, is for rent to responsible parties.
   Employes [sic] of the Cortland steam laundry will call and take up your carpet, clean it with the Star cleaner, and return and lay it for you, all in one day. See notice in another column.
   Johnson, the sleek young fellow who fleeced the Syracuse cycling club and who is suspected of the crime of burglarizing Rood's billiard parlors in this place a few evenings since, was captured in Rome last Friday and is now in the hands of Syracuse officials.
   There was no full moon during February. Only once in about twenty years is there a month without a full moon, and that can only be February, when the preceding full moon comes on the 30th or 31st of January. There was a full moon on Jan. 31st, and again March 2d.
   The school law requires that contracts between trustees and teachers shall be in writing and signed by the trustee. Failure to comply with this act has caused much controversy. Hon. J. F. Crooker, State Superintendent, in a recent circular letter to trustees, says that further violation of this act will render school districts liable to forfeiture of the public money.
   Stratton Foster, who lives on "Dutch" hill in Cincinnatus, was drawn on the jury for the court which set last Monday. In order not to be found missing at roll call, he started on foot on Sunday for this place, to take the cars on Monday for Cortland. Sunday was one of the worst days of the season, and Mr. Foster was 7 hours in making the journey, and was thoroughly tired from wading drifts and fighting the wind, when he reached here.Marathon Independent.
   County Clerk Jones has received a notification from Superintendent of Public Instruction James F. Crooker, stating that the total appropriation of the State of public school money this year is $3,712,851.55. In Cortland county there are 200 teachers in the public schools teaching thirty-two weeks or over. The population of the county is 28,271. The appropriation for this county according to teachers is $20,000; the appropriation according to population is $4,684.40. The library appropriation is $130.21. The appropriation for Cortland village is $800.—Standard.
  
PAGE FOUR—EDITORIALS.
   ◘ Vote for Charles S. Bull for Police Justice, and keep your taxes down.
   ◘ All improvements cost money, and yet Cortland could hardly afford to spare any of those she already has. We need sewerage, and need it badly.
   ◘ William J. Greenman will make an excellent trustee, and if the voters in the third ward consult their own interests he will be elected. See that his name is on your ballot.
   ◘ The taxpayers of the first ward should vote for Richard G. Lewis for trustee and thereby subserve their own interests. He is a substantial businessman, and possesses good sound practical judgment.
   ◘ Sewerage will cost something, but the greediest miser living would hesitate to weigh his dollars in one side of the balance with cholera in the other. Prudent people prefer an ounce of prevention to a pound of cure.
   ◘ Ex-President Harrison will go duck hunting on the Kankakee river soon after his arrival in Indianapolis. He has also accepted Senator Leland Stanford's request to lecture on international law and jurisprudence at the Stanford University in California, which will take about a month's time each year, and a portion of his time will be taken up in writing a book. The book will deal with important events connected with his administration.  He does not state what the events are.