Cortland Evening Standard, Tuesday, January 8, 1895.
TURNED A GLORIOUS VICTORY INTO AWFUL CARNAGE.
English and American Correspondents Unite In Denouncing the Butchery of Helpless Captives—The Atrocities of Port Arthur Retold.
LONDON, Jan. 8.—The Times today publishes a letter from Kobe, Japan, describing the Port Arthur atrocities. The writer says:
"The English and American military attaches witnessed the scene from Boulder hill and were equally amazed and horrified as myself at what they described as a gratuitous ebullition of barbarism.
"The atrocities were not confined to Wednesday. Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday were spent by the soldiery from dawn to dark in murder and pillage, in mutilation of every conceivable kind, and in nameless atrocities until the town became a ghastly inferno, to be remembered with a fearsome shudder until one's dying day.
"The corpses of women, children and men were strewn in the streets in hundreds, perhaps thousands, for we could not count them, some with not a limb unsevered; some with heads hacked, cut crosswise or split lengthwise; some ripped open, not by chance but with careful precision, down and across, disemboweled and dismembered, with occasionally a dagger or bayonet thrust into the lower part of the trunk.
"I saw groups of prisoners tied together in a bunch with their hands behind their backs, riddled with bullets for five minutes and then hewn to pieces.
"I saw a junk stranded on the beach, filled with fugitives of both sexes and all ages, struck by volley after volley, until I can say no more of all the awful sights of those four days. Why repeat them all in painful detail?"
Events in China.
PARIS, Jan. 8.—A dispatch from Shanghai states that the Chinese envoys appointed to negotiate peace with Japan are instructed to accede to no demands for the surrender of Chinese territory. They will treat only on the basis of granting independence to Corea and paying an indemnity to Japan.
The dispatch adds that the two Chinese generals, Chiang and Chen, who were reported by Li Hung Chang as having died heroically while facing the enemy at Port Arthur, have turned up unscratched.
It would be interesting to know what sort of a pull the great armor plate manufacturing companies have with the United States government. The public wondered that the investigation of armor plate scandals of a year ago practically ended in nothing, and now when a batch of plating has been accepted by the government, although the specimen tested was penetrated by a ball, it would once more like to be able to understand what the pull is. In accepting the armor the secretary of the navy decided that the ballistic test was unusually severe, and at the same time the plate tried was unusually weak; therefore he would lump the difference and take the lot.
But how will this decision affect the reputation abroad of our armor plate, now recognized to be the best in the world? It will not be so considered long under the ballistic strain of such decisions as this. At any time in a naval battle an enemy's shelling might be just as severe as that in the test; likewise a section of armor plate might easily "happen" to be just as weak as that one recently tried.
What a fool it must make of a man to be an emperor! William of Germany wrote a common little bit of verse called "A Song to Aegir,'' the pagan lord of fruits. Immediately his subjects flattered him as though he had been greater than Goethe or Schiller, and 17 toadies in one week named their newly born sons "Aegir."
WOULD NOT CHEER FOR WILLIAM.
Herr Singer, the Socialist Who Recently Created a Sensation in the Reichstag.
Herr Paul Singer, the socialist leader in the German reichstag, who recently refused to cheer Emperor William, has long been a successful business man in Berlin. When President von Levetzow of the reichstag sternly censured the socialists because they did not rise to their feet in company with the other members and cheer the monarch who seems even at this late day to believe that the king can do no wrong, Herr Singer promptly retorted that he would never join in cheering for a man who told his soldiers that at his command they must fire upon their fellow citizens. This declaration caused a great uproar, and the prosecution of Herr Singer for lese majestie, or high treason, is within the possibilities.
Herr Singer has represented one of the Berlin doctoral districts as a socialist since 1884 and has been "agin the government" for many years. He is described as being very successful in business, very obstinate, very shrewd, very charitable and very courageous. He is a Hebrew and has made a fortune in the manufacturing business, which he followed until his temporary expulsion from Berlin eight years ago. Since then he has devoted himself to political affairs and has been a thorn in the side of the government.
A few years ago he became interested in the founding of a refuge for the homeless people of Berlin. This place provided shelter for all comers and did not require a certificate of good character on the part of the applicant. The refuge was a great success until the Berlin police began searching it frequently for suspicious characters. This procedure caused a decided falling off in the patronage, and Herr Singer informed the chief of police that the officers of the refuge would no longer tolerate the visits of his officers. "If you do not give me your pledge that their surveillance will cease, we shall close the refuge at once," he said. As the refuge was doing a great deal of good in Berlin, the chief was compelled to give the required pledge.
THE POWER HOUSE.
Work Being Pushed Hard to Complete the Electric Railroad.
A STANDARD reporter, in company with Superintendent L. D. Garrison, this morning took a trip to the new power house of the Cortland & Homer Traction Co. It is a very busy place and work is being pushed forward with all speed for the completion of the building and its equipments. The house is located beside the Tioughnioga river and adjoining the D., L. & W. R. R. at the second railroad bridge between Cortland and Homer. The house itself is of brick, one story high with an iron truss frame and a slate roof. It consists of two buildings joined together in the form of a letter T. The main building which forms the top of the letter T is 50 by 80 feet in size and will be the engine room. The wing is 40 by 67 feet in size. Adjoining the engine room is the condensing room 12 by 40 feet in size. The east end of this building adjacent to the railroads tracks is used for a boiler room, which is 47 by 40 feet in size.
The foundations are laid for all the machinery which is to be used in the plant. Two of the large boilers are already in place and work will begin to-morrow upon setting the other two, all of which are 125-horse power. They are to be run under a forced draught and will carry a pressure of 150 pounds to the square inch. They are manufactured by the Watertown Steam Engine Co. of Watertown, N. Y. The McClave grates with which all these boilers are fitted are a special feature of them and will greatly aid in economy of fuel.
In the condensing room are two Worthington compound condensing engines. The water which is used is pumped up from a well which has been dug on the south side of the building. This is seven feet in diameter. It is dug lower than the bed of the river, which is only a few rods away and receives its water from the river. It is connected with the river by an eight-inch pipe and the water flows from the river into the well by force of gravity.
None of the engines have yet been located in the engine room, but everything is ready for them, There are to be four new tandem, compound condensing engines of 150-horse power each and the two engines of 63-horse power each which are now used at the electric light station will be transferred to the new engine house as soon as possible. The new engines are also to be furnished by the Watertown Steam Engine Co. The new engines will be fitted with high pressure cylinders eleven inches in diameter and low pressure cylinders twenty inches in diameter. The stroke will be fourteen inches. It is expected that the new engines will arrive in about two weeks. Everything looks now as though it would be possible to get the electric cars in operation about Feb. 1.
In case other things are ready and a delay would be likely to be caused by the failure of the new engines to appear, the Watertown company have an engine that they can and will ship to Cortland on two days notice. It will take but a few days to set it up and it can be used temporarily until the regular engines are ready.
The work of setting up the machinery is being conducted under the supervision of Mr. C. N. Walsh, a representative of the Watertown company. This gentleman kindly took especial pains to explain to the reporter the plans for the operation of all the machinery. Mr. Walsh says that when completed the plant will be one of the finest in the country for one of its size and it will be fitted with everything needed for economical and effective service.
The buildings present a fine appearance from the outside. They are handsomely constructed, all the trimmings being of yellow Milwaukee brick. The large smokestack, 110 feet high, is a conspicuous object for a long distance away. The D., L & W. R. R. have put in a switch which runs to the door of the boiler room.
At the old car barn various repairs are in progress to fit them for the reception of the electric cars. It is necessary to be able to get under the cars, so that in the car shed all the dirt to a depth of three feet has been removed. The tracks are now placed upon a kind of trestle. It has also been necessary to raise the roof of this building and to cut the doors higher to admit the trolleys which extend to the wires above the cars.
Stretching the Trolley Wires.
A gang of men is to-day engaged in putting up the trolley wires for the new electric railroad. It is done very rapidly. A start was made at the E., C. & N. station this morning and about three-fourths of a mile will be up before night. A huge derrick and platform mounted on a wagon forms a place for the men to work upon who are attaching it to the cross wires. A pair of horses moves this along as rapidly as is desired. A second team with the reel of copper wire precedes the derrick and furnishes the wire as fast as it is needed. A great crowd of spectators is all the time watching the work with interest.
Workmen are to-day engaged in laying a railroad track in the yards of the Cortland Omnibus and Cab Co. upon which to run out the new electric cars that are to be delivered in a day or two to the Cortland and Homer Traction Co. The car tracks on Railroad and Church-sts. and Clinton-ave. which have not yet been used and which will be put into use very soon are being cleared from snow.
A mail and baggage car that has been used for a short time at Ithaca this morning arrived in town on a flat car on the E., C. & N. R. R. and was this afternoon run up to the car barns.
Sleighride to Higginsville.
Thirty-two couples left Cortland at 5:30 o'clock yesterday afternoon in three large sleighs and a number of private rigs for Higginsville, where they arrived at 6:30 o'clock and found a fine supper awaiting them, Daniels' orchestra furnished music for dancing, which was indulged in till 11 o'clock, when the party left for home, arriving here after a most delightful ride at midnight.
—The coal business on the D., L. & W. is showing quite an increase.
—Geneva wants to be a city. They will make application to the present legislature.
—The Empire club will meet this evening to make arrangements for its entertainment.
—Sheriff Hilsinger made his first arrest last night in placing P. J. Collins in the jail to sober up. Justice Bull sentenced him to three days or three dollars and, not having the latter, he is serving the former.
—At the annual meeting of the C. A. A. last evening an amount of routine business was disposed of. Messrs. Harry Lucas, C. E Rowley and F. B. Lampman were appointed a finance committee for the ensuing year.
—The monthly bulletin of the New York state board of health, for November 1894, just issued, gives only five villages or cities in the state a lower death rate for that month than Cortland. Either our climate must be very healthful, or our citizens very tough, or our doctors very good—or perhaps all these three agencies combine to make Cortland one of the most healthful as well as one of the most beautiful villages in the state.