|Chauncy M. Depew.|
Cortland Evening Standard, Thursday, November 1, 1894.
Mr. Depew Tells How the Tariff Raises Wages.
CORNING, N. Y., Nov. 1.—Chauncey M. Depew slept in his private car in the depot at Elmira last night. Corning was reached at 9 o'clock this morning and here for twenty minutes Mr. Depew discussed the issues of the campaign with a crowd of fully one thousand persons who cheered lustily everything he had to say.
Mr. Depew said: "You had the good fortune of listening night before last to the most eloquent Democrat there is in the state, if not in the United States, my friend Bourke Cochran. In hearing his speech you heard the best argument the Democrats can give why their ticket should be voted for this fall. I am told by the chairman of your county committee that he left for me a challenge, with the imputation that it was a challenge that no refutation could successfully meet. This is the challenge:
"Let Mr. Depew prove, if he can, how the tariff ever raises wages.
"You have in your thriving city of Corning one of the most established and best managed glass establishments in [the] United States. The product of the plant compares favorably with the best results from abroad, because the workmen here are as skilled and the machinery as perfect as anywhere in the world.
"One of the outputs of this factory is the glass water bottle so commonly used in restaurants, hotels, private houses and dining cars. They have been sold at Corning for $36 per dozen. Under the reduction by the Wilson bill the Belgian and French glass manufacturers are delivering these bottles right here in Corning for $23 a dozen. The glass manufacturer here in filling the orders which come to him for all classes of goods, instead of producing water bottles at his own works, as heretofore, buys them of the Belgian and French makers and ships them with his own stock to his consignees, with the result that a large number of men who were engaged in that branch of glass manufacture are out of a job.
"Now, how can they get that job back? They can go to France and Belgium and work in the glass factories there (laughter.) But in France and Belgium the glass factories never pay their employees more than from 75 cents to a dollar a day, while the wages here for the same class of work are from $2 to $3 a day, according to the skill of the workmen. Others can inform the glass manufacturer here that they are willing to take wages which will enable him to manufacture water bottles as cheaply as they are manufactured in France, plus the cost of freight and handling to Corning,
"Now having engaged with the glass factories to work at $1.25 per day, the Republicans return to power and they restore the tariff upon these goods. The next day the wages of the working men would also be restored from $1.25 to $2.50. Is not that an example of how the tariff raises wages?" (Prolonged applause.)
Cabbage and the Tariff.
For the last few years the raising of cabbages has been one of the chief industries of the farmers of Cortland county. Thousands of tons have been raised and shipped to New York, Baltimore, Philadelphia and other markets. At a price ranging from $5 to $8 per ton or from $2.50 to $4 per hundred delivered at the car the farmer has been fairly well paid for his labor. This year the crop is larger than ever before. There are hundreds of acres of cabbages in Cortland county, but there is no market for them. A few carloads were shipped early in the season, and from $5 to $6 per ton were paid for them, but the price took a drop and for the last two weeks it has been impossible to sell them at any price.
The cause of this has been partly ascribed to the warm weather and the inability to keep the cabbages any length of time when a market is reached. This fact doubtless has its effect, but the real reason is the removal of the tariff from cabbages, which under the Gorman-Brice tariff law are placed upon the free list. Germany raises cabbages by the thousand tons and the new tariff law has opened the American market to the foreign product.
The following letter which is in our possession and which is from one of the largest produce and commission houses in New York City to a Cortland firm explains itself:
The tariff has spoiled the cabbage business. They are coming in from Germany. The price to-day runs from $1.50 to $3.50 per one hundred and the market is fairly glutted with them. If you buy, buy low and do not ship for ten days. The market may absorb the supply by that time. One man in Hornellsville shipped a car last week—not to us—and got only $10 back. The commission charged here is $15 a car.
It will be noted that the prices at New York City quoted above which must cover the jobbers' commission and the transportation are from $1.50 to fifty cents lower than that which cabbage formerly bought delivered at the car at Cortland. And yet Democratic cabbage growers in Cortland county voted to bring about this reduction in price. Do they want to continue this state of affairs? If not, they should vote against German cabbage and for protection and the Republican party next Tuesday.
David B. Hill moved the resolution in the United States senate repealing the sugar bounty to take effect immediately, thereby cutting off the bounty that farmers in Cortland county were entitled to upon their product of 1894. The sugar had all been inspected, and been passed upon and the farmers were entitled to their money. Nearly $4,000 of bounties were due to the farmers of Cortland county and they did not receive a cent. Will those farmers vote for David B. Hill or for the party which he represents?
Discovered a Valuable Fossil.
While Edward Payson Weston and his party were resting at a farmhouse near Messengerville last Tuesday the attention of Gustavus Myers was attracted to a peculiar stone lying on the top of a wall near by. Going closer and examining it, he discovered that it was a remarkably fine specimen of fossil, having several perfect outlines of fish imprinted upon it. Mr. Myers showed the fossil to the farmer and, as he didn't seem to care whether it had been at the bottom of the sea or whether it was cast into the bottom of the sea, Mr. Myers took the valuable fossil along with him.—Binghamton Republican.
Rainfall at Cortland.
The readings of the rain-gauge [on roof of Standard block] given below are for each 24 hours during which there was rainfall.
The days of the month given are those on which these 24-hour periods end, the periods extending from 6 o'clock p. m. of one day to 6 o'clock p. m. of next.
Total from May, '92 to May, '93, 41.46 "
Total for September . . . ………..4.17 "
Total for October………………….3.73 "
Total for November………………1.94 "
Total for December……………….2.35 "
Total for January………………….2.75"
Total for February………………...2.01"
Total for March…………………....1.59 "
Total for April……………………...2.75 "
Total for May……………………....6.31 "
Total for June……………………..4.60 "
Total for July……………………....2.53 "
Total for August…………………..1.45 "
Total for September………………4.44 "
Total for October………………….4.34 "
ON THE LEXOW RACK.
SHEEHAN AND GOFF PUT IN A LIVELY DAY.
Mr. Sheehan's Alleged Irregularities While Comptroller of Buffalo Pretty Thoroughly Aired—Both Counsel Goff and the Witness Fall Into the Use of Forcible Terms—Sheehan Still Refuses to Submit His Bankbooks.
NEW YORK, NOV. 1.—The day's proceedings before the senate police investigating committee were marked by a succession of exciting incidents.
Police Commissioner Sheehan was on the witness stand all through the day, except for a brief time while his successor to the city comptrollership of Buffalo was examined as to the condition in which he found the accounts of the city when they were turned over to him.
Mr. Sheehan appeared in the courtroom with his bankbook, but when Mr. Goff asked that it be submitted to the committee for examination the commissioner flatly refused, even in the face of the threat from Senator Lexow that such refusal would result in a presentment to the grand jury. He would submit this book when a specific accusation was made against him, but not till then. His bank account, he claimed, was his own affair.
Mr. Goff led off with an intimation that the commissioner had accepted a bribe of $6,000 for an appointment to a sergeantship of police, which was hotly denied by Mr. Sheehan—so hotly that Chairman Lexow thought it necessary to admonish him that he was laying himself open to proceedings for contempt.
Senator Cantor added to the interest of the moment by questioning the right of the chairman to insist upon a question until the committee had taken a vote upon it.
In the closing scene Mr. Goff worked up a climax by denouncing Mr. Sheehan as a bribe taker, grand larcenist and defaulter.
"You're a liar," was the response of the Tammany commissioner, and with that the curtain was run down for the day.
Mr. Goff probed into the reported visit of Commissioner Sheehan to Wall street to sell advance information as to the decision of the court of appeals in the sugar trust matter.
The witness denied that he was a "huckster of decisions" as charged by a local paper. He denied that he visited Cord Meyer & Co., Havemeyers and others in Wall street for the purpose of selling them advance information. The man who said he had done so was mistaken.
"Did they lie?"
"I don't say that. I denied the whole story when it first came out."
"You wouldn't appoint a man who had committed a crime?"
"You are a defaulter though?" exclaimed Mr. Goff.
"I am not," the witness said quietly. "I can explain what you are getting at."
Lawyer Grant arose and asked that this inquiry be excluded as it was not pertinent to the issue.
Senator O'Connor, who was presiding in Chairman Lexow's absence, said:
"The witness will be allowed to explain everything at the proper time. He should be glad of an opportunity to clear himself of the charge. If he is a defaulter it should be shown."
Mr. Goff produced papers and documents bearing the witness' signature for the purpose of proving that Commissioner Sheehan had misappropriated $4,000 while comptroller of the city of Buffalo.
The commissioner told how he had requested the mayor to have his accounts examined when a shortage was discovered, he refunded the amount $4,100. He claimed that his coupon and trust accounts became mixed.
Mr. Goff produced a note which he claimed Sheehan had written to his successor in which he had asked "Tim" not to let the note become public.
"Did you turn over to your successor the accounts of the trust fund—the whole of them?"
The witness did not answer positively.
"Did you turn over $86,319.84 the amount of coupon and trust accounts?"
"I turned over the amount on the paper you have in your hand."
"Do you claim," asked Senator O'Connor, "that the balance of the trust account was withheld on the coupon account?"
"I do, sir."
"Now sir, is it not a fact that you misappropriated that $3,690.34?"
"It is not true, sir."
Mr. Goff read the following document:
Nov. 9, 1883.
Received from John C. Sheehan the sum of $5,900 in payment of any deficit that may be in his accounts on a proper examination.
T. J. MAHONEY.
SYLVESTER F. EAGAN.
Mr. Goff read another letter, dated Dec. 8, 1883. It was addressed to T. J. Mahoney and read as follows:
DEAR SIR—You are hereby authorized and requested to use and pay out the money paid by me for the purpose of making good the shortage which was in my account at the time I turned over the comptroller's office to you.
JOHN C. SHEEHAN.
Commissioner Sheehan stepped down to give way to Timothy J. Mahoney, ex-comptroller of Buffalo.
Mr. Mahoney identified the coupon receipts and the trust fund receipts.
"Who gave you these receipts?" asked Mr. Goff.
"Mr. Sheehan's brother, Will."
"I told Will," said the witness, that I would not sign the receipts for money which I had not received and asked him to tell John to come and see me. He came in later and I told him to pay up as soon as possible."
"Did he say that the coupon account was mixed up with the trust account?"
"What did he say?"
"That he would pay as soon as possible."
"What time elapsed before the story of the defalcation became public?"
"About two years ago. I was worried to death about it. I was then taken sick; then it got out."
Witness testified that he subsequently got the money from Mr. Egan, one of Sheehan's bondsmen. It amounted to $5,900.
"How did it happen that you got the subsequent letter of Dec. 8, 1883?"
"The $5,900 was deposited in a special account and I wanted the authority of Mr. Sheehan to place it in the general fund."
"Do you know how the deficiency occurred?" asked Senator O'Connor; "Did you use the $5,900 in covering the deficit?"
"Yes; and there was also a shortage in the coupon account."
"You declined to run for a public office because this was on your mind?"
"Yes; I never rested until it was cleared up."
Commissioner Sheehan was recalled.
"I have one question to ask you," said Mr. Goff. "Will you produce your bank book?"
"You, a defaulter, a grand larceny thief, refuse to produce your books in the face of this evidence?"
"You're a liar! You know you're lying!" yelled Commissioner Sheehan.
"Your language is intemperate," Senator O'Connor admonished Mr. Goff, who read from the statutes to show that he had used the harsh words advisedly.
An adjournment was then taken for the day.
FAIR STORE ROBBERY.
Another of the Suspected Thieves Caught by Deputy Edwards.
Deputy-sheriff Edwards it is believed has just forged another link in the chain which is to bring to justice the thieves who entered the Fair store [in the Standard block] and stole about one hundred dollars' worth of jewelry. He has arrested at Freeze Creek, Delaware Co., Royal E. Every, against whom circumstantial evidence points very strongly. Others besides are thought to be connected in the matter. Every claims to have had nothing to do with it. McKay laid all the blame on him and now he returns the compliment by claiming innocence and putting it all back upon McKay.
At any rate an affidavit has been made to the effect that Every, McKay and Harry Colony boarded the Scranton excursion train, when it made the annual trip to Syracuse last fall and all immediately began to sell jewelry which is said to have afterwards proved to be that stolen from the Fair store. Deputy Edwards learned of this fact through a friend of his in Scranton, who had read an account of the robbery in the STANDARD and who connected the two incidents. The three young men returned to Binghamton and are said to have since been selling the jewelry.
Every was taken this morning before Justice Bull and his examination was adjourned till 10 A. M., November 8.
A Class in Truxton.
Miss Sara L. Kinney was at Truxton Monday and organized a large class in music. Miss Kinney is a successful teacher and has a fine class here, but has arranged to give one day in the week to her Truxton pupils, some of whom will probably take part in the midwinter recital of her school.
Lost Two Fingers.
Mr. Silas Danforth met with quite an unfortunate accident yesterday at the factory of the Cortland Wagon Co. He was working on a shaper when the first finger of his right hand was slightly lacerated. He did it up and continued his work on the machine. A few minutes afterwards the first and second fingers of his left hand were struck and badly mangled. He was taken to the office of Dr, A. J. White, who dressed the wounds. The doctor found it necessary to amputate both fingers below the middle joint.
—The Alpha Chautauqua circle will meet with Mrs. M. O. Clark, 67 Madison-st., on Saturday evening, Nov. 3, at 7:30 o'clock.
—The monthly business meeting of the Ladies' and Pastor's Aid society of the Homer-ave. church will be held next Wednesday afternoon.
—The STANDARD to-morrow afternoon will publish the full cast of those who are to produce "Fogg's Ferry" at the Opera House to-morrow night.
—Halloween proved one of the most quiet ones that Cortland has known for years. The rain and special police undoubtedly caused the result.
—George W. Spencer paid a fine of one dollar in police court this morning for riding his bicycle between the sidewalk and the stone wall in front of Randall's garden on Main-st.
—The regular meeting of the Womans' Relief Corps will be held next Tuesday, Nov. 6, at 3. P. M. sharp. Miss Mary E. Seely of Syracuse will be present and inspect the corps, A full attendance of all its members is desired.
—The Young Men's Republican club will meet in their rooms to-morrow evening. Commissioner N. L. Miller will address the meeting on the constitutional amendments and the league quartet will furnish the music.
—The Mozart society met last evening at the music studio of Miss Clara A. Covil, Wickwire building. A program was given consisting wholly of Mozart's works, with description of same and a sketch of his life which was listened to with pleasure and interest.
—Attention is called to a remarkably able, clear and convincing article in another column upon the apportionment amendment to be submitted to the voters of the state next Tuesday. It was written by Hon. Henry R. Durfee of Palmyra, a delegate to the constitutional convention, It should be read by every one.
—Lewis McKee of Summerhill, A. L. Brown, George Kenfield and John Kane were all before Justice Bull this morning for public intoxication. Each had to pay a fine of three dollars or go to jail three days. Hugh Kelley was arrested this morning on the same charge. He is now sobering up in jail.