CUBA'S NEW REPUBLIC.
Constitution Proclaimed And Officers Appointed.
NAJASA THE FEDERAL CAPITAL.
Proposition to Proclaim Maceo Dictator Rejected—Marquis of Santa Lucia Elected President—Autonomists Will Petition
Spain For Self Government.
LONDON, Sept. 4.—A Havana dispatch says that the meeting of insurgent delegates at Najasa proclaimed a constitution for the republic on a federal basis of five states.
They also elected the Marquis of Santa Lucia president and approved various officers as well as confirming the nominations of Antonio Maceo, to be general commanding in Santiago de Cuba; Maximo Gomez, in Puerto Principe, and Roloff, in Santa Clara.
Najasa was proclaimed as the provisional federal capital.
A resolution was adopted permitting farmers to sell their produce in the towns on the payment of 25 per cent ad valorem duty.
A proposal to declare Maceo dictator of Cuba was discussed for six days and was finally withdrawn.
The Autonomist party intend to petition Spain for self government on Canadian lines. It is stated that Maximo Gomez is inclined to accept conditional autonomy, but Antonio Maceo declines any compromise.
Cuban Insurgents Deported.
HAVANA, Sept. 4.—A company of insurgents under sentence of imprisonment in the fortress of Ceuta, Morocco, for rebellion were deported on board the steamer Cataluna. Five are under sentence of life imprisonment, while the balance are condemned to 30 years.
Spanish Reinforcements Arrive.
HAVANA, Sept. 4.—The steamer Antonio Lopez has arrived here from Spain, bringing the eleventh battalion of artillery, the Arlaban field squadron and the Del Rey squadron, the re-enforcements aggregating 57 officers and 1,300 men.
Spain's Claim Against United States.
MADRID, Sept. 4.—The Correspondencia says that a Spanish squadron is going to the Antilles, the principal object of the expedition being to urge the claims of Spain against the United States in the Allianca affair.
State Ticket Will be Nominated To-day at Saratoga.
SARATOGA, Sept. 4.—The state Prohibition convention was permanently organized with the election of Chairman Rev. C. H. Mead of Hornellsville.
Amid much enthusiasm, a resolution was adopted sending congratulations to Police Commissioners Roosevelt, Grant, Parker and Andrews of New York city for enforcing the Sunday excise laws.
The committee on credentials reported 634 delegates in attendance. A state committee was appointed.
A resolution was adopted on the call of the counties deferring the report of the committee on resolutions, and making nominations until this morning.
A brief address was made by Professor Samuel Dickie of Albion, Mich., chairman of the Prohibition national committee.
The Prohibitionists made a street parade, followed by the second mass meeting of the convention. Addresses were made by Professor Dickie and John G. Woolley of Chicago and music was furnished by the Silver Lake quartette.
Was it so in Cortland?
The following is from the Canastota Bee of Aug. 31:
The honest independent Republican voter who attends a caucus occasionally, and all the time stays at home and minds his own business, is apt to look with alarm at the serious innuendoes made in various county papers, concerning the selection of a delegate to the coming judicial convention. There is nothing that will so quickly arouse the ire of a respectable citizen, who is a Republican from principle, and not for personal aggrandizement, than to hint that money is being used to further the advancement of any man who aspires to a membership in our higher courts. The politicians are supposed to keep their hands off our supreme court bench, that the judges when elected will owe no man a favor, and can dispense justice in a free and untrammeled manner. There are two candidates in this district for the position to be filled this fall, one of whom is George F. Lyon of the city of Binghamton, the other is B. F. Mattice of Oneonta. The respective merits of these candidates are summed up in the statement that Lyons has the endorsement of nearly every lawyer and jurist in the sixth judicial district, and Binghamton, his home and its largest city, is now practically without a supreme court justice. Mattice, on the other hand, has the powerful backing of the millionaire congressman, D. F. Wilbur. A paper was circulated to be presented to the convention, which bore the signature and endorsement of nearly every member of the Madison county bar, endorsing the candidacy of Judge Lyon. This document was entrusted to Attorney Jenkins of Oneida, of whom the Canastota Journal says, "he conveniently forgot it and left it at home." The Oneida Post, another Republican paper, is authority for the statement that Wilbur money was quite plentiful throughout the county before the convention, and the Chittenango Times further enlightens us by stating that "it was a most degrading spectacle, the presence of DeForest Wilbur of Oneonta, at Morrisville the day of the late Republican convention." The Lyon candidate for delegate, Henry B. Coman, was badly beaten in the convention, notwithstanding the endorsement of his associate members of the Madison county bar. And now the question arises, are we to have a boughten judiciary?
The register of the Messenger House in this village for the Saturday when the Republican caucus was held shows the name "D. W. Wilber, N. Y." This Mr. Wilber was in close conference with two prominent local politicians on that day. The question now is whether "Wilbur money" was brought into this county, and if so, how much of it, and how great a part it played in the Cortland caucus in "creating sentiment?''
If the fact that John L. Waller is a negro had anything to do with this government's delay in seeing him righted, then this government disgraced itself. But in any case vigorous measures seem now about to be taken by the authorities at Washington, so that all may yet be well.
John L. Waller was a colored man of Kansas City. He was born a slave at New Madrid, Mo., in 1850. He struggled on after the war till he graduated at a high school. He was a live, brainy man and became a lawyer. He was a journalist when President Harrison, in 1891, appointed him consul at Tamatavo, Madagascar. Waller liked the Hovas, and they liked him. They became great friends, and when, in 1894, President Cleveland appointed Mr. Wetter of Georgia consul in Waller's place, Waller remained among his new friends and entered into trade there.
It was his intention to go heavily into the farming and lumber business. With American shrewdness he saw a chance for great fortune in the rich soil and virgin forest of Madagascar. The Hovas made to him on conditions of certain payments a lease for 30 years of a tract containing 144,000 square miles of land. It lay along the east coast of the big island and contained many harbors. If Waller had been let alone by the French, he would have become as rich as Monte Cristo. It was his intention to ship the wood, fruits and other products of Madagascar to Europe and America. The execution of the enterprise would have been an excellent thing for both Waller and the Malagasy government.
Then came the French invasion of Madagascar. The French determined that Waller should not have the rich concession granted to him by the Malagasy government because they wanted it themselves. So they trumped up a charge that Waller was inciting the Hovas to outrage, murder and riot. He was arrested. A form of military trial was secretly gone through. Not a friend of Waller's was allowed to be present. At the end of the trial, which occurred March 18 and lasted three hours, Waller was sentenced to 20 years' imprisonment in the old French Chateau d'If. He was taken to France a prisoner in irons. It is charged that he has suffered hardship and cruelty at the hands of the French. His friends say he has consumption. The French government, when asked for explanations, put off Ambassador Eustis with the excuse that the official report of the trial had not yet arrived from Tamatave, and there could be no investigation. But now the United States government must insist on a thorough investigation, and that very quick.
GRAND GALA DAY.
Electric Road to McGrawville to Be Opened To-morrow.
The electric railroad to McGrawville will be completed and opened to-morrow. The management is planning to have a little celebration on account of the event. The presidents and trustees of the three villages of Cortland, Homer and McGrawville are invited to meet at the park at 2 o'clock. There will be some speaking. The Cortland City band and the McGrawville band will furnish music. Everybody is invited. It is indeed an event worth celebrating.
CENTENNIAL OF ITS FOUNDING DRAWING NEAR.
Five Connecticut Families Led the Way—They First Came in September, 1795.
Midway between the villages of Fabius, in Onondaga county, and Cuyler, in Cortland county, lies a broad and beautiful valley, through which wanders a pure stream of water called the Tioughnioga creek, which follows the valleys through Truxton, East Homer, Cortland, and empties into the Susquehanna. But it is not to dwell upon the rural beauty of that region that we write this article, though that were a worthy theme; but to call attention to a centennial which is likely to be overlooked, and is certain not to be celebrated.
The facts are these. In the spring of 1795, five men in East Hartford, Conn., sold their farms to "go West." All five of the deeds are dated April 1, 1795. The men were Simon Keeney, Benjamin Brown, Gurdin Woodruff, Sr., Samuel Fox and Jonathan Webster. They were practically one family since Brown, Woodruff and Fox had married sisters of Jonathan Webster, and Webster had married a sister of Simon Keeney, thus: Simon Keeney married Margaret Keeney; Benjamin Brown married Dorinda Webster; Gurdin Woodruff, Sr., married Anna Webster; Samuel Fox married Mabel Webster, and Jonathan Webster married Thankful Keeney, sister of Simon.
Early in the summer of 1795 the above five men, with axes upon their shoulders followed the rough roads of that period as far as Manlius, N. Y., at which point they deflected, and either marking the trees or following marked trees they penetrated the wilderness to a point about three miles south of Fabius. Selecting a suitable spot for building they felled the trees and rolled up a log house. One account says they found a man by the name of Bradford already engaged in the work and they bought him out. In addition to building the house they cleared sufficient land to plant a small field of potatoes.
This done they returned to Connecticut occupying nineteen days in the journey. A day or two before their arrival in Connecticut, Jonathan Webster was taken sick and soon after died. The writer recently visited his grave in the Centre cemetery in Manchester, Conn., and found it in a good state of preservation, and the tombstone marked, "In memory of Mr. Jonathan Webster, who departed this life Sept, 18, 1795, in the 29th year of his age." This shows that they reached Connecticut about the 18th as Mr. Webster died soon after their arrival.
It is not likely that the widow of Jonathan Webster and her two children accompanied the colony which the next spring took possession of the log house in the Fabius wilderness. In dismissing this part of the subject it is well to say that the widow afterward married Nathaniel Bacon of Fabius, and their son, Albert Bacon, was a life-long resident of the village and but recently died at that place. The two children of Jonathan Webster lived to marry—the son Jared one Lydia Webster, and the daughter, Ephraim Bennett. An aged son of the former is living at Asbury, N. Y., bearing the name Jonathan, and descendants of the latter live chiefly in Steuben county in this state, Mr. Theron M. Coon of Tyrone, Schuyler Co., N. Y., being one of them.
The remaining four men, Keeney, Brown, Woodruff and Fox, with their families and some others came from Connecticut the following February, viz. 1796, and for a time lived in the log house erected the previous summer, and subsisted in part upon the unharvested potatoes yet remaining in the hills. It is said that twenty-eight persons lived temporarily under the roof of that one house till others could be built. Samuel Webster, Jr., and his brother Salmon, both unmarried, are said to have accompanied the expedition, clearing land and erecting a house for their parents who followed them in due time. "Joy," a slave, accompanied them. He was the property of Mr. Keeney who had promised him his freedom at a certain date, over-partaken of maple syrup and died, and his was the first grave of the new colony in the valley.
Large families sprang from these pioneers. The Keeneys still are represented in the town of Fabius, Mr. John Alonzo Keeney still living near the village. The Browns, though widely scattered, are represented in Mr. Marcus L. Brown of Apulia, N. Y. The Woodruffs have largely removed, Mrs. Edwin Saunders of Keeney Settlement being one of the few who remain near the old homestead. The Foxes removed in 1810 to West Dryden, Tompkins county, N. Y., but the oldest son Edmund returned about 1820 and spent his life in sight of the spot which his father cleared of the primeval forest. Rev. Reuben Cadwell Fox of Onondaga Valley, N. Y., is a son, one of three brothers all of whom were ministers. Most of the Fox family remained in Tompkins county.
It is probably impracticable to ever re-convene any considerable number of them on the old spot where the first house was built a century ago, but at least a tablet bearing the names of those five men could and ought to be erected.
Much might be said of this beautiful valley and the Connecticut people who settled it. Others came later reinforcing the original colony, most of whom were from the Nutmeg state. Their descendants are now in nearly every state in the Union, and probably traditions of the above event are fast fading from their minds, if indeed many of the later generations ever knew it. In the hope of awakening interest and provoking further inquiry we have written these facts, and invite contributions from any and every source.
M. R. WEBSTER, D. D.
Rochester, N. Y., Sept. 2, 1895.
Gleanings of News From Our Twin Village.
Mr. John H. Van Duyn of Syracuse was in town yesterday.
E. B. Kenfield returned yesterday from a week's poling trip through Oswego county.
E. M. Waller, who has been spending the summer in town, returned to New York City last night.
The marriage of Mr. Chas. H. Dewey and Miss Cora Salisbury took place at the home of the bride's parents near this village this afternoon at 3 o'clock.
The Living Issue club will hold a meeting at the residence of Mrs. Alphonzo Stout on Cayuga-st. this evening. The subject of the debate to be given then is: Resolved, That the temperance question is of more importance than the financial question. All are invited to attend.
I. M. Norton of Whitewater, Wis., is visiting his brother, Mr. L. P. Norton, in this village.
Z. T. Ney left town yesterday on a two months' business trip in the interests of the Homer Mfg. company.
H. E. Hannum, the proprietor of the grocery store at the corner of Main and James-sts., in this village is involved in a little difficulty which the courts have been called upon to straighten. Some time last September Hannum is claimed to have obtained a loan of $860 from Mrs. Julia Hitchcock of this village. It is said that a written agreement was drawn up, in which Hannum promised to use the money to buy a stock of groceries. It is also said to have contained a promise on his part to render a monthly accounting of the money to the loaner. Mrs. Hitchcock now charges Hannum with grand larceny and last evening had him arrested. In her affidavit filed in Justice Kingsbury's court she claims that the money has been diverted from the use agreed upon and that no accounting has been given her during the time intervening. Officer Jones served the warrant upon Hannum last evening and he was taken before Justice Kingsbury who released him on $600 bail and adjourned the examination for two weeks until Sept. 17. P. C. Cobb and Albert Wood of Cortland furnished bail, E. W. Hyatt appeared for the plaintiff and O. U. Kellogg for the defendant. The case promises to be an interesting one.
A Great Managerial Trio.
The horses and horsemen of all nations, not by the dozen or by the score, but by the hundred, will be seen in infinite variety in the Great Wild West exhibition which is to be given here Sept. 16. In this exhibition the wonderful West of the few years ago will be revived in all its rugged and romantic splendor, with its plains, prairies and mountain passes; with its log-cabin of the frontiersman, the wigwam of the Sioux, the burly bison,, the pony express, and the lumbering treasury coach of the Overland Route to Deadwood. The Mexican with his lariat, the cowboy with his bronco, and the cavalry troops of the United States Army will all be here in picturesque grouping.
With them will come also the rough-riding people from many foreign lands. The Cossack and the Russian steppes, the Ranchero of the Rio Grande, the Bedouin from the Arabian Desert, and the trained horse-soldiery of the strongest European nations, including the French Chasseur, the German Uhlan, and the English Irish Lancers; and at the head of all this great aggregation, Col. William F. Cody, ex-scout, ex-Indian fighter, and ex-legislator, the handsome, long-haired and imperialed Buffalo Bill, deservedly the object of more hero worship by all America than any other character in national history.
The Wild West exhibition, while entirely familiar of late years in the great cities of Europe and later to the visitors to the Columbian World's Fair in 1893, and in 1894 to New Yorkers, will be entirely novel entertainment in this section, and will no doubt attract, as it merits, an enormous attendance, as it will afford an opportunity of seeing a most novel, and at the same time, truthful object lesson, portraying as it does, many of the important incidents of pioneer history.
Of course every one will visit the great Wild West, but this will not prevent them from enjoying a preliminary treat in the shape of the free cavalcade which will appear in the morning, and will be made up of detachments fro the various departments of the exhibition, and will be enlivened by the music of three fine bands, not the least important of which will be the famous mounted Cowboy band. The date fixed for the appearance of Buffalo Bill and his Wild West here is Sept. 16.
—There will be a band concert at the park to-night.
—Mr. J. B. Morris has changed his residence from 7 to 11 Monroe Heights.
—The annual meeting and election of directors of the Tioughnioga club occurs to-night.
—About seventy Cortland people went to Whitney Point this morning to attend the fair.
—Holden & Bingham have received the order for steam coal for the Normal school this year.
—The Cayuga lake steamer Laura A. Darragh will cease its regular trips for this season after Sept. 8.
—Mr. Harry M. Butler will give a little musical at his home on North Main-st. to-morrow evening.
—There will be preaching at the Free Methodist church on Schermerhorn-st. to-night by Rev, H. L. Crockett from Kingfield, Me. The public are invited to go and hear him.
—Dr. I. A. Beach, 83 Pendleton-st., has a night blooming cereus that is expected to open about 8 o'clock this evening. He will be glad to have his friends call and see it.
—The street commissioner is putting in some new crosswalks on Main-st. and is using some stone that for fine quality and thickness have rarely ever been equaled in Cortland for such a purpose.
—Mr. A. M. Schermerhorn has sold his lot on Port Watson-st., where his building was burned last spring, to Frank R. Haberle of Syracuse. A two-story brick block and a large barn will be built o n the premises, and will be devoted to the manufacture and bottling of light drinks.
THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
Nearly One Thousand Pupils are Registered Already.
The public schools of Cortland opened yesterday and are very full indeed. There was a grand rush for the Central school and many had to be refused admission or transferred to the ward schools. In one room which has 54 sittings there were just 80 applications for admission. Four or five more pupils can be received in the preparatory academic room and about as many in Miss Snyder's fifth and sixth grades, otherwise the school is full. There are a few sittings yet remaining in the ward schools, Superintendent Coon and his able corps of assistants have been very busy for the two days in getting all at work, but everything is well under way.
The teachers in the several schools with the pupils entered are as follows:
Miss E. K. Miller, principal and academic department, 45.
Miss Ada J. Wallace, preparatory academic 8th grade, 40.
Miss Mary E. Williams, 7th grade, 53.
Miss Mary A. Knapp, 6th grade A class, 54.
Miss Fannie M. Galusha, 6th grade, B class and mathematics in academic department, 32.
Miss Nettie E. Snyder, 6th grade, B class and 5th grade, 47.
Miss Lena V. Lovell, 3rd and 4th grades, 55.
Miss Ella M. Van Hoesen, 1st and 2nd grades, 55.
Miss Mary S. Blackmer, principal, 3d and 4th grades, 50.
Mrs. J. E. Perry, 2nd grade, 42.
Miss Minnie Cleary, 1st grade, 50.
Miss Jennie May Allen, 4th and 5th grades, 50.
OWEGO ST. SCHOOL.
Miss Nettle E. Cole, principal, 2nd grade, 40.
Miss Mary Van Bergen, 1st grade, 63.
Miss Mary McGowan, 3d and 4th grades, 43.
Miss Anna W. Blackmer, 4th and 5th grades, 30.
POMEROY ST. SCHOOL.
Miss Lulu M. Day, principal, 4th and 5th grades, 36.
Mrs. O. K. George, 3d and 4th grades, 40.
Miss Ella Garrity, 2nd grade, 45.
Miss Mabel Graves, 1st grade, 50.
Mrs. Clara Benedict, 1st and 2nd grades, 36
Total in all the schools, 956.
THE COUNTY FAIR.
Entries Coming With a Rush—It will be a Big Time.
Secretary Mellon of the Cortland County Agricultural society attended the state fair at Syracuse and obtained promises from a number of the exhibitors of stock there to bring their stock to Cortland to the fair next week. Every day now he is receiving inquiries about this thing and that connected with the fair and already the entries are beginning to come in. It is unprecedented to have so many entries so long a time in advance for a Cortland fair.
Everybody will be interested in this fair. It is designed to interest all, and it will do so. The stockmen will find the sheds at the upper end of the grounds full of cattle, sheep and swine. The horsemen will see what Cortland county can do in this line, and it is well known that this county is noted for its fine horses, The racing men will find horse races each day, and bicycling races on Thursday. The gardeners and florists will find displays that appeal to them in Floral hall. And here too the ladies will be interested in the fancy and needle work, the paintings, drawings and sketches, and out at the side will be all the poultry. Every one is interested in this.
Then too there will be the baby show, the exhibition of stock on the track, the contests for ladies in horsemanship, pony riding and driving. There will not be a dull moment on the grounds. And everybody can go without fear. There will be no liquor sold on the grounds and no gambling will be permitted. It is a safe place to let the children go to, but still every parent will want to go along too, to see what the boys see. Let everybody turn out.
POLLING PLACES NAMED.
Everybody Take Notice Where He Will Register to Vote.
The Cortlandville town board held a meeting yesterday and fixed the following polling places for registration and election on November 5:
Dist. No. 1.—Village hall, McGrawville.
Dist. No. 2.—M. E. Corwin's carpenter shop, 71 Pomeroy-st.
Dist. No. 3.—Cortland Steam laundry, 78 Clinton-ave.
Dist. No. 4.—J. L. Watrous' livery barn, 22 Clinton-ave.
Dist. No. 5.—Warner Rood's barn, 10 Madison-st.
Dist. No. 6.—Thomas Ellsworth's carpenter shop, 75 Lincoln-ave.
Dist. No. 7.—Edwin M. Hulbert's block, West Court-st.
Dist. No. 8.—George Allport's barn, Tompkins-st.
Dist. No. 9.—Nottingham's shop, 185 Main-st,
Dist. No. 10.—John Hubbard's hall, Blodgett Mills.