Sunday, February 22, 2015


The Cortland Democrat, Friday, May 17, 1889.

   More than 100,000 Italians have landed at the port of New York during the last eighteen months.—Exchange.
   The infant industries of the country must be protected, but there seems to be no desire on the part of our republican friends to protect the interests of the laboring men. Emigration and protection are rapidly bringing the country to a state of innocuous desuetude.
   There are nearly enough mechanics and laborers landing on our shores from the old countries every year to do all the work that our infant industries have to perform during that period, and thus the resident mechanic and laborer is thrown in direct competition with the "pauper labor of Europe." The mechanics and laboring men of this country have little to fear from the pauper labor of Europe so long as that labor is performed in Europe, but when the laborer comes here, the competition is to be dreaded, for it takes the bread from their children's mouths and transfers it to the capacious stomachs of the pauper laborer from Europe. How much longer will the laboring men be fooled by the falsehoods of the republican party?
   The beauties of a high protective tariff and its effect on American labor continue to be illustrated says the Oneida Union. The shutting down of the large iron works at Bloomsburg, Pa., after operating steadily for forty years, the boom in iron and steel manufacture in other countries, the great demand for iron in iron-producing countries which has not extended to the United States, the spectacle of idle mills and idle workmen, and the following wail by Wade's Fibre and Fabric, one of the most earnest supporters of Harrison last fall, are some of the results. The wool organ [trade journal—CC editor] now wants to know where are the good old times predicted during the campaign and says: "We were led to believe that if the party of high protection secured control of the government we would then, very soon, have good times. We are a firm believer in protecting American industries, if it could be done under the guidance of honest statesmen, but in the hands of quack politicians terrible work is made of protection."

   Speaking about ballast, what an immense pile of Cortland Standards it would take to furnish the required amount of ballast for one ship. For this purpose at least, a bushel of "bulbous roots" would be worth a good many yearly subscriptions to the Standard. For ship's ballast, the potato has an immense advantage over our neighbor's production.
   A lot of railway mail clerks were discharged last week and new men put in their places. The appointments of the latter were all dated previous to May 1st, the date when the civil service rules went into operation with reference to railway mail clerks. Dating the appointments back obviates the necessity of a civil service examination, which it is pretty safe to say not one of the new appointees could pass. If there ever was an administration that failed utterly to keep its promises to the people, the present administration is the one of all others.
   The Standard, in trying to show that Lathrop and Darby, who were appointed to the places in the railway mail service made vacant by the removal of Messrs. Randall and Dunsmoor, were competent to fill those places attempts to deceive its readers by publishing the following: Clark H. Lathrop, who succeeds Randall passed 98 the preliminary examination for the place, having already mastered his route, and C. C. Darby, who succeeds Dunsmoor and was a clerk in the Cortland postoffice under Mr. Nixon, passed 96, out of a possible 100.
   No one knows, or at least ought to know better, than the editor of the Standard, that Messrs. Lathrop and Darby have not as yet passed an examination of any nature whatever. They were simply handed 100 addressed envelopes and were able to read the superscriptions on most of them. It was simply a test as to whether they could read common writing and not an examination in any respect whatever. Lathrop, it seems could read 98 of the superscriptions and Darby only 96. When they come to stand a regular examination, that will be quite another thing. If they were competent, why have they been obliged to employ Messrs. Randall and Dunsmoor, at their own expense, to run with them ever since they were appointed, to teach them how to perform their duties?
   The Standard is sometimes very funny without intending to be so. Here is a quotation from that sheet of a recent date that strikes us as being rather racy:
Imagine Benton B. Jones drawing his inspiration from "the paper that champions Blaine's cause in season and out of season." How do Democrats like this? Does it not justify the suspicion so often expressed that Jones is a Democrat for revenue only, and that he gratifies his dislikes to his party leaders by voting against them whenever he gets sufficiently ugly?
   It is only a year or two since, that our neighbor charged the editor of the DEMOCRAT publicly, with the crime of never having voted for a republican. Did he believe the charge made at that time? If he did, has he changed his belief on the subject? We can assure our neighbor that Jones has had no reason to vote for a republican since that time and has not done so. We can further assure our neighbor, that while Jones is editor of the DEMOCRAT, he will not become sufficiently ugly to vote against his party leaders when they are regularly nominated. It would be gratifying to the writer as well no doubt as to the readers of the DEMOCRAT to know who expressed the opinion, after or otherwise, "that Jones is a Democrat for revenue only."
   In the campaign of 1887, and only two or three weeks before election, the Standard published a portrait of Hon. L. J. Fitzgerald, then the Democratic candidate for State Treasurer, on its most prominent page, together with a strong biography of that candidate. Did the Standard do this for revenue and if so how much? Undoubtedly the party, as well as the republican candidate for State Treasurer thought so, for our neighbor was forced to follow up the publication with a similar service for Mr. Jas. H. Carmichael of Buffalo, the republican candidate for State Treasurer. Was the latter done for revenue? The Standard is very funny sometimes.

   The Cortland Standard of May 2 devotes about a column in trying to crawl out from under its lying statements of the week previous in reference to Messrs. R. F. Randall and D. F. Dunsmoor. We presumed that our neighbor would hear from his misstatements and he did.
   Mr. Randall promptly called at the office of the Standard and made the editor of that paper eat his own words and apologize. While trying to make an acceptable apology, however, he endeavored to excuse himself for lying by claiming that certain railway mail clerks were kicked out of the service during Cleveland's administration simply because they were republicans.
   We never knew an incorrigible boy that would own up frankly. They always try to throw the blame on some one else. The Standard claims that Col. Wm. Lansing of Truxton, and W. H. H. Blaney of Homer were kicked out of the service to make room for democrats solely on account of politics. Col. Lansing was an old man and no one who knows him will deny that he had outgrown his usefulness for the place. Mr. Blaney was allowed to hold his place under a democratic administration until last fall when he was removed. Being allowed to retain his office under a democratic administration for nearly four years, we see no reason for any complaint on Mr. Blaney's part or any of his friends. Mr. Curly, a republican, is still running on the D. L. & W. line and has held the place for the past fifteen or sixteen years.
   Every democrat on the line was kicked out on account of his politics by a republican administration before it had been in power two months.

The Saxton Bill Vetoed.
   Governor Hill has vetoed the Saxton electoral reform bill, so called, and in so doing he simply performed a plain duty. After the experience of last fall's campaign, every honest citizen will agree that something should be done to purify the ballot and prevent, if possible, another repetition of wholesale bribery and corruption at the polls.
   The Saxton bill would fall far short of accomplishing the object desired. The voter has the undoubted constitutional right to vote for whom he pleases and should not and cannot legally be compelled to vote for the candidates on any of the official ballots prepared for him. The fact that all the ballots are to be furnished at public expense and distributed by the County Clerks of the several counties on the morning of election, is a fatal defect.
   In some of the counties of the state it would to impossible for the clerk to perform this service. The bill also provides that the voter shall be ushered into a compartment alone, where tickets containing the names of all the candidates shall be furnished him by a clerk, and the voter shall make a cross against the name of the candidates he desires to vote for and then the ballot shall be delivered to the inspectors who shall deposit the same in the ballot box.
   There are thousands of voters in both parties that can neither read nor write. What are these voters to do? How can they prepare their ballots? Must they rely on a tricky, partisan clerk to prepare the ballot for them? Again there are many intelligent voters who have arrived at that age when their eyesight has nearly failed them. Who would prepare their ballots?
   The voter must be let into the compartment alone and without any provision to the contrary, he may remain there such length of time as he thinks necessary to prepare his ballot. How many booths or compartments would be required at a polling place to accommodate four hundred voters? At least four or five and probably more.
   The printing of the ballots is to be paid for by the county except in city elections. The expense of printing the ballots for the charter election in this village would be a county charge. This would be unjust to the taxpayers in the smaller towns. The candidates may have tickets of their own printed but they cannot be used unless the supply furnished by the County Clerk is exhausted or fails to reach the polls. Candidates should be permitted to pay for printing the tickets and voters should not be disfranchised simply because they do not desire to vote the ticket prepared for them at public expense. Any one who feels so disposed can circulate a petition and by obtaining fifty signatures to the same, can present the petition to the County Clerk and demand that tickets be furnished him and the Clerk has no other alternative but to furnish them at public expense.
   The bill is a botch in every respect and would have a tendency to defeat the very object that its supporters pretend they desire to promote. The law can prescribe the size and color of the ballot and the style of type to be used in printing it, but is quite clear that a law that undertakes to say for whom an elector shall vote is unconstitutional. It is fortunate for the people that the man who occupies the governor's chair, possesses a level head and is a good lawyer, otherwise much confusion and trouble would result from the bungling legislation of an incompetent set of legislators.

Republican Protection of Workingmen Illustrated.
From the Rochester Union (Dem.)
   P. K Dederick is a manufacturer of hay presses, brick machines, &c., at Albany, and an intense Republican partisan and protectionist. In November last be insulted the men in his employ by sending them their wages in pay envelopes upon which the following was conspicuously printed:
   The One Issue of this Campaign:
   Shall American Goods and Products, or English Goods and Products   Stock Our Home Markets?
   Shall American Wages or English Wages be Paid to Our Workingmen and Working Women?
   Dederick thus answers his own question, now that protection has triumphed in the election of Harrison and a Republican House of Representatives:
From the Albany Express (Rep.)
   The woodworkers in the employ of P. K. Dederick, manufacturer of hay presses, brick machines, etc., have been notified that their wages will hereafter be 25 per cent lower than before. They have not been asked whether they will accept the reduction; it has simply been thrust upon them. Whether Mr. Dederick has followed the example of the great Republican carpet manufactory in New York that used the pay envelope before election, and immediately afterward not only reduced the wages but at the same time advanced the price of goods, the Albany organ of protection does not state.

William Kemmler Condemned to Death by the Application off Electricity.
   BUFFALO, May 14.—William Kemmler, the man who murdered his mistress, Tillie Zieglar, with a hatchet, and was convicted of murder in the first degree, was this morning brought into court for sentence. Judge Childs pronounced sentence under the new law in the following words:
   "The sentence of the court is that for the crime of murder in the first degree, whereof you stand convicted, within the week commencing on Monday, the 24th day of May, 1889, and within the walls of Auburn State prison, or within the yard of the enclosure adjoining thereto, you suffer the punishment of death to be inflicted by the application of electricity, as provided by the code of criminal procedure of the State of New York, and that in the meantime you be removed to, and until the infliction of such punishment, you be kept in solitary confinement in said Auburn prison."
   Kemmler looked steadily at Judge Childs as he was delivering the fatal words, but showed no emotion whatever. When the painful scene was concluded, Mr. Hatch, the prisoner's counsel, who put in no previous objection, took exception to the sentence, on the ground that it was cruel and unusual and against the spirit of the constitution. The prisoner was then removed to the jail and placed in solitary confinement. He will be removed to Auburn within the next ten days.

AUBURN, N. Y., Aug. 6, 1890.—William Kemmler, who murdered his wife with an axe the year before, was strapped into the chair at Auburn State Prison and 1,500 volts surged through his body for 17 seconds. He was pronounced dead, but as the warden began to unstrap Kemmler, his body moved. A second jolt—this one lasting 70 seconds—was ordered, causing Kemmler’s blood vessels to burst and flames to shoot from his back.—Exchange.

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