Sunday, August 28, 2016


Willard Asylum for the Chronic Insane, Willard, N. Y.
The Cortland Democrat, Friday, January 6, 1893.

An Economical System.
(From the Albany Argus, December 19, 1892.)
   One week ago the complete transfer of the care of the insane of the State of New York, outside of New York and Kings counties, from the county authorities to the State authorities, was affected. The change was a radical one. It was not brought about without long and serious consideration in several Legislatures, and without a careful examination of the philanthropic and economical arguments upon which its friends advocated it. The medical profession is almost unanimous in the belief that the new system of State care is demanded by the progress of medical science in the treatment of the insane and that humanity itself commands the change of method. Into that argument it is unnecessary at this late day to go. The evidence of its soundness seems to be conclusive.
   The change has been opposed by some on the ground that it would involve an increase in the cost of maintaining the insane. Even if that were the fact it would not necessarily be a conclusive argument against the system adopted by the Legislature. But it is not the fact. Since the adjournment of the Legislature, Governor Flower, Comptroller Campbell and the State Lunacy Commission have instituted most careful inquiries into the relative costs of the two systems. They have not rested upon the medical and philanthropic argument, but have gone into the matter of cost to the people as well. These inquiries leave no doubt that the new system will result in a saving of money to the people, as well as in the more satisfactory care of the insane themselves. The State government is committed to the successful administration of the policy established by the Legislature, and it is essential that there should be a full understanding of what the change menus to the taxpayers.
   A week ago the Argus stated that the new system would involve an increase in State taxes, but that this would be only apparent, as the reduction in county taxes would much more than offset this increase. The following table of the cost of the two systems confirms that statement. The county tax is based on the average rates now charged to counties for the maintenance of their insane in the State hospitals. The State tax is based on the value of the whole taxable property of the State, assessed at the uniform State rate needed to produce the requisite funds, approximately $1,800,000. 
   [Table, county columns and estimates omitted—CC editor.]
   It will be noted that fifty-six counties in the State will make considerable savings under the new system. Genesee will apparently lose $746, due largely to a heavy valuation, and Wyoming loses $1,353. The bulk of the loss will fall upon New York and Kings counties, which are voluntarily exempt from the act. As matters now stand, these two counties agree to maintain their own insane, while New York contributes $596,288 and Kings $154,046 towards the care of the insane in the remaining counties of the State.
   It is doubtless unnecessary to impress upon the newspapers of the State, especially the Democratic newspapers, the advisability of laying the facts before their readers at an early day. By this means only and by reiteration can misunderstanding be avoided. The State tax levy next year, adopted by the Legislature will provide for raising the considerable sums named in the second column. At first thought this might appear like a heavy increase of taxation. But it will not appear so if it is borne in mind that under the old system boards of supervisors would be required to raise by taxation the large amounts named in the first column, and that the difference, in the third column, represents the savings to the counties of the State.
   The management of State finance is justly a source of pride to Gov. Flower, to Comptroller Campbell and to the Democratic party which they represent in office, and no misunderstanding of the facts hereafter should be allowed to develop and interfere with the credit which attaches to the economical as well as the humane side of the State’s new policy.

The Niagara Blocked With Ice.
   NIAGARA, Ont., Jan. 4.—For the first time in seven years the Niagara river at this point is blocked with ice. The jam occurred Tuesday night, and a severe frost firmly cemented it. A path has today been marked out from Niagara to Youngstown, N. Y., and many persons are crossing on ice. The block extends to Queenstown heights. At Lewistown and Queenstown the ice is piled high above the wharves, and it is feared that when it goes out much damage will be done. This is the earliest in the season that there has been an ice bridge here.

The Cause of Financial Uneasiness.
   The one dark cloud on the financial horizon is the silver law of 1890, and the great number of Republicans and Democrats who are working for its repeal gives some lesson for the hope that it will be stricken from the statute book before the expiration of the Fifty-second congress. This would inspire renewed confidence all over the world in the stability of our financial system, and lend to heavy purchases of our securities by Europe and the movement of gold to this country. Meanwhile the gold in the treasury is slowly but steadily increasing.—St. Louis Globe-Democrat. (Rep.)
Frank Hiscock.
The State legislature convened last Tuesday. The election of an United States Senator in place of Hon. Frank Hiscock will take place January 17th.
Sheridan Shook, and Col. Emmons Clark, two prominent republican leaders of New York, besides a large number of lesser lights of the same city, have left the party and joined Tammany Hall. They say that the doctrine of high protection has proved a failure and they will not affiliate with a party that offers them little else.
Hon. Chas. A. Jackson, chairman of the County Committee of the New
York County Democracy, has resigned and announces that he will join Tammany Hall.
Rev. Dr. McGlynn, the famous Catholic clergyman of New York, who was suspended from priestly functions three or four years since, has been restored and will soon have charge of a church.
The Albany Argus says: "There is reliable authority for the statement that the position of Assistant Postmaster-General under the incoming administration will be filled by the Hon. Robert A. Maxwell of Genesee. Mr. Maxwell has always been a strong friend and admirer of Mr. Cleveland, and has shown himself to be a very competent official in several responsible positions. As State Treasurer for two terms and State Superintendent of Insurance for several years, he made an excellent record. His many friends are making a strong effort to secure the appointment for him.
The subject of good roads is receiving much attention in all quarters, and petitions are being forwarded to Congress, asking for the creation of a bureau, similar to the Agricultural Bureau, to have charge of the work. That better roads are needed in this country, must be plain to every one who has occasion to use them for any purpose, but a change for the better will not be seen until there is some method developed to enforce an improvement. Under the present system, farmers seem to have no interest in having good roads, and manage to put in the time in working out their road tax by performing the least amount of labor possible. They seem to entirely lose sight of the fact that by keeping the highway along their promises in good condition they are adding greatly to the value of their property. Few people care to pay a fair price for a farm that is unapproachable for six or eight months in the year. The time and money spent in improving the highways about farm property is an investment that will pay a big interest.

   The M. S. Price residence property, corner of South Salina and Jefferson-sts., Syracuse, has been sold to Dey Bros. for $125,000. The firm will build a $100,000 dry goods store on the lot.


   The Governor's message will be found on our sixth page.
   All but seven or eight of the customers of the Telephone Co. have served notice on them to remove their phones.
   See change in Dr. G. W. Hull's card on second page. He makes use of a new anaesthetic [sic] for the painless extraction of teeth.
   Ralph Gladding, of Norwich, has purchased the Beebe [steam] laundry, and will repair the same [fire damage] and soon have it in running order.
   Messrs. Holden & Seager have opened an uptown office in H. D. Hollister's bakery, where orders for coal will be taken.
   Court House hill is in fine condition for coasting, and some of the large bobs go through Court to Church street. A large crowd improve the opportunity every evening.
   Detective J. T. Norris, of Springfield, was in town on Wednesday, and attracted quite a little attention by his dress. Mr. Norris is the great detective who captured Red Austin, the great bunco steerer.
   The new officers of the C. M. B. A. were publicly installed last Tuesday evening. It is expected that the old custom will this year be revived and a banquet given by the new officers to the members of the association.
   Mr. E. C. McGraw has rented the building in rear of the DEMOCRAT office, to be used as a wagon and repair shop. He expects to move from his present quarters on South Main street sometime during the month. He will have an abundance of room in his new location.
   F. E. Brogden, the druggist, has a new scheme before the public. With every purchase of ten cents or more a guess is allowed on the length of time a new Elgin watch, valued at $50, will run when first wound up. Guessing continues till May 1st; when the watch will be wound at noon.
   A new exchange for the Empire State Telephone & Telegraph Co., is being fitted up on the third floor of the Beaudry block. The wires will be brought into the rooms from the rear of the building. A new standard metallic circuit switchboard has been put in and all the appliances will be new and of the latest pattern.
   John W. Suggett, Esq., of this village, has been chosen as one of three commissioners in the Skaneateles conduit condemnation proceedings, to appraise property through which the water pipes will pass from Skaneateles to Syracuse. The selection is a good one in every respect, as Mr. Suggett is a good lawyer and a fair-minded man.
   From birth, a boy can own property, at seven he is, if intelligent, answerable for crime, at fourteen [sic] he, if necessary, could choose his guardian and contract for marriage, at 14 he is punishable for misdemeanor, at 18 he is qualified for military service, at 21 he may declare himself independent of his father and is old enough to vote, at 25 he is eligible to congress, at 30 to the United States senate, and at 40 to the presidency, and at 45 he is exempt from military duty.—Albany Express.
   Mr. and Mrs. Jacob D. Keeler, of this place, celebrated their fortieth anniversary last Friday afternoon, by inviting a few of their friends to spend the afternoon and evening socially. None of the guests knew that it was an anniversary until a little before the time of their departure. An excellent supper was provided and all enjoyed the occasion.
   Another swindler is working the country districts. His game is a new one and farmers bite at it. The scamp says he is the representative of a co-operative store which sells groceries, dry goods, tools, etc., to farmers at wholesale prices. To get the benefit of the store the farmer is required to pay a fee of sixty cents per year, and one dollar if paid in advance for two years. It is a slick game, and as the fellow who is working it is a slick talker, many farmers are parting with their one dollar bills to get advantage of the co-operative store. The store exists only in the brains of the agent, and he is a fraud.

Is it Typhus?
   About ten days ago Timothy Copely, a stove moulder, came to Cortland from New York, and took up his residence on Crandall street. A few days after his arrival he was taken sick and a physician was called, and pronounced the patient as suffering with fever. Some of the neighbors who called in to see the sick man, claimed that he was suffering from the dreaded typhus, and have since kept away from the house. Copely, while in New York, is said to have lodged several times at 84 Bayard street, where the epidemic now raging in the metropolis originated, and from whence over twenty cases have since been removed.
   A representative of the DEMOCRAT called on Health Officer Moore yesterday, and asked if such a case had been reported to him. He said that no physician had as yet reported a case of typhus to him, and that this was the first he had heard of such a thing, but that he should look into it and if it proved to be that disease, those who had been calling on the patient, as well as the house itself, would be rigidly quarantined.
   Since writing the above health officer Moore informs us that he has examined the case and that there are no symptoms of typhus, but that the man is suffering from a mild attack of malarial fever.

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