THE BORDEN TRAGEDY.
An Awful Double Murder Still Enshrouded in Mystery—The Details of the Crime.
FALL RIVER, Mass., August 7.—No clue as yet has been discovered in the cold-blooded double murder which was committed at Fall River, Thursday. At 11 o'clock in the forenoon of that day, while the members of that family and all their immediate connections were employed about the house or yard, the assassins entered the house where dwelt the aged banker, Andrew J. Borden, and his wife, and struck them both down, fearfully hacking and mutilating their bodies with a hatchet. Their daughter, Lizzie, was in the barn at the time and a servant in the yard within call. When Lizzie returned to the house the shock of finding her aged parents dead quite prostrated her, and she was unable to make an intelligent statement. Mrs. Borden was upstairs in the house at the time she met her death and her husband in one of the lower rooms. The deed was committed almost at mid-day in a populous street in the heart of a large city, but the murderer performed his work with such stealth and skill that he left not the slightest trace as to his identity.
MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY SUSPECTED.
Theories have been advanced to prove that a farm hand, a servant, a daughter, an uncle and a brother-in-law were the assassins. A theory is put forward that the victims were in a state of insensibility when their bodies were clubbed and cut. So it is held that poison was first administered. In this connection it is stated that Lizzie Borden within 36 hours previous to the murder bought at the drug store of D. R. Smith a bottle of hydrocyanic acid, stating that she wanted it to kill moths. This is a powerful poison and being exceedingly volatile leaves no trace on the system. It causes no perceptible signs beyond unconsciousness or fainting previous to death. The nephew is also under suspicion.
$5,000 REWARD OFFERED.
Lizzie Borden and Emma Borden, her sister, who was absent on a visit at the time of the murder have inserted this advertisement in the local papers:
$5,000 reward. The above reward will be paid to anyone who may secure the arrest and conviction of the person or persons who occasioned the death of Mr. Andrew. J. Borden and his wife.
EMMA J. BORDEN.
LIZZIE A. BORDEN.
Mr. Borden's wealth is estimated at over $500,000.
Dr. Webb's Road.
NEW YORK, Aug. 2.—It was learned on the highest authority yesterday that Dr. W. Seward Webb's Adirondack & St. Lawrence railroad would be acquired by the New York Central and Hudson River road within 30 or 60 days. No papers have been signed as yet, but the details of the transfer have been arranged, and the close connection between the two interests involved gives assurance that there will be no break in the negotiations. The Adirondack road will be pushed to completion probably within thirty days, and will be, when finished, 178 miles in length. Part of it is already in operation.
The New York Central Railroad has begun the erection of the houses and apparatus for the block system of signals from Albany to Buffalo. Seventy-three bridges will span the four tracks between the two above named cities. There will be twenty-eight stations between Syracuse and Rochester.
Are There More Big Trees?
The location and description of 12 of the largest trees in the state of New York is desired by chief executive officer McNaughton of Albany. So far but two worthy of notice have been found, one in Cato, Cayuga county, a maple, six feet in diameter, and one at Balmvllle, near Newburg, a balm of Gilead, that in 1868 was 19 feet 6 inches in circumference. The latter is historical, it being on record that John Cosman, a "King's man," in the war of the Revolution, while an apprentice for William Bloomer, shod horses under it prior to the war of 1776, and it was then a large tree.
The Syracuse Evening Herald, one of the so-called independent papers, after waiting two months to look over the ground, has finally come out for Harrison and protection. How much protection there is in it for the Herald has not yet been discovered. The Herald and Jim Belden are usually in perfect accord on political questions.
If a high tariff on tin and other articles has the effect of reducing the price as the [Cortland] Standard claims, why not put an enormous duty on sealskin cloaks and diamonds? It might possibly reduce the price of these luxuries to such a degree that the editor of the Standard could lay in a supply for family use. Under the McKinley bill there is scarcely any duty on these articles. Hooray, for a 200 per cent duty for sealskin cloaks and diamonds.
Judge Rumsey has decided that the reapportionment made by the last legislature is unconstitutional and the question will now go before the General Term and then to the Court of Appeals. Judge Rumsey is a light weight, but he is exceedingly anxious to have the Republican nomination for Chief Justice of the Court of Appeals. Not, probably, that he expects he could be elected, but because he thinks it would give him some standing before the people as a man of prominence. It looks very much as if his opinion was a bid for the nomination.
That taxing an article makes it cheaper.
That making an article cheaper enables its manufacturers to pay higher wages.
That taxing raw material cheapens cost to manufacturers and lowers prices to consumers.
That a tariff paying $175,000,000 a year into the public treasury does not increase the prices of the thing's taxed to produce this sum.
That foreigners pay the duties and so largely support our government, but out of mercy to them the Reed-McKinley Congress spent only $1,000,000.
That untaxing foreigners only is reciprocity.
That high tariffs make high wages in the United States, but leaves wages in every protectionist country in Europe lower than in free-trade England.
That our manufacturers produce staple articles more cheaply than they can be made abroad, but that we need a high tariff to enable them to do it.
That the older the infant industries grow the more protection they need.
That a party having more than 6,000,000 voters, nine-tenths of whom are workingmen, is an "enemy of labor."
That the protected manufacturers pay large sums into the Republican campaign fund, and maintain lobby agents and subsidized newspapers to defend high duties solely to raise wages in the United States.—New York World.
HERE AND THERE.
A new law raises the salary of Supervisors to $4 per day.
Forepaugh's Great Show will exhibit in Cortland next Tuesday.
The date of the annual Firemen's parade has been changed to Wednesday, August 31.
The Brockway shops in Homer will shut down August 20, to make necessary repairs.
Don't fall to see the races on Cortland Driving Park, August 23 to 26.
The annual picnic of the Robinson family will be held in Wm. Tarble's grove near Marathon village, Thursday, Aug. 18.
A little son of Michael Murphey fell from the back porch of his father's saloon in Homer last Sunday and was quite severely hurt.
Messrs. L. D. G. Hopkins & Son are building three new and very large greenhouses in addition to those already on their ground.
Teacher's examination for 1st, 2nd, and 3rd grade certificates will be held at the cobblestone school house, Cortland, August 16th.
The editor of the Marathon Independent has discovered that "a raw onion chewed slowly and swallowed without undue haste will destroy the odor of ice cream."
Mr. William Polley has sold his entire interest in the Boiler Cleaner invented by him to a stock company in Bath, N. Y., and will travel on the road in the interest of the company.
Last Tuesday evening Mr. C. C. Spencer's horse became frightened in front of E. Dodge's liquor store on Main-st., and jumping side-wise threw Mr. Spencer out. The horse ran down Tompkins-st. Mr. Spencer was uninjured.
Last Tuesday evening, while Dr. Ezra Bentley was doctoring a horse for Chas. H. Price, the animal kicked breaking his left arm. Dr. Angel was called and reduced the fracture. The horse had a severe attack of colic and was very uneasy.
The Cortland City band and the Young Men's City club will have a picnic at Floral Trout Park in the afternoon and evening of Saturday August 20. Open air concerts, bicycle races, foot races, etc., will be some of the amusements provided to entertain their guests.
The Cortland Wagon Company Mutual Aid will give their annual excursion to-morrow. This time Pleasant Beach on Onondaga lake will be the objective point. Fare for the round trip $1. Children 65 cents. Train leaves the S. & B. station at 8 o'clock A. M.
Mr. George B. Waters, for several years past with Messrs. Burgess & Bingham, the well known clothiers, will have charge of the branch store to be opened by them in Tully to-morrow. The citizens of Tully may rest assured that they will have an opportunity to select goods from a large stock at less than city prices.
While several Italians were loading iron rails on the D. L. & W. road south of Blodgett's Mills last Tuesday morning, one of the rails fell on "No. 73" breaking his right leg below the knee. He was brought to Cortland and Dr. Hughes reduced the fracture. The man was taken to the Syracuse hospital on the 4:30 P. M. train.
The Cortland City band was out serenading Monday evening. A big crowd followed them from place to place. Among those who were favored were the following: Hon. W. H. Clark, Hugh Duffey, L. J. Fitzgerald, T. H. Wickwire, E. H. Brewer, D. F. Wallace, C. F. Wickwire, C. Fred Thompson, Edward Keator, F. Daehler, Alex. Mahan.
The "Dave Hill" is a new craft launched on these waters, to be used by Cor. Burgess in his piscatorial labors. Only Democrat fish need apply, as Republican white fish and mugwump suckers will fight shy of that boat.—Marathon Independent.