THE QUESTION OF SEWERS.
A Large Attendance at the Meeting of Citizens Last Friday Night—Resolutions Adopted.
Nearly every seat in the Cortland Opera House parquet was filled last Friday evening to listen to the report of Prof. C. C. Brown of Union College, who had been in town for two days looking up the question of sewerage for Cortland. President Chas. H. Price called the meeting to order and nominated Irving H. Palmer, Esq., as presiding officer and the nomination was ratified. Mr. Palmer thanked the audience for the honor and made a few remarks on the growth of the village and its manufacturing interests and proved by figures and certain facts that the village was in need of sewerage and closed by introducing Prof. Brown.
Prof. Brown said the Messenger House is 38 feet above low water mark in the river. The main sewer should be on Port Watson-st. and all the pipes from the west side of Main-st. should empty into this at the Messenger House corner, except those in the north end of the second ward which should be taken down through the third ward and connect with the main sewer at a point nearer the river. Prof Brown thought that the surface water of the village could be taken care of very easily and that only sanitary sewerage should be attempted. A combined system would nearly double the expense.
Prof. Brown estimated that the cost of 4 1/4 miles of sewerage, which would include all the most thickly populated streets of the village, would cost about $40,000. If ten miles should be put in, which he thought would be sufficient for twenty years, it would cost $75,000 or if the 14 miles of streets were all sewered it could be done at an expense of $90,000. Eight-inch pipe was recommended as the smallest pipe to be used. He thought there would be no trouble in emptying into the river at a point about one fourth mile below the residence of Hon. O. U. Kellogg.
The cost for 4 miles at $40,000 on bonds issued at 1 per cent would make a tax of $1,600, and if a like amount was raised each year and placed in a sinking fund it would pay for the plant in from twenty to twenty-five years The assessed valuation of the town being $2,000,000, the amount of tax paid on property assessed at $2,000 would be  cents per annum. The annual cost of maintaining the sewers would be $800 a year which would add 10 cents more to the tax. If the village should be bonded for $80,000 it would of course double the tax.
The franchise system would call for a tax of $10 on a house of five rooms. If the entire expense of sewerage were to be raised at one time and the debt wiped out, a man owning a fifty foot lot would have to pay about $30 for his share.
The water below the discharge would not be fit for drinking purposes for a distance of from five to ten miles, but as the water of the Tioughnioga is not used for such purposes this side of Binghamton, that question could not arise.
Prof. Brown said the sewer pipes should be of vitrified clay and should be from 7 to 8 feet below the top of the ground. The grade in an eight-inch pipe should be one foot in 300, and for a twenty-inch pipe one foot for 1,000. Sewers are usually flushed from large tanks filled with water which work automatically. Otter creek could be used to flush the sewers, except those in the first ward.
Mr. F. A. Dunham, a civil engineer of Dunkirk gave some figures, showing the cost of sewerage per foot in several cities and towns. The average cost:
14 cities, 8 in. pipe, $ .71 a ft.
15 " 10 in. pipe, .89 "
30 " 12 in. pipe, 1.07 "
29 " 15 in. pipe, 1.30 "
Mr. A. P. Folwell, of Orange. N. J., who is putting in 25 miles of sewerage in Hornellsville at an expense of $88,000, said he thought Prof. Brown’s figures were very fair and that he believed that the system could be built for even lower figures.
Mr. F. H. McKensie of Southington, Ct., said that he agreed with Prof. Brown in every respect.
Hon. W. H. Clark offered the following resolution which was unanimously adopted.
Resolved, That this meeting advise the board of trustees lo take immediate steps to secure a system of sewers for the village, to be owned and controlled by the village.
On motion the meeting adjourned.
Both the Standard and the Journal claim the entire credit of furnishing sewerage for Cortland. It seems the DEMOCRAT wasn't in it.
Frederick Bailey Deeming, supposed to be the original and only "Jack the Ripper," who is charged with killing and shockingly mutilating several women in London, was convicted of murdering his wife at Melbourne, Australia, on Monday and will suffer the extreme penalty of the law in June.
The opponents of Harrison in the Republican party are many and it is said that a strong movement is about to be made to prevent his renomination. The friends of Blaine propose to stampede the Convention if possible with his name. If they fail to secure his consent they will endeavor to accomplish their object by presenting the name of Robert T. Lincoln, the son of his father. It looks now as if there might be a lively time in Minneapolis next month.
The Anarchists have broken loose again in the Old World and bomb-throwing and explosions of dynamite are an every day occurrence, especially in France. The recent conviction of Ravachol, who admitted he threw the bomb which caused death to innocent people has had little effect upon the Anarchists, probably from the fact that the jury found him guilty "with extenuating circumstances." The jury seemed to be afraid to do their duty and the people of France and Spain seem to be paralyzed with fear.
The Cortland Standard now quotes the late Samuel J. Tilden as an honest man. Before Mr. Tilden died the Standard could hardly find bad words enough in the English language to apply to him. In fact the files of that paper will show that he was feared and hated by its editor even worse, if possible, than Senator Hill. Which are we to believe, the Standard of 1876 or the Standard of 1892? It is even possible that should our neighbor outlive Senator Hill, he, too, would be designated as a genuine saint. Verily, "the quips and quirks" that inhabit the mind of the average Republican editor are past comprehension.
HERE AND THERE.
Yesterday morning the little two-year old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Gray fell through the register of the second story of their residence on Argyle Place to the floor below, a distance of 9 1/2 feet. Fortunately, she was not seriously injured.
The 45th Separate company have received the papers granting an honorable discharge to Capt. D. F. Dunsmoor, and arrangements are being made for the election of his successor. First Lieutenant Henry A. Dickinson will undoubtedly secure the honor.
Mr. W. S. Freer will give a May party at his hall In Higginsville, on Friday evening, May 13th, 1892. Music by Harrington & Guier's orchestra. Bill, $1.25. A grand time is expected. Don't fail to be present.
Messrs. W. W. Kelsey, H. W. Bradley and E. O. Rickard have formed a co-partnership for the purpose of manufacturing the Kelsey furnace and will locate at No. 339 West Fayette-st., Syracuse. The business will be carried on under the name of the Kelsey Furnace Company.
A committee from Cortland have been here to look over the Ledyard stone crusher, and negotiations are now under way to transfer it to that village. It is a matter much to be regretted to see this essential instrument for the maintenance of good roads leave the village.—Cazenovia Republican.
Hon. L. J. Fitzgerald, of Cortland, has the plans drawn for the erection of a large barn on his Fisher farm between here and Cortland. It will be 36 x 112 feet, with 22-foot posts. The barn will contain 24 box stalls on the first floor—12 on a side. Homer parties will probably do the work.—Homer Times.
Excelsior Hook & Ladder Company will give a festival in this place, June 23d, 24th and 25th, in commemoration of the centennial of the foundation of Cortland county. Elaborate preparations are being made for the event. One day will be set apart for the firemen, one day for the old folks, and one day for everybody. A tent will be provided for the exhibition of relics, including the first log cabin erected in the county, and the first boat to come up the river. Further particulars will be given later.
The Western Union Telegraph Company is putting up a new line between Cortland and Syracuse. The line will be extended to Ithaca.
As there has been considerable misunderstanding with regard to the rules to be observed in gaining admission to the Cortland Hospital, the following sections of the By-Laws are published:
Article VII. Admission of patients.—
Sec. 1. The Hospital shall be open to all sick and injured persons, excepting such persons as are hereinafter provided for.
Sec. 2. No person with contagious disease will be admitted.
Sec. 3. Patients will be admitted by the matron on a certificate of admission signed by one of the medical staff and endorsed by a member of the Executive Committee.
Sec. 4. Persons who are seriously injured shall be admitted unconditionally any time by the matron; but they shall be subject to the other provisions by these By-Laws for treatment.
Sec. 5. Patients shall not remain in the Hospital longer than six weeks, unless upon recommendations of the attending physician and with the approval of the Executive Committee.
Sec. 6. Patients will be required to leave as soon as discharged by the attending physician.
Sec. 7. A charge for board, medical and surgical treatment, pharmacy costs and nursing shall be made to all such patients as are able to pay, prices to be fixed by the Board of Managers. These charges must be paid weekly in advance unless otherwise directed.