|President Sanford Dole of Hawaii.|
|Minister Albert Willis.|
Cortland Evening Standard, Friday, February 2, 1894.
MINISTER WILLIS INVITED TO JOIN BUT DECLINES.
Provisional Government Makes Merry Over the Anniversary of Its Establishment—The Island Upset by the Minister's Reply—Affairs Moving Quietly. Hints That the Loyalists Have Access to Inside Information.
(Copyrighted, 1894, by the Associated Press.)
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 2.—The brig W. G. Irwin arrived from Honolulu bringing advices to Jan. 17, five days later than last advices received here by steamer Monowai, Jan. 13.
HONOLULU, Jan. 17.—Since last advices but little of importance has happened here.
The people are preparing for a grand blow-out in celebration of the anniversary of the establishment of the provisional government, established a year ago today.
The Annexation club and American league have gone into the celebration with a will and there is little doubt that it will be a great success.
Adverse comment has been created by the fact that yesterday afternoon notice was sent to the United States minister by the provisional government that the 17th of January was the national holiday and asking him if he would honor it with public notice and salutes from the United States warships in port.
This letter of invitation included two others addressed to the captains of the United States steamer Philadelphia and Adams asking them to join in the celebration. At 4 P. M. a reply was received which greatly startled the government. The substance of Minister Willis' reply is unofficially given as follows:
"I have received your notice of yesterday and am obliged to say that the United States finds it impossible to be present to participate in the celebration of national independence as proposed by the provisional government of Hawaii. I therefore decline to take part in the celebrations on the part of the United States of America."
Upon receipt of this message great excitement prevailed in the government circles. They had thought as the Cleveland administration had acknowledged the provisional government, the United States was prepared to stand by its guns. The situation at the present writing is one in which the annexationists are standing shoulder to shoulder. The royalist question remains.
The old charge that the royalists are better posted than the annexationists was revived when the ex-queen's paper (Holomua) published the fact several hours before it was known to the annexationists that Minister Willis had refused to burn powder in honor of the celebration of Jan. 17.
At a massmeeting [sic] held last night at Union square (formerly Palace square) a number of prominent speakers delivered addresses. Chief among these was Walter G. Smith, candidate and leader of the American league and party in Hawaii.
|Wickwire Bros.' Factory, Cortland, N. Y.|
A Criticism Answered.
The following communication was handed us on Wednesday last by Mr. J. A. Jayne of this village with the request that we publish it:
Cortland, N. Y., Jan. 31, 1894.
To the Editor of The Standard:
SIR—I am glad to see great questions discussed, and for that reason it affords me much pleasure in taking some of the great articles and figuring on them a little, just to see if the person who wrote them figured much before writing the same. At a casual glance at the Wickwire article, together with the comments thereon, we would think our beautiful town was about to suffer very materially from the proposed tariff revision. Let us see. Take the article as it stands and figure on it, taking only the statements found therein and we have:
1st. The difference between present tariff and the proposed Wilson bill.
A. Present tariff.
a. On rods, $.006 per lb.
b. Fine wire, .03 per lb.
B. Wilson bill proposed.
a. 30 per cent ad valorum on rods at $28 per ton, .003 3/4per lb.
b. 30 per cent ad valorum on fine wire, .06 1/2 per lb., .019 1/2 per lb.
c. 30 per cent ad valorum on wire cloth and netting, .16c. per lb., .048 per lb.
Thus we see on rods and fine wire there would be under the proposed Wilson law a reduction of about 35 per cent., while on wire cloth and nettings there would be a reduction of only 4 per cent.
The reader will observe that if the writer had taken 18c. per pound wire cloth, as one would naturally do knowing that this firm produces the best, the tariff under the proposed Wilson bill would figure .054 or a greater tariff than the present. But he took the average of 16c. per pound for argument, so as not to have it appear too strange.
2nd. The article represents that 4-5 of the cost value of fine wire cloth is represented in labor. If you let labor be reduced so as to stand the whole alleged reduction in tariff, the 4 per cent reduction in tariff would cause a cut in wages of exactly 5 per cent. Then why cry we must cut 50 percent?
Thus you see if the company could stand a 5 per cent reduction on their profits there would be no necessity for reducing wages. Merchant's profits have been cut more than the 5 per cent.
3d. In regard to other countries importing their product.
a. If they imported rods because of the reduction of tariff on them, that would cheapen the working material, hence enhance the profit of the manufacturer.
b. If the importation of wire cloth ceased when the price went below .02c. per square foot with duty at .05c. per pound, how much would be imported when the same is sold here at present for .01 1/8c. per square foot, should there be a duty of .048 per pound.
1. Used to be, 100 sq. ft. at .02 would bring, $2.00 Tariff, estimated weight 10 lb. at .05, .50
2. Proposed, 100 sq. ft. at .01 1/8 would bring, $1.33 1/2 Tariff, estimated weight 10 lb. at .048, .48
Net the importer, .85 ½
It is plainly seen that if the importer could not afford to import a certain amount for $1.50 he could not import the same for $ .85 1/2. Therefore, no fear of the importation. As the greatest part of the Wickwire Bros, mills' output consists of wire cloth and nettings the writer is forced to conclude that there is no need of reducing wages on account of the proposed tariff, or fear that this industry will not be amply protected under the Wilson bill, but can run as usual.
Wishing success to all manufacturing enterprises in our beautiful village, and believing in a judicious tariff, be it called by whatever name, I write this not at an antagonist or evil public educator, but simply from another standpoint, hoping it may not injure the welfare of our populace but on the contrary cause them to think that there are two sides to all questions, and when they read either side weigh it well before admitting its soundness.
J. A. JAYNE. [Retail merchant who sold shoes in Cortland--CC editor.]
Any comment which we chose to make on the above, he said, we were to be at perfect liberty to make. We called his attention at the time to several errors which it seemed to us to contain, and said to him further that no good business man would commit himself in black and white to a statement by which he could be proven to be either a fool or a knave, and that Wickwire Bros. were thoroughly posted as to their business and undoubtedly knew what they were talking about.
We promised, however, to look the article over more carefully at our leisure and decide whether we would give it space or not. After carefully reading it a second time, it seemed to us so good a sample of the criticisms made by tariff reformers on the claims of protected industries that we could not do the cause of protection in this vicinity a better service than by publishing the article and an answer to it.
We do not question Mr. Jayne's sincerity any more than we do that of many others who honestly believe as he does, and who so believe simply because they do not realize the conditions under which many protected industries are carried on, the dependence of labor for good wages on the prosperity of these industries, and the destructive effect both on employers and employees of a reduction of the tariff below a point at which present wages can be maintained and business conducted at a profit. Hon. Roswell G. Horr in a recent speech said that the trouble with the Democratic party as to the tariff is their incapacity to grasp a business idea. Democratic Congressmen occasionally get a tariff idea pounded into them, as in the case of those from Louisiana who see that the sugar industry of their state is to be ruined by the Wilson bill, the Troy [New York] representative who realizes in a very lively way how the bill proposes to wipe out the shirt and collar industry of that city, and the Alabama representatives who are trembling at the havoc that free iron ore and free lumber will make in that state. But even these men are not broad enough to comprehend the interdependence of all industries, and to realize that their immediate localities are to be benefited not alone by the protection of their own special industries but by the prosperity of every industry which uses capital and gives employment to labor.
This same idea was brought out in Representative Payne's remarks following the reading of Wickwire Bros.' letter in the house when he said: "I think even this house, tending as it is in the direction of free trade and ruin, would hesitate if its members could understand all the relations which these amendments have to the industries of the country."
That there might be no mistakes made in answering Mr. Jayne, and believing that a man who has made a success in any business—except of course the newspaper business—knows more about it than one who has had no experience whatever, we submitted the above letter to Mr. Theodore H. Wickwire, with the request that he meet the points which Mr. Jayne attempts to raise. He consented to do so and has sent us the following:
CORTLAND, N. Y., Feb. 1, 1894.
To the Editor of the Standard:
SIR—Through your politeness we are asked to reply to the letter of Mr. Jayne. The author of the letter, by what seems to be ability in figures, but without any knowledge of the subject, proves no doubt to his own satisfaction that we have not sufficient intelligence to substantiate our statements as against a technical critic. Ad valorem duty, in the first place, is not computed upon the selling price of goods in this country, but upon the value (or undervalue) of the article in the country from which it is imported.
By basing our calculations upon foreign values both of labor and material, allowing a sufficient per cent for mill expense, freight, repair account, etc., fine wire can be made at a cost of 4 cents a pound. A duty of 30 per cent ad valorem would place the goods in our markets at 5 3-10 cents per pound, duty paid, as against our stated price of 6 1/2 cents per pound. Now please note the reduction in duty on this article from 3 cents per pound, the present duty, to 1 2-10 cents per pound, proposed duty. Is not this a reduction of 60 per cent in our present tariff? From this standpoint is our statement incorrect in regard to necessary reduction in wages to compete with the foreign product?
When the fine wire is carried through to finished wire cloth by foreign labor, the effect of the proposed tariff would be the same, for the duty would not be 1 1/3 cents per foot but less than 1 cent per foot.
Our principal production at present is wire cloth. We beg to state that if we may be able we intend also to manufacture our entire supply of wire, for which our new mill is about completed. With our raw material as stated at 1 3-10 cents per lb. and finished product 13 cents per lb. and above, can you not see it to be possible for 4-5 of the value to represent labor? We would inform the gentleman that this is not all profit. The duty on wire rods being the same as on wire cloth, does it not appear that there is no additional protection on our labor?
In answer to the statement that a 30 per cent duty added to our present price of wire cloth stills brings us within the 2 cent price at which importation was stopped, we would say that that price was reached when all wire rods used in the manufacture of wire cloth were imported at over twice the present cost. This reduction has been brought about by a protective tariff, building up our American wire rod mills, which, in competition with each other, and by improved processes, have reduced the cost of our raw material from the imported at $70 a ton to the American at $28 a ton. Since Norway, Sweden and Germany have lost our American market they too have followed our price on the downward scale, which they never did when they had our markets. It is a fact that foreign iron has been sold as low in this country as in the countries where it is manufactured, and where by combinations and trusts they hold up the price to enable them to pay our tariff.
Our letter was addressed to a member of the ways and means committee whom we supposed to be possessed of sufficient intelligence to comprehend the situation, and from his appended remarks we are satisfied that we were not at fault. It has not been our employment to get notoriety by writing articles for publication, and the fact of our letter to Mr. Payne having been published here should not have aroused the opposition of citizens who are at heart interested in the welfare of our community. It is not our intention to continue this debate through newspaper articles, but we will say that if the gentleman will take a correct basis for his calculations his figures will show very different conclusions.
We think that the above answer to Mr. Jayne's letter will be regarded as conclusive. The members of the ways and means committee of the house hailing from Southern agricultural hamlets doubtless think they know more about Northern manufactures than the manufacturers themselves, and the ignorant, blundering, piratical and destructive tariff bill which they have patched up is the result. The whole free trade and tariff reform idea, so far as this country is concerned, is based entirely on the craziest theory and most absolute misapprehension. This theory of destruction has not had an opportunity for years to come into actual and practical conflict with a prosperity based on the facts of protection. To-day the fight is on. Some of the results of the conflict are already seen all over the country. If the bill becomes a law many more are in store for us, of which Cortland will have its share.
A SPLENDID OPPORTUNITY.
Linoff Russian Concert and Operatic Company May Visit Cortland.
Manager Rood of the Opera House has received a communication from the celebrated Linoff Russian Concert and Operatic company which states that the company will be in this section of the state in the latter part of February or early in March and that there is a possibility that they could be secured to give one of their magnificent entertainments in Cortland.
This company numbers thirty people. It came to the United States especially for the World's Fair, where in Festival hall it gave one hundred performances of "A Russian Peasant Wedding," a musical folk drama in two acts, with unique ceremonies, characteristic costumes, songs, dances, scenery, etc. The first act is devoted to the betrothal and the second to the marriage. This entertainment was received with the greatest enthusiasm.
Since the close of the Fair the company has been making a tour of the United States, visiting all the larger cities, where they have been received with great enthusiasm and have won for themselves some wonderful press notices. It would be a great thing if this company could be secured to come to Cortland. Manager Rood must guarantee them $450, and is in doubt as to whether he could realize enough to pay expenses. He would really be satisfied if he could pay expenses and not make a cent, simply for the privilege of presenting to the people of Cortland such a wonderful and such a celebrated company with this play, which in its style and music is so wholly unlike the ordinary American opera.
The question of the financial success of the undertaking is so serious that it seems advisable not to risk it unless there can be a considerable guaranty of support by subscriptions for tickets. At the store of D. F. Wallace & Co. and at the Candy Kitchen Mr. Rood has placed a prospectus of the company with pictures of them, full outline of the opera and press notices and he will be glad to have any one call and examine them and leave subscriptions for tickets. If enough interest is taken and enough support is guaranteed he will engage the company. He has about four days yet in which to decide. The tickets would have to be placed at $1, 75 and 50 cents.
If the people of Cortland would like to hear and see a really first-class entertainment, such as is winning laurels in all the large cities, now is the opportunity. Call at either the store of D. F. Wallace & Co. or at the Candy Kitchen.
—"Myrtle Ferns" at the Opera House to-night.
—While W. T. Bush was unloading a barrel of fittings at the store of Buck & Lane yesterday he slipped and in some way sprained his left ankle.
—The funeral of Mr. L. B. Dodge will be held Sunday afternoon at 2 o'clock at the home of his daughter, Mrs. M. L. Decker, 24 Railroad-st.
—Those who neglect seeing "Myrtle Ferns" at the Opera House this evening will miss one of the best amateur performances given in Cortland for a long time.
—Henry W. Sage, the founder of Sage college connected with Cornell university, was eighty years old on Wednesday, and the occasion was celebrated by the university.
—The friends of Mr. George E. Butler, the photographer, are smoking cigars on a youthful assistant, the date of whose appearance is recorded in the column of vital [birth] statistics.
—The old bear has been spending the whole day sunning himself, and the popular superstition is that he will now go back and stay six weeks before signs of spring can come.
—At a meeting of the wheel club last evening beside transacting an amount of routine business twelve new men were elected to membership, and the resignations of three members were accepted.
—Rev. E. C. Olney, pastor of the Congregational church in Homer and Rev. H. W. Fish of the Free Methodist church were present at the revival services at the Homer-ave. church last night. Three new seekers presented themselves at the altar.
—The Cortland Athletic association has just received an invitation to attend the athletic tournament to be held at Elmira, March 1, by the Twenty-sixth Separate Co., N. G. S. N. Y. The invitation will probably be accepted at the next meeting of the club.
—Dr. H. A. Cordo will preach at the union revival service in the Presbyterian church this evening at 7:30 o'clock. All are cordially invited. The woman's prayer-meeting will be held as usual in the chapel at 3 o'clock and the men's prayer-meeting at 7 o'clock.
—All who read the editorial article in last Tuesday's STANDARD on the effect of the Wilson bill on the fine wire drawing industry, will be interested also in the article which appears to-day on our second page including letters from Mr. J. A. Jayne and Mr. Theodore H. Wickwire.
—Dr. F. W. Higgins yesterday removed a cataract from the left eye of Mr. Henry Turner, who is about 70 years of age and was so blind that he had to be accompanied to the office. Every appearance indicates that the operation will prove to be successful. A similar operation will be performed on the right eye which is similarly afflicted in the course of a few weeks.
Mr. and Mrs. E. A. Mincemoyer of the State Hospital for the Insane at Binghamton took Mrs. Adelbert Livingston, a seamstress, of Cortland back to Binghamton with them on the 6:27 train last evening, she having been adjudged insane by Drs. H. T. Dana and Jerome Angel. The two physicians examined the patient January 30. She was an inmate of an insane asylum at Buffalo eight or nine years ago, and had a brother die at the Utica Hospital for the Insane.
The present attack has been gradual, but she is very excitable. She told the physicians that she was constantly annoyed and persecuted by parties who followed her here from Buffalo, who are in conspiracy with others who reside in the place. She talked constantly of the persecution she suffered. She was excited, but not auspicious of the examination as to her sanity. She stated that she had applied to the governor, through the district attorney, to rid her of annoyances. Her mental condition is chronic and has been for several years.